Extract from 50 Years of X-ray Diffraction, edited by P. P. Ewald

APPENDIX

Biographical Notes on Authors

Andrade, Edward Neville da Costa

  • *27 Dec. 1887 † 6 Jun. 1971
  • ed. : Univ. Coll. London 1905-10; Heidelberg 1910-11; Cambridge 1911-12; Manchester 1913-14
  • BSc.; Ph.D. Heidelberg 1911: Über Wesen und Geschwindigkeit metallischer Träger in Flammen (Lenard) ; D.Sc.
  • Fellow U. Coll. London 1915; Prof. of Physics, Artillery Coll. Woolwich 1920-28; Quain Prof. of Physics London U. 1928-50; Dir. R. I. and Davy-Faraday Lab. 1950-52; emer. Prof., London U. 1950-.

Banerjee, Kedareswar

  • *17 Sept. 1900 in Sthal (Pabna), East Pakistan † 30 Apr. 1975 in Basarat, Calcutta, India
  • ed. : Jubilee School, Dacca; Calcutta U.
  • B.Sc., M.Sc., D.Sc. Calcutta. Thesis: Some Problems in Structures of Solids and Liquids (C. V. Raman)
  • Reader in Physics, Dacca U. 1934-43; Prof. of Physics, Ind. Ass. Cult. Sci., Calcutta 1943-52; Prof. of Physics, Allahabad U. 1952-59; Dir. Ind. Ass. Cult. Sci., Calcutta 1959-.

Bastiansen, Otto C. A.

  • *5 Sept. 1918 in Balsfjord, Troms, Norway † 2 Oct. 1995
  • ed.: U. of Oslo 1937-42
  • Cand. mag. 1940, cand. real 1942, dr. philos. 1949
  • Prof. of Theoretical Chemistry, U. of Oslo.

Bernal, John Desmond

  • *10 May 1901 in Nenagh (Eire) † 15 Sept. 1971
  • ed.: Cambridge 1919-23; Nat. Sci. Tripos, M. A.
  • Research Asst., R. I. London 1923-27; Lecturer in struct. cryst., Cambridge; Asst. Dir. of Res. in struct. cryst., Cambridge 1936-38; Prof. of Physics, Birkbeck Coll. London 1938-.

Bijvoet, Johannes Martin

  • *23 Jan. 1892 in Amsterdam † 4 Mar. 1980 in Winterswijk
  • ed.: Municipal U. of Amsterdam 1910-19 (1914-18 military service)
  • Ph.D. Amsterdam. Thesis: X-ray investigation of the crystal structure of lithium and lithium hydrides (A. Smits)
  • Asst. Gen. Chem., U. of Amsterdam 1922-28; also teacher of chem., Grammar School of Hilversum, 1923-28 ; Lecturer in cryst. and thermodyn., Municipal U. of Amsterdam; Prof. of Gen. and Inorg. Chem., State U. of Utrecht 1939-62; 1962 retired.

Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence

  • *31 March 1890 in Adelaide, South Australia. † 1 Jul. 1971 in Waldringfield, England
  • ed.: St. Peter's College, Adelaide 1900-05; Adelaide U. 1905-08; Cambridge U. 1908-11.
  • Lecturer in Physics, Trinity Coll. Cambridge, 1912; 1915 appointed Prof. of Physics, Manchester U.; 1915 Nobel Prize for Physics
  • Prof. of Physics, Manchester U. 1919-37; Dir. National Physical Lab. 1937-38; Cavendish Prof. of Exp. Physics, Cambridge 1938-53; Director, The Royal Institution and Davy-Faraday Lab. 1954-.

Brentano, John Christian Michael

  • *27 June 1888 in Vienna † 1969
  • ed.: Liceo Dante, Florence, and Engadina, Zuoz, 1904-07; Istituto di studi super., Florence 1908; U. of Munich 1909-14
  • Ph.D. Munich 1914. Thesis: Über d. Einfluss allseitigen hydrost. Drucks auf d. elektr. Leitfähigkeit von Wismuthdrähten ausserh. u. innerh. des transvers. Magnetfeldes für Gleichstrom u. Wechselstrom (W. C. Röntgen). DSc. U. of Manchester 1935
  • Asst. of M. v. Laue, Frankfurt/M 1915; Asst., Privatdoz. Eidgen. T. H. Zürich; Asst. and Senior Lecturer in Physics, U. of Manchester; Asst., Assoc., and full Prof. Northwestern U., Evanston, Ill.
  • Retired 1961; living in Blonay, Ct. Vaud, Switzerland.

Buerger, Martin J.

  • *3 April 1903 in Detroit, Mich. † 26 Feb. 1986
  • ed.: High School Detroit 1916-20; Mass. Inst. of Technology 1920-22 and 1923-25; Graduate study at MIT (geolog.-mineral.) 1925-29
  • Ph.D. MIT 1929. Thesis: Translation gliding in crystals (W. H. Newhouse)
  • Asst. Geologist, US Geolog. Survey 1925; Assoc. Prof. 1929-37, Full Prof. of Mineral. and Crystallogr. at MIT 1937-44; Chairman of the Faculty 1944-56; Director, School of Advanced Studies MIT 1956-.

Bunn, Charles W.

  • *15 Jan. 1905 in London † 13 Apr. 1990
  • ed.: Wilson's Grammar School, Camberwell, London 1916-23; Oxford U. 1923-27
  • B.A. 1926, B.Sc. 1927 in Oxford; D.Sc. 1955. Thesis: The photochemical oxydation of alcohols by the dichromate ion (E. J. Bowen)
  • Took up crystallography in 1927. Since 1928 with ICI (Imper. Chem. Industries, Ltd), first at Alkali Division in Northwich, Cheshire, now at Plastics Div., Welwyn Garden City, Herts.

Darwin, Sir Charles (Galton)

  • *19 Dec. 1887 in Cambridge † 31 Dec. 1962
  • ed.: Marlboro' College 1901-06; Cambridge U. 1906-10
  • Jun. Lecturer Math. Phys., U. of Manchester (Rutherford) 1910-14; Army service in France 1914-18; Lect. in Math., Christ's Coll., Cambridge 1919-22; Vis. Prof. at Cal. Tech. 1922-23; Tait Prof. of Natural Philosophy, Edinburgh U. 1923-37; Master of Christ's Coll., Cambridge 1937-39; Dir., National Physical Lab. 1939-49.

Donnay, José D. H.

  • *6 June 1902 in Grandville, Belgium † 8 Aug. 1992 in Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada
  • ed.: Athénée Royal de Tongres 1913-14; Athénée Royal de Liège (Latin-Science section) 1914-20; U. de Liège 1920-25 (1922 candidat ingénieur, 1925 ingénieur civil des mines); Stanford U. 1925-26 and 1928-29
  • Ph.D. (Geology). Thesis: The genesis of the Engels copper deposit (A. F. Rogers and C. F. Tohnan Jr.)
  • Geologist in Rabat (Morocco) 1929-30; Research Asst. Stanford U. 1930-31; Johns Hopkins U. Baltimore 1931-; since 1946 Prof. of Cryst. and Miner.; three interruptions: Laval U., Quebec 1939-44, U. de Liège 1946-47, U. de Paris, Sorbonne, as Fulbright Lecturer 1958-59.

Ewald, Paul P.

  • *23 Jan. 1888 in Berlin † 22 Aug. 1985 in Ithaca, New York, USA
  • ed.: Viktoria Gymnasium, Potsdam 1900-05; Cambridge U. 1905-06; Göttingen U. 1906-07; Munich U. 1907-12
  • Ph.D. Munich 1912. Thesis: Dispersion und Doppelbrechung von Elektronengittern (A. Sommerfeld)
  • Assistant to Hilbert in Göttingen 1912-13; Asst. to Sommerfeld in Munich 1914-21; Privatdozent Munich 1918-21; Assoc. (1921) and full (1922) Prof. of Theor. Physics, T. H. Stuttgart 1921-37; Research Fellow, Cambridge U. 1937-39; Lecturer, later Prof. of Mathem. Physics, The Queen's U. Belfast, N. I. 1939-49; Prof. and Head of Physics Dept., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (N.Y.) 1949-57; Part-time Prof. at Polyt. Inst. 1957-59; 1959 retired.

Glocker, Richard

  • *21 Sept. 1890 in Calw (Württemberg) † 31 Jan. 1978
  • ed.: Humanist. Gymnasium 1899-08; U. Berlin 1909-10; U. Munich 1910-13; T. H. Stuttgart 1914
  • Ph.D. Munich 1914. Thesis: Interferenz der Röntgenstrahlen und Kristallstruktur (W. C. Röntgen)
  • Dir. of newly established X-ray lab. at T. H. Stuttgart 1920; Assoc. Prof. 1923, full Prof. of X-ray Technique 1925; retired 1960.

Guinier, André Jean

  • *8 Jan. 1911 in Nancy † 3 Jul. 2000
  • ed.: École Normale Supérieure, Paris 1930-34
  • Dr-ès-sciences physiques 1934. Thesis: Diffusion des rayons X aux très petits angles par les particules submicroscopiques (Ch. Mauguin)
  • Chef de Service au Lab. d'Essais du Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers (Paris); Prof. au Conserv. d. A. & M.; Prof. à la Faculté des Sciences, U. of Paris.

Hägg, Gunnar

  • *14 Dec. 1903 in Stockholm † 28 May 1986
  • ed.: Nya Elementarskolan, Stockholm 1919-22; U. of Stockholm 1922-29; University Coll., London 1926 (work on surface chemistry with F. G. Donnan)
  • Ph.D. Stockholm 1929. Thesis: X-ray studies on the binary systems of iron with nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, antimony and bismuth (Arne Westgren)
  • Lecturer of Gen. and Inorg. Chem., U of Stockholm 1929-36; Prof. of Gen. and Inorg. Chem., U. of Uppsala 1936-.

Hull, Albert W.

  • *19 April 1880 in Southington, Conn. † 22 Jan. 1966
  • ed.: High School Torrington, Conn.; Yale U. (A.B. 1905)
  • Ph.D. 1909. Thesis: Initial velocities of electrons produced by ultraviolet light (H. A. Bumstead)
  • Instructor 1909-11, Asst. Prof. in Physics, Worcester Polyt. Inst. 1911-13; Research Physicist, Gen. Electric Co., Schenectady, N.Y. 1914-; Asst. Dir. Res. Lab. 1928-50.

James, Reginald William

  • *9 Jan. 1891 in London † 7 Jul. 1964 in Cape Town, South Africa
  • ed.: Polytechnic, Regent Street, London 1903-07; City of London School 1907-09; Cambridge U. 1909-14
  • Physicist to Sir Ernest Shackleton's expedition to the Weddel Sea in the Antarctic 1914-16; with Royal Engineers in France 1916-19; Lecturer (1919), Senior Lect. (1921), Reader (1934) in Physics Dept., U. Manchester; Prof. of Physics, U. of Cape Town 1937-56; 1953 and 1956 Acting Principal, U. of Cape Town; 1957 retired.

Lipson, Henry

  • *11 March 1910 in Liverpool † 26 Apr. 1991
  • ed.: Hawarden County School 1921-27; U. of Liverpool 1927-36
  • BSc. 1930, M.Sc. 1931 Liverpool
  • Jun. Sci. Off., National Phys. Lab. 1937; Asst. in Cryst., Cambridge 1938; Head of Dept., later Prof. of Physics, Manchester Coll. Sci. and Tech.

Lonsdale, Dame Kathleen (née Yardley)

  • *28 Jan. 1903 in Newbridge, Eire † 1 Apr. 1971 in London, England
  • ed.: Ilford County High School for Girls 1914-19; Bedford Coll. for Women (London U.) 1919-22; University Coll., London 1922-23
  • B.Sc. 1922 (Physics, Bedford Coll); M. Sc. Physics (Univ. Coll.) 1924. Thesis: Structure of succinic acid (Sir William Bragg); D.Sc. (Physics) 1929. Thesis: Structure of Ethane derivatives (Sir William Bragg)
  • D.S.I.R. Res. Asst. to Sir W. Bragg 1923-27; Amy Lady Tate Scholar, Leeds U. 1927-29; Res. Asst. to Sir W. Bragg at R.I. 1932-34; Leverholme Fellow 1935; Dewar Fellow 1945; Reader in Cryst., Univ. Coll. 1946-49; Prof. of Chem., U. Coll. London 1949-.
  • 1945 elected F.R.S.; 1947 Special res. fellow, USA Federal Health Service.

Mark, Herman Francis

  • *3 May 1895 in Vienna † 6 Apr. 1992 in Austin, Texas, USA
  • ed.: Vienna Volksschule and Gymnasium 1901-13; Service in the army 1914-17; U. of Vienna (Chemistry) 1917-21
  • Ph.D. Vienna 1921. Thesis: Free Radicals in Organic Chemistry (W. Schlenk)
  • Res. Assoc., K.W.I. f. Faserstoffchemie (R. O. Herzog) in Dahlem 1922-26; Res. Physicist, later Dir. of Res., I. G. Farben Labs., Ludwigshafen 1927-32 ; Prof. of Chem., U. Vienna 1932-38; Res. Mgr., Canadian Int'nl Paper Co, Hawkesberyy, Canada 1938-40; Prof. Org. Chem., Polyt. Inst. of Brooklyn 1940-; Dir. Polymer Res. 1944-; Dean of the Faculty 1962-.

Nitta, Isamu

  • *19 Oct. 1899 in Tokyo † 16 Jan. 1984
  • ed.: Daiichi Koto Gakko (First Prelim. School to U.) 1917-20; U. of Tokyo 1920-23
  • B. or M. Sci (Rigakushi) 1923; Dr. Sci. (Rigakuhakushi) 1930. Thesis-advisers Shoji Nishikawa and Masao Katayama
  • Jun. Res. Fellow at Inst. of Phys. and Chem. Research, Tokyo 1923
  • Prof. of Chem., Osaka U. 1933-60; Prof. of Chem. and Dean of Fac. of Sci., Kwansei Gakuin U., Nishinomiya 1960-.

Patterson, A. Lindo

  • *23 July 1902 in Nelson, New Zealand † 6 Nov. 1966 in Philadelphia, PA, USA
  • ed.: High School, Montreal, Canada 1908-16; Tonbridge School, Tonbridge, Kent, Engl. 1916-20; McGill U. 1920-24; Postgraduate study at R.I. London 1924-26; at K.W.I. f. Faserstoffchemie in Dahlem 1926-27; McGill U. 1927-28
  • B.Sc. 1923, M.Sc. Phys. & Math. 1924; Ph.D. McGill U. 1928. Thesis: The Application of X-rays to the Study of Organic Substances (A. S. Eve)
  • Demonst. in Phys., McGill U. 1928-29; Res. Fellow, Rockefeller Inst. f. Med. Res., N.Y. 1929-31; Lecturer, U. of Penna., Philadelphia 1931-33; Res. Assoc., MIT 1933-36; Prof. of Phys., Bryn Mawr Coll. 1936-42 (Asst. Prof.) 42-49 (Assoc. Prof.), Senior Member; Dir. of Res., Inst. f. Cancer Res. in Philadelphia 1949-.

Pauling, Linus Jr.

  • *28 Feb. 1901 in Portland, Oregon † 19 Aug. 1994 in Big Sur, CA, USA
  • ed.: Washington High School, Portland 1914-17; Oregon State Agric. Coll. 1917-19, 1920-22; Teach. Fellow Cal. Inst. Tech. 1922-25
  • B.Sc. in Chem. Eng.; Ph.D. Cal. Tech. 1925. Thesis: The Determination with X-rays of the Structures of Crystals (Roscoe G. Dickinson)
  • Postgraduate work at U. of Munich (Sommerfeld), U. of Copenhagen (Bohr) and Zürich, 1926-27; Res. Fellow, Cal. Inst. Tech. 1925-27; Asst. Prof. 1927-29, Assoc. Prof. 1929-31, full Prof. of Chemistry 1931- at Cal. Inst. Tech.
  • George Eastman Prof. in Oxford 1948; Nobel Prize in Chem. 1954.

Polanyi, Michael

  • *1891 in Hungary † 22 Feb. 1976 in Northampton, England
  • Member K.W.I. f. Physikal. und Elektrochem., Dahlem 1922-33; Prof. of Phys. Chem., U. of Manchester 1933-48; Prof. of Social Studies, U. of Manchester 1938-58; 1958 retired, living in Oxford.

Robertson, John Monteath

  • *24 July 1900 in Perthshire, Scotland † 27 Dec. 1989 in Inverness, Scotland
  • ed.: Perth Academy 1914-17; U. of Glasgow (Chem., Geol., Math.) 1920-26
  • Ph.D. Glasgow 1926. Thesis: Structural Relationships in the Sesquiterpene Series (G. G. Henderson)
  • Commonwealth Fellow in Ann Arbor, Mich. 1928-30; Member of Staff of R.I. 1930-39; Senior Lect. Phys. Chem., Sheffield U. 1939-42; Gardiner Prof. of Chem., Glasgow U. 1942-.
  • George Fisher Baker Lect., Cornell U. 1951; Vis. Prof., Calif. U. 1958.

Shubnikov, Alexei Vasilevich

  • *29 March 1887 in Moscow † 27 Apr. 1970
  • ed.: Moscow Commercial School 1898-1906; Moscow U. 1907-12; 1st. Grade Diploma 1913. Thesis: Über die Symmetrie der Kristalle von Kaliumdichromat (G. V. Wulf)
  • Asst. for Cryst. at the People's U. Moscow 1913; Prof. of Cryst. at Gornov Inst. (Ural); Sen. Res. worker, Miner. Museum of the Acad. of Sci. USSR, Leningrad; Head of the Inst. of Cryst. of the Acad. of Sci. USSR in Moscow.

Siegbahn, Karl Manne Georg

  • *3 Dec. 1886 † 26 Sept. 1978 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • ed.: Lund U.
  • Prof. of Physics, Lund U. 1914-23; same Uppsala U. 1924-37; Dir. of Nobel Inst. f. Physics of the Royal Academy of Sci., Stockholm 1937-
  • Nobel Prize for Physics 1925.

Straumanis, Martin Edward

  • *23 Nov. 1898 in Krettingen, Lithuania † Mar. 1973
  • ed.: Gymnasium in Jelgava, Latvia; U. of Latvia in Riga 1920-25 (Chem. Eng.)
  • Ph.D. (Chemistry) Riga 1927. Thesis: The dissolution of Zn, Cd, and Fe in acids, discussed from the point of view of local currents (M. Centnerszwer)
  • Rockefeller Foundation Fellow in Göttingen 1927-28; Asst., Asst. Prof., Assoc. Prof. at U. of Riga; Full Prof. Chem., U. Riga 1942; Dir. Analyt. and X-ray lab. 1934-44; Res. Prof. of Metallurgy, School of Mines and Metallurgy, U. of Missouri, Rolla, Missouri 1947-.

Trillat, Jean Jacques

  • *8 July 1899 in Paris † 24 Dec. 1987 in Versailles, France
  • ed.: Lycée Janson de Sailly in Paris, 1908-17; Sorbonne 1921-25; École supérieure de physique et chimie, Paris, 1921-23
  • Ph.D. Paris 1926. Thesis: Rayons X et composés organiques à longue chaîne; recherches sur leurs structures et leurs orientations (Jean Perrin)
  • Dir. Lab. de Rayons X du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Bellevue, S. &O.

Warren, Bertram E.

  • *28 June 1902 in Waltham, Mass. † 27 Jun. 19910
  • ed.: Waltham High School 1915-19; Mass. Inst. Techn. (Physics & Math.) 1919-25 and 1927-29; T. H. Stuttgart 1926; Manchester U. 1929
  • Sc.D. MIT 1928. Thesis: X-ray Determination of the Structure of Metasilicates (Sir Lawrence Bragg)
  • Asst., Assoc., full Prof. of Physics, MIT 1930-.

Westgren, Arne Fredrik

  • *11 July 1889 in Årjäng (Sweden) † 7 Mar. 1975 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • ed.: High Schools in Stockholm and Uppsala 1900-07; U. of Uppsala 1907-15; U. of Göttingen 1915-16
  • Fil. Dr. Uppsala 1915. Thesis: Untersuchungen über die Brownsche Bewegung, besonders als Mittel zur Bestimmung der Avogadroschen Konstanten (The Svedberg)
  • Metallographer, SKF Ball Bearing Co, Gothenburg 1918-19; Metallographer, Metallographic Inst. Stockholm U. 1920-27; Prof. Gen. and Inorg. Chem., Stockholm U. 1927-43; Permanent Secretary, Royal Swed. Acad. Sci., Stockholm 1943-59; 1959 retired, doing X-ray cryst. res.

Wilson, Arthur James Cochran

  • *28 Nov. 1914 in Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada † 1 Jul. 1995 in Cambridge, England
  • ed.: King's Collegiate School, Windsor, N.S. 1922-30; Dalhousie U. Halifax, Canada 1930-36, M.Sc. 1936; MIT 1936-38; Cambridge U. 1938-42
  • Ph.D. MIT 1938, Cambridge 1942. Thesis: Heat Capacity of Ag, Ni, Zn, Cd, Pb; Heat Capacity of Rochelle salt; Thermal Expansion of Al and Pb (Advisers H. L. Bronson, H. Mueller, B. E. Warren, W. L. Bragg)
  • Lecturer 1945, Sen. Lect. 1946, Prof. of Phys. and Dir. of the Viriamu Jones Lab. 1954, Univ. Coll, Cardiff, Wales.

Wood, Elizabeth Armstrong

  • *19 Oct. 1912 in New York, N.Y. † 23 Mar. 2006
  • ed.: Horace Mann School, N.Y. 1918-30; Barnard Coll. 1930-33, B. A. 1933; Bryn Mawr 1933-39, M.A. 1934
  • Ph.D. (Geology, Chemistry) Bryn Mawr 1939. Thesis: Mylonization of Hybrid Rocks near Philadelphia, Pa. (E. H. Watson)
  • Teaching Geol. and Miner. at Bryn Mawr and Barnard 1934-43; Res. Member, Bell Telephone Labs, Murray Hill, N. J. 1944-.

Wooster, William Alfred (Peter)

  • *18 Aug. 1903 in London † 12 Apr. 1984 in Cambridge, England
  • ed.: Deacon's School, Peterborough 1912-21; Cambridge U. 1921-27
  • Ph.D. Cambridge 1928. Thesis: Beta and gamma rays of Radium B, C and E (C. D. Ellis and Sir E. Rutherford); Sc.D. Cambridge 1950
  • Demonstrator 1928-35; Lecturer in Dept. of Miner., U. of Cambridge 1935-60
  • Retired to own Lab. and firm, Crystal Structures Ltd., Bottisham, Cambridge, England, in 1960

Wyart, Jean

  • *16 Oct. 1902 in Avion, France † 13 Mar. 1992 in Paris, France
  • ed.: Collège d'Abbeville 1916-23; and Lycée Saint Louis; École Normale Sup. Paris 1923-27
  • Agrégation des sciences physiques; Maître de conférences (Sorbonne) 1933. Thesis: Recherches sur les Zéolithes (Fr. Wallerant, Ch. Mauguin)
  • Asst. at the Sorbonne 1928; Prof. of Miner. and Cryst. at the Sorbonne 1948-.

Wyckoff, Ralph Walter Graystone

  • *9 Aug. 1897 in Geneva, N.Y. † 3 Nov. 1994 in Tucson, AZ, USA
  • B.S. Hobart Coll., Geneva N.Y. 1916; Ph.D. Cornell U. 1919
  • Instr. analyt. chem., Cornell U. 1917-19; Physical chemist, Geophys. Lab., Carnegie Inst. Washington 1919-27; Res. Assoc., Cal. Inst. Tech. 1921-22; Assoc. member, Rockefeller Inst. Med. Res. N.Y. 1927-37; Scientist at Lederle Lab. Inc. 1937-42, Assoc. Dir. of Virus Res. 1940-42; Techn. Dir., Reichel Labs. Inc. 1942-43; Lect. in Epidemiology, U. of Michigan 1943-45; Scientist Dir., US Publ. Health Serv., Bethesda, Md. 1946-52; Science Attaché, USA Embassy London 1952-54; Biophysicist, Publ. Health Serv. 1954-60; Prof. of Physics, U. of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz. 1960-.


First published for the International Union of Crystallography 1962 by N.V.A. Oosthoek's Uitgeversmaatschappij, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Digitised 1999 for the IUCr XVIII Congress, Glasgow, Scotland
© 1962, 1999 International Union of Crystallography