Crystallography around the world: Spain

National associations or societies

 Grupo Especializado de Cristalografía y Crecimiento Cristalino
 Comité Español de Cristalografía

Spain

Category III

Adhering Body

Subdireccion General de Organismos y Programas Internacionales, Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia

Secretary of National Committee

E. GUTIERREZ PUEBLA, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid, Spain

National Committee

C. MIRAVITLLES TORRAS (Chair)
M.I. ARRIORTUA MARCAIDA
S. GARCIA GRANDA
J.M. GARCIA RUIZ
P. GOMEZ SAL
E. GUTIERREZ PUEBLA
F. J. LAHOZ DIAZ
J. RIUS PALLEIRO

This information last updated: 19 Jan 2012

The following crystallographers in Spain are registered in the World Directory of Crystallographers.

(IUCr) crystallographers in Spain

422 entries found

  • Abad-Ortega, Ms Maria del Mar Becario. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrologia, Universidad de Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Aballe, Dr Lucia Beamline scientist. Experiments Divison, ALBA Synchrotron, Carrer de la Llum 2-26, Barcelona, 08290, Cerdanyola del Valles, Spain.
  • Acebron Ávalos, Dr Ivan Postdoctoral Researcher. Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, c/Serrano, 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Aguiló, Professor Magdalena Catedrática. (FiCMA)Laboratori de Fisica Aplicada i Cristal·lografia, Universidad Rovira i Virgili (URV), Campus Sescelades. c/Marcel·lí Domingo,s/n, 43007-Tarragona (Catalunya), Spain.
  • Aguirre Diaz, Dr Lina Maria Post-doctoral Researcher. New Architectures in chemistry materials, ICMM-CSIC, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Alamo-Serrano, Dr Jaime Prof. Titular. Dept. de Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Valencia, Avda. Dr Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain.
  • Albert, Dr Armando Scientist. Instituto de Quimica Fisica Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, E-28006 Madrid (Spain).
  • Alcobe, Mr Xavier X-ray diffraction technitian. Serveis Científicoècnics, Universitat de Barcelona, Lluís Solé i Sabaris 1,3, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Alegrio Louro, Mr Jaime Manuel PhD Student. Chemical and Physical Biology, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CIB), Ramiro de Maeztu 9, Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
  • Alite, Mr Christian PhD Student. Unidad de Cristalografía de Macromoléculas, IBV-CSIC, C/ Jaime Roig, 11, 46010, Valencia, Spain.
  • Almandoz, Ms Eluxka Researcher on Surface Engineering. AI\_tech, AIN, Carretera Pamplona, 1. Edificio AIN, Navarra, 31191, Cordovilla, Spain.
  • Alonso, Dr José Antonio Colaborador Cientifico, CSIC. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Serrano 113, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Alvarez, Dr Aurelio Prof. Titular. Dept. Geología, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Alvarez, Dr M. Angeles Prof. Titular. Dept. Geología, Univ. Sevilla, Apdo. 553, 41071 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Alvarez González, Dr Eleuterio Profesor Titular de Universidad - Investigador A3 CSIC. Instituto de Investigaciones Químicas, CSIC - University of Sevilla, Americo Vespucio s/n . Isla de La Cartuja, 41092, Sevilla, Spain.
  • Alvarez-Larena, Dr Angel Investigador. Dept. Geología, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Alvarez Sánchez, Ms Yanaisis Bárbara Doctoral Fellow. Crystallography and Structural Biology, Spanish National Research Council, Serrano 119, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Amayuelas, Dr Eder Postdoctoral Researcher. Dep. Mineralogy and Petrology, University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Barrio Sarriena s/n, Vizcaya, 48940, Leioa, Spain.
  • Amigó, Professor José-Maria Catedrático Emerito. Dept. Geología, Univ. Valencia, Avda. Dr Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain.
  • Apreda, Dr M. Carmen retired. Inst. Rocasolano, Inst. Rocasolano CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Aragón de la Cruz, Professor Francisco Prof. Investigación. Inst. Química-Inorgánica CSIC, Serrano 113, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Aramburu, Mr Ibon Becario. Dept. Física, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Aranda, Professor Miguel Angel Garcia Lecturer. ALBA Synchrotron, Ctra, Cerdanyola del Valles BP1413 km. 3.3, 08290, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Arenas, Dr Fabian Postdoctoral fellow. Fabián Arenas, PhD, Neuropsicopharmacology Lab - Unit of Movement Disorders, Building 19, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, CP. 08041, Barcelona - Spain.
  • Aroyo, Professor Dr Mois Ilia senior scientist. Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Apartado 644, 48080 Bilbao, SPAIN.
  • Arrieta, Professor Juan Manuel Catedrático. Departamento de Química Inorganica, Univ. del País Vasco-E.H.U., Apdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Arriortua, Professor Dr Maribel Catedrática de Universidad. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • ARTOLA RECOLONS, Ms CECILIA PhD Student. Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto Química Física Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Aullón, Dr Gabriel Researcher. Química Inorgànica, Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal, 647, Spain, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Aymami, Dr Juan Investigador. Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Politecnica de Ctalunya, Diagonal 647, Spain, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Balcázar, Dr José Luis Prof. Titular. Univ. Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Senda del Rey s/n, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • Baños Sanz, Dr Jose Ignacio Protein Crystallographer. Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano" (IQFR), CSIC, C/ Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Barceló Oliver, Dr Miquel Acting Associate Professor. Chemistry (Inorganic), Building: Mateu Orfila, Universitat de les Illes Balears, -, Illes Balears, E-07122, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
  • Bassas, Mr Josep X-ray diffraction technician. Centres Científics i Tecnològics (CCiTUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Lluís Solé i Sabarís, 1-3, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Bastida, Dr Joaquín Prof. Titular. Dept. Geología, Univ. Valencia, Avda. Dr Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain.
  • Batuecas, Miss Maria Teresa PhD student. Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Química Fisica "Rocasolano" CSIC, Serrano, 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Bayón, Dr J. Carlos Professor. Dept. Química, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Bazán, Dr Begoña Investigador Doctor. Mineralogía y Petrología, UPV/EHU, Sarriena s/n, 48940, Leioa (Bizkaia), Spain.
  • Benages Vilau, Mr Raúl Associate Professor. Química Inorgànica, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Carrer dels Tillers, Bellaterra, 08193, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Benavente, Mr Juan Luis PhD Student. Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano CSIC, Serrano 119, Spain, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Benet-Buchholz, Dr Jordi Manager X-ray Laboratory. X-ray Diffraction Unit, Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia, Avinguda Països Catalans, Tarragona, 43007, Tarragona, Spain.
  • Bernardo García, Ms Noelia phD student. Crystallography and Structural Biology, Spanish National Research Council, Serrano, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Bernardo-Maestro, Miss Beatriz PhD Student. Grupo de Tamices Moleculares, Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica-CSIC, Calle Marie Curie 2, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Berrocal, Miss Teresa grant holder, research. Mineralogy and Petrology, University of Basque Country, Apd 644, Spain, 48080, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Black, Mr Andres Student. IMDEA Nanociencia, CIUDAD UNIVERSITARIA DE CANTOBLANCO, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Boer, Dr D. Roeland Beamline scientist. ALBA Synchrotron, Carretera BP 1413, 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Bonete, Professor María José Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Biochemistry, Universidad de Alicante, Ap.99, Alicante, E-03080, Alicante, Spain.
  • Borge, Dr Javier Associate Professor of Physical Chemistry. Departamento de Quimica Fisica y Analitica, Universidad de Oviedo, C/ Julian Claveria, 8, Asturias, 33006, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Borilovic, Miss Ivana PhD student in Chemistry. Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Barcelona, Faculty of Chemistry, Diagonal 645, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Bravo, Dr Jeronimo group leader. Jeronimo Bravo, Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia-CSIC, C/Jaime Roig Nº 11. Valencia, E-46010 SPAIN.
  • Bravo García, Miss Laura PhD Student. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), Barrio Sarriena s/n, Bizkaia, 48940, Leioa, Spain.
  • Briansó, Professor José Luis Catedrático. Dept. Geología, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Bruque, Professor Dr Sebastian Professor. Fac. Ciencias, Univ. de Málaga, Apdo. 59, 29071 Málaga, Spain.
  • Buades, Miss Ana Begoña PhD Student. Inorganic Materials and catalysis, CSIC-ICMAB, Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona. Campus UAB, Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Caballero, Professor M. Antonio Catedrático, retired. Univ. de Cádiz, Dep. Estructura y Propiedades de los MaterialesAppdo. 40, 11510, Pto. Real, Spain.
  • Cabeza, Dr Aurelio Lecture. Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Cristalografía y Mineralogía, Universidad de Málaga, Campus de Teatinos s/n, Málaga, 29071, Málaga, Spain.
  • Cabeza, Professor Dr Javier A. Professor of Inorganic Chemistry. Dept. Química Org. e Inorg., Universidad de Oviedo, 33071 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Cabré, Mr Roger Prof. Titular. Dept. de Química, Univ. Rovira i Virgili, Pza. Imperial Tarraco 1, 43005 Tarragona, Spain.
  • Calvet, Dr Teresa Prof. Titular. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Campos, Dr J.Lourdes Research and Teaching. UPC-ETSEIB-EQ, Diagonal 647, Pab.G,pl.baja., 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Carballo, Dr Rosa academic/research. Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Vigo, Facultad de Química, Pontevedra, 36310, Vigo, Spain.
  • Cardellach López, Dr Esteve Prof. Titular. Dept. Geología, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Carriedo, Dr Gabino-Alejandro Catedrático. Dept. Química Organometálica, Univ. Oviedo, Julián Clavería s/n, 33071 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Carriles Linares, Miss Alejandra Angela PhD Student. Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, C/ Serrano, nº 119, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Carrillo, Dr Romen Researcher. Física Fundamental II, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sanchez s/n, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 38204, La Laguna, Spain.
  • Carvajal, Dr Joan Josep Ramon y Cajal Researcher. Quimica Fisica i Inorganica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Campus Sescelades, Marcel·lí Domingo s/n, 43007, Tarragona, Spain.
  • Casabo, Professor Jaume Catedrático. Dept. Química, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Cascales, Professor Dr Concepción Research Professor CSIC (Spanish National Research Council). Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, c/Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3. Cantoblanco, E-28049 MADRID, SPAIN.
  • Castillo, Dr Oscar Lecturer. Química Inorgánica, Universidad del País Vasco, Barrio Sarriena s/n, Bizkaia, 48080, Leioa, Spain.
  • Castiñeiras, Professor Dr Alfonso Catedrático de Universidad. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Farmacia, Univ. Santiago de Compostela, Campus Universitario sur, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
  • Castro, Professor Dr Alicia Research Professor. Electroceramics for the information technologies, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Cerpa-Naranjo, Arisbel Assistant Professor. Ingeniería Industrial, Escuela de Ingeniería, Arquitectura y Diseño, Universidad Europea de Madrid, c/ Tajo s/n, Villaviciosa de Odón, 28670, Madrid, Spain.
  • Chaboy, Dr Jesús -. ICMA, CSIC, C/ Pedro Cerbuna 12, Zaragoza, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • CHAKRABORTY, Dr ARKA Post-doctoral Researcher. Structural Biology, Mitolab, IBMB, CSIC, Barcelona, Calle Baldiri Reixac, 15, Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Chaves Sanjuán, Mr Antonio PhD Student. CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • CHAYAH, MARIEM PhD student. Pharmaceutical and Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja s/n, Andalusia, 18071, Granada, Spain.
  • Choquesillo-Lazarte, Dr Duane Tenured Scientist. Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalográficos, IACT, CSIC, Avda. de las Palmeras 4, Granada, 18100, Armilla, Spain.
  • Cifuentes, Miss Olga Lucia Postdoctoral research. Universidad de Zaragoza, -, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Claramunt, Professor Rosa Maria Catedrática. Depto de Quimica Orgánica y Bio-Orgánica-Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Paseo Senda del Rey 9 (Ciudad Universitaria), 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • Colacio, Dr Enrique Prof. Titular. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Coll, Professor Miquel Profesor de Investigación. Instituto de Biología Molecular - CSIC, Jordi Girona 18, 08034, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Conde, Professor Alejandro Catedrático. Dep. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univ. Sevilla, Appdo. 1065, 41080 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Conde, Dr Clara Francisca Prof. Titular. Dep. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univ. Sevilla, Appdo. 1065, 41080 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Conejero-Muriel, Miss Mayte PhD student. Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalograficos (LEC), Instituto Andaluz Ciencias de la Tierra (IACT-UGR-CSIC), Avda de las Palmeras, 4, Granada, 18100, Armilla, Spain.
  • Conesa Egea, Mr Javier PhD Student. Inorganic Chemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), C/ Francisco Tomás y Valiente 7, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Cortés, Dr Roberto Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Costenaro, Dr Lionel Project Scientist. Institut de Biologia Molecular de Barcelona (CSIC), C/ Baldiri i Reixac 10-12, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Covelo, Dr Berta SC-XRD Service Technician. Unidad de Difracción de Rayos X de Monocrista\_CACTI, University of Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende s/n, Vigo, 36310, Vigo, Spain.
  • Cuevas-Diarte, Professor Miquel Angel Catedratico. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Cumbrera Hernández, Dr Francisco Luis Catedrático. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univ. Seville, -, C.P. 41004, Seville, Spain.
  • Cuppari, Dr Anna Postdoctoral Researcher. Structural Biology Unit, CSIC, carrer Baldiri Reixach 10-12, Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Dacunha Marinho, Dr Bruno Xray technician and assistant researcher. Unidade de RaiosX, Santiago de Compostela University, Ed CACTUS, A Coruna, 15782, Santiago, Spain.
  • de la Rosa-Fox, Dr Nicolas Prof. Titular de Universidad. Ddto. Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Facultad de Ciencias., Universidad de Cádiz, Aptdo. 40, 11510 Puerto Real (CADIZ), Spain.
  • Delgado-López, Dr José Manuel Postdoctoral researcher. Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra (IACT), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Av las palmeras, 4, Granada, Spain, 18100, Armilla, Spain.
  • Déniz, Miss María del Pino Student. Física Fundamental II, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 38200, San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain.
  • de Pereda, Dr Jose M Staff Scientist. Jose M de Pereda, PhD, Instituto de Biologia Molecular y Celular del Cancer (IBMCC-CIC), CSIC - Universidad de Salamanca, Campus Unamuno s/n, E-37007 Salamanca, Spain.
  • de Prado, Miss Esther Luisa PhD. Student. Applied physics, University of Valencia, 50 Doctor Moliner street, 46100, Valencia, Spain.
  • Diamantino Miranda, Mr Jorge Miguel PhD Student. Crystallography and Structural Biology, CSIC, C/ Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Dianez-Millan, Dr M. Jesus Cientifico Titular. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Sevilla., Américo Vespucio s/n., Isla de la Cartuja, 41092 Sevilla. España.
  • Diaz, Professor Francesc Catedrático. Laboratori de Física Aplicada i, Cristal·lografia, Univ. Rovira i Virgili, Pza. Imperial Tarraco 1, 43005-Tarragona, Spain.
  • Diaz Gallifa, Mr Pablo phd Student. Física Fundamental II, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez, Sta. Cruz de Tenerife, 38204, St.Cristobal de la Laguna, Spain.
  • Diéguez, Dr Ernesto Prof. Titular. Dep. Física Aplicada, Univ. Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain.
  • Dikhtiarenko, Miss Alla Student. Quimica Organica e Inorganica, Universidad de Oviedo, Julian Claveria, Spain, 33006, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Domènech Casellas, Dr María Victoria Colaborador, retired. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Domínguez, Professor Esther Catedrático. Dept. Química Orgánica, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Donamaria, Miss Rocio PhD Student. Departamento de Química, Universidad de La Rioja, C/Madre de Dios 51, La Rioja, 26003, España, Spain.
  • Enríquez García, Miss Alejandra PhD student. Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University, Calle Francisco Tomas y Valiente, 7, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Espinet, Professor Pablo Catedrático. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Valladolid, Prado de la Magdalena s/n, 47005 Valladolid, Spain.
  • Esteve-Cano, Professor Dr Vicente J. Assistant Professor. Dept. Química Inorgánica y Orgánica, Universidad Jaume I, Apdo. 224, 12080 Castellón, Spain.
  • Estop, Dr Eugenia Lecturer. Eugènia Estop, Departament de Geologia, Edifici Cs, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain.
  • Estrada, Dr M. Dolores Prof. Titular. Dep. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univ. Sevilla, Appdo. 1065, 41080 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Ezpeleta, Dr José María Prof. Titular. Dept. Fisica Aplicada II, Facultad de Farmacia, Univ. del País Vasco, Paseo de la Universidad, 7, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.
  • Falvello, Professor Lawrence Chemist. Prof. L. R. Falvello, University of Zaragoza, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Plaza San Francisco s/n, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Farran, Professor Joan Professor. Unitat de Cristal·lografia, Dept. Geologia, Univ. Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Faus-Paya, Professor Juan Catedrático. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Valencia, Avda. Dr Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain.
  • Fauth, Dr Francois Beamline responsible. Experiments Division, ALBA Synchrotron, Carretera BP 1413 Km 3.3, Barcelona, 08290, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.
  • Fayos, Professor José Prof. Investigación. Inst. Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Fenoll Hach-Ali, Professor Purificacion Catedrática emerita; Head, Research Group of Mineralogy, Petrology and Ore Deposits. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrologia, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Fernández, Dr Carlos José Prof. Titular. Dep. Geología, Univ. Oviedo, Arias de Velasco s/n, 33005 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Fernandez, Daniel Postdoctoral researcher. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Campus UAB - Edifici M, Barcelona, 08193, Cerdanyola del Valles, Spain.
  • Fernandez, Dr Francisco Structural and Quantitative Biology, CIB-CSIC, Ramiro Maeztu 9, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • Fernandez, Miss Maria PhD Student. Inorganic Chemistry, University, Facultad de Farmacia, Campus externo, Madrid, 28871, Alcala de Henares, Spain.
  • Fernández, Mr Roberto Researcher. Mineralogía y Petrología, Universidad del País Vasco, Barrio Sarriena s/n, Vizcaya, 48940, Leioa, Spain.
  • Fernandez Lopez Lucendo, Miss Maria I. Postgraduate Researcher. protein structure and function, Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, Velazquez 144, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Fernández-Tornero, Dr Carlos Group Leader. Chemical and Physical Biology, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas - CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • Fernandez-Zapico, Miss Eva researcher. Química Física y Analítica, Universidad de Oviedo, C/ Julian Claveria, 8, Asturias, 33006, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Ferrero, Dr Diego Sebastian Postdoctoral Researcher. Structural Biology Unit of CSIC, c/ Baldiri Reixac, 4-8, 10-12 & 15-21, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Fita, Dr Ignacio Research. CID-CSIC, Jord\_Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Florencio, Dr Feliciana Investigador. Inst. Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Fonseca, Dr Isabel Titulado Superior, retired. Inst. Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Font-Bardia, Dr Merce Laboral 1. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Forteza, Professor Dr Matilde Prof. Titular. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Q. Agrícola, Univ. Sevilla, Apdo. 553, 41071 Sevilla, Spain.
  • FRANCO EHCEVARRIA, Miss ELSA PhD INSTITUTO DE QUÍMICA FÍSICA ROCASOLANO. DEPARTMENT OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHY AND STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY, INSITUTO DE QUÍMICA FÍSICA ROCASOLANO, SERRANO 119, 28003, MADRID, Spain.
  • Friedrich, Dr Eberhardt Josue Researcher. Applied Physics, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Francisco Tomas y Valiente 7, Facultad de Ciencias, SIDI, Modulo13, Campus de Cantoblanco, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Fuente-Cullell, Dr Carlos de la Prof. Titular. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Fuertes, Dr Amparo Colaborador. Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona, CSIC, Campus de la UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Fuertes-Martínez, Dr José Félix Prof. Titular. Dep. Física, Univ. Oviedo, Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Gaete, Dr Walter Prof. Titular. Dept. Química, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Galan, Professor Emilio Catedrático; Head of research group on Applied Mineralogy. Dept. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Q. Agrícola, Facultad de Química, Univ. Sevilla, Apdo. 553, 41071 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Galan-Mascaros, Professor Dr Jose Ramon Research. Institute of Chemical Rese<rch of Catalonia (ICIQ), Av. Paisos Catalans, 16, 43007, Tarragona, Spain.
  • Galcera Julia, Miss Judit PhD. Crystallography department, Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), Campus UAB, Catalunya, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Gali, Professor Salvador University professor. Dep. Cristallografia i Mineralogia, Facultat de Geologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès sn, 08028 Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain.
  • Galindo, Dr Agustin Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Sevilla, Appdo. 553, 41071 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Gálvez Lafuente, Professor Jose Antonio Profesor Titular de Universidad. Dr. Jose A. Gávez, Departamento de Química Orgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, C/Pedro cerbuna, 12, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Gamasa Bandrés, Dr M. Pilar Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Orgánica e Inorgánica., Univ. Oviedo, Julián Clavería s/n, 33071, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Gándara, Mr Felipe Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Madrid, Spain.
  • Garcia-Caballero, Dr Alfonso Postdoctoral. Laboratory of Crystallographic Studies, CSIC-UGR, Avenida de las Palmeras, 4, Granada, 18100, Armilla (Granada), Spain.
  • Garcia-Deibe, Dr Ana M. Associate. Inorganic Chemistry, University of Santiago de Compostela, Campus Vida, E-15782, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
  • Garcia-Granda, Professor Dr Santiago Full Professor. Dept. Physical&Analytical Chemistry, Fac. Chemistry, Univ. Oviedo, Julián Clavería, 8, 33006-Oviedo (Asturias), Spain.
  • Garcia Orduña, Dr Pilar Postdoctoral position. Quimica Inorganica, ISQCH- Instituto de Síntesis Química y Catálisis Homogénea, Facultad de Ciencias. Pza. San Francisco s/n, Zaragoza, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • García-Rodriguez, Dr Antonio Catedrático. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • García-Ruiz, Dr Joaquín Prof. Titular. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univer. Zaragoza, Pza. S. Francisco, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • García-Ruiz, Professor Juan Manuel Research Professor. Prof. Juan Manuel García-Ruiz, Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra (CSIC-UGr), Av. de las Palmeras 4, E-18002 Armilla, Granada, Spain.
  • Garrido, Mr Carlos Becario. Inst. Andaluz de Geol. Mediterranea, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002, Granada, Spain.
  • Gavira, Dr Jose A. Research Scientist. J. A. Gavira-Gallardo, Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalográficos, Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra (CSIC-UGR), Avenida de las Palmeras,4, 18100 Armilla, Granada (Spain).
  • Geday, Dr Morten Andreas Research Scientist. -, -, -, -, -, Spain.
  • Gervilla, Dr Fernando Prof. Asociado. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Gimeno, Professor José Catedrático. Dept. Química Organometálica, Univ. Oviedo, Julián Clavería s/n, 33071 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Gispert-Guirado, Dr Francesc XRD thecnicien. Servei de Recursos Científics i Tècnics, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Països Catalans, 26, Catalonia, 43005, Tarragona, Spain.
  • Gomez Barreiro, Dr Juan Researcher. Geology, University of Salamanca, Pza de los Caidos s/n, 37008, Salamanca, Spain.
  • Gómez-Pérez, Mr Alejandro Phd Student Solid State Chemistry. Inorganic Chemistry, Universidad CEU-San Pablo, Carretera de Boadilla Km 5.300, Madrid, 28668, Boadilla del Monte, Spain.
  • Gómez-Sal, Professor José Carlos Catedrático. Facultad de Ciencias, Univ. Cantabria, Avda. de los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain.
  • Gómez-Sal, Dr M. Pilar Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Alcalá de Henares, Campus Universitario, 28871-Alcalá de Henares, Spain.
  • Gomis, Dr Oscar Assistant lecturer. Placeta Ferrandiz Carbonell 2, 03802, Alcoy (Alicante), Spain.
  • Gomis-Ruth, Dr F. Xavier Research Professor CSIC. Proteolysis Lab; Dept. of Structural Biology, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, CSIC, Barcelona Science Park; Helix Building; c/ Baldiri Reixac,15-21, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Gonzalez, Dr Beatriz Lecturer. Crystalografía y Biología Estructural, CSIC, C/ Serrano 119, Madrid, 28041, Madrid, Spain.
  • GONZALEZ, Ms LUCIA PhD STUDENT. INSTITUTO DE NANOCIENCIA DE ARAGON, UNIVERSITY, MARIANO ESQUILLOR S/N I+D+I BUILDING, SPAIN, 50018, ZARAGOZA, Spain.
  • Gonzalez, Miss Lorena pHD student. Molecular Biology, Institute of Biomedicine and Biotechnology of Cantabria (IBBTEC), C/ Albert Einstein, 22, Cantabria, 39011, Santander, Spain.
  • Gonzalez-Calbet, Dr José M. Full Professor; Head of Department. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Complutense de Madrid, Campus Universitario, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
  • González-Duarte, Professor Pilar Catedrático. Dept. Química, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Gonzalez Lopez, Mr Jorge Grant Holder. Geology, University of Oviedo, Facultad de Geología, C/ Arias de Velasco s/n, Asturias, 33005, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Gonzalez-Manas, Dr Marina Profesor Titular. Cristalografia y Mineralogia. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad de Cadiz, Apdo. 40, 11510 Puerto Real (Cadiz), Spain.
  • González-Platas, Dr Javier Prof. Titular. Dep. Física Fundamental II, Univ. La Laguna, E-38204 La Laguna, Tenerife, Islas Canarias, Spain.
  • Gonzalez-Ramirez, Dr Luis Research Scientist. Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalograficos, IACT. CSIC-University of Granada, Paseo de las Palmeras 4, Granada, 18100, Armilla, Spain.
  • González-Silgo, Mr Cristina Prof. Asociado. Dep. Física Fundamental y Experimental, Univ. La Laguna, 38204 La Laguna, Spain.
  • Guasch Mitjans, Dr Alicia Crystallographer Senior Research Officer. Structural Biology, IMMB, Baldiri i Reixach 4-8, Torre R, 3era Planta, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Guérin, Professor Dr Diego Marcelo Alejandro Professor. Biofisica Bizkaia Foundation, University of the Basque Country, P.O.Box. 644, 48080, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Gutierrez-Zorrilla, Dr Juan Manuel Catedratico. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Gutierrez-Fernandez, Mr Javier PhD student. Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Química-Física Rocasolano, c /Serrano 119, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Gutierrez-Puebla, Professor Dr Enrique Professor. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Serrano 113, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Guzzetta, Mr Fabrizio Student. Inorganic and organic Chemistry, Universitat Jaume I - Escuela Superior de Tecnologia I Ciencias Experimentales, Avenguda Avenida de Vicente Sos Baynat, James I University, 12006, Castellon de la Plana, Spain.
  • Hermoso-Domínguez, Dr Juan Antonio Staff Scientist. GCMBE - Inst. Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Hernández-Velasco, Dr Jorge Research: Chemical Synthesis, Magnetic Structure Determination; Instrument Scientist: Neutron Diffractometer responsible. NanoCarma, ICMM-CSIC, Calle Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Herradon, Dr Bernardo Research. Instituto de Química Orgánica General, CSIC, Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Herrero-Martin, Dr Javier Beamline Scientist. ALBA-CELLS, Carretera BP 1413, Barcelona, -, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.
  • Hidalgo-Laguna, Mr Miguel Angel Laboral. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Iglesias, Professor Juan Eugenio Profesor de Investigacion; Director del Instituto de Cerámica y Vidrio, CSIC. Instituto de Cerámica y Vidrio del CSIC, C/ Kelsen, 5, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Infantes, Dr Lourdes Associate Scientist. Crystallography and structural biology, CSIC, Serrano 119, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Insausti, Mr María Teresa Prof. Asociado. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Iturbe Zabalo, Professor Edurne Professor. Instituto Máquina Herramienta, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Azkue Auzoa 1, Basque Country, 20870, Elgoibar · Gipuzkoa, Spain.
  • Jímenez-Morales, Dr Francisco Prof. Titular. Dep. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univ. Sevilla, Appdo. 1065, 41080 Sevilla, Spain.
  • JIMENEZ ORTEGA, Ms ELENA PhD. Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Quimica-Física Rocasolano, Serrano 119, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Jiménez-Villacorta, Dr Félix Postdoctoral Research Associate. CSIC, -, -, -, Madrid, Spain.
  • Jorda Moret, Dr Jose Luis Cientifico Titular del CSIC. Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica (UPV-CSIC), Av. de los Naranjos s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain.
  • Juanhuix, Dr Jordi Beamline scientist. ALBA - CELLS, Carretera BP 1413, de Cerdanyola a Sant Cugat, Km 3,3, 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Julve-Olcina, Professor Miguel Catedrático. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Valencia, Avda. Dr Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain.
  • Kayser-Gonzalez, Dr Paula Postdoctoral Research Associate. Energy, Environment and Health, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM-CSIC), Campus de Cantoblanco, Calle Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Klar, Mr Paul Benjamin PhD student. Dpto. Física de la Materia Condensada, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Apdo. 644, Bizkaia, 48080, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Kotopoulou, Mrs Electra PhD student, Researcher. LEC, CSIC-UGR, Avda. de las Palmeras 4, Granada, 18100, Armilla, Spain.
  • Labrador Carrasco, Dr Manuel Prof. Titular. Dpto. Cristal.lografia, Mineralogia i Dipósits minerals, Univ. Barcelona, Martí i Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Lago, Dr An Belen post doc resercher. Inorganic Department, University, Edificio de Ciencias Experimentais, Pontevedra, 36310, Vigo, Spain.
  • Lahoz, Professor Fernando J. Research Professor. Dr. Fernando J. Lahoz, Instituto de Síntesis Química y Catálisis Homogénea (ISQCH), Facultad de Ciencias, C/ Pedro Cerbuna 12, Universidad de Zaragoza - CSIC, 50009 Zaragoza (SPAIN).
  • Landa-Cánovas, Dr Angel R. researcher. Solidos Ionicos, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, C/ Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 3, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Larrañaga, Dr Aitor X ray diffraction technician. UPV/EHU, B. Sarriena S/N, 48940, Leioa, Spain.
  • Larrea, Dr Edurne S. Researcher. Mineralogía y Petrología, Universidad del País Vasco, Apdo 644, Bizkaia, 48080, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Leemans Martín, Miss Laura PhD student. Inorganic Chemistry, Calle Francisco Tomas y Valiente, 7, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Lezama, Dr Luis Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Liso-Rubio, Professor M. Jesus Catedrático. Universidad de Extremadura, Carretera de Portugal, 06071, Badajoz, Spain.
  • Liu-González, Ms Malva Doctorando; Jefe de Laboratorio de Rayos-X. Catedra de Materia Condensada, Dept. Termodinamica, Univ. Valencia, Avda. Dr Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain.
  • Llamas-Saiz, Dr Antonio Luis Researcher. Dr. Antonio L. Llamas-Saiz, Unidade de Raios X. RIAIDT, Edificio CACTUS. Campus Vida, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela, SPAIN.
  • Lloveras, Dr Joaquim Prof. Titular. Dep. Chemical Engineering, Univ. Politécnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Lopez, Dr Jose Antonio Prof. Titular. Dpto. Quimica Inorganica, Facultad de Ciencias - Univ. de Zaragoza, Plaza San Francisco s/n, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Lopez, Mr Pedro Researcher. Solid State Chemistry Department, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), Campus de la UAB s/n, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • López-Acevedo, Dr M. Victoria Prof. Titular. Dep. Cristalografía y Mineralogía, Univ. Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
  • López-Aguayo, Professor Francisco Catedrático. Dep. Estructura y Propiedades de los Materiales, Univ. de Cádiz, Appdo. 40, 11510 Pto. Real, Spain.
  • Lopez-Andres, Professor Dr Sol Professor. Crystallography and Mineralogy, Faculty of Geology. Complutense University, C/ Jose Antonio Novais 2, Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • López-Auséns, Dr Javier Tirso unknown. Química Computacional, ITQ, Avenida de los Naranjos s/n, Valencia, 46022, Valencia, Spain.
  • López-Castro, Professor Amparo Prof. Investigación emeritus. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Sevilla, CSIC Reina Mercedes s/n, 41080, Sevilla, Spain.
  • Lopez-Galindo, Dr Alberto Investigador. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Lopez-Gonzalez, Professor Juan de D. Catedrático. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Nacional Educaión a Distancia, Campus Universitario, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
  • Lopez-Jaramillo, Dr F. Javier Research Scientist. Dep. Química Orgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, Campus Fuentenueva, 18002 Granada (SPAIN).
  • Lopez Marijuan, Mr Ibai Phd student. M. M. y Pelayo 2-5ºC, 48004, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Lopez Pelegrin, Ms Maria del Mar Graduate Student. Structural Biology, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, Baldiri Reixac 15-21, Spain, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Lopez-Rodriguez, Professor Matias Full-Professor. Instituto Universitario de Bio-Orgánica Antonio González, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez, 2, Canary Islands, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain.
  • Lopez-Soler, Dr Angel Profesor de Investigación. Instituto Jaime Almera, CSIC, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Lozano-Gorrin, Dr Antonio Diego Researcher. Antonio Diego Lozano-Gorrín, Departamento de Física, Universidad de La Laguna, Av. Astrofísico Fco. Sánchez s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain.
  • Luque, Dr Antonio Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Madariaga, Dr Gotzon Catedrático. Dept. Física Materia Condensada, Univ. del País Vasco, Apdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Malinina, Lucy Director of laboratory. Lucy Malinina, CIC bioGUNE, Technological Park of Bizkaia, Bld. 800, 48160 Derio-Bizkaia, SPAIN.
  • Marcos, Dr Celia Prof. Titular. Dep. Geología, Univ. Oviedo, Arias de Velasco s/n, 33005 Oviedo, Spain.
  • MARIANGELA, Ms SAINZ-POLO PhD. Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Spanish Research Council, Serrano Nª119, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Mari Carmen, Miss Salinas Student. Universidad de Almería, C/ La Paz, number 2, Almeria, 04560, Gador (Almeria), Spain.
  • Marin-Elena, Dr José Manuel Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Sevilla, 41012 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Márquez-Delgado, Professor Rafael catedrático emérito. Dep. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univ. Sevilla, Appdo. 1065, 41080 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Martin, Dr Avelino Lecturer. Dr. Avelino Martin, Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Campus Universitario-Edificio de Farmacia, Universidad de Alcalá, Carretera Madrid-Barcelona, Km 33.600, E28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, SPAIN.
  • Martínez, Mr Benjamin Colaborador. Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona, CSIC, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Martinez, Dr Francisco Prof. Titular. Dpto. Química Inorgánica, Universidad Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Martinez-Benito, Ms Carla PhD student. Laboratorio de Rayos X y Materiales Moleculares (MATMOL), Departamento de Física Fundamental II, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 38204, San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain.
  • Martinez-Ripoll, Professor Dr Martin Research Professor. Prof. Dr. Martin Martinez-Ripoll, Instituto Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, E-28006 Madrid (Spain).
  • Martínez-Sarrión, Dr María Luisa Prof. Titular emeritus. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Barcelona, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Martín-Izard, Dr Agustín Prof. Titular. Dep. Geología, Univ. Oviedo, Arias de Velasco s/n, 33005 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Martiño Puertas, Miss Laura Doctorate degree course. Protein Crystallography, Instituto de Biologia Molecular de Barcelona-CSIC, Baldiri i Reixac, 15, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Martín-Ramos, Dr José Daniel Prof. Titular. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Martín-Vivaldi, Dr Juan Luis Prof. Titular. Dep. Cristalografía y Mineralogía, Univ. Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
  • Martos, Mr Ruben Ph.D. Student. Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad de Cádiz, Avenida Republica Saharaui s/n, Cádiz, Spain, 11510, Puerto Real, Spain.
  • Matesanz, Dr Emilio X-ray diffraction technitian. CAI de Difracción de Rayos X, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avda. Complutense s/n, Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • Medina, Mr Juan PhD Student. Material Physics, Science Faculty, Universidad Autonoma Madrid, 7 Francisco Tomás y Valiente, Madrid, 28049, Cantoblanco, Spain.
  • Mendiola, Professor Dr Jesús Scientic Researcher, retired. Ferroelectric Materials, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid(CSIC), Cantoblanco, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Mendoza Meroño, Dr Rafael Researcher. Dept. Química-Física y Analítica, Fac. Chemistry, Univ. Oviedo, Julián Clavería, 8, 33006 Oviedo, Asturias, 33006, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Mesa, Dr José Luis Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Mideros, Ms María Cristina Pre doctoral student. Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia, C/ Jaume Roig 11, Valencia, 46010, Valencia, Spain.
  • Millan, Miss Claudia PhD Student. Crystallographic Methods, Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona (IBMB-CSIC), Baldiri Reixac, 15, Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Millán-Muñoz, Dr Maria Prof. Titular. Dep. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univ. Sevilla, Appdo. 1065, 41080 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Minguez, Dr Guillermo ICMOL, -, Valencia, Spain.
  • Miravitlles, Professor Carlos Prof. Investigación. Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona CSIC Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Molina, Dr Rafael Postdoctoral Fellow. Macromolecular Crystallography, Spanish National Cáncer Research Centre, Melchor Fernández Almagro, 3, Madrid, 28029, Madrid, Spain.
  • Molina Palma, José Lecturer. Dep. Mineralogia y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Molins, Professor Dr Elies Research Professor. Crystallography and Solid State Chemistry, C.S.I.C., Campus UAB, Barcelona, Catalonia, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Monfort, Dr Montse Prof. Titular. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Barcelona, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Monge, Professor Dr M. Angeles Professor. Instituto Ciencia de Materiales Madrid, Consejo Superior Investigaciones Científicas, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 3, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Montejo-Bernardo, Mr Jose Manuel Associate Professor. Multifunctional Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites, Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology Research Center (CINN), Avda. de la Vega, 4, El Entrego, 33940, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Moreno, Dr Jose Maria Prof. Titular Universidad. Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, 18071-Granada, Spain.
  • Moreno-Carretero, Dr Miguel Prof. Titular. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Col. Univ. Santo Reino, 23071 Jaen, Spain.
  • Morón, Dr M. Carmen Colaborador. Instituto Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón, CSIC, Ciudad Universitaria, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Mosquera, Dr Marta Elena Gonzalez University Professor. Dpto Quimica Inorganica, Universidad de Alcala, Facultad de Farmacia. Campus Universitario, Madrid, 28801, Alcala de Henares, Spain.
  • Muniz Moreno, Miss maria del mar student. Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Neurobiology, Cajal Institute, avenida doctor arce 37, madrid, 28002, madrid, Spain.
  • Munoz, Dr Ines Gabriela Staff Scientist. Structural Biology and Biocomputing Programme, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, Melchor Fernandez Almagro 3, Madrid, 28029, Madrid, Spain.
  • Muñoz, Miss Maria PhD Student. Inorganic Chemistry, University, Facultad de Farmacia, Campus Externo, Madrid, 28871, Alcala de Henares, Spain.
  • Muñoz-Roca, Dr M. Carmen Prof. Titular. Dept. Física Aplicada (EUITI), Univ. Politécnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, 46071 Valencia, Spain.
  • Mzayek, Mr Elias Becario. Inst. de Química Inorgánica, CSIC, Serrano 113, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Navarro, Dr Carmen Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain.
  • NGUYEN, Mr THANH HONG Crystallography. Lab 20.B. Centro Nacionale de Biotecnologia.
  • Nicolas, Dr Josep Physicist. Experiments Division, ALBA synchrotron light facility, Carrer de la Llum 2-26, Barcelona, 08290, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.
  • Nieto, Dr Jose Miguel Associate Professor. Departamento de Geologia, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Huelva, Avda. Fuerzas Armadas s/n, 21071 Huelva, Spain.
  • Nieto-García, Professor Fernando Catedrático. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Nogués-Carulla, Dr Joaquin Maria Prof. Titular; Vice-Dean, Faculty of Geology. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Núñez, Dr Ara Postdoctoral researcher. Inorganic Chemistry, University of Vigo, 36310, 36310, Vigo, Spain.
  • Núñez, Dr Pedro Prof. Titular. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain.
  • Nuria, Miss Castillo Tutor PhD. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Avenida Ramiro de Maeztu, Madrid, 28002, Madrid, Spain.
  • Obradors, Professor Xavier Research Professor. ICMAB, CSIC, Campus U. A. Barcelona, Catalonia, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Ochando, Dr Luis E. Profesor Titular. Dept. Química Física, Univ. Valencia, Avda. Dr Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, Spain.
  • ORAYECH, Mr Brahim PhD. Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Campus de Leioa B. Sarriena s/n, Bizkaia, 48940, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Orobengoa Guridi, Mr Danel ?. Materia Kondentsatuaren Fisika, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, Apdo. 644, 48080, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Ortega-Huertas, Dr Miguel Prof. Titular. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Otálora Muñoz, Dr Fermín Senior Research Scientist. LEC, CSIC, Campus Fuentenueva (Fac. Ciencias), 18002, Granada, Spain.
  • Otero, Mr Alvaro Laboratory Technician. Structural Biology and Biocomputing Programme, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Melchor Fernandez Almagro, 3, Madrid, 28029, Madrid, Spain.
  • Otero-Diaz, Professor Luis Carlos Catedrático. Quimica Inorganica-I, F. Quimicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Av. Complutense, s/n, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • Palacio, Professor Fernando Prof. Investigación. Instituto Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón, CSIC, Ciudad Universitaria, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Paloma, Miss Martinez Martin PhD Student. Departamento de Química Orgánica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias. Av. Francisco Tomas y Valiente nº7, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Palomo-Delgado, Dr M. Inmaculada Prof. Titular. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Paniagua Condado, Dr Andrés Prof. Asociado, jubilación temporal. Geología, Univ. Oviedo, Arias de Velasco s/n, 33005, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Pardo, Mr Pablo Lab technician. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales, Universidad de Valencia, 22085, Valencia, 46071, Valencia, Spain.
  • Pasán, Dr Jorge Researcher. Física, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sanchez s/n, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 38200, La Laguna, Spain.
  • Pastor Montero, Mr Cesar Javier Crystallography. Servicio Interdepartamental de Invetigacion, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Carretera Colmenar, km. 15, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Pedrero-Marín, Dr Rosario X-ray difraction technician. Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, University Of Extremadura, Elvas Avenue, Spain, E-06006, Badajoz, Spain.
  • Pellegrin, Dr Eric Staff scientist. Experiments division, CELLS-ALBA, Carrer de la Llum 2-26, Barcelona, 08299, Cerdanyola del Valles, Spain.
  • Perales Alcón, Dr Aurea Investigador. Inst. Rocasolano CSIC Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Pérez-Carreño, Dr Enrique Dpto. Química Física y Analítica, Universidad de Oviedo, 33071, 33006, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Pérez-Garrido, Dr Simeon Prof. Titular. Dep. Física de la Materia Condensada, Univ. Sevilla, Appdo. 1065, 41080 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Perez-Mato, Professor Dr Juan Manuel Catedrático. Dept. Física, Univ. del País Vasco, Apdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Perez Mendez, Dr Mercedes Chemist. Fisica e Ingenieria, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnologia de Polimeros, Juan de la Cierva, 3, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Pérez-Rafael, Miss Sílvia Predoctoral student. Department of Chemistry, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Facultat de Ciències, Barcelona/ Catalunya, 08913, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Perez-Redondo, Dr Adrian Professor. Química Orgánica y Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Alcalá, Campus Universitario, Madrid, ES 28871, Alcalá de Henares, Spain.
  • Perez-Toro, Miss Inmaculada Student. Inorganic Chemistry, Fac. de Farmacia, Campus Cartuja s/n, Spain, 18071, Granada, Spain.
  • Perles, Dr Josefina Senior Crystallographer. SCXRD Laboratory, Servicio Interdepartamental de Investigación, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Pertierra, Dr Pilar Prof. Titular de Universidad. Dept. Química-Física y Analítica, Univ. Oviedo, Julián Clavería 8, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Pieretti, Mr Simone Ph.D. student. Miquel Coll's group, Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), C/ Baldiri Reixac 10, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Piniella, Dr Juan Francisco Prof. Titular. Dept. Geología, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Pino-Cuevas, Miss Arantxa PhD student. Inorganic Chemistry, University of Vigo, Lagoas-Marcosende, Pontevedra, 36310, Vigo, Spain.
  • Pizarro, Dr Jose Luis Prof. Catedrático. Dpto. Mineralogía y Petrología, Fac. Ciencia y Tecnología, Univ. del País Vasco,UPV/EHU, Apdo. 644-E, 48080, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Plaza, Miss Marina Student. Calzada de Castro 22, Almeria/Spain, 04006, Almeria, Spain.
  • Polvorinos, Dr Angel Jesus Prof. Titular. Dept. Geología, Univ. Sevilla, Apdo. 553, 41071 Sevilla, Spain.
  • Portal-Olea, Dr M. Dolores Prof. Titular. Dep. Química Orgánica, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • portell, Miss anna student. Scientific-Tecnichal Services, University of barcelona, baldiri reixac 10, spain, 02028, barcelona, Spain.
  • Portoles Gil, Nuria PhD student. Institut de ciencia del materials / Consejo superior de investigaciones cientificas, Campus de la Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, E08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Posse Fernández de Monge, Mr José María teacher. Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad del País Vasco, Apdo. 644, 48080, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Pous Ramos, Dr Joan Postdoctoral esearcher. Platform on X-Ray Crystallography, IBMB, Baldiri Reixac, 4-8, Torre R, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Prieto, Professor Manuel Catedrático. Dep. Geología, Univ. Oviedo, Arias de Velasco s/n, 33005 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Puigjaner, Professor Luis Catedrático; Director, Environment Center (LCMA). Dep. Enginyeria Química, Univ. Politécnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • QUERALT, Dr Ignasi Research Scientist. Dr. Ignasi QUERALT, Laboratory of X-rays Analytical Applications, Institute of Earth Sciences "J.Almera", Spanish Council for Scientific Research, Sole Sabaris s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Quirós, Dr Miguel Profesor Titular de Universidad. Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, Avda. Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.
  • Ramirez de Arellano, Dr Carmen Profesor Titular Universidad. Quimica Organica, Universidad de Valencia, Campus de Burjassot, Valencia, 46100, Valencia, Spain.
  • Ramirez-Escudero, Ms Mercedes PhD student. Dept. of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Calle Serrano, 119, Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Rasool, Mr Muhammad Azam Ph.D student. Instituto de Tecnología Microelectrónica (TiM), University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Parque Tecnológico de Zamudio, Edificio 105, 48170 Zamudio - Bizkaia SPAIN, Mob:+34 657203369, Tfno.: +34 -946018489, Fax: +34 94 601 8490.
  • Rausell-Colom, Professor José Antonio Prof. Investigación, retired. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales, CSIC Serrano 115 bis, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Reventós, Dr María-Mercedes Prof. Titular. Dept. Geología, Univ. Valencia, Avda. Dr Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain.
  • Ribas, Professor Joan Emeritus Professors. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Barcelona, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Riera, Professor Victor Catedrático, retired. Univ. Oviedo, Dept. Química OrganometálicaJulián Clavería s/n, 33071, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Rius, Professor Jordi Profesor de Investigacion. Crystallography & Solid State Chemistry, CSIC, Inst. de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona CSIC Campus UAB, Catalunya, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Roces (Fernandez), Laura Research Technician ?. Servicios Científico Técnicos, Universidad de Oviedo, Edificio Severo Ochoa, C/ Fernando Bonguera, Asturias, 33006, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Rodriguez-Clemente, Professor Rafael Profesor Investigación. Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona, CSIC, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Rodríguez De Léon, Mr Wilson Predoctoral. Laboratory x-ray and molecular materials, University of La Laguna, Av. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez, Santa Cruz de Tenerife/Tenerife/Spain, 38204, San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain.
  • Rodriguez-Fernandez, Mr Angel PhD student at University Of Oviedo. Physics Departament, University of Oviedo, C/ Calvo Sotelo S/N, Asturias, 33007, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Rodriguez-Gallego, Professor Manuel Catedrático. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Rodriguez-Gordillo, Dr José Prof. Titular. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Rodriguez-Hermida, Dr Sabina Post-doctoral researcher. Inorganic Chemistry, University of Vigo, Experimental Science Building, Lagoas Marcosende, Pontevedra, 36310, Vigo, Spain.
  • Rodríguez-Navarro, Professor Alejandro Associate Professor in Crystallography and Mineralogy. Mineralogía y Petrología, Universidad de Granada, -, 18002, Granada, Spain.
  • Rojo Aparicio, Professor Teofilo Catedrático. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Román, Professor Pascual Catedrático. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Romero, Dr Antonio Investigador Científico. Estructura y Función de Proteínas, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas,CSIC, c/ Velázquez, 144, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Romero-Garzón, Mr José Laboral. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrología, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Romero-Molina, Dr M. Angustias Prof. Titular. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.
  • Ros, Professor Josep Professor. Dept. Química, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Ruiz (Martí), Dr José Javier (Xavier) Catedrático EU. Dept. de Química, Univ. Rovira i Virgili, Pza. Imperial Tarraco 1, 43005 Tarragona, Spain.
  • Ruiz Arroyo, Mr Victor Manuel PhD Student. Structural Virology, IBMB-CSIC, Baldiri i Reixac 19 Edifici Helix, Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Ruiz-Pérez, Professor Dr Catalina Catedrática de Universidad. Laboratorio de Rayos X y Materiales Moleculares, Departamento de Física Fundamental II, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s/n, E-38204 La Laguna, Tenerie, Spain.
  • Rull, Professor Fernando Catedrático. Universidad de Valladolid, Prado de la Magdalena s/n, 47005, Valladolid, Spain.
  • Sabalisck, Dr Nanci researcher and Professor. Nanci Prado Sabalisck, AV. Astrofisico Francisco Sanchez, S/N, Facultad de Fisica, Dep. de Fisica Basica, Lab. de Baja Frecuencia, 38254 - Tenerife - Spain.
  • Said Mohammed Abdelbaky, Mr Mohammed Phd student. Physical and analytical chemistry, University of Oviedo, C/Julian Clavería, Asturias, 33006, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Salas-Peregrin, Dr Juan Manuel Prof. Titular. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.
  • Salvadó, Dr Miguel Angel Profesor Titular de Universidad. Dept. Química-Física y Analítica, Univ. Oviedo, Julián Clavería 8, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.
  • SALVADOR COB, Ms SARA PHD STUDENT. Abengoa Research, Palmas Altas, 41014, Seville, Spain.
  • Sanchez-Barrena, Dr Maria Jose Ramón y Cajal Scientist. Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), C/ Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Sánchez-Navas, Dr Antonio Prof. Asociado. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrologia, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Sanchez Ramirez, Mr Javier Eduardo pHD Student. Ingenieria Quimica, Universitat de Valencia, Calle Joaquin marin n42 pta 2, Valencia / España, 46035, Benimamet / Valencia, Spain.
  • Sánchez-Sánchez, Dr Purificación Prof. Titular. Dep. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.
  • San Martin, Dr Carmen Principal investigator. Macromolecular Structures, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, Darwin 3, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Santamaría-Pérez, Mr David Hired scientist. David Santamaria Perez, Departamento de Química Física I, Facultad de Químicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avda. Complutense s/n, E-28040 Madrid (Spain).
  • Santiago, Dr Cesar Research. Macromolecules Structure, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, CSIC, Darwin 3, Madrid, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Santin Martinez, Mr Omar Phd student. Protein Design Group, IBBTEC, Calle Albert Einstein, 22, Cantabria, 39011, Santander, Spain.
  • Santos-Sánchez, Dr Alberto Prof. Titular. Dept. Estructura y Propiedades Materiales, Universidad de Cádiz, Apdo. 40, 11510 Pto. Real, Spain.
  • Sanz-Aparicio, Dr Juliana Staff Scientist. Cristalografia, Inst. Rocasolano. CSIC. Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Schmitz, Mr Claus Graduate Student. CRI 7, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona (IBMB), c/ Baldiri Reixac 15, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Sebastian, Dr Eduardo Manuel Prof. Titular. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrologia, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Solans, Professor Joaquim Catedrático. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Solé Cartañà, Dr Rosa M. Prof. Ayudante. FiCMA, Dept. de Química, Univ. Rovira i Virgili, Pza. Imperial Tarraco 1, 43005, Tarragona, Spain.
  • Sorrentino, Dr Andrea Beamline scientist. Mistral beamline, Cells Alba, Carrer de la Llum 2-26, 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Sotelo, Mr Jorge Innovation Consultant. Inspiralia, -, -, Madrid, Spain.
  • Suades, Dr Joan Prof. Titular. Dept. Química, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Subirana, Professor Juan A. Emeritus professor. Dept. Enginyeria Qui'mica, Univ. Polite'cnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Tascón, Mr Igor Postdoctoral Researcher. Parque tecnologico bizkaia, Ed 800, 48160, Derio, Spain.
  • Tauler Ferre, Professor Esperanza Prof. Titular. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Tena, Dr M. Angeles Prof. Titular. Dep. Química, Univ. Jaume I, 12080 Castellón, Spain.
  • Tomás, Dr Milagros Investigador. Dpto. Química Inorgánica, Universidad Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Torrado, Mr Alejandro PhD Student. Institute of Plant Biochemistry and Photosynthesis, CSIC-US, Av. Americo Vespucio 49, Seville, 41092, Seville, Spain.
  • Torre-Fernandez, Mrs Laura Support Technician. Química-Física y Analítica, University of Oviedo, Julián Clavería, 8, Asturias, 33006, Oviedo, Spain.
  • Torres, Dr M. Rosario researcher. CAI Difracción de Rayos-x, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Campus Universitario, Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • Torres-Ruiz, Dr José Prof. Titular. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrologia, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Traveria-Cros, Dr Adolfo Investigador. Instituto Jaime Almera, CSICMartí y Franqués s/n, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Tremino-Agullo, Miss Lorena PhD student. Genomics and Proteomics. Structural Enzimopathology Unit, Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia-Spanish Research Council (IBV-CSIC), Jaume Roig, 11, 46010, Valencia, Spain.
  • Trukhina, Olga PhD student. Organic Chemistry, Autonoma University of Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain.
  • Turrillas, Dr Xavier Senior Scientist. Crystallography, ICMAB-CSIC, Autonomous University of Barcelona Campus, Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Urcelay Olabarria, Dr Irene Postdoctoral Researcher. BCMaterials, Camino de Ibaizabal, bdng. 500. 1st, Bizkaia, 48160, Derio, Spain.
  • Urtiaga, Professor Dr Miren Karmele Proffesor. Dpto. Mineralogía y Petrología, Fac. Ciencia y Tecnología, Univ. del País Vasco, Barrio Sarriena s/n, 48940 Leioa, Spain.
  • Usón, Professor Dr Isabel Research Professor. Structural Biology, ICREA at IBMB-CSIC, Baldiri Reixach, 13-15, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Valerga, Professor Dr Pedro Catedrático de Universidad. Ciencia de los Materiales e Ingeniería Metalúrgica y Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Cádiz, Apartado 40, Cádiz, 11510, Puerto Real, Spain.
  • Valin, Dr Mariluz Prof. Titular. Dep. Geología, Univ. Oviedo, Arias de Velasco s/n, 33005 Oviedo, Spain.
  • Vallcorba, Dr Oriol Post-Doctoral Research Associate. Crystallography, ALBA-CELLS, Campus de la UAB, Catalunya, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Vallet-Regi, Dr Maria Prof. Titular. Dept. Química Inorgánica, Univ. Complutense de Madrid, Campus Universitario, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
  • Valverde Tercedor, Miss Maria del Carmen phd student. Microbiology, University, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071, Granada, Spain.
  • Van der Maelen, Dr Juan Francisco Senior Lecturer. Dr. Juan F. Van der Maelen Uría, Dpt. Química Física y Analítica, Facultad de Química, Avda. Julián Clavería 8, E-33006 Oviedo, SPAIN.
  • van Raaij, Dr Mark Johan Tenured Researcher. Mark van Raaij, Department of Macromolecular Structure, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia - CSIC, c/Darwin 3, E-28049 Madrid, Spain.
  • Vazquez-Lopez, Dr Ezequiel Prof. Tit.. Quimica Inorganica, Universidade de Vigo, Facultade de Quimica, Galicia, E-36200, Vigo, Spain.
  • Vega, Dr Cristina Group leader. Structural and Quantitative Biology, CIB-CSIC, Ramiro Maeztu 9, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • Vegas, Dr Angel Senior Researcher. University of Burgos, Hospital del Rey s/n, 09001, Burgos, Spain.
  • Veintemillas, Dr Sabino Colaborador. Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona, CSIC, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Velilla, Dr Nicolas Prof. Titular. Dep. Mineralogía y Petrologia, Univ. Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18002 Granada, Spain.
  • Vendrell, Dr Marius Prof. Titular. Dep. Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Depósitos Minerales, Univ. Barcelona, Martí y Franqués s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Ventosa, Dr Nora Scientific researcher. Nanomol, IMAB-CSIC, Campus UAB, Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.
  • Vergara, Dr Jose Research. Physics, Public University of Navarra, Campus Arrosadia, Navarra, 31006, Pamplona, Spain.
  • Vicente, Professor Dr José Catedrático. Dep. Química Inorgánica (Organometalica), Universidad Murcia, Aptdo. 4021, 30001, Murcia, Spain.
  • Vila, Dr Eladio Titulado Superior. Inst. de Química Inorgánica, CSIC, Serrano 113, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
  • Vilchez Rodriguez, Miss Esther researcher. Departamento de Quimica Inorganica, Facultad de Farmacia, 15782, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
  • Villanova de Benavent, Cristina PhD student. Departament de Cristal·lografia, Mineralogia i Dipòsits Minerals, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès s/n, Catalunya, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Virseda, Miss Alicia Laboratory Technician. Crystallization and Protein Engineering Unit, CNIO, Melchor Fernandez Almagro Street, 3, 28905, Madrid, Spain.
  • Zuñiga, Dr Fco. Javier Prof.. Dept. Física Materia Condensada, Univ. del País Vasco, Appdo. 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.

Spain

This is a list of forthcoming meetings in Spain that are recorded in the IUCr Calendar of Events. Please let us know of any that are missing by completing this form or sending an email to forthcoming.meetings@iucr.org.

Instruct course on Image Processing for Electron Microscopy in the cloud Spain 17th Jan 2018 - 19th Jan 2018
Polymers: Design, Function and Application. Polymers2018 Spain 21st Mar 2018 - 23rd Mar 2018
ISC2018. International School of Crystallization Spain 21st May 2018 - 25th May 2018
18th International Conference on High Pressure in Semiconductor Physics (HPSP18) and Workshop on High Pressure Study on Superconducting (WHS2). Spain 23rd Jul 2018 - 27th Jul 2018
31st European Crystallographic Meeting (ECM31) Spain 22nd Aug 2018 - 27th Aug 2018

Reports of past activities in Spain

2015 Granada ISBC2015
2011 Madrid Madrid Congress
2011 Madrid Madrid Congress Part 2
2011 Alcala de Henarez Aperiodic crystals
2002 Oviedo Spain
2001 Madrid Ferroelectrics
1999 Tenerife Tenerife school
1998 Granada Microgravity in Granada

All events

This is a concise listing of all events in this country that are associated with the International Year of Crystallography 2014 and its follow-up initiatives.

28th Jan 2013 Competition of Crystallization in Schools Granada
11th May 2013 Competition of Crystallization in Schools - Final Granada
8th Jul 2013 Crystallography and Society Santander
21st May 2014 Los minerales: Año internacional de la Cristalografía Pamplona
21st May 2014 La doble belleza de los Cristales Pamplona
25th May 2014 4th International School of Crystallization: Drugs, Foods, Agrochemicals, Minerals, New Materials (ISC2014) Granada
23rd Jun 2014 XXIV Symposium of the Specialized Group on Crystallography and Crystal Growth (GE3C) Bilbao
1st Oct 2014 Bibliographical exhibition IYCr2014 A Coruña
16th Nov 2014 The Mistery of the Giant Crystals Universum, Museo de las Ciencia de la UNAM
29th Nov 2014 Talleres y seminarios con motivo del la exposición de la Etsime Madrid
Art within your crystals Madrid The purpose of this contest is to unveil the hidden beauty inside crystals, by looking at their inner structure with artistic images: art within your crystals.
Cristalografia en el cine (Crystallography in the movies)

Cristalografía en el Cine es una guía didáctica para ser usada en colegios e instituciones, pero también en sociedades culturales, ayuntamientos, etc... 60 páginas con 110 ilustraciones. Disponible en varios formatos para teléfonos celulares, tablets, pdf, etc…

Spain: crystallization competition in schools Andalucía, Aragón, Asturias, Canarias, Cataluña, Madrid, and Valencia The Crystallization Competition in the School (http://www.lec.csic.es/concurso/ is an innovative contest on Crystallography and Crystallization for young students aged 12-16. It is organised in Spain and coordinated by the Spanish Specialized Group of Crystallography and Crystal Growth (GE3C).
Spain: Concurso de Cristalización en la Escuela Granada, Barcelona, Asturias, Madrid, Alcala de Henares, Tenerife, Valencia, Zaragoza A project to introduce crystallography and crystal growth in the Schools and High schools that include courses and lectures for teachers, practical experiences, well-tested crystallization kits that has generated enormous interest within the Spanish educational community with the participation of over 7,000 students, 286 teachers and 189 schools.

This Special Report was published in the IUCr Newsletter, Vol. 13, Nos. 3 and 4 (2010).

Crystallography in Spain

Some historical and general outlines

[Spain]
[Lapis specularis] A sample of Lapis specularis.

Spain has been linked to crystals for centuries as the home of important mining ore deposits. The first Spanish contribution to the history of crystals was reported by Pliny the Elder (I Century AD) in his 'Natural History', where he describes the windows and greenhouses of the richer inhabitants of the Roman Empire being covered by crystals of 'Lapis specularis', the Latin name for large transparent crystals of gypsum. This dehydrated form of calcium sulphate was extracted by Romans in Segóbriga (La Mancha) because of its crystal clarity, size (up to one meter) and perfect flatness.

[Segobriga ruins] Deposits of Lapis specularis in Segóbriga.
[Alhambra and mosaics] Top: A view of La Alhambra, Granada (XIII Century). Bottom: Sample of mosaics in La Alhambra, Granada (XIII Century).

The vast amount of mineralogical information contained in Pliny's 'Natural History' was preserved and enhanced in 'Book XVI on Stones and Metals' which covered the Etymologiarum of Isidor of Seville (560-636). It is also in the Lapidarium of Alfonso X (1221-1284), a fascinating work by a group of Muslim, Hebrew and Christian sages from a time when peaceful multicultural collaboration was demonstrated to be possible. Nevertheless, it was the unparalleled talent of the Arabian geometers in investigating the problem of tessellation of two-dimensional space, which made the most important pre-Renaissance Spanish contribution to crystallography and geometrical art. The decorative symmetry of the tiling in the Alhambra Palace in Granada is today used to teach symmetry all over the world.

Several hundred years later, in the 15th century, we find many examples of interest in bi-dimensional structures and symmetry, as is found on the ceilings of the main rooms of castles, palaces and special buildings such as the U. of Alcala or Segovia's Castle, near Madrid.

The variety of products found in Spanish mines and the enormous richness of American ores motivated the work of excellent metallurgists and mineralogists such as J. de Arfe Villafañe (1535-1603), D. de Santiago, and Á. Alonso Barba (1569-1662), the author of 'Arte de los metales'. He developed the method for recovering silver and gold by using mercury extracted in Almadén (La Mancha), the largest mercury mine in the world. In addition, America and the Far East provided stunning and fascinating mineral samples for collectors and scientists of the New World. The Spanish Royal Cabinet of Natural History was created in 1771 from the collection of minerals of P. Franco Dávila (1711-1786). It was probably the best collection of its time, and was used by R. de L'Isle (1736-1790) during his studies on crystal morphology.

The first Spanish scientific journal, printed in 1799 included articles on the nature of crystals by mineralogists educated in the Wernerian School of Freiburg. The controversy between Werner's ideas on the classification of minerals based on external properties and the new concept introduced by R. de L'Isle and the abate René Just Haüy (1743-1822) on crystal morphology is clearly observed in the 'Anales de Historia Natural'. It demonstrates how aware Spanish scientists were of the crucial changes occurring in mineralogy during the 18th and 19th centuries.

[Models] Some crystallographic models of the abate Haüy.

A collection of crystallographic solids given by Haüy to the Galician mathematician J. Rodríguez González (1770-1824) was used by crystallographers G. de Linares (1845-1904) and L. Calderón (1847-1894) who established what was probably the first (1888) Chair of Crystallography in a European University.

[Pardillo] Francisco Pardillo (1884-1955) (Photo courtesy of the Royal Acad. of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona).
[Cabrera, Cardoso and Palacios] Left: Blas Cabrera (1878-1945). Middle: Gabriel Cardoso (1896-1954). Right: Julio Palacios (1891-1970).
[NIPC today] Top: The National Institute of Physics and Chemistry (Instituto Nacional de Física y Química, Madrid, 1932). It was named 'The Rockefeller' due to the fact that it was built using funds ($200 000) from the Rockefeller Junior Foundation. Bottom: 'The Rockefeller' today, as Institute of Physical Chemistry 'Rocasolano', is one of the research Institutes of the CSIC, the Spanish National Research Council.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Spanish crystallographer F. Pardillo immediately recognized the importance of the investigations of Laue and Bragg. In 1923 he reported these studies to the Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural. Two years later, B. Cabrera (who later became director of the Instituto Nacional de Física y Química) wrote a report on the novel application of X-rays to determine the structure of materials in the 'Anales de la Sociedad Española de Física y Química'.

G. M. Cardoso (Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid), J. Palacios (Instituto Nacional de Física y Química) and Francisco Pardillo (Dept. of Mineralogy of Barcelona) formed the first Spanish groups of modern crystallography. L. Rivoir worked with Palacios on structure determinations of inorganic and organic crystals and on the perfection of the Fourier methods of analysis. Pardillo created a crystallography school at the U. Barcelona.

[Bru, Amoros and Garrido Mareca] Left: Luis Brú (1909-1997). Middle: José L. Amorós (1920-2001). Right: Julio Garrido Mareca (1911-1982).

After the Spanish Civil War, young crystallographers created the foundations of current Spanish crystallography. L. Bru advanced X-ray and electron microscopy first in the Canary Islands, later in Sevilla and finally at the U. of Madrid. L. Rivoir headed the X-ray Dept. at the Instituto de Fisica, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), the Spanish National Research Council, and J. L. Amorós formed a group of young crystallographers and crystal growers at the U. of Madrid.

[Acta Cryst]

The first volume of Acta Crystallographica (1948) contained an article by J. Garrido on 'Observations sur la diffusion des rayons X par les cristaux de NaClO3' and a review of the book by J. Garrido and J. Orland 'Los rayos X y la estructura fina de los cristales: Fundamentos teóricos y Métodos prácticos' (1946). The Spanish National Crystallographic Committee (founded by CSIC) joined the International Union of Crystallography in 1949.

In 1950, a Spanish Association of Crystallography (ACE) of 35 members held its first meeting in Barcelona. Ten years later the Ibero-American Association for Crystallography was founded.

[Font-Altaba, Garcia-Blanco and Martinez-Carrera] Left: M. Font-Altaba (1922-2005). Middle: S. García-Blanco (1922-2003). Right: S. Martinez-Carrera (1925-).

At that time there were two main schools of crystallography in Spain, those of M. Font-Altaba (U. of Barcelona) and S. Martínez-Carrera and S. García-Blanco (CSIC). S. Martínez-Carrera brought experience gained in Pittsburgh with computing programs that replaced the Beevers-Lipson strips. These groups used Weissenberg cameras and the first IBM computers. In the 70s, four-circle single-crystal diffractometers replaced Weissenberg and precession cameras.

[X-ray equipment] Left: Weissenberg cameras and X-ray tubes used in Madrid during the 60s. Right: The first automated 4-circle diffractometer (PW1100) installed in Spain, Madrid, in 1973.

The 'Rocasolano' (CSIC) group in Madrid strengthened the crystallographic community in all of Spain by collecting data, and creating and maintaining the first crystallographic software collections in Spain (installed on a UNIVAC mainframe). They also negotiated with the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) for distribution of the CSD crystallographic database throughout the country. Thanks to the generosity of the CCDC, this agreement later covered all Latin American countries as well.

[The Bijvoets] J. M. Bijvoet and his wife (Madrid, 1956).
[Madrid meeting, 1956] The first Inter-Congress meeting of the IUCr, held in Madrid in 1956.
[The Brockways and Hagg] From left to right: L. O. Brockway and wife, and Gunnar Hägg (Madrid, 1956).

The importance of crystallography for the development of chemistry in Spain led to the growth of several crystallographic groups. In this enterprise a generation of young Spanish crystallographers born around 1940 played an important role, elevating Spanish crystallography to its rightful place on the international stage. Many of them have passed away, including F. H. Cano (CSIC) and X. Solans (U. of Barcelona), others have retired, such as J. Fayos and Francisco Sanz (CSIC) and J. A. Subirana (Polytechnic U. of Barcelona), while others are still active, including Carlos Miravitlles, C. Foces-Foces, E. Iglesias, M. Martínez-Ripoll (CSIC) and J. M. Amigó (U. of Valencia). However, crystallography in Spain, and especially in academic institutions, still seems to be erroneously considered a minor technical skill, whose application and interpretation is trivial. Despite the importance of crystallography for biology and biomedicine, and the rather large number of research groups in Spain in cellular and molecular biology, the lack of resources dedicated to macromolecular crystallography is very apparent. At the end of the eighties Spain became the first associate scientific member of the Institute Laue-Langevin (ILL), the high-flux neutron reactor of Grenoble, and new possibilities were opened for the crystallographic community including physicists, biologists and engineers. Increased activity developed around magnetic crystallography, soft condensed matter, liquids and amorphous systems, and biology. Synchrotron techniques for crystallographic studies brought Spanish crystallographers to the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF).

[ALBA] View of the Spanish synchrotron ALBA as in November 2009.

Today the Spanish Group on Crystallography and Crystal Growth (Grupo Especializado de Cristalografía y Crecimiento Cristalino, GE3C) has over 200 members. If other crystallographers associated with neutron, solid state, proteomics and surface applications are taken into account, then about 400 Spanish researchers are currently involved in crystallographic research. Most Spanish crystallographers are organized in teams in the Canary Islands, Andalusia, Valencia, Asturias, Catalonia, Galicia, the Basque Country and Madrid, as well as others. They share over 200 X-ray diffraction machines for both powder and single-crystal applications, and maintain active participation in neutron and synchrotron techniques in different European facilities (the ILL and the ESRF). The Spanish synchrotron ALBA was inaugurated in March 2010 with several crystallographic beam lines. Electron microscopy will also be well represented there, from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy to field emission electron scanning microscopy.

[Madrid, 1974] Meeting on Anomalous Scattering, held in Madrid in 1974.
[Hodgkin, Abrahams and Martinez-Carrera, 1974] From left to right, Dorothy Hodgkin, S. C. Abrahams and S. Martínez-Carrera (Madrid, 1974).

Spanish crystallographers hold a yearly national congress and have also organized several international seminars, workshops, conferences and meetings. At the Executive Committee meeting arranged during the Third General Assembly in Paris in July 1954, it was proposed that the IUCr should organize specialized symposia between the assemblies. The first of these meetings was held in Madrid in 1956 and since then, specialized Inter-Congress meetings have become a regular feature of the Union's activities. In April 1974 an Inter-Congress Conference was held in Madrid on the subject of anomalous scattering, the results of which were assembled into a valuable book dealing with every conceivable aspect of anomalous scattering known at that time.

Thanks to the explicit votes of Mario Nardelli (Italy) and Olga Kennard (UK), as well as to the financial support given by M. Font-Altaba (the Mayor of Barcelona), the 6th European Crystallographic Meeting (ECM-6) was successfully held in Barcelona during the summer of 1980, with Carlos Miravitlles as Chairman.

Now, nearly one hundred years since Laue and Bragg's experiments, we are preparing to host the XXII Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography (www.iucr2011madrid.es/) in Madrid. It will be a spectacular and memorable event from both scientific and social perspectives (see later in this issue for more information on the Congress).

Next Issue... 'Crystallographers in Spain'.

M. Martinez-Ripoll

Crystallography in Spain

Crystallographers in Spain

Continued from Volume 18, Number 3

[Map of Spain] Crystallography groups in Spain. Orange circles show their approximate location. Numbers mean regional references only used in the text.

Crystallographers in Spain belong to one or more of the following organizations: the European Crystallographic Association (ECA) and the Group for Crystallography and Crystal Growth (GE3C), a group associated with the Spanish Royal Society of Chemistry (RSEQ) and the Spanish Royal Society of Physics (RSEF). Other Spanish associations related to crystallography include the Spanish Association of Synchrotron Users (AUSE, http://bit.ly/c1S3j7) and the Spanish Association for Neutron Techniques (SETN, http://bit.ly/aI5Ana). The Spanish Committee of Crystallography is the official Spanish representative to the IUCr.

Teams of Spanish crystallographers are concentrated in the regions described below. An updated list of groups in Spain can also be found at www.xtal.iqfr.csic.es/Cristalografia/ (in Spanish and English).

1. Galicia

Galicia is an Autonomous Community in northwestern Spain with an ancient Celtic culture (5th Century BC). It became a Roman province (Gallaecia) in 197 BC, one of the first Catholic kingdoms in 449.

[GIQIMO group] The GIQIMO group
[Fibre protein] C-terminal fragment of avian reovirus σC fiber protein.

The Grupo de Investigación de Química Molecular y Estructural (GIQIMO), at the U. of Santiago de Compostela, was developed by A. Castiñeiras (qiac01@usc.es) in 1980 after his stay at the Dept. of Crystallography and Structural Biology of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) in Madrid (see below, No. 9). Their research concerns magnetic materials, bioinorganic chemistry, structural chemistry, crystal engineering and supramolecular structures (http://bit.ly/aeHKbf).

At the U. of Santiago de Compostela the research team of A. Llamas (antonio.llamas@usc.es) engages in research projects in Inorganic, Organic and Biochemistry and is developing macromolecular crystallographic research on adenovirus proteins, viral fibers, dehydroquinase-inhibitor drug complexes and cyclic peptides (GramS analogs), (http://bit.ly/cGJa6X). The Universities of Vigo and Coruña maintain X-ray diffraction equipment as general service units for their universities (http://bit.ly/eVsMxW and http://bit.ly/9zwfIV, respectively).

2. Asturias

Asturias, on the north coast of Spain facing the Cantabrian Sea, has been occupied by humans since the Lower Paleolithic era. It has cave paintings and megaliths from the Bronze Age. There were Celtic inhabitants in the Iron Age, Romans from 29 to 19 BC, Visigoths from the 6th to the 8th century and then the Moors invaded. The lands along the northern coast were never fully part of Islamic Spain and became a refuge for Christian nobles. In 722, a de facto independent kingdom was established, the Regnum Asturorum, which was to became the cradle of the incipient Reconquest.

The Dept. of Physical Chemistry at the U. of Oviedo has one of the most active Spanish crystallographic teams in Asturias. It was established in the 80s by F. Beltrán and S. García-Granda (sgg@uniovi.es) for study of molecular structure and properties, automatic determination, QSAR and QSPR modeling, and chemical crystallography. S. García-Granda is currently the President of the European Crystallographic Association (ECA) (http://bit.ly/9viBu4). The Group on Crystal Growth and Experimental Aquatic Geochemistry at Oviedo U. is a multi-departmental team supported by the European Commission to study the dissolution and precipitation rates of solid solutions. Groups from six European countries participate in this project. The Spanish team is headed by M. Prieto (mprieto@geol.uniovi.es) (http://bit.ly/anZmfz). In the Dept. of Physics of Oviedo U., J. A. Blanco (jabr@uniovi.es) and P. Gorria (pgorria@uniovi.es) study magnetic materials with neutron diffraction.

3. Cantabria

Cantabria is one of the richest regions in the world in archaeological sites from the Upper Paleolithic period. Paintings in the cave of Altamira date from 16,000 BC.

In 1974 the magnetic materials group of Cantabria U. headed by J. C. Gómez Sal (jose.gomezsal@unican.es) published the first magnetic structure from Spain and developed collaborations with the neutron and X-ray communities at the ILL. The activities of the group, with J. R. Fernandez (jesus.rodriguez@unican.es) and L. F. Barquín (barquinl@unican.es), include crystallization, crystal and magnetic structures and small-angle diffraction of metals and nanocrystals (http://bit.ly/ceXiJZ). In the High Pressure and Spectroscopy Group, F. Rodriguez (fernando.rodriguez@unican.es) examines the structures of insulators under extreme conditions (http://bit.ly/b0j7BK).

4. The Basque Country

The Basque Country in the western Pyrenees spans the border between France and Spain. Although little is known about the prehistory of the Basques, several Basque archaeological sites provide evidence for continuity from Aurignacian times to the Iron Age. Some of the same people appear to have continued to inhabit the area for thirty millennia.

[Porosity] Structural porosity in arsenates of transition metals with organic molecule and ammonium cations.
[Fuel cell] Scheme of a solid oxide fuel cell.

The Dept. of Mineralogy and Petrology of the U. of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU http://bit.ly/92zVzg), is headed by K. Urtiaga (karmele.urtiaga@ehu.es), and M. I. Arriortua (maribel.arriortua@ehu.es) is currently Director of the General Services for Research of the UPV/EHU for the entire university (http://bit.ly/cFitTW). Research targets are multifunctional systems for environmental and energy applications including zeotypic materials. Microporous inorganic frameworks that can bind organic molecules are being studied for potential use for gas separation, as molecular sieves or in catalytic processes. The group is also attempting to optimize the performance of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) via their full characterization before, during and after operation. The long-term goals are to achieve cost-effective processing techniques, reduce operating temperatures and find inexpensive stable and durable materials.

The Dept. of Inorganic Chemistry (UPV/EHU) directed by P. Román (pascual.roman@ehu.es) has three major projects on two campuses. Laminar and tubular magneto-resistant phosphate transition metals, mixed oxides of technological interest and molecular magnetic materials are being studied by T. Rojo (teo.rojo@ehu.es); the chemistry of polyoxometalates and organic-inorganic hybrid systems is led by J. M. Gutiérrez-Zorrilla (juanma.zorrilla@ehu.es); and studies of the magnetic behavior of polynuclear complexes with polyfunctional organic ligands are co-directed by P. Román (pascual.roman@ehu.es) and A. Luque (antonio.luque@ehu.es) (www.ehu.es/qi/).

[Diamond cell] The Ahsbahs-type diamond cell mounted in Bilbao on the IPDS-2T diffractometer (Stoe & Cie GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany).

The Group of Structural and Dynamical Properties of Solids, headed by J. M. Pérez-Mato (wmppemam@lg.ehu.es) at the Dept. of Condensed Matter Physics of the Basque Country U. (UPV/EHU) in Bilbao (I. Aramburu, M. I. Aroyo, L. Elcoro, I. Etxebarria, K. Friese, A. Grzechnik, J. Igartua, G. Madariaga and F. J. Zúñiga) focuses on structural and lattice dynamics of functional materials, phase transitions in inorganic and molecular crystals, mathemathical crystallography, nonconventional crystallographic methods, thermal properties, aperiodic crystals, high-pressure crystallography and ab initio studies of ferroic materials.

[Atomic positions] Three-dimensional atomic domain describing the atomic positions of a subset of atoms of an icosahedral quasicrystal, within a 6-D super-space refined model.

The UPV/EHU was founded in 1969, as a result of the teaching skills and the contagious scientific enthusiasm of J. Eugenio Iglesias. His students F. Javier Zúñiga and J. M. Perez-Mato joined the Physics Dept. to form the nucleus of the group that studied phase transitions, incommensurate phases and aperiodic crystals. In 1991 the group organized an 'International workshop on methods of structural analysis of modulated structures and quasicrystals' in Lekeitio (Spain) which influenced the development of the field. The team of physicists had a natural affinity for studies of structural thermal behavior and methods of analysis of aperiodic crystals. Recently, scientists with mineralogical and chemical backgrounds (K. Friese, A. Grzechnik) have joined the group, fostering multidisciplinary work.

[Bilbao server] Heading of the Bilbao Crystallographic Server, a popular webpage with online computer tools for crystallographic analysis.

The Bilbao Crystallographic Server (www.cryst.ehu.es/), directed by M. I. Aroyo, provides free online access to crystallographic databases, computer tools and programs for crystallographers and materials scientists. An international school on the use and applications of this server was organized in 2009. A database of incommensurate structures is being reorganized by G. Madariaga.

The Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Group (UPV/EHU), headed by J. M. Barandiaran García (manub@we.lc.ehu.es), works on nanocrystalline structures and crystallization processes (http://bit.ly/cetJqA). The Biophysics Unit, a joint center of UPV/EHU and the CSIC, headed by F. M. Goñi (felix.goni@ehu.es), was created in 1999 and studies mainly biological membranes. The crystallography group headed by D. Guérin (gbxguxxd@lg.ehu.es) conducts research on membrane protein crystallization, crystallization in lipidic mesophases and virus crystallography (www.unidaddebiofisica.org/).

The Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), headed by J. M. Mato, is a non-profit biomedical research organization founded in 2002 by the Dept. of Industry of the Basque Government and opened in 2005 (www.cicbiogune.com). The Structural Biology Unit at the CIC bioGUNE is composed of four groups. The group headed by A. Martínez de la Cruz (amartinez@cicbiogune.es) focuses on cystathionine β-synthase domains and is part of the Spanish Ion Channel Initiative, a multidisciplinary cooperative headed by A. F. Montiel from the U. Miguel Hernández in Elche, Spain. A group headed by L. Malinina (lucy@cicbiogune.es) is focused on protein complexes with RNA and lipids related to neurodegenerative diseases. The leader of the third group is A. Hierro Ayuela (ahierro@cicbiogune.es), whose research interest is intracellular trafficking processes. N. G. A. Abrescia (nabrescia@cicbiogune.es) leads the fourth group, using crystallography to study virus assembly mechanisms and archaeal transcription machinery (http://bit.ly/a4DTF4).

5. Navarre

In 824, Iñigo Arista was chosen King of Pamplona, laying a foundation for the Kingdom of Navarre, which at its zenith covered the area of the present-day Navarre, the Basque country, La Rioja, and parts of modern Cantabria, Castile, León and Aragon. The army of Navarre fought in the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212, after which the Muslim conquests on the Iberian Peninsula were slowly reduced to a small territory in the south. In 1515, Navarre south of the Pyrenees was absorbed into the Kingdom of Spain and Navarre north of the Pyrenees came under French rule.

In the Dept. of Physics of the Public U. of Navarre, V. Recarte (recarte@unavarra.es) and I. P. de Landazabal (ipzlanda@unavarra.es) study structural transformations and magnetic properties of ferromagnetic alloys with shape memory, as part of the Physical Properties and Applications of Material Group (http://bit.ly/bfT7fT).

6. Castile and León

Ferdinand III of Castile, later canonized, united the Crowns of Castile and Leon in 1231. The medieval Cortes of León is one of the earliest ancestors of Europe's parliaments. The Cortes of León of 1188, called by Alfonso IX, is one of the earliest documented gatherings of the estates in which commoners of the cities and towns are represented beside the clergy and nobility as counselors to the monarch.

[Pereda group] From left to right: J. M. de Pereda, E. Ortega, N. Alonso and M. Gómez

Macromolecular crystallography in the vast region of Castile and León is represented by the Structural Biology Group at the Cancer Research Center (CIC), coordinated by both the U. of Salamanca and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). The group was established in 2003, when J. M. de Pereda (pereda@usal.es) joined the CIC after post-doc training in Leicester, UK, and San Diego, CA. The group applies protein crystallography to study cell-adhesion and signaling proteins, such as the integrin family of receptors. Since this is the first laboratory devoted to macromolecular crystallography in the Castile and León region, the training of young students and collaboration with local non-crystallography laboratories are two major aims of the group (http://xtal.cicancer.org).

Three universities in the Castile and León region have service units for X-ray diffraction studies. U. of Salamanca, directed by F. Sanz (sdrayosxr@usal.es), (http://bit.ly/b1W7Ov); the U. of Burgos headed by J. J. Delgado (jdelgado@ubu.es), (http://bit.ly/bmx8aB), and U. of Valladolid, headed by F. Rull (rull@fmc.uva.es).

7. La Rioja

La Rioja is known for its wonderful wines. The Oja river ('rio') that flows through this region gives the name to this province. The U. of La Rioja has a central diffraction unit run by J. Berenguer (jesus.berenguer@unirioja.es).

8. Aragon

Saragossa is the capital of Aragon in northeastern Spain. James I the Conqueror was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. After the marriage of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon at the end of the fifteenth century, there was a dynastic union of both crowns and most other kingdoms in Spain. Aragon remained a separate kingdom, with its own laws and institutions, until 1707. At that point Philip V, the first Bourbon king of Spain, consolidated Spain into a more centralized state.

Crystallographic research in this region is to be found in four different groups, three of them belonging to the Inst. of Material Sciences of Aragon, a joint center between the U. of Saragossa and the CSIC, and one involving only the university.

[Falvello group] From left to right: Larry Falvello, Milagros Tomás and Francisco Mart&iaute;nez.

The Preparation, Properties and Molecular Solid Transformations Group, headed by L. Falvello (falvello@unizar.es) concerns the preparation and characterization of molecular solids, their properties, dynamical behavior and transformations. (http://bit.ly/aDVwIv). The Coordination Chemistry and Homogeneous Catalysis Dept. of F. J. Lahoz emphasizes coordination chemistry of platinum metal complexes, mainly of Rh, Ir, Ru and Os, organometallic reactivity, and in homogeneous catalysis (lahoz@unizar.es), http://bit.ly/ayrYhD. The Dept. of Physics of Condensed Matter is headed by J. Campo (javier.campo@unizar.es), coordinator of the Spanish Collaborating Research Group at ILL and president of the Spanish Association for Neutron Techniques (SETN), and focuses on molecule-based magnets, neutron scattering and magnetic chirality (http://bit.ly/bXfx5u).

At the Inst. for Biocomputation and Physics of Complex Systems (BIFI) of the U. of Zaragoza, crystallographers R. Hurtado (rhurtado@bifi.es) and M. Martínez (mmartinez@unizar.es) conduct research in biological systems (http://bifi.es/).

9. Catalonia

Catalonia has three official languages, Catalan, Spanish and Aranese. Catalonia was colonized by ancient Greeks and Carthaginians. After the defeat of Carthage by Rome, it became a part of the Roman Empire. Catalonia came under Visigothic rule for four centuries and in the eighth century it came under Moorish control. After the defeat of Emir Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi's troops at Tours in 732, the Franks conquered the former Visigoth states. In 795 Charlemagne created the Marca Hispanica, a buffer zone of small kingdoms between the Moors and the Frankish Kingdom where the Catalan culture developed. The counts of Barcelona were Frankish vassals. In 989, Catalonia declared its independence. In 1137, a Count of Barcelona married Queen Petronila of Aragon, establishing the dynastic union of the County of Barcelona with the Kingdom of Aragon that was to create the Crown of Aragon. Catalonia became a maritime power, helping to expand the Crown into the Kingdom of Valencia, the Balearic Islands, and ultimately even Sardinia, Sicily, Corsica, Naples, Athens, the Canary Islands and America.

The Dept. of Structural Biology of the Inst. for Molecular Biology of Barcelona, of the CSIC, includes six crystallography laboratories. At the Laboratory of Structural Biology of Proteins, Nucleic Acids and their Complexes, a team headed by M. Coll (mcoll@ibmb.csic.es) study systems related to horizontal gene transfer, DNA translocation and packaging DNA in viral capsids (http://bit.ly/bPCp5E). I. Fita (ifrcri@ibmb.csic.es) leads the Laboratory for Structural Biology of Oxidative Stress Systems (http://bit.ly/ak4m0F). The focus of the Proteolysis Lab, led by F. X. Gomis-Rüth (xgrcri@ibmb.csic.es), is elucidating molecular mechanisms of action of proteolytic enzymes and how bacteria overcome host defenses (http://bit.ly/a0K3uU). M. Solá (msvcri@ibmb.csic.es) leads efforts of the Laboratory of Structural Biology of Organelle Macromolecules to determine structure-function relationships of macromolecules and processes found only in organelles and not in other cellular compartments (http://bit.ly/9UlJkE). The Laboratory of Crystallographic Methods, led by I. Usón (iufcri@ibmb.csic.es), develops improved methods for macromolecular crystallography, exploiting experimental data and chemical knowledge, deriving general methods to tackle twinning, pseudo-symmetry, anisotropic diffraction, lack of completeness and resolution, ab initio macromolecular phasing at medium resolution (implemented in their program ARCIMBOLDO), and development of methods exploiting parallel computing in supercomputers and grids (http://bit.ly/aMWbJA). The laboratory of Structural Virology and Large Biological Complexes, headed by N. Verdaguer (nvmcri@ibmb.csic.es), is focused on the structural and functional characterization of different processes in the biological cycle of RNA viruses (http://bit.ly/bp7ihg).

[Molins group] From left to right: Elies Molins, Jordi Rius, Carlos Frontera, Carlos Miravitlles, Amparo Fuertes, Xavier Torrelles, Anna Roig and Judith Oró-Solé at the Institute of Material Sciences of Barcelona.

The Dept. of Crystallography of the Inst. of Materials Science of Barcelona (CSIC) is headed by E. Molins (elies@icmab.es). Crystallographic methodology for single-crystal and powder diffraction data is developed by J. Rius (jordi.rius@icmab.es) and C. Miravitlles (carles.miravitlles@icmab.es); electron-density studies of hydrogen bonds and the relationship between their topology and energy (E. Molins and I. Mata, imata@icmab.es); and magnetic nanoparticles research and crystal engineering of pharmaceutical materials (A. Roig, roig@icmab.es) (http://bit.ly/aJrQHZ). In the Dept. of Magnetic Materials and Functional Oxides, headed by J. L. Garcia-Muñoz (garcia.munoz@icmab.es), high-precision neutron and X-ray diffraction techniques are combined with experimental and theoretical symmetry analyses (http://bit.ly/9Wtw9z). There is additional crystallographic research in the Dept. of Solid State Chemistry (N. Casañ, nieves@icmab.es) (http://bit.ly/dq4vtd).

[Green crystal] A single crystal for photonic technology.

In the Dept. of Crystallography, Mineralogy and Mineral Deposits at the U. of Barcelona, S. Galí (gali@ub.edu) and M. À. Cuevas pursue crystallographic studies (mcuevasdiartel@ub.edu) (www.ub.es/cmdm/). In the Biological Macromolecules Group headed by L. Urpí at the Polytechnic U. of Catalonia (lourdes.urpi@upc.edu), the structure of DNA and its interactions with drugs, ions and proteins are under study (http://bit.ly/c53Ep0). FICMA (the group of Physics and Crystallography of Materials), an interdisciplinary research group headed by F. Díaz and M. Aguiló (aguilo@quimica.urv.es) at the U. Rovira i Virgili, located in Tarragona, focuses on the synthesis and structural characterization of new materials for laser and photonic technology and development of optics and photonic devices (http://bit.ly/a4e1jA). Crystallographic work done at the Inst. of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ) is done under supervision of J. Benet (jbenet@iciq.es), (http://bit.ly/avdERB). Crystallography carried out at the Crystallography and Mineralogy Unit of the Dept. of Geology of the Autonomous U. of Barcelona is the responsibility of J. F. Piniella (juan.piniella@uab.es) (http://bit.ly/9buGXE).

10. Madrid

Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located at the center of the Iberian Peninsula on the Castilian Central Plateau. This region has been populated since the Lower Paleolithic period. During the Roman Empire it was crossed by two important Roman roads. During the period of the Visigothic Kingdom it was one of the least-populated regions of Al-Andalus, until the 11th century when the Muslim governors created a defensive system of fortresses all across the region with which they tried to stop the advance of the Christian kingdoms of the north. The fortress city of Mayrit (Madrid) was built around 870 AD as a walled precinct for a military and religious community. In 1083, King Alfonso VI of Castile conquered the city of Madrid. It was under the reign of Charles III (1716-1788) that Spain began to be recognized as a nation rather than a collection of kingdoms and territories. He created a National Anthem, a flag and a capital city, with the construction of a coherent network of roads converging on Madrid.

The region of Madrid has, together with the region of Catalonia, the most crystallographic research groups in Spain. They are located in Madrid and its surroundings, including the city of Alcalá de Henares, where Miguel de Cervantes was born. The following departments or crystallography groups are found in Madrid City.

[Rocasolano] 'The Rockefeller', nickname for the Institute of Physical Chemistry 'Rocasolano', one of the research Institutes of the CSIC, the Spanish National Research Council.
[Snow] Several members of the Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, 'at low temperature'.

The Dept. of Crystallography and Structural Biology is located in Madrid, in one of the oldest and most beautiful buildings belonging to the CSIC, the Inst. of Physical-Chemistry 'Rocasolano'. The building was financed by the International Educational Board of the Rockefeller Junior Foundation in 1932 and housed the Inst. Nacional de Física y Química (The National Inst. for Physics and Chemistry) which played a major role in the development of physical chemistry in Spain. Its library is one of the best in its field, with many complete collections of journals, some of which date from the 19th century.

In 1925, B. Cabrera (1878-1945) and his pupil J. Palacios (1891-1970) were responsible for the creation of one of the first Spanish groups of modern crystallography. The department became one of the most important places in Spain to learn crystallography. Today it is one of the best equipped laboratories in Spain, offering wet laboratories and dedicated facilities for protein production, protein characterization, protein crystallization, X-ray diffraction and computing. The department head, A. Albert (xalbert@iqfr.csic.es), is leading a group studying Cellular Stress Response, J. Sanz (xjulia@iqfr.csic.es) and her group are specialists on Carbohydrate Active Enzymes, J. A. Hermoso (xjuan@iqfr.csic.es) is the leader of a group aimed at understanding host-pathogen interactions and new targets to combat antibiotic resistant bacteria (http://bit.ly/9m9vs3), J. M. Mancheño (xjosemi@iqfr.csic.es) is heading projects on enzymes from lactic acid bacteria, and L. Infantes (xlourdes@iqfr.csic.es) is a specialist on molecular docking. These young crystallographers form a dynamic group, and one of the most important pillars of structural biology in Spain, M. Martinez-Ripoll (xmartin@iqfr.csic.es) is a bridge between the previous and the current generations (www.xtal.iqfr.csic.es/). In addition, the department houses the National Associated Centre to the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Center CCDC, distributing free-of-charge sublicenses of CSD for all academic institutions in Spain and Latin American countries. The department also maintains a webpage, in English and Spanish, dedicated to teaching and attracting students to the magical world of crystallography: (http://bit.ly/c8cHaM).

Also in Madrid, and belonging to the CSIC, is the Group of Structural Biology of Proteins which forms a part of the Dept. of Chemical and Physical Biology at the Centre of Biological Research (Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas). The group is headed by G. Giménez, and the research is carried out in three laboratories whose principal investigators are A. Romero (romero@cib.csic.es), C. Vega (cvega@cib.csic.es) and F. Tornero (cftornero@cib.csic.es), http://bit.ly/8Zsp5p.

The National Center for Cancer Research (Centro de Investigaciones Oncológicas, CNIO, in Madrid) has three groups of crystallographers. The Macromolecular Crystallography Group, headed by G. Montoya (gmontoya@cnio.es), is focused on macromolecules involved in oncogenic processes (http://bit.ly/dDdLH); the Cell Signalling and Adhesion Group, headed by D. Lietha (dlietha@cnio.es), probes the mechanisms that regulate focal adhesion kinase at atomic resolution ( http://bit.ly/cZn2d8); and S. Ramón (sramon@cnio.es) leads the Structural Basis of Genome Integrity Group, deciphering the structure of the RAG1/2 protein assembly and its regulatory mechanisms and determining the role of recombinase in lymphoid cancer (http://bit.ly/dwOC7r).

[Square crystal] Villiaumite (NaF) crystals.

The Dept. of Crystallography and Mineralogy (in the Faculty of Geology) at the U. Complutense of Madrid began in 1956. At that time J. L. Amorós began research on crystal growth and analysis of inorganic and organic materials. Current research involves crystal growth of mineral phases and inorganic compounds at low and high temperature, growth mechanisms of solid solutions from aqueous solutions, diffusing-reacting systems, gemology, epitaxial growth on mineral surfaces, selective chiral symmetry breaking during crystallization, and characterization of geomaterials and other inorganic compounds. The department, currently headed by J. F. Barrenechea, has over twenty researchers (barrene@geo.ucm.es) (http://bit.ly/avBUbn).

In the Dept. of Inorganic Chemistry I at the U. Complutense, C. Otero (carlos1@quim.ucm.es) leads microstructural characterization of non-molecular crystals with commensurate and/or incommensurate modulated structures (http://bit.ly/aALUdM). The U. Complutense also maintains a General X-ray Diffraction Unit (http://bit.ly/9dXuUc).

The U. Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED) in Madrid, together with the Dept. of Geological Engineering of the Polytechnic U. of Madrid, offers a web-based course on crystallography for Spanish-speaking mineralogists known as Cristamine (http://bit.ly/djXrDb).

[Casanovas group] J. M. Casasnovas' team at the CNB.

At the Autonomous U. of Madrid (AUM), 15 km to north of the city, crystallography groups are found in several departments and research institutes of CSIC. The Dept. of Macromolecular Structures at the National Center of Biotechnology (CNB), a joint center between the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the AUM, includes two groups. The Cell-cell and virus-cell interactions group, headed by J. Casasnovas (jcasasnovas@cnb.csic.es), focuses on receptor-ligand recognition and receptors of the immune system that have been subverted by viruses to enter host cells (http://bit.ly/9tex0T), and the group headed by M. J. van Raaij (markvanraaij@gmail.com) is dedicated to the structural biology of viral fibres.

[Growth Lab] The team of the Crystal Growth Laboratory.

At the Material Physics Dept. of the AUM, the recently established Crystal Growth Laboratory, led by E. Diéguez (ernesto.dieguez@uam.es) participates in national and international projects aimed at crystallizing CdTe and related candidates for gamma-ray detectors for cardiovascular and thyroidal imaging (http://bit.ly/bqaKu9).

[New Architectures group] Crystallographers at the Department of New Architectures in Materials Chemistry.
[MOF and zeolite cages] Similarity between MOF and zeolite cages.

The Dept. of New Architectures in Materials Chemistry, belonging to the Inst. of Material Sciences of Madrid (CSIC) and located on the AUM campus, is led by E. Gutiérrez-Puebla (egutierrez@icmm.csic.es) and Á. Monge (amonge@icmm.csic.es), who work on the design, synthesis and structure determination of new micro- and nanoporous materials with multifunctional properties (sorption, heterogeneous catalysis, conductivity and optics) and the synthesis of aromatic systems with electrooptic properties (http://bit.ly/bGyavs). In the Dept. of Energy, Environment and Sustainable Technologies at the same Inst. of Material Sciences of Madrid, J. H. Velasco (hernandez-velasco@hmi.de) and J. A. Alonso (ja.alonso@icmm.csic.es) work on new materials using both X-ray and neutron powder diffractometry, and A. Landa (landa@icmm.csic.es) and P. Herrero (pherrero@icmm.csic.es) are active in electron diffraction.

[Alcala group] The team of the Structural Chemistry Group at the University of Alcalá.

In 1990, P. Gómez-Sal (pilar.gomez@uah.es) founded the Structural Chemistry Group in the Dept. of Inorganic Chemistry of the U. of Alcalá, where the current activities of A. Martin, M. E. G. Mosquera and others include the synthesis and single-crystal study of organometallic compounds, dendrimers, organometallic polymers and metal-organic frameworks.

11. Castile-La Mancha

Although La Mancha is a windswept, battered plateau, it remains a symbol of the Spanish culture with its sunflowers, mushrooms, olive trees, windmills and Manchego cheese. Castile-La Mancha traces back to the Muslim Taifa of Toledo, which was taken by Alfonso VI from the Muslims in 1085. The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212) hastened the decline of the Almohad Dynasty. Four centuries later, in 1605, Cervantes' Don Quixote gave the world a lasting picture of La Mancha.

Crystallographic activity is found in several groups belonging to the Dept. of Inorganic Chemistry of the U. of Castile-La Mancha, but mainly in the Group of Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis, where the crystallographic work is headed by M. I. López (mabel.lopez@uclm.es) (http://bit.ly/csPCpp).

12. Valencia

James I of Aragon led colonization of the Islamic taifas with Aragonese and Catalan people in 1208 and founded the Kingdom of Valencia in 1238. In 1707, King Philip V of Spain subordinated the Kingdom of Valencia and the counties of the former Crown of Aragon.

The Molecular Science Inst. of U. of Valencia has two very active research groups (http://bit.ly/b9NRfN, http://bit.ly/cgTST8) working on structural chemistry, but the crystallographic work is made by other Spanish laboratories. The Dept. of Geology of the U. of Valencia has a group led by J. M. Amigó (jose.m.amigo@uv.es) working on crystallography and mineralogy (http://bit.ly/9rL2wp). In the Dept. of Inorganic Chemistry, three-dimensional structures of organometallic compounds are determined by M. Sanau (mercedes.sanau@uv.es). The Organic Crystal Engineering Group, in the Dept. of Organic Chemistry, headed by C. Rodríguez de Arellano (Carmen.Ramirezdearellano@uv.es), pursues structural studies of organometallic organofluorine compounds and modified peptides (http://bit.ly/aKG5dP).

[Llusar group] The team of Rosa Llusar at the University Jaume I.

In the Dept. of Inorganic and Organic Chemistry of the U. Jaume I in Castellón de la Plana (north of Valencia), Vicente Esteve (estevev@qio.uji.es) conducts powder diffraction analysis. The Molecular Materials research group of this university, headed by Rosa Llusar (Rosa.Llusar@qfa.uji.es) of the Dept. of Chemistry, Physics and Analytics, is active in single-crystal diffractometry using the equipment of a general service unit of this university (http://bit.ly/bXZQNt).

Macromolecular crystallography is conducted at the CSIC Inst. of Biomedicine in Valencia. In its Dept. of Genomics and Proteomics, crystallographic work is focused on the characterization of signal-transduction mechanisms (http://bit.ly/aqdxN6). V. Rubio (rubio@ibv.csic.es), head of the Structural Enzymopathology Unit, promoted the use of crystallography in this institute, A. Marina (amarina@ibv.csic.es) is the leader of the Crystallography of Macromolecules Unit, and J. Bravo (jbravo@ibv.csic.es) is the leader of the Signal Transduction Unit.

13. Andalusia

Andalusia, the second-largest Autonomous Community of Spain, occupies the south-east corner of the Iberian Peninsula. Andalusia was the center of power in medieval Muslim-dominated Iberia. Besides Muslim or 'Moorish' influences, the region's culture has been influenced by Iberians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Vandals and Visigoths, who preceded the Muslims, Castilian and other Christian North Iberian groups. Andalusia also had a relatively large Sephardic Jewish population. Many cultural characteristics that are internationally seen as 'typically Spanish' are largely of Andalusian origin.

[Ellipsoid plot] A metal stabilized by CP's.

In Seville, the capital city, crystallographic activity is found in the Inst. of Material Science, a joint research centre between the U. of Seville and the CSIC, where M. J. Dianez (dianez@us.es), A. Justo (jjusto@icmse.csic.es), A. Criado (criado@us.es) and M. D. Estrada (estrada@us.es) provide crystallographic capabilities (http://bit.ly/bB9uHg). At the U. of Malaga, M. A. G. Aranda (g_aranda@uma.es) leads a group in the Dept. of Inorganic Chemistry, Crystallography and Mineralogy, working with inorganic solids with unusual conducting, magnetic or structural properties (http://bit.ly/afe1Ls).

[LEC] LEC: crystallization under diffusion-controlled mass transport.

Granada, the city of 'La Alhambra', located near to the highest peak in the Iberian Peninsula, Mulhacén (3,479 m), has two teams working in crystallography. At the U. of Granada, the crystallographic work done at the Coordination Chemistry and Structural Analysis group is led by D. Martín (jdmartin@ugr.es). The Laboratory for Crystallographic Studies (LEC), a joint Inst. of the CSIC and the U. of Granada, headed by J. M. García Ruiz (juanma.garciaruiz@gmail.com), is a group known for their expertise in nucleation and crystal growth, industrial crystallization, nonlinear systems and pattern formation, biomineralization and biomimetic materials. They are also known for their technological products, including the 'Granada crystallization box', an Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility, used in ESA's and NASA's spaceships. J. García Ruiz is the principal investigator of a joint project, The Spanish Factory of Crystallization (http://lafactoria.lec.csic.es/lafactoria/), formed by nine Spanish groups to create an integrated platform for research and services in crystallography. García Ruiz is also leading the 'Master and PhD in Crystallography and Crystallization' teaching program, a unique training opportunity for young investigators (http://lec.ugr.es/ and http://lafactoria.lec.csic.es/mcc).

Cadiz, the oldest continuously inhabited city in the Iberian Peninsula and possibly of all south-western Europe, has a general service diffraction unit headed by P. Valerga (pedro.valerga@uca.es).

At the U. of Almeria, A. Cámara (acamara@ual.es) leads a group of macromolecular crystallograpers in the Dept. of Physical Chemistry, Biochemistry and Inorganic Chemistry analysing polyproline recognition domains and their interaction with ligands (http://bit.ly/aMZDUJ).

14. Canary Islands

[Metamagnetism] Metamagnetism in hydrophobically induced carboxylate(phenylmalonate)-bridged copper(II) layers.

The Canary Islands are a Spanish archipelago of seven islands, located just off the northwest coast of mainland Africa, 100 km west of the border between Morocco and the Western Sahara. In the Dept. of Fundamental Physics II of the U. of La Laguna (Tenerife), powder and single-crystal services are provided by J. G. Platas (jplatas@ull.es), who also shares with C. G. Silgo (csilgo@ull.es) a crystallographic research team (http://bit.ly/dC1OEH). The Laboratory of X-ray and Molecular Materials, also at the U. of La Laguna, studies multi-functional magnetic molecular materials, seeks new applications for this type of materials, conducts synthesis of new ligands, coordination chemistry of selected carboxylates, systematic synthesis for crystal engineering and preparation of precursors for magnetism. The group leader is C. Ruíz-Pérez. Neutron and Synchrotron data complement X-ray diffraction techniques (caruiz@ull.es) (http://bit.ly/97zxMa).

We all kindly invite you to participate in IUCr2011.

Compiled by M. Martinez-Ripoll

This extract from 50 Years of X-ray Diffraction, edited by P. P. Ewald and published in 1962, recounts the early development of crystallography in this region.

Spain

Within a year after Laue's discovery F. Pardillo gave a report on it and on the first work of the Braggs to the Royal Society of Natural History (Bol. 1913, 13, 336), and two years later (1915) Blas Cabrera wrote a similar report in the Anales Soc. Esp. Fis. y Quim. 13, 7. It took, however, another ten years before the new experimental technique was actually introduced in Spain, first at the Physics Department of the University in Madrid, but soon after, and on a larger scale at the Instituto National de Física y Química which had meanwhile been established with the help of the International Education Board (Rockefeller) in Madrid. Here J. Palacios assembled a group of keen young workers to whom he lectured and for whom he invited guests from abroad. A Weissenberg camera was built in the workshop of the institute from the drawings which Hengstenberg had provided, and he and Wierl, both from H. Mark's laboratory in Ludwigshafen, initiated electron diffraction which was taken up by L. Brú. J. Garrido, O. Foz, L. Rivoir and R. Salvin worked together with Palacios on structure determinations of inorganic and organic crystals and on the perfection of the Fourier methods of analysis. The Civil War brought all this to a near standstill from 1935 onwards. The same is true for the work which F. Pardillo had inaugurated quite independently and without external help in the mineralogy department of the university in Barcelona.

A revival took place after the Second World War, and there were considerable shifts of location of the scientists. L. Brú who had no X-ray instrumentation as long as he was professor of physics at La Laguna in the Canaries, was appointed to the physics chair at the University of Sevilla in 1949, and there, gathering some of his former collaborators around him, he began work on structure problems. In 1956 he came in the same capacity to the University of Madrid and is continuing both X-ray and electron diffraction there with an increasing number of co-workers.

L. Rivoir heads the X-ray department in the converted Instituto National de Física y Química, now Instituto de Física 'Alonso de Santa Cruz'.

The most active among the Spanish crystallographers is J. L. Amoros who after graduating at the university in Barcelona in 1942 worked there in the Instituto Lucas Mallada of the Higher Research Council (CSIC) before becoming the professor of crystallography in Madrid. Together with his numerous co-workers he is investigating structures as well as physical properties of crystals and the methods of their analysis. Interesting and useful publications have been issued by this group which provide the new generations of students with texts to study.

It should be mentioned that also J. Garrido and J. Orland published in 1946 a book Los rayos X y la estructura fina de los cristales which forms a good introduction to the subject and contains some methods developed by the authors.

A Crystallographic Society was formed in 1950 with some 35 members; in 1960 membership had risen to 60. In 1960 an Ibero-American Association for Crystallography was founded with the intent of tying together crystallographic research in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Spain.


First published for the International Union of Crystallography 1962 by N.V.A. Oosthoek's Uitgeversmaatschappij, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Digitised 1999 for the IUCr XVIII Congress, Glasgow, Scotland
© 1962, 1999 International Union of Crystallography

Photographic record of crystallographic activities in Spain

The complete IUCr photographic archive includes thousands of photographs. Here we include a collection illustrating activities in this country. This image is selected randomly from the galleries listed below (IUCr Congress and General Assembly, 2011).
Sine Larsen, Eleanor Dodson.