Describes CIF, the data exchange standard of crystallography. Provides: information for scientists who wish to record or use the results of a single-crystal or powder diffraction experiment; the data ontology necessary for designing interoperable computer applications; accompanying software including machine-readable CIF dictionaries, libraries and utility programs.
An essential guide and reference to CIF for programmers, data managers handling crystal-structure information and practising crystallographers.
Residual factor for the reflections (with number given by _reflns_number_gt) judged significantly intense (i.e. satisfying the threshold specified by _reflns_threshold_expression) and included in the refinement. The reflections also satisfy the resolution limits established by _refine_ls_d_res_high and _refine_ls_d_res_low. This is the conventional R factor. See also _refine_ls_wR_factor_ definitions. sum | F(obs) - F(calc) | R = ------------------------ sum | F(obs) | F(obs) = the observed structure-factor amplitudes F(calc) = the calculated structure-factor amplitudes and the sum is taken over the specified reflections
Related item: _refine_ls_R_factor_obs (alternate)