Crystallography around the world: India

National associations or societies

 Indian Crystallographic Association

India

Category III

Adhering Body

Indian National Science Academy

Secretary of National Committee

B. CHATTOPADHYAY, Assistant Executive Director (International), Indian National Science Academy, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi 110 002, India  

National Committee

S.C. MANDE (Chair)
B. GOPAL
P. KAUR
R. KANT
A.K. TYAGI

This information last updated: 05 Jan 2016

The following crystallographers in India are registered in the World Directory of Crystallographers.

(IUCr) crystallographers in India

836 entries found

  • A, Mrs Sinthiya Assistant Professor. Physics, Srimad Andavan Arts & science College, No.7, Nelson Road, 620 005, Tiruvanaikovil, India.
  • Aarimuthu, Mr Silambarasan Research Scholar. Department of Physics, Presidency College, Kamarajar Salai, India, 600005, Chennai, India.
  • Abbas, Dr Sohrab Scientific Officer. Dept. of Atomic Energy, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Cirus-45, Trombay, Maharastra, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Achary, Dr S. Nagabhusan Scientist. Applied Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, India, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Acharya, Dr Bhabani Sankar scientist. C.V.Raman College of Engineering, Bidyanagar, Mahura, Janla, Orissa, 752 054, Bhubaneswar, India.
  • Acharya, Dr Rudresh Research. School of Biological Sciences, National Insitute of Science Education and Research Bhubaneswar, Janti, Orissa, 752050, Khurda, India.
  • Acharya, Mrs Truptimayee Research Scholar. Physics, ITER, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Jagamara, Khandagiri, Orissa, 751030, Bhubaneswar, India.
  • Adalder, Dr Tapas Kumar Teaching. Chem, Dav University, Sarmastpur (NH44), Punjab, 144012, Jalandhar, India.
  • Addlagatta, Dr Anthony Fellow. Department of Chemical Biology, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Tarnaka, Hyderabad - 500607, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • Agarwal, Mr Harshit Research scholar. Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Aggarwal, Dr Nidhi postdoc. Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India, 600036, India, 600036, Chennai, India.
  • Ahad, Mr Abdul PHD student. Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, -, Uttar Pradesh, 202002, Aligarh, India.
  • Ahmad, Mr Musheer Student. Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 208016, Kanpur, India.
  • Ajgaonkar, Professor Dr Vishnu R. Service. Department of Chemistry, University of Mumbai, Vidyanagari, Maharashtra, 400098, Mumbai, India.
  • Akhter, Dr Yusuf Assistant Professor. Centre for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Post Box-21, Himachal Pradesh, 176215, Dharamshala, Distt. Kangra, India.
  • Akif, Dr Mohd Assistant Professor. Biochemistry, University of Hyderabad, -, Andhra Pradesh, -, Hyderabad, India.
  • Akkanur Thangavelu, Dr Ravichandran Associate Professor of Physics. Department of Physics, National College, Dindugal Road, Tamil Nadu, 620001, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Alagar, Dr Marimuthu Reader. Dr.M.Alagar, Reader in Physics, A.N.J.A.College, Sivakasi, Tamilnadu, India, Pin: 626124.
  • Alvi, Dr Parvez Ahmad Asstt. Professor. Physics, Banasthali University, P.O. Banasthali Vidyapith, rajasthan, 304022, Tonk, India.
  • Anand, Dr B Assistant Professor. Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Amingaon, Assam, 781039, Guwahati, India.
  • Ananthamurthy, Professor Rayasa V. Senior Scientist. Physics, Dayananda Sagar Academy of Techology and Management, Kanakpura Road, Udaypura, Karnataka, 560 082, Bangalore, India.
  • Andrews, Mr Alex P. Scientific Assistant. School of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram, Engineering College, Kerala, India, 695016, Thiruvananthapuram, India.
  • Anil Kumar, Dr G. N. Assistant Professor. Physics, M S Ramaiah Institute of Technology, MSRIT post, Karnataka, 560054, Bangalore, India.
  • Anitha, Mrs Azhagan Ganapathi Assistant professor. Physics, Seethalakshmi Ramaswami College, -, Tamil Nadu, 620002, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Araveti, Mr Aditya Prasad Junior Research Fellow. Chemistry, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, 608002, Chidambaram, India.
  • Aravindan, Dr P. Gopal Assistant Professor (Senior). School of Advanced Sciences, Physics, V.I.T. University, -, Tamil Nadu, 632 014, Vellore, India.
  • Arif, Mr Sheikh Mohammed Student. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, C V Raman road, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Arockiasamy, Dr Arulandu Staff Research Scientist. Structural and Computational Biology, ICGEB, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, Delhi, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Arumugam, Dr Anitha K. Asst.Professor. Physics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Palkalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, 625 021, Madurai, India.
  • Arumugam, Mr Karthikeyan Student. Chemistry, ?, New. No:25; Old No :13, East Koovam river road, Tamil Nadu, 600 002, Chintadripet, Chennai, India.
  • Arumugam, Dr Manimaran Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Alathukombai Post, Erode District, Tamil Nadu, 638401, Sathyamangalam, India.
  • Arunachalam, Mr Kannan Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Dhanalakshmi srinivasan college of engineering, Kalyan nagar, Tamil nadu, 621212, Perambalur, India.
  • Ash, Mr Soumen Student. Soumen Ash, C/O. Prof. Ashok K. Ganguli, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi- 110016, India.
  • Asksasu, Dr Ashok Researcher. Assistant Professor, SRM University, Kattankulathur,India.
  • Athimoolam, Dr Assistant Professor. Dr. S. ATHIMOOLAM, Department of Physics, University College of Engineering, Anna University, Konam, Nagercoil 629 004., Tamil nadu. India.
  • Auluck, Professor Dr Sushil Teacher/researcher. Physics department, Indian Institute of Technology, -, Uttaranchal, 247667, Roorkee, India.
  • Babu, Dr Velakaturi Hari Hara Surendra Lecturer. Department of Physics, S.V. Arts College (Sri Venkateswara University), -, Andhra Pradesh, 517502, Tirupati, India.
  • Baby, Mr Sujesh Research Scholar. School of chemical sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, P.D.hills, Kerala, 686560, Kottayam, India.
  • Baddula, Mr Raja Sekhar Ph.D Scholar. Centre for Research in Nanotechnology & Science (CRNTS), Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay, -, -, 400076, Mumbai, India.
  • Bag, Miss Sasmitarani Research Scholar. School of Physics, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Odisha, 768019, Sambalpur, India.
  • Bahadur, Mr Jitendra scientist. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, 400085, Maharashtra, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Bahadur, Professor Sultan Asath Professor. Physics, International Research Centre, Kalasalingam University, Anand nagar, Krishnankoil, Tamilnadu, 626 126, Srivilliputtur, Virudhunagar, India.
  • Baisya, Mr Siddhartha Sankar Service. Department of Chemistry, University of North Bengal, -, West Bengal, 734013, Siliguri, India.
  • Balasubramani, Dr Kasthuri Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry, Government Arts College (Autonomous), Karur, Tamil Nadu, 639005, Karur, India.
  • Balasubramanian, Dr Sridhar Scientist. Laboratory of X-ray Crystallography, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, 150, Andhra Pradesh, 500007, Hyderabad, India.
  • Balasubramanian, Professor Dr T. Professor. Physics, National Institute of Technology, -, Tamil Nadu, 620015, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Balasundaram, Dr Padmanabhan Research associate. Aptuit Laurus Private Ltd, ICICI Knowledge Park, Hyderabad, 500078, Turkapally, Shameerpet, India.
  • Ballabh, Dr Amar Assistant Professor. Chemistry, The M.S. University of Baroda, Station Road, Gujarat, 390002, Vadodara, India.
  • Bamzai, Professor Dr Krishen Kumar Professor. Department of Physics & Electronics, Room No.: 117, Crystal Growth & Materials Research Lab, University of Jammu, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Road, Jammu and Kashmir, 180 006, Jammu, India.
  • Bandekar, Miss Divya Ph.D. student. Biological Sciences, BITS Pilani, KK Birla, Goa Campus, NH17B Bypass Road, Goa, 403726, Zuarinagar, India.
  • Bandi, Mr Mallesham Research Scholar. Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, IIT Hyderabad, ODF Campus, Telangana, 502205, Hyderabad, India.
  • Banerjee, Dr Asok Kumar prof. and chairman. Biophysics Dept, Bose Institute, P1/12 CIT Scheme VIIM, 700054, Calcutta, India.
  • Banerjee, Dr Rahul Reader. Dr. Rahul Banerjee, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Sector1, Block AF, Bidhan Nagar, Calcutta - 700 064.
  • Banerjee, Dr Rahul Scientist. Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, -, 411 008, Pune, India.
  • Banerjee, Dr Srikumar Director BARC (2004 -2010), retired. Metallurgy Div., BARC, -, 400094, Bombay, India.
  • Bangera, Miss Mamata Graduate Student. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Malleswaram, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Bansal, Dr Manju prof.. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.
  • Bappalige, Dr Navin N. Associate Professor. Physics, Sahyadri College of Engineering and Management, -, Karnataka, Mangaluru, India.
  • Baruah, Professor Jubaraj Bikash Govt service. Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, North Guwahati, Assam, India, 781 039, Guwahati, India.
  • Basuroy, Mr Krishnayan Student. Krishnayan Basuroy, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, Karnataka, India.
  • Beeranahally Haruvegowda, Dr Doreswamy Professor and Head. Physics, SJB Institute of Technology, Kengeri, Karnataka, 560 060, Bangalore, India.
  • Begum, Dr Noor Shahina Professor. Department of Chemistry, Bangalore University, Central College Campus, Karnataka, 560001, Bangalore, India.
  • Bhadoria, Ms Arti Research student. 8/B Ashiyana Society, Nizampura, 390002, Vadodara, India.
  • Bhagavannarayana, Professor G. (Godavarthi) Director. Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, IIIT RK Valley (Idupulapaya), Vempalli (M), Andhra Pradesh, 516330, YSR Kadapa, India.
  • Bhagwat, Professor Vasant Wasudeo Vice Principal, Prashanti Institute of Technology and Science. Chemistry, Vikram University, -, 456001, Ujjain, India.
  • Bhakar, Mr Ashok Scientist. DAE, RRCAT, EB-2/18, RRCAT Colony, MP, 452013, Indore, India.
  • Bhambhani, Ms Pooja Teaching. Physics Department, Banasthali University, -, 304022, Banasthali, India.
  • Bhange, Dr Deu S. Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Shivaji University, -, 416004, Kolhapur, India.
  • Bharty, Mr Manoj Kumar Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Banaras Hindu University, -, Uttare Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Bhat, Ms Shwetha M. PhD student. Materials Science, Poornaprajna Institute of scientific Research, Sadashiv Nagar, 566080, Bangalore, India.
  • Bhatt, Mr Himal Scientific Officer. High Pressure Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Maharashtra, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Bhattacharjee, Mr Nilotpal Research Scholar. Physics, Assam University, Acharya Satendra Nath Bose Building, Assam, 788011, Silchar, India.
  • Bhattacharjee, Mr Tirtha Research Scholar. Chemistry, National Institute of Technology, Silchar, Assam, 788010, Silchar, India.
  • Bhattacharya, Mr Abir Junior Research Fellow. Physics, Jadavpur University, Raja S C Mullic Road, West Bengal, 700032, Kolkata, India.
  • Bhattacharya, Dr Suman Research Associate. Department of Organic Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, 2A and 2B RSC Mullick Road, West Bengal, 700149, Kolkata, India.
  • Bhavesh, Professor Dr Neel Sarovar Group Leader. Structural and Computational Biology, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, Delhi, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Bhosekar, Dr Gaurav Lecturer. Engineering Chemistry, Indira College Of Engineering And Management, Post Parandwadi, Maharashtra, Maval, Pune, India.
  • Bhumannavar, Mr Virupakshi M. Assistant Professor. Engineering Physics, Hirasugar Institute of Technology, -, India, 591236, Nidasoshi, India.
  • Bhushan, Mrs Asha scientist. Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar (East), New Delhi, 110 029, New Delhi, India.
  • Bhuvaneswari, Mrs N. Assistant Professor. Physics, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Bettathapuram, Tamil Nadu, 641104, Coimbatore, India.
  • Bhyrappa, Professor P Academic and Research. Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, Sardar Patel Road, Tamil Nadu, 600 036, Chennai, India.
  • Bihani, Mr Subhash Chandra Scientific Officer. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tromby, Maharashtra, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Biradar, Professor Dr Jaiprakash Sharanappa Teaching faculty. Department of Studies and Research in Chemistry, Gulbarga University, Jnana Ganga, Karnataka, 585106, Gulbarga, India.
  • Biradha, Professor Kumar Professor. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, -, 721 302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Bisoyi, Dr Dillip Kumar Associate Professor. Physics, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, -, Orissa, 769008, Rourkela, India.
  • Biswal, Dr Bichitra Kumar Staff Scientist. Protein Crystallography Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, Delhi, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Biswal, Mrs Geetanjali Researcher Scholar. Physics, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Burla, Odisha, 768018, Sambalpur, India.
  • Biswas, Aniruddha Scientist. Materials Science Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Maharashtra/India, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Biswas, Mr Ansuman Student. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India Pin:560012.
  • Biswas, Mrs Maitree Research Scholar. Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier's College, 30, Park Street, West Bengal, 700016, Kolkata, India.
  • Biswas, Professor Sampa Professor F. Crystallography and Molecular Biology Division, Saha Inst. of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta - 700064, India.
  • Biswas, Mrs Sharmita N. Research Scholar. A1-Building, 402-A, Toshali Bhawan, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, Satyanagar, Bhubaneswar, Pin- 751007, Odisha, India.
  • Bobade, Dr Santosh M. Assist. Prof.. Physics, Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, A-B Road, Raghogarh, M.P., 473226, Guna, India.
  • Boobalan, Mr M.S. Assistant Professor. Chemistry, St. Joseph's College, -, Tamil Nadu, 607001, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Bora, Dr Mohendra Nath Head of Department, retired. physics, Gauhati University, -, 781014, Guwahati, India.
  • Bora, Dr Sanchay Jyoti Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Pandu College, -, Assam, 781 012, Guwahati, India.
  • Borra, Mr Veerendhar Reddy Junior Lecturer. Narayana Junior College, H.# :18-05-290,OutSide Aliabad, Falaknuma Palace Road, Telangana, 500053, Hyderabad, India.
  • Bright, Mr K.C. Lecturer in physics. Physics, St. John's College, Anchal, Kerala, 691306, Kollam, India.
  • Bullah, Dr Nisar A. Teacher. Chemistry, Government Degree College Bhadarwah, -, -, 181152, Jammu, India.
  • C, Mr Dhanasekhar Research Scholar. Physics, IIT Kharagpur, C/O VS HALL ROOM NO A-307, West Bengal, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Chahal, Miss Amanpreet Research Scholar. Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Panjab University, Sector 14, Punjab, 160014, Chandigarh, India.
  • Chakkaravarthi, Dr G. Head of Department (Physics). Physics, CPCL Polytechnic College, Manali, Tamil Nadu, 600 051, Chennai, India.
  • Chakrabarti, Dr Chandana Professor. Crystallography and Molecular Biology Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Block - AF, Sector - 1, Bidhan nagar, 700064, Kolkata, India.
  • Chakrabarti, Dr Pinak scientist. Department of Biochemistry, Bose Institute, P1/12 CIT Scheme VIIM, West Bengal, 700054, Kolkata, India.
  • Chakraborty, Dr Santu Assistant Professor in Physics. Department of Physics, Kaliyaganj College, Kaliyaganj, West Bengal, 733129, Uttar Dinajpur, India.
  • Chakravarty, Professor Akhil R. Professor. Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, -, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Chand, Ms Apramita Student. School Of Basic Sciences, IIT Bhubaneswar, Toshali Bhawan, Satyangar, Odisha, 751007, Bhubaneswar, India.
  • Chand, Mr Deepak Researcher. Biochemical Sciences DIvision, National Chemical Laboratory, Pashan, Maharastra, 411008, Pune, India.
  • Chand, Mr Mahesh Research Scholar. Chemistry Department, Delhi University, Delhi University, North Campus, New Delhi, 110007, New Delhi, India.
  • Chandra, Dr Amreesh Assistant Professor. Dr. Amreesh Chandra, Assistant Professor, Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721302, West Bengal, India.
  • Chandra, Dr K. P. Teaching and Research. Physics, T.M. Bhagalpur University, -, 812001, Bhagalpur, India.
  • Chandra, Mr Mohit JRF. UGC-DAE CSR Indore, -, M. P., 452001, Indore, India.
  • Chandraju, Professor Dr S. Professor (Teaching & Research). Dept. of Chemistry & Dept. of Sugar Technology, University of Mysore, Sir M.V. PG Center, Tubinakere, Karnataka, 571402, Mandya, India.
  • Chandran, Mr Sivasurender Senior Research Follow. Sivasurender Chandran, Senior Research Fellow.
  • Chandran, Mr Thyageshwar Senior Research Fellow. Molecular biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Malleshwaram, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Chandrasekharaiah, Dr M. N. Director (Training & Placement). Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, -, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Chandravanshi, Ms Monika PhD scholar. Biosciences & Bioengineering, IIT Guwahati, N-Block, Biosciences & Bioengineering, IIT Guwahati, Assam, 781039, Guwahati, India.
  • Changotra, Mr Avtar Research Scholar. Chemistry, IIT Bombay, 400076, Maharashtra, 400076, Mumbai, India.
  • Chaplot, Dr Samrath Lal Raja Ramanna Fellow. Physics Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, -, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Chappa, Mr Praveen Ccientist. Analytical Development, Matrix Laboratories, Moosapet, Andhra Pradesh, 500018, Hyderabad, India.
  • Chatterjee, Dr Amitava Retired from NERIST, Nirjuli. 72 Santiram Rasta, P.O.Bally, West Bengal, 711201, Howrah, India.
  • Chatterjee, Dr Partha Teaching. Department of Physics & Electronics, Vivekananda Mahavidyalaya, P.O Haripal, West Bengal, 712405, Dist. Hooghly, India.
  • Chatterjee, Dr Sanat Kumar asst. prof.. Dr. S. K. Chatterjee, Department of Physics, Regional Engineering College, Durgapur-713 209, India.
  • Chatterjee, Mr Tanmay Research Scholar. Organic Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, -, Kolkata, 700032, Jadavpur, India.
  • Chattopadhyaya, Dr Rajagopal Professor. Dept of Biochemistry, Bose Institute, P-1/12CIT Scheme VII M, 700054, Calcutta, India.
  • Chaudhary, Mr Mahesh D. Ph.D. student. Department of Physics, Sardar Patel University, -, Gujarat, 388120, Vallabh VIdyanagar, India.
  • Chaudhary, Mr Santosh Ph.D Student. Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Malleswarum, Karnatka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Chaudhuri, Dr Siddhartha retired. Dr Siddhartha Chaudhuri, P481 Parnasree, Kolkata 700060, India.
  • Chava, Dr Rama Krishna Researcher. Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Andhra Pradesh, 511510, Guntur, India.
  • Cherukuvada, Dr Suryanarayan Postdoctoral Fellow. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, 560012, Karnataka, 560012, Bengaluru, India.
  • Chidambaram, Dr Rajagopala DAE-Homi Bhabha Professor. VI Floor,Central Complex, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, VI Floor, Central Complex, Trombay, India, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Chidan Kumar, Dr C. S. Associate Professor. Engineering Chemistry, Vidya Vikas Institute of Engineering & Technology, Alanahalli, Karnataka, 570028, Mysuru, India.
  • Chinnakali, Dr Kandasamy Professor. Department of Physics, Anna University Chennai, Chennai 600025, India.
  • Chirambatte Peter, Dr Sebastian Faculty. New Chemistry Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur Post, Karnataka, 560064, Bangalore, India.
  • Chopra, Professor Deepak Associate Professor. Chemistry, Room No 122, Academic Building 2, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal, Bhopal By-Pass Road, Madhya Pradesh, 462 066, Bhauri, India.
  • Choudhary, Miss Suman Student. Animal Biotechnology Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Maharaja Agrasen Chowk, Haryana, 132001, Karnal, India.
  • Choudhury, Dr Debi Research Associate. Dr. Debi Choudhury, C&MB Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700064, India.
  • Cilaveni, Mr Goutham Research scholar. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, IIT Hyderabad, Kandi Village, Telangana, 502285, Sangareddy District, India.
  • Dabra, Dr Navneet Lect. in Physics. Applied Sciences, Baba Farid College of Engineering and Technology, Muktsar Road, Vill: Deon, 151001, Bathinda, India.
  • Dalvi, Dr Sameer Academic. Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar, Chemical Engineering, Gujarat, 382355, Gandhinagar, India.
  • Dara, Mr Hanuma Kumar Junior Research Fellow. Physics, IIT Madras, Adyar, Tamil Nadu, 600036, Chennai, India.
  • Das, Dr Amit Scientific. Protein Crystallography Section, Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Maharashtra, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Das, Professor Amit Kumar Professor. Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302, West Bengal, India.
  • Das, Mr Asish Kumar Senior Lecturer in Chemistry. Asish Kumar Das, Senior Lecturer & HOD, Chemistry, Shibpur Dinobundhoo Institution College, Shibpur, Howrah 711102, West Bengal, India.
  • Das, Dr Birendra Nath retired, former reader in physics. Physics Dept, Vivekananda C, D. H. Rd, Calcutta, 700063, India.
  • Das, Professor Birinchi Kumar Professor of Chemistry. Prof. Birinchi K. Das, Department of Chemistry, Gauhati University, Guwahati 781 014, India.
  • Das, Dr Dinabandhu Assistant Professor. Chemical Sciences, Sikkim University, 6th Mile, Tadong, Sikkim, 737102, Gangtok, India.
  • Das, Professor Indu Mohan Former Dean, Gauhati University. Member of Board of Management, Krishna Kanta Handiqui State Open University, -, Assam, 781017, Guwahati, India.
  • Das, Mrs Ranjana Rani Research Scholar. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Adyar, Tamil Nadu, 600036, Chennai, India.
  • Das, Dr Satyabrata -. -, Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute, -, Gujarat, 364 002, Bhavnagar, India.
  • Das, Miss Sreetama phd student. Physics, IISc, CV Raman road, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Das, Dr Suven Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Rishi Bankim Chandra College for Women, East Kantalpara, West Bengal, 743165, Naihati, India.
  • Dasadia, Dr Abhay K. D. Assistant Professor and Research Scientist. Applied Sciences, A.D.Patel Institute Of Technology, 388121, Gujarat, 388121, New Vallabh Vidyanagar, India.
  • Das Gupta, Dr Prabal Assistant Professor. Material Science Engineering, Jimma Institute of Technology, 378, Oromya, 128306, Jimma, India.
  • Dastidar, Dr Parthasarathi Associate Professor. Organic Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), 2A&2B Raja S C Mullick Road, Jadavpur, West Bengal, 700032, Kolkata, India.
  • Datta, Dr Ajit Bikram Assistant Professor. Biochemistry, Bose Institute, P-1/12 CIT Scheme VIIM, 700054, Kolkata, India.
  • Datta, Dr Amal Kumar Senior Research Assistant. Physics Dept, Indian Institute of Technology, -, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Datta, Dr Samar Chandra Principal Scientist. Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, Delhi, 110012, New Delhi, India.
  • Dattagupta, Professor Jiban Kanti Emeritus Scientist(CSIR) & Emeritus Professor. Crystallography and Molecular Biology Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, 700064, Kolkata, India.
  • Dayalan, Dr Arunachalam Professor & Head of Chemistry. Dept of Chemistry, Loyola College, Nungambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600034, India.
  • De, Dr Amitabha Associate Professor in Physics. Head, Department of Physics, Khalisani College, Chandannagore, Hooghly, West Bengal, 712138, Chandannagore, India.
  • Deka, Miss Geeta Reserch Student. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Malleswaram 18th cross, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Deopura, Dr B. L. asst. prof.. Department of Textile Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, 110016, New Delhi, India.
  • Desiraju, Professor Gautam Radhakrishna Professor. Solid State and Structural Chemistry, Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.
  • Devarapalli, Mr Ramesh Junior Research Fellow. Chemical Sciences, IISER-Kolkata, Mohanpur, West Bengal, 741252, Nadia, India.
  • Devaru, Dr Venkatesh B. Associate Professor. Post Graduate Studies in Physics, LVD College, Manik Prabhu Temple Road, Karnataka, 584103, Raichur, India.
  • Dey, Dr Archan Senior Scientist. Dr Reddy's Lab., 500046, Andhra Pradesh, -, Hyderabad, India.
  • Dey, Dr Sanghamitra Academics. Biological Sciences, Presidency University, 86/1 College Street, Kolkata, India.
  • Dhamodaran, Dr S. Lecturer. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Central Nuclear Laboratories, Kanpur, India.
  • Dhanaraj, Dr P.V. Assistant Professor and Head. Physics, Malabar Christian College, Kannur Rd, Kerala, 673001, Kozhikode, India.
  • Dole, Dr Babasaheb N. Associate Professor. Physics, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Panchakki Road, Maharashtra, 431 004, Aurangabad, India.
  • Dube, Dr Divya Student. biophysics, All India Institute of medical Sciences, 110029, 110029, Delhi, India.
  • Dubey, Mr Pawan Postdoctoral Fellow. Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Condensed Matter Physics Lab, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Dubey, Mr Ritesh Gratuate Student. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit (SSCU), Indian Institute of Science, CV Avenue Road, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Durairaj, Mrs Chitra Lecturer. Physics, TJS Polytechnic College, Gummidipoondi, Tamil Nadu, 600066, Chennai, India.
  • Duraisamy, Ms Sathya research scholar. Physics, Anna university, Guindy, Tamilnadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Duraiswamy, Mr Lakshmanan Assistant professor. Physics, C.Abdul Hakeem College of Engineering and Technology, Melvisharam, Tamil Nadu, 632509, Vellore, India.
  • Eladath, Mr Mohandas Scientist. E. Mohandas, PMG/IGCAR, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu 603102, India.
  • Faizi, Dr Md. Serajul Haque Researcher. Chemistry, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 208016, Kanpur, India.
  • Fernandes, Dr Jacob Richard res. fellow. Raman Res Institute, -, 560006, Bangalore, India.
  • Francis, Mr Savarimuthu K.A. Senior Research Fellow. Department of Chemistry, Bharathidasan University, Palkalaiperur, Tamil Nadu, 620 003, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Frankline, Mr Suresh Lecturer. Physics, Dr.M.G.R University, Maduravayol, Tamil Nadu, 600095, Chennai, India.
  • G, Dr Subodh Assistant Professor and Head of the Department. Physics, University of Kerala, Kariavattom Campus, Kerala, -, Thiruvananthapuram, India.
  • Gahlot, Ms Pallavi Research Scholar. Biotechnology, I.I.T. Roorkee, -, Uttarakhand, 247667, Roorkee, India.
  • Gajendran, Dr Jagadeesan Assistant Professor. Physics, Sathyabama University, Jeppiaar Nagar, 6000119, Chennai, India.
  • Galivarapu, Mr Jagadish Kumar Research Scholar. School of Materials Science & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (B.H.U.), BHU, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Gandhi, Dr Sahajkumar A. Assistant Professor. Physics, Sardar Patel University, Near University Circle, 388 120, Vallbh Vidyanagar, India.
  • Ganesan Suresh, Mr Suresh Research Scholar. Department of Chemistry, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda College Mylapore, 600 004, 600 004, Chennai, India.
  • Gaonkar, Dr Santosh L. Associate Professor. Chemistry, Manipal Institute of Technology, -, 576104, Manipal, India.
  • Garg, Dr Nandini Scientist. Purnima labs, BARC, Trombay, Mumbai, India.
  • Gatreddi, Mr Santhosh Research scholar. Biotechnology & Bio-informatics, University of Hyderabad, Gachibowli, 500046, Hyderabad, India.
  • Gautam, Dr Sanjeev Material Scientist. SSB University Institute of Chemical Engg & Tech, Panjab University Chandigarh, Sector 14, UT, 160014, Chandigarh, India.
  • Gautham, Dr Namasivayam Professor. Dept of Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600025, India.
  • Gayathri, Dr Dasararaju Research Scholar (SRF). Dept. of Crystallography & Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • George, Dr Sony Assistant Professor. Chemistry, University of Kerala, R5, Kerala, 690121, Trivandrum, India.
  • Ghanta, Mr Sivaprasad Research Scholar. Chemistry, IIT Kharagpur, Department of Chemistry, West Bengal, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Ghosh, Dr Biplab Scientist. Indus Synchrotron Utilization Division, Raja Ramanna Center for Advanced Technology, PO: CAT, Madhyapradesh, 452013, Indore, India.
  • Ghosh, Mr Bishnupada PhD Student. Department of Physical Science, IISER Kolkata, Mohanpur, West Bengal, 741 246, Nadia, India.
  • Ghosh, Mr Mithun Kumar Researcher. Chemistry, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Lal Pur, West Bengal, 732142, Amarkantak, India.
  • Ghosh, Miss Sheuly Student. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Kamrup, Assam, 781039, Amingaon,Guwahati, India.
  • Ghosh, Dr Soma Associate Professor. Physics, St. Xavier's College, 30 Mother Teresa Sarani, West Bengal, 700016, Kolkata, India.
  • Ghosh Chowdhury, Dr Sandip Scientist. MST Division, National Metallurgical Laboratory, Burmamines, Jamshedpur, 831007, India.
  • Godwin, Mrs Joseline S. K. teaching. Physics, Saint Peters University, -, Tamilnadu, 600054, Chennai, India.
  • Goel, Mrs Prabhatasree researcher. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Room No. 45, CIRUS, Trombay, Maharashtra, 400 085, Mumbai, India.
  • Goel, Mr Sahil Ph.D. Research Scholar. Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, 110007, India, 110007, Delhi, India.
  • Gokul Raj, Dr Srinivasan Associate Professor. Materials Science Research Lab, Physics, Vel Tech University, 42 Vel Tech Avadi Road, Tamil Nadu, 600062, Chennai, India.
  • Gomes, Professor Albert Cardinal res. scholar, retired. St. Xavier's College, affiliated to Calcutta University, 30 Mother Teresa Sarani, 700016, Kolkata, India.
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  • Gopal, Professor Balasubramanian Professor. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Molecular Biophysics Unit, Karnataka, 560 012, Bangalore, India.
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  • Gowda, Professor B. Thimme Teaching and Research. Department of Chemistry, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri, Karnataka, 574199, Mangalore, India.
  • Gowda, Dr K.V. Arjuna Asst. Professor. Physics, Govt College for Women, main road, 571141, Mandya, India.
  • Gowda, Mr Lingaraju G.S. Research Scholar. DOS in Chemistry, University of mysore, Manasaganotri, Karnataka, 570006, Myosre, India.
  • Gowda, Mr Ramakrishna Asst. Professor. Physics, Govt College for Women, Kolaramma temple, 563101, KOLAR, India.
  • Gulati, Mr Ashutosh Graduate Student. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of science, Malleshwaram, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Gulwade, Dr Devidas Assistant Professor. Physics, VES College of Arts, Science And Commerce, Sindhi Society, Chembur, Maharashtra, 400071, Mumbai, India.
  • Gunaseelan, Professor A. Thomas Professor. Physics, St. Philomena's College, Bannimantap, Karnataka, 570015, Mysore, India.
  • Gunda, Dr Santosh Babu Scientific Officer. Physical Sciences, National Institute of Science Education and Research, IOP campus, Po.sainik school, Orissa, 751005, Bhubaneswer, India.
  • Gupta, Mr Aayush Research Scholar. School of Physics & Materials Science (SPMS), Thapar University, -, Uttar Pradesh, 24341, Gangoh, India.
  • Gupta, Ms Anu Research Scholar. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Gupta, Mr Arvind K. PhD Student. MBU, IISc, yashwantpur, Karnatka, 560012, Banghalore, India.
  • Gupta, Mr Dileep Kumar Research Scoolar. IUC-DAEF, Atomic Energy, Bhawar Kuwa, 452017, Indore, India.
  • Gupta, Mr Jagannath Scientist. Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Maharastra, 400 085, Mumbai, India.
  • Gupta, Ms Prabhasini PhD Scholar. Physics, ITER, Siksha O Anusandhan University, Khandagiri, Odisha, 751030, Bhubaneswar, India.
  • Gupta, Dr Sakuntala Reader. Physics, Raiganj College (University College), -, West Bengal, 733130, KARNAJORA, India.
  • Gupta, Dr Satish Chander scientific officer, retired 31-Oct-2015. Neutron Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, 400085, Bombay, India.
  • Gupta, Dr Surya M. Researcher. Laser Materials Division, Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore, P.O. CAT, Madhya Pradesh, 452013, Indore, India.
  • Gupta, Professor Sushil Kumar Professor. School of Studies in Chemistry, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, Vidya Vihar, Madhya Pradesh, 474011, Gwalior, India.
  • Gupta, Professor Vishwambhar Dayal professor. Physics, Lucknow University, -, 226007, Lucknow, India.
  • Gureja, Miss Nancy Research Scholar. Physics, Central University of Rajasthan, -, Rajasthan, 136027, Kishangarh, India.
  • Gurunath, Professor Dr Ramanathan Professor, Department of Chemistry. Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, -, Uttar Pradesh, 208016, Kanpur, India.
  • Guru Row, Professor Tayur Narasingarao Professor. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.
  • Gurusaran, Mr Manickam Research Assitant. Room No: 341, 2ndFloor, Old CES Building Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.
  • Halder, Dr Sujit Kumar scientist, retired. Crystal Growth and Characterization Section, National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K. S. Krishnan Road, Delhi, 110012, New Delhi, India.
  • Hanan, Salima Shaukat Senior Lecturer, retired. Dept of Physics, Assam Engineering College (Gauhati University), Assam Engineering College Rd, 781013, Guwahati, India.
  • Harijan, Mr Pappu Kumar Student. School of Materials Science and Technology, c/o PROF. D. PANDEY, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), -, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Hassan, Mr Shahid Student. Applied Chemistry, ISM Dhanbad, Near police line, Jharkhand, 826004, Dhanbad, India.
  • Hosur, Dr Madhusoodan Raja Ramanna Fellow. Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research & Education in Cancer, Tata Memorial Centre (ACTREC), Kharghar, 410 210, Navi Mumbai, India.
  • Hundal, Dr Geeta Professor. Dr. Geeta Hundal, Department of Chemistry, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005, India.
  • Hundal, Professor Dr Maninder Singh Teaching. Chemistry, Guru nanak Dev University, Guru Nanak dev University campus, Punjab, 143005, Amritsar, India.
  • Husain, Dr Ahmad Researcher. Organic Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, 2A & 2B, Raja SC Mullick Road Jadavpur, West Bengal, 700032, Kolkata, India.
  • Ilango, Mr Samygounder Researcher. Chemistry, Government Arts College, Arts College Road, Tamil Nadu, 641018, Coimbatore, India.
  • Inbanathan, Dr S. Stephen Rajkumar Assistant Professor. The American College, Madurai, -, 625 002, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Ingle, Mr Kapil research fellow. Physics, Goa University, -, Goa, 403206, Taleigao plateau, India.
  • Iyer, Miss Aiswarya N. Student. Applied Chemistry, CUSAT, 612022, Kerala, 612022, Cochin, India.
  • Iyer, Karthikeyan Assistant Professor. Physics, Sudharsan Engineering College, Sathiyamangalam, Tamilnadu, 622501, Pudukkottai, India.
  • Jadhao, Mr Manoj Kumar Junior Research Fellow. Chemistry, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), South Ambazari Road, Maharashtra, 440010, Nagpur, India.
  • Jagadeesh Kumar, Dr N. Lecturer. Dept of Physics, S.G.S. Arts College, Near Sreenivasa Kalyana Mandapalu (TTD), Tirupati 517501 (A.P), India.
  • Jagan, Dr Rajamony Post Doctoral Fellow (Crystallographer). Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Sardar patel road, TamilNadu, 600036, Chennai, India.
  • Jagannathan, Professor N. R. Professor and Head. Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus 600, 025, Madras, India.
  • Jahangir Ali, Dr Fathima Benazir Postdoctoral fellow. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Yeshwantpur, India, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Jaikrishnan, Mrs Punitha Assistant professor. Department of Chemistry, Annamalai University, AnnamalaiNagar, Tamilnadu, 608002, Chidambaram, India.
  • Jain, Ms Abha Student. Structural biology lab, Regional Centre for Biotechnology, 180, Udyog vihar Phase -1, Haryana, 122016, Gurgaon, India.
  • Jain, Dr Arun Kumar scientist S-2. Division of Agril. Physics (Jute Techn. Res. Lab), Indian Council of Agricultural Research, 12 Regent Park, 700040, Calcutta, India.
  • Jain, Dr Deepti Assistant Professor. Regional Centre for Biotechnology, NCR biotech Science Cluster, 3rd Mile stone, Faridabad -Gurgaon Expressway, Bhankri Village, Haryana, 10021, Faridabad, India.
  • Jain, Mr Ravish Kumar Ph.D Scholar. Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University Amritsar, Chheharta Road, Punjab, 143005, Amrtisar, India.
  • Jain, Mr Vitul PhD Student. Structural and computational biology group, ICGEB, Aruna Asif Ali Marg, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • James, Dr C. Asst Professor. Physics, Scott Christian College (Autonomous), KP Road, Tamilnadu, 629003, Nagercoil, India.
  • Jana, Dr Partha Pratim Assistant Professor. Chemistry, IIT Kharagpur, 721302, West Bengal, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Janardan, Ms Neelanjana student. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Jasrotia, Dr Dinesh Research Scientist. Department of Physics, University of Jammu, Jammu Tawi, Jammu and Kashmir, 180006, Jammu, India.
  • Javed, Dr Saleem Teaching. Chemistry, IHS, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, Agra, Institute of Home Science, Kandari, Uttar Pradesh, 282002, Agra, India.
  • Jayamani, Mr Arumugam Researcher. Industrial Chemistry, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, 630 003, Sivaganga, India.
  • Jayan, Dr V. Deputy R&D General Manager. Nano, Applied Coating Materials & XRD, NETRA, NTPC Ltd, E 3, Ecotech II, Udyog Vihar, Uttar Pradesh, 201306, Greater Noida, India.
  • Jebas, Dr Robinson S. Assistant Professor. Present Address: School of Physics, Sethupathy Government Arts College, Achunthanvayl, Tamilnadu, 623502, Ramanathapuram, India.
  • Jennifer, Dr S. Jegan Postdoctoral Fellow. Framework Solids Laboratory, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, -, 560012, Banaglore, India.
  • Jerusha, Dr Eunice Assistant professor. Science and Humanities Department, R.M.D. Engineering College, Mogappair, 600050, Chennai, India.
  • Jetti, Dr Ram K. R. Associate Vice President. Chemical Research Division, API - R&D, R&D Centre, Mylan Laboratories, Plot No. 34A, Anrich Industrial Estate Bollaram Village, Jinnaram Mandal Medak District, Telangana, 502325, Hyderabad, India.
  • Jeyakanthan, Dr Jeyaraman Professor and Head. Department of Bioinformatics, Alagappa University, -, Karaikudi- 630003, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Jeyaraman Selvaraj, Dr Nirmal Ram Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Centre for Research and Development (CRD), PRIST University, Vallam, Tamil Nadu, 613403, Thanjavur, India.
  • Jha, Mr Kunal Ph.D. Scholar. Chemistry, Shiv Nadar University, Chithera Village, Uttar Pradesh, 201307, Dadri, India.
  • Jose Kavitha, Dr Savaridasan Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Bharathidasan University, Palkaliperur, Tamil Nadu, India, 620024, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Joseph, Mrs Kuppamuthu Sarojini lecturer. physics, Valliammai Engineering College, SRM Nagar, kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, 603203, Chennai, India.
  • Joseph, Dr Sumy Research Associate. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Joshi, Professor Shri Krishna Vikram Sarabai Professor. Physics Department, National Physical Laboratory, Hillside Road, 110012, New Delhi, India.
  • Jotani, Dr Mukeshkumar Associate Professor. Physics, Bhavan's Sheth R. A. College of Science, Khanpur, Gujarat, 380015, Ahmedabad, India.
  • Justin Thomas, Dr Koilpitchai Rajapandian Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, Uttaranchal, India.
  • K. V., Mr Abhinav Senior Research Fellow. Molecular Biophysics Unit (Prof. M. Vijayan's Lab), Indian Institute of Science, Malleshwaram, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • K. V., Mr Shanavas Scientist. Synchrotron Radiation Section, BARC, Trombday, MAHARASTRA, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Kabaleeswaran, Dr Venkatarman Post Doctoral Fellow. 27 Perumal Koil Street, Karur - 639001, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Kabir, Mr Ekramul Student. Physics, Aliah University, Il-A/27, Action Area II, West Bengal, 700156, Newtown, Kolkata, India.
  • Kalavathi, Ms S. Physicist. Materials Science Division, IGCAR, Kalpakkam, 603102, Kalpakkam, India.
  • Kaliyaperumal, Dr Thanigaimani Senior Research Fellow. School of Chemistry, Bharathidasan University, Palkaliperur, Tamil Nadu, 620 024, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Kalluri, Dr Sujith Research Associate/Electronic Materials Engineer. Flat 101, D.NO.70-11-71, Padmavathi Nilayam (Apartment), Andhra Pradesh, 520010, Viyawada, India.
  • Kamath, Professor K. Prakash Associate Professor and Dean of Physical Sciences. Physics, St Aloysius College, Kadri, Karnataka, 575003, Mangalore, India.
  • Kammari, Dr Bal Raju Post Doc Fellow. Chemical Sciences, IISER-Kolkata, Mohanpur Campus, West Bengal, 741246, Kolkata, India.
  • Kanaujia, Dr Shankar Prasad Assistant Professor. Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, -, Assam, 781 039, Guwahati, India.
  • Kandasamy, Mr Saravanan Research. Department of Physics, Department of Physics, Periyar University, Periyar Palkalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, 636011, Salem, India.
  • Kandavelu, Dr Velappan Assistant Professor (Sr. Grade). Department of Chemistry, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, L&T By-Pass, Chinniampalayam (PO), India, 641062, Coimbatore, India.
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  • Kannan, Miss Meera Senior research fellow. Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Tamil Nadu, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • Kannan, Dr Sumitra scientific officer SD. Fuel Chemistry Division, BARC, Trombay, 400 085, Bombay, India.
  • Kanniah, Miss Sundara Lakshmi Scientist. Teva API India Limited, -, Uttar Pradesh, Gajraula, India.
  • Kant, Professor Rajni Professor of Physics. Post-Graduate Department of Physics, University of Jammu, Baba Saheb Ambedkar Road, Jammu and Kashmir, 180006, Jammu Tawi, India.
  • Kapoor, Ms Kamini Research Scholar. Physics, University of Jammu, Baba Saheb Ambedkar Road, Jammu Tawi (J & K), 180006, Jammu, India.
  • Kar, Dr Sujoy K. Assistant Professor. Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, B-104, IIT Campus, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Kar, Dr Tanusree Reader. Dept of Materials Science, IACS, Jadavpur, 700032, Kolkata, India.
  • Karade, Mr Sharanbasappa PhD Student. Molecular and Structural Biology Division, Central Drug Research Institute, Sitapur Road, -, 226021, Lucknow, India.
  • Karanam, Mr Maheswararao Research scholar. Chemistry, Central Analytical Facility, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Mohali, Knowledge city, Sector 81, SAS Nagar, Manauli, Punjab, 140306, Mohali, India.
  • Karothu, Mr Durga Prasad Research scholar. Solid state and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, C V Raman Avenue, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Karthe, Professor Ponnuraj research scholar. Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Madras 600025, India.
  • Karthikeyan, Mr Natarajan Research Scholar. Physics, Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Guindy, Tamilnadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Karthikeyan, Mr Subramani Research Scholar. Department of Physics, RKM Vivekananda College (Autonomous), PS Sivasamy Salai, Mylapore, Tamil Nadu, 600 004, Chennai, India.
  • Karuppannan, Professor Dr Srinivasan University Professor. Department of Physics, Bharathiar University, School of Physical Sciences, Tamil Nadu, 641046, Coimbatore, India.
  • Karuppasamy, Mr Pichan Research. Physics, SSN College of Engineering, SSN Research Centre, Tamil Nadu, 603110, Chennai, India.
  • Kashyap, Mr Yogesh Research. B.A.R.C., Trombay, Maharashtra, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Katakam, Dr Sivaprasad Assistant Professor. Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Trichy, Tamil Nadu, 620015, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Kaur, Miss Amarjot Research scholar. Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, -, Punjab, 143005, Amritsar, India.
  • Kaur, Miss Gurpreet Ph.D Student. Chemistry, IISER Mohali, India, Sector 81, S.A.S. Nagar, Manauli Post Office, Punjab, 140306, Mohali, India.
  • Kaur, Dr Punit Professor. Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, 110029, New Delhi, India.
  • Kaur, Miss Rajinder Research scholar. Physics, GNDU, Amritsar, Department of physics, GNDU, Amritsar, Punjab, 143005, Amritsar, India.
  • Kaur, Miss Ramanpreet Student. Solid State and structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, C V Raman Avenue, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Kaushal, Dr Prem Singh Staff Scientist. Lab. of Structural Biology, CDFD, Nampalli, Telangana, 500039, Hyderabad, India.
  • Kaushal, Mr Radhey Senior Research Scholar. Bioinformatics & Structural Biology, Indian Institute of Advanced Research, Koba Institutional Area, Gujarat, 382007, Gandhinagar, India.
  • Kavitha, Dr Helen P. Professor and Head of the Department. Chemistry, SRM University, Bharathi Salai, Ramapuram Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600089, Chennai, India.
  • Kayalvizhi, Professor Mani Lecturer in physics & Research Scholar. Physics, KNGA College, No: 39 Annai Illam, Rajappa Nagar, IVth street, Tamilnadu, 613001, Thanjavur, India.
  • Kayarat, Dr Saikrishnan Assistant Professor. Biology, IISER Pune, Pashan, Maharashtra, 411 021, Pune, India.
  • Kerur, Professor Dr B. R. Teaching and Research. Department of Post Graduate Studies and Research in Physics, Gulbarga University, Jnana Ganga, Karnataka, 585106, Gulbarga, India.
  • Kerur, Dr Shashidhar Assistant Professor. Pharmaceutics, KLE University, Vidyanagar, Karnataka, 580031, Hubli, India.
  • Kesavulu, Dr Muppuru Associate Professor. Biotechnology, Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, 515002, Ananthapuramu, India.
  • Khanppnavar, Mr Basavraj Junior Research Fellow. Structural Biology and Bioinformatics, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Raja S.C Mullick Road, West Bengal, 700031, Kolkata, India.
  • Khatun, Ms Mamataj Student. Physics, Aliah University, Il-A/27, Action Area II, West Bengal, 700156, Newtown, Kolkata, India.
  • Kheraj, Dr Vipulkumar Assistant Professor. Department of Applied Physics, S. V. National Institute of Technology, Surat, Ichchhanath, Gujarat, 395007, Surat, India.
  • Khurana, Mr Nikhil Student. Biotechnology, Gautam Buddha University, Kasna, Uttar Pradesh, 201308, Greater Noida, India.
  • Kinge, Dr Ravindra Lecturer. Dept of Physics, Smt.G.G.Khadse College,Muktainagar, Dist-Jalgaon, Maharashtra, 425306, Muktainagar, India.
  • Kiran, Mr Kumar S. Asst professor. Physics, Jain University, Kanakapura road, Karnataka, 562112, Bangalore, India.
  • Kishore, Professor Ram Professor and HOD (Applied Sciences). Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology, -, -, New Delhi, India.
  • Kishore, Dr Vimal Teaching and Research. Physics, Banasthali University, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan, 304022, tonk, India.
  • Kole, Dr Goutam Kumar Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry and Research Institute, SRM University, SRM Nagar, Potheri, Tamil Nadu, 603203, Kattankulathur, India.
  • Koppoju, Dr Suresh Senior Scientist. Centre for Materials Characterization and Testing, International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), RCI Road, Balapur (PO), Telangana, 500005, Hyderabad, India.
  • Kore, Mr Bhushan P. Research Scholar. Physics, RTM Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Maharastra, 440033, Nagpur, India.
  • Kotru, Professor Dr Pushker Nath Professor (Emeritus Scientist). Physics & Electronics, Crystal Growth & Materials Research Group, University of Jammu, New University Campus, Ambedkar Road, Jammu & Kashmir, 180006, Jammu, India.
  • Kounsalye, Mr Jitendra S. Research Student. Physics (c/o Prof. K. M. Jadhav), Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, -, Maharashtra, 431004, Aurangabad, India.
  • Krishna, Professor Padmanabhan rector. Prof.P.Krishna, Krishnamurti Foundation India, Rajghat Fort, Varanasi 221001, U.P., India.
  • Krishna, Dr Ramadas Assistant Professor. R. Krishna, Assistant Professor, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Puducherry-605014.
  • Krishnaiah, Professor Musali Professor, retired?. Dept of Physics, Sri Venkateshwara University, Tirupati 517502, India.
  • Krishnakumar, Mr Harshad Student. Chemical engineering, St.josephs college of engineering, A-04-05,Emerald Vistas, Tamil Nadu, 641028, Coimbatore, India.
  • Krishnakumar, Dr R.V. Associate Professor. Department of Physics, Thiagarajar College, 139-140, Kamarajar Salai, Tamil Nadu, 625 009, Madurai, India.
  • Krishnan, Mr Ramachandran Scholar. Physics, Anna University, -, Tamil Nadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Krishnan, Dr Vengadesan Assistant Professor. Structural Biology, UNESCO Regional Centre for Biotechnology, 180, Udyog Vihar Phase I, Haryana, 122016, Gurgaon, India.
  • Krishnasamy, Dr Gunasekaran Teaching. CAS in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Krishnaswamy, Dr S. scientist. School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625021, India.
  • Krishnaswamy, Ms Shobhana Graduate Student. Center for Materials Characterization, National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, 411008, Pune, India.
  • Krishnegowda, Miss Hema M. k. Research scholar. DoS in Physics, University of Mysore, manasagangotri, 570006, Mysuru, India.
  • Kukshal, Ms Vandana ?. Molecular and Structural Biology Division, Central Drug Research Institute, Mg road, U.P., 211006, Lucknow, India.
  • Kulkarni, Mr Amar private Service. Analytical, Cipla Ltd, S. N. Road, Raigad District, 4102016, Panvel, India.
  • Kulkarni, Dr Kiran A. Assistant Professor. Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur P.O, Karnataka, 560064, Bangalore, India.
  • Kulriya, Mr Pawan Scientist. Materials Science Group, Inter-University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, PO Box:10502, India, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Arun Research scholar. Chemistry, Loyola College (Autonomous), -, Tamil Nadu, 600034, Chennai, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Arun Student. School of Materials Science and Technology (C/O Prof D. Pandey), IIT (B.H.U.), -, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Ashish student. Translational Research, Institute of Life Sciences, Chandrashekharpur, Odisha, India, 751023, Bhubaneswar, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Ashok Research scholor. Electrochemical Materials Science Division, Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamilnadu, 630006, Madurai, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Ashwani Scientist. DAE, BARC, RRCAT, Madhypradesh, 452013, Indore, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Ashwani PhD Student. Biotechnology, NCCS PUne, Pune, Maharashtra, 411007, Pune, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Dinesh PhD Scholar. Pharmaceutics, NIPER, -, -, 500037, Hyderabad, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Durgesh Student. School of Materials Science and Technology, IIT (BHU), Lanka, UP., 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Kumar, Professor J. Professor. Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, -, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • Kumar, Dr Janesh Principal Investigator, Wellcome Trust /DBT India Alliance Fellow. National Centre for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, 411 007, PUNE, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Kaushlesh Service. Refractory Division,R&D centre for iron & steel, Steel Authority of India Limited, Doranda, Jharkhand, 834002, Ranchi, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Keshav Student. School of Material Science & Tech., IIT. (BHU) Varanasi-221005, Lanka, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Krishan Research Scholar. Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Room No. 26, Delhi, 110007, Delhi, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Krishna research. Analytical Science Discipline-I, Central Salt and Marine Chemical Research Institute, G.B. Marg, Gujrath, 364 002, Bhavnagar, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Madan S. Research Student. Department of Studies in Physics, 570006, Karnataka, 570006, Mysore, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Manoj PhD student. Bioinformatics & Structural Biology, Indian Institute of Advanced Research, Institutional Area koba, Gujarat, 382007, Gandhinagar, India.
  • Kumar, Professor Dr Mukesh Scientist. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Naveen student. Materials Engineering, Electroceramics lab, c/c Rajeev Ranjan, Indian Institute of Science, IISC, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Pramod Graduate Student. Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, 247667, Haridwar, India.
  • Kumar, Dr Pravindra Associate Professor. Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, -, 247667, Roorkee, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Rajinder Assistant Professor, crystallography. Higher education, University of Jammu, Bishnah, Jammu, 181132, Jammu, India.
  • Kumar, Dr Rakesh Assistant Professor. Chemistry, DAV University Jalandhar, Samarspur, Punjab/ India, 144012, JALANDHAR, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Rohit Research Fellow Pursuing Ph.D. Physics, IISER PUNE, Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Maharashtra, 411008, Pune, India.
  • Kumar, Dr S. Sudalai Professor of Chemistry and Environmental Science and Engineering. Chemistry in Science and Humanities, Francis Xavier Engineering College, By Pass Road, Tamil Nadu, 627003, Tirunelveli, India.
  • Kumar, Dr Sanat Scientific Research. Separation Process Division, Indian Institute of Petroelum, Haridwar Road, Uttarakhand, 248005, Dehradun, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Sandeep Ph.D research scholar. Department of Chemistry, University of Jammu, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, 180006, Jammu, India.
  • Kumar, Professor Sanjit Assistant Professor. Centre for Bio-Separation Technology (CBST), VIT University, -, Tamil Nadu, 632014, Vellore, India.
  • Kumar, Dr Sarvendra Chemistry, A.M.U., Anoopshahar Road, UP, 202122, Bhatouti, P.O. C.D.F., India.
  • Kumar, Dr Sudhir Assistant Professor. Department of Zoology and Biotechnology, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Uttarakhand, 246174, Pauri Garhwal, India.
  • Kumar, Mr Sushil Student. School of Materials Science & Technology, IIT (BHU), BHU, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Kumar, Dr Vinay scientific officer (H). Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, High Pressure & Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bombay 400 085, India.
  • Kumara, Mr Karthik Research Scholar. Physics, University of Mysore, Gangotri, Karnataka, 570006, Mysuru, India.
  • Kumari, Miss Archana student. Physics, IIT Kharagpur, C112, RLB Hall, IIT Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Kunte, Vivek P. Consultant Engineer. 249, Sharada Colony, Basaveshwar Nagar, 560079, Bangalore, India.
  • Kurup, Professor Dr M.R. Prathapachandra Professsor and HOD. Department of Chemistry, Central University Kerala, -, Kerala, -, Kasargod, India.
  • Kushawaha, Mr Nitin Kumar Research Scholar. Physics (c/o Dr. Alok Shukla), National Institute of Technology Mizoram, Chaltlang, Mizoram, 796012, Aizawl, India.
  • Kushwaha, Dr Gajraj S Research. Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Ansari Nagar, 110029, New Delhi, India.
  • Kutty, Mr Pradeepkumar Research Scholar. Physics, Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Guindy, Tamil Nadu, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • K V, Ms Lalitha Student. Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Lal, Dr Krishan Director. DNPL, National Physical Laboratory, Dr K. S. Krishnan Road, India, 110012, New Delhi, India.
  • Loganathan, Dr Nagarajan Assistant Professor. School of Chemistry, Bharathidasan University, -, Tamil Nadu, 620024, TIRUCHIRAPPALLI, India.
  • Lokanath, Professor Neratur K. Research and Teaching. DoS in Physics, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Karnataka, 570006, Mysore, India.
  • Lord, Dr Eric Anthony Mathematician. Department of Metallurgy, Indian Institute of Science, C V Raman Avenue, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • M., Mrs Jasmine Rita Research scholar. Engineering Mathematics, College of Engineering, Andhra University, -, Andhra Pradesh, 530 003, Visakhapatnam, India.
  • Madegowda, Dr Mahendra Assistant Professor of Physics. Department of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Karnataka, 570006, Mysore, India.
  • Madhusudana, Professor N. V. Dean of Research (retired), Emeritus scientist. Liquid Crystal Laboratory, Raman Research Institute, C.V. Raman avenue, Karnataka, 560080, Bangalore, India.
  • Mahanta, Mr Pranjal Research Student. Department of Physics, Biocrystallography and Computational Biology lab, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, India.
  • Mahapatra, Dr Sudarshan Senior Scientist. Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd, Integrated Product Development Organization (IPDO), Bachupally, Telangana, 500090, Hyderabad, India.
  • Maindola, Dr Priyank Post-Doctoral Fellow. Structural and Computational Biology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Aruna Asaf Ali Road, Delhi, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Mallappa, Ms Manjula Research scholar. DoS in Physics, Manasagangotri, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Karnataka, India, 570006, Mysore, India.
  • Mandal, Dr Debaprasad Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Nangal Road, Punjab, 140001, Rupnagar, India.
  • Mandal, Mr Kapil Student. Physics, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Gate No. 7, West Bengal, 731246, Haringhata, India.
  • Mandal, Mr Pradeep Kumar CSIR Senior Research Fellow (NET). Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • Mandal, Professor Pradip Kumar Professor of Physics. Physics, North Bengal University, P.O.- NBU, West Bengal, 734013, Darjeeling, India.
  • Mandal, Professor Dr Rajiv K. Professor and Head. Metallurgical Engineering, Banaras Hindu University, -, Uttar Pradesh, 221 005, Varanasi, India.
  • Mandal, Mr Suman Kumar PhD Scholar. Department of Chemistry, Shiv Nadar University, Chithera, Uttar Pradesh, 201314, Dadri, India.
  • Mande, Professor Chintamani retd. prof. and head. Physics Dept, Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Ram Nagar, 440010, Nagpur, India.
  • Mande, Dr Shekhar C. Director. National Centre for Cell Science, NCCS Complex, Ganeshkhind, India, 411 007, Pune, India.
  • Manik, Mr Sanat Kumar Assistant Professor. Physics, Burdwan Raj College, -, -, 713104, Burdwan, India.
  • Manivannan, Dr V. Prof of Physics. PG and Research Dept .of Physics, Presidency College, Kamarajar Salai, Tamil Nadu, 044-600005, Chennai, India.
  • Manjunath, Ms Kavyashree PhD Student. Supercomputer Education and Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, CNR Rao circle, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Mannepalli, Mr Venkateswara Rao Research Scholar. Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, IIT Hyderabad, Yeddumailaram, Ordnance Factory Campus, Telangana, 502205, Hyderabad, India.
  • Manoj, Dr K. KSCSTE Young Scientist. Photosciences & Photonics, CSTD, CSIR-NIIST, Trivandrum, India, 606-8501, Kerala, India.
  • Manoj, Dr Narayanan Assistant Professor. Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, -, 600036, Chennai, India.
  • Marimuthu, Miss Mohana Research Scholar. Chemistry, Bharathidasan University, 620024, Tamilnadu, 620024, Trichy, India.
  • Mariyatra, Miss Mahimaidoss Baby Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry, St. Xaviers College, -, -, 627 002, Palayamkottai, India.
  • Mathesu, Mr Jayandran Lecturer. Chemistry, Mahendra Engineering Chemistry, Vadugapalayam (po), Tamilnadu, 637503, Namakkal, India.
  • Mathew, Mr Eason M. Research Scholar. Applied Chemistry, CUSAT, -, Kerala, India, 682022, Kochi, India.
  • Mathi, Mrs Gandhi A. Research scholar. R&D Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 641046, Coimbatore, India.
  • Mathivanan, Ms Subashini Student. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, CV Raman Road, Karnataka, India, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Mathur, Professor Balbir Kumar Associate Professor. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Physics Dept, IIT Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Matteppanavar, Mr Shidaling Student. Physics, Bangalore University Bangalore, Jnanbharti Campus, Bangalore University Bangalore, Karnataka, 560056, Bangalore, India.
  • Maurya, Dr Kamlesh Kumar Scientist. Crystal Growth and Characterisation Section, National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S.Krishnan Marg, New Delhi, 110012, New Delhi, India.
  • Mazumdar, Dr Sujata retired. X-ray Crystallography Dept, Central Glass and Ceramic Res. Institute, 196 Raja S. C. Mullick Road, Calcutta 700032, India.
  • Mazumder, Dr Subhasish Scientist. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, 4000 85, Maharashtra, 4000 85, Mumbai, India.
  • Meena, Pappu Lal Assistant Professor. Physics and Electronics, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College University of Delhi, Shivaji Marg Karampura, Delhi, 110015, New Delhi, India.
  • Meena, Mr Sita Ram Student. School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Mehrauli Road, Delhi, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Mehta, Mr Basant Kumar Researcher. Chemistry, Vinoba Bhave University, Gosain baliya, Jharkhand, 825311, Hazaribag, India.
  • Miriyala, Mr Kumarasawamy Research Scholar. Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, Ordance Facory Estate, Andhra Pradesh, 502205, Telangana, Hyderabad, India.
  • Mishra, Mr Anupam PhD Scholar. C/O Prof Rajeev Ranjan, C-211, Electroceramics Lab, Dept of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, Karnataka.
  • Mishra, Dr Arjun Kumar Research Associate. Molecular and Structural Biology Division, C/o Dr J. V. Pratap, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Sector-10 Jankipuram Extension, Uttar Pradesh, 226021, lucknow, India.
  • Mishra, Dr Sanjay Kumar Scientific Officer. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Maharastra, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Mishra, Ms Vandana Research scholar. Biosciences and Bioengineering, Powai, Maharashtra, 400076, Mumbai, India.
  • Mishra, Mr Vikash research scholar. C/o Dr. Pankaj R.Sagdeo MRL lab SIC building, Department of Physics IIT Indore, M.P-453552, India.
  • Misra, Professor Somnath Director, retired. Ministry of Steel, Government of India, Biju Patnaik National Steel Institute, Sea Beach Road, Mahodadhi Nivas, Orissa, 752 001, Puri, India.
  • Mittal, Abhishek Student. Safdarjung Hospital, -, Delhi, 110007, Delhi, India.
  • Mohanty, Ms Prachi Phd student. Physics, IISER Bhopal, Bhauri Campus, Madhya Pradesh, 462023, Bhopal, India.
  • Mohapatra, Mr Balaram Student. Chemistry, Indian Institute Technology, kanpur, Uttarpradesh, 208016, kanpur, India.
  • Moitra, Mr Parikshit Research scholar as an Integrated PhD student. Inorganic and Physical chemistry, IISc, Bangalore-560012, India, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Mondal, Dr Swastik Principal Scientist. CSIR Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, 196, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, West Bengal, 700 032, Kolkata, India.
  • Moosa, Mrs Fousiamol M. M. Research Scholar. Department of Applied Chemistry, CUSAT, Kalamassery, Kerala, 682022, Ernakulam, India.
  • Moovendaran, Mr Kalimuthu Research Scholar. School of Physics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Palkalai Nagar, 625 021, Madurai, India.
  • Mouli, Miss P. Student. Physics, Seethalakshmi Ramaswamy College Trichy, Sankaran Pillai Road, Tamil Nadu, Trichy, India.
  • Mukherjee, Professor Alok Kumar Emeritus Professor. Physics, Jadavpur U., -, 700032, Calcutta, India.
  • Mukherjee, Professor Amal Bikash professor, retired. Dept of Geology and Geophysics, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, -, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Mukherjee, Mr Joy Senior Mineralogist. Mineral Physics Division, CHQ, Geological Survey of India, 15A and B Kyd Street, West Bengal, 7000016, Kolkata, India.
  • Mukherjee, Professor Monika Professor. Dept of Solid-State Physics, IACS, Jadavpur, calcutta 700032, India.
  • Mukherjee, Dr Partha Sarathi Chief Scientist. Materials Div., CSIR- Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, -, Odisha, 751 013, Bhubaneswar, India.
  • Mukhopadhyay, Dr Anuradha Lecturer. Dept of Physics, Jadavpur University, -, 700032, Calcutta, India.
  • Mukhopadhyay, Bishnu Prasad res. fellow. National Institute of Technology Durgapur, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue, 713209, Durgapur, India.
  • Mukhopadhyay, Dr Debashis Associate Professor. Structural Genomics Division, Saha Inst. of Nuclear Physics, Sector-1, Block AF Bidhannagar, 700064, Calcutta, India.
  • Mukhopadhyay, Professor Nilay Krishna Professor. Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), BHU Campus, UP, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Muniyappa, Professor Subramanyam Professor. Physics, St Philomena's College, Bannimantap, Karnataka, 570015, Mysore, India.
  • Munshi, Dr Parthapratim Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Shiv Nadar University, NH91, Tehsil Dadri, Uttar Pradesh, 201314, Gautam Buddha Nagar, India.
  • Murthy, Mr Abhinandan V. Student. Abhinandan Murthy, C/o Prof. M.R.N.Murthy, Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore - 560012.
  • Murthy, Professor Mathur R. N. professor. MBU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.
  • Muthiah, Professor Dr P. Thomas Professor(retired), UGC EMERITUS FELLOW. Chemistry, Bharathidasan University(retired), Tiruchirappalli-24, Tamil Nadu, 620024, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Muthu, Mr Kesavan research scholar. CAS in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600025, Guindy, India.
  • Muthukumar, Miss Anusha Doctoral student. Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University Chennai, Sardhar patel road, Guindy, Tamil Nadu, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • Muvvala, Mr Krishna Surendra Graduate. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, -, Tamil Nadu, 600036, Chennai, India.
  • Myneni, Mr Bhanu Prakash Teacher. Physics, D.N.R College, D. NO:24-77/2, Srinivasa Nagar, Andhra Pradesh, 530028, Visakhapatnam, India.
  • Mysore Srinivas, Mr Pavan Research student. Prof. Guru Row's Lab, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, C.V. Raman Avenue, Bangalore,Karnataka,India- 560012.
  • NAGAPURI, Mr RAJU Research Scholar. Physics, Osmania University, Osmania University, Telangana, 500007, Hyderabad, India.
  • Nagaraj, Dr B Assistant professor, Dept. of Biotechnology. Department of Biotechnology, Shridevi Institute of Engineering & Technology, Sira Road, Karnataka, 572106, Tumkur, India.
  • Nagarajan, Ms Padmavathy DST Young Scientist. Materials Chemistry Division, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology University, -, Tamil Nadu, 632 014, Vellore, India.
  • Nair, Dr Deepak T. Principal Investigator. Biochemistry, Biophysics and Bioinformatics, National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bellary Road, Karnataka, 560065, Bangalore, India.
  • Nambiappan Thangavel, Dr Saraswathi Associate Professor. Dr.N.T.Saraswathi, Molecular Biophysics laboratory, #313, Anusandan Kendra, Sastra University', Thanjavur, TamilNadu, India - 613401.
  • Namila, Mr Kranthikumar student. Chemistry, c/o Prof. Ashwini Nangia, University of Hyderabad, Prof. C.R.Rao road, Gachibowli, Andhra Pradesh, 500046, Hyderabad, India.
  • Nandhagopal, Dr Narayanasamy Visiting faculty. Structural Biology, University of Madras, Chennai, Taminadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Nangia, Professor Ashwini Professor. Chemistry, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, MH, 411008, Pune, India.
  • Narasimha Rao, Dr G. V. Head, Structural & Chemaical Characterization. ARCI, Department of Science & Technology, Balapur PO, Andhra Pradesh, 500005, Hyderabad, India.
  • Narayana, Professor Dr B. Professor. Chemistry, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri, South India, 574 199, Mangalore, India.
  • Narayanagowda, Dr Lakshminarayana B. Assistant Professor. Physics, AIT, Chikmagalur, 577102, Karnataka, 577102, Chikmagalur, India.
  • Narayanan, Dr Ponmudisettu Assistant Professor. Department of Physics, RKM Vivekananda College (Autonomous), P.S.Sivasamy salai, Tamil Nadu, India, 600004, Chennai, India.
  • Natarajan, Ms Nalini PhD Student. Biological Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar, Chandkheda, Gujarat, 382010, Ahmedabad/ Gandhinagar, India.
  • Natarajan, Professor Dr S. Professor. Department of Physics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Palkalai Nagar, Tamilnadu, 625021, Madurai, India.
  • Natarajan, Dr Sampath Assistant Professor. School of Chemical and Biotechnology, SASTRA University, Assistant Professor, SASTRA University, Thirumalaisamudram, Tamil Nadu, 613401, Thanjavur, India.
  • Natarajan, Dr Srinivasa Professor, retired. 34, Old No.1 Second Main Road, Kottur Gardens, 600085, Chennai, India.
  • Nath, Ms Seema Graduate student. Crystallography & Molecular Biology Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF BidhanNagar, Salt Lake, West Bengal, 700064, Kolkata, India.
  • Nath Pati, Mr Narendra Ph. D. Scholar. Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, -, Gachibowli, 500046, Hyderabad, India.
  • Naveen, S. Scientist/Assistant Professor. Institution of Excellence, University of Mysore, -, -, -570006, Mysore, India.
  • Nayak, Dr Susanta Kumar Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, South Ambazari Road, Maharashtra, 440010, Nagpur, India.
  • Neelamegam, Mr Sivakumar Independent Consultant. -, -, Bengaluru, India.
  • Nettar, Dr Jagannatha Associate professor of Physics. Physics, Field Marshal K M Cariappa, College, Madikeri, Karnataka, 571201, Madikeri, India.
  • Nimat, Professor Rajesh Kashinath Lecturer. Physics, Balasaheb Desa College, Patan, -, Maharashtra India, 415 206, Patan, India.
  • Nivedha Devi, Ms S. Lecturer. Physics, Kamban college of arts and science for women, Mathur, Tamil Nadu, 606 601, Thiruvannamalai, India.
  • Nukathoti, Mr Sivaji Student. MBU, Prof. M. Vijayan Lab, IISC, -, Karnataka, 560012, Bengaluru, India.
  • Pal, Professor Debnath Scientist. Bioinformatics Centre, Indian Institute of Science, C.V. Raman Avenue, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Pal, Mr Hiranmay Researcher. Physics, Krishnagar Government College, -, Nadia, 70003, Krishnagar, India.
  • Pal, Dr Vijayeta Research Associate. 18-A, Indira Colony, Sarwat Road, Uttar Pradesh, 251001, Muzaffarnagar, India.
  • Palakshamurthy, Professor B.S. Assistant professor. PG studies and Research in physics, Tumkur University, BH Road, Karnataka, 572103, Tumkur, India.
  • Palani, Mr Elumalai Research Scholar. Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, North Campus, Delhi 110 007, India.
  • Palanisamy, Mrs Catherine Assistant Professor. Physics, Pachaiyappa's College, Vanniyer Mettu Street, Tamilnadu, 600056, Chennai, India.
  • Palepu, Mr Narasinga Rao Ph.D student. Chemistry, North Eastern Hill University, -, Meghalaya, 793022, Shillong, India.
  • Pallepogu, Raghavaiah Asst. Professor. Chemistry, Dr. Harisingh Gour University, Gour Nagar, Madhya Pradesh, 470003, Sagar, India.
  • Paloth, Professor Dr Venugopalan Professor. Chemistry Department, Panjab University, Sector 14, India, 160014, Chandigarh, India.
  • Panchanatheswaran, Professor Dr Krishnaswamy professor. Chemistry, Barathidasan University, Palkalai Perur, Tamil nadu, 620024, tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Panda, Dr Manas Scientist Fellow. Chemical Science and Technology Division (CSTD), National Institute for Interdisciplenery Science & Technology, 695019, Kerala, 695019, Trivandrum, India.
  • Pandey, Professor Dhananjai Professor. Sch. of Material Sci. and Techn., Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 221005, India.
  • Pandey, Ms Nisha Student. Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, Delhi, 110029, New Delhi, India.
  • Pandey, Mr Rishikesh Education. School of Materials Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology BHU, Varanasi-221005, Lanka, UP, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Pandey, Mr Shukdev Student. School of Materials Science and Technology, Banaras Hindu University, -, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Pandey, Ms Suman PhD sTUDENT. Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Maharashtra, 400076, Mumbai, India.
  • Pandey, Professor Sushil Kumar Professor. Chemistry, University Of Jammu, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, 180006, Jammu, India.
  • Pandiyan, Ms Sudha Damodaran Assistant professor. Physics, RMK Engineering College, Puduvoya, Tamil Nadu, 600071, Tiruvallur District, India.
  • Panicker, Dr C. Yohannan Lecturer selection grade. Physics, TKM College of Arts and Science, Karicode, Kerala, 691 005, Kollam, India.
  • Panini, Mr Piyush student. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of science Education and Research Bhopal, Govindpura, M.P., 462023, Bhopal, India.
  • Pant, Dr Arun Kumar reader. Physics Dept, Gorakhpur U., 273009, Gorakhpur, India.
  • Papu, Mr Prabu Palaniappan Assistant Professor. Physics, Periyar Maniammai University, Periyar Nagar, Tamil Nadu - India, 612901, Vallam, Thanjavur, India.
  • Paramasivam, Mr Sugumar Research Scholar. CAS in Crystallography & Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamilnadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Parasuraman, Dr Kumaresan P. Assistant Professor. Physics, Arignar Anna Government Arts College, College Road, Tamil Nadu, 604 407, Cheyyar, India.
  • Parmar, Dr Vijaykumar Professor. Pharmacy, Charotar University of Science and Technology, Changa, Gujarat, 388421, Anand, India.
  • Parthasarathi, Professor Dr V. Professor. Physics, Bharathidasan University, Palkalaiperur, Tamil Nadu, 620 024, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Parthasarathy, Dr S. professor. Dept of Crystallography and Biophysics, Guindy Campus, Madras University, Madras 600025, India.
  • Pasha, Dr Mohammed Aleem Teaching. Geology, Central University of Karnataka, Aland Road, Karnataka, 585367, Kadaganchi, Gulabarga, India.
  • Patel, Mr Akhilesh Kumar Student. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India, Department of Physics, IIT Bombay, Maharastra, 400076, Mumbai, India.
  • Patel, Dr Bharat D. Assistant Lecturer. Physics, N V Patel College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Near Post Office, Gujarat, 388120, Vallabh Vidyanagar, India.
  • Patel, Dr Rajan Prafulbhai Scientific Officer, Head, OCES P.I. Section, retired. HRD Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Maharashtra, 400 085, Mumbai, India.
  • Patel, Dr Tankadhar asst. professor, HOD Physics, retired. Physics, Regional Engineering College/NITRKL, -, Orissa, 769008, Rourkela, India.
  • Pathak, Dr Dinesh Postdoctoral Fellow. Physics, Guru Nanak Dev (GND) University, -, Punjab, 143005, Amritsar, India.
  • Pathak, Mr Harit student. Sardar Patel University, Iskon temple, 388120, V.v. Nagar, India.
  • Pathak, Dr Rajendra Prasad Scientist. Concrete Chemistry, Central Soil & Materials Research Station, Olof Palme Marg, Hauz Khas, Delhi, 110016, New Delhi, India.
  • Pathak, Mr Santanu Research Fellow. Physics Group, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhannagar, West Bengal, 700064, Kolkata, India.
  • Pathania, Dr Kamini Assistant Professor. Physics, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, University Campus, Jammu and Kashmir, 182320, Katra, India.
  • Pathinettam Padiyan, Professor D. Professor. Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti, Tamil Nadu, 627 012, Tirunelveli, India.
  • Patidar, Dr Dinesh Research Associate. Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan, Room No. 5 & 6, Vigyan Bhawan, Rajasthan, 302055, Jaipur, India.
  • Patil, Dr Parutagouda Shankaragouda Asst. Professor. Physics, K.L.E. Society's, K.L.E. Institute of Technology, Opp. to Airport, Gokul, Karnataka, 580030, Hubli, India.
  • Pattabhi, Professor Mrs Vasantha professor, retired (2004?). Dept of Crystallography and Biophysics, Univ. of Madras, Guindy Campus, Madras 600025, India.
  • Peddy, Dr Vishweshwar Senior Scientist. Formulations R&D, Aurigene Discovery Technologies Ltd., Miyapur, 500 049, Hyderabad, India.
  • Pedireddi, Professor V. R. Professor. School of Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar 751 013, India.
  • Periasamy, Mrs Rajalakshmi Student. Thiagarajar college of arts and science, Teppakkulam, India, 625005, Madurai, India.
  • Perumal, Mr Muthuraja Research Scholar. Chemistry, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, SRKV Post, Tamil Nadu, 641 020, Coimbatore, India.
  • Pokhriyal, Ms Preeti Student. Synchrotron Utilization Division, RRCAT, -, India, 452013, Indore, India.
  • Ponnuswamy, Professor M.N. CSIR Emeritus Scientist, former Professor. Department of Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamilnadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Ponraj, Ms Joice Sophia Researcher-Student. Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University Chennai, Guindy Campus, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Poria, Professor Dr Kishorkumar Chhaganlal Professor. Physics, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Udhna Magdalla Road, Gujarat, 395007, Surat, India.
  • Porob, Dr Digamber Research Scientist. MRL, Pioneer, GE-ITC (JFWTC), Plot #122, EPIP Phase 2, Whitefield Road, Karnataka, 560066, Bangalore, India.
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  • Prabakar, Mr Christy A. Process Chemist. Research and Development, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Bachupally, Andhra Pradesh, 500072, Qutubullabur,R.R.Dist., India.
  • Prabhu, Miss Shobha Assistant Prafessor. Shobha R Prabhu, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physics, NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte, Karkala Taluk, Udupi District, Karnataka, India. PIN:574110.
  • Prabhuswamy, Dr Mallappa Asst. Professor. Physical Science Education, JSS Institute of Education, P. B. No. 26, Karnataka, 573 134, Sakaleshpur, India.
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  • Pradhan, Professor Swapan Kumar Professor. Department of Physics, The University of Burdwan, Golapbag, West Bengal, 713104, Burdwan, India.
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  • Prasad, Dr B.V.L.S. CTO. Biotechnology, Helix Genomics Pvt. Ltd, 12-13-114,Street #-3, Tarnaka, AndhraPradesh, 500017, Hyderabad, India.
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  • Prasad, Professor Jagdish Teaching & Research. Chemistry, University of Allahabad,Allahabad, Colonelganj, Uttar Pradesh, India, 211 002, Allahabad, India.
  • Prasad, Professor Dr Satya M. Professor of Physics (Retired). 601 Daisy, Nyati Meadows, Pune, 411014, Wadgaon Sheri, India.
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  • Prassannakumar, Mr J.K. Assistant professor. Chemistry, Bapuji Institute of Engineering and Technology (BIET), Shamanur Road, Karnataka, 577004, Davangere, India.
  • Pratap, Dr J. Venkatesh Scientist. Molecular and Structural Biology Division, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow- 226001, U.P., India.
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  • Purushothaman, Ms Gayathri Student. Biological Engineering, IIT GN, Chandkedha, Gujarat, 382424, Ahmedabad, India.
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  • Radhakrishnan, Mr Anbarasan Research Scholar. Physics, Periyar University, Periyar Palkalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, 636011, Salem, India.
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  • Rajavaram, Mr Ramaraghavulu Research Scholar. Physics, SV University, Tirupati, 517502, Tirupati, India.
  • Rajendra Babu, Professor Krishnan Nair Professor. Physics, Heera College of Engineering & Technology, Panavoor, Nedumangadu, Kerala, 695568, Thiruvananthapuram, India.
  • Rajput, Miss Gunjan Senior Research Fellow. Chemistry, Banaras Hindu University, -, Uttar pradesh/India, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Rajput, Dr Lalitkumar Student. C/o Prof. Gautam R. Desiraju, Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
  • Rajwade, Dr Ram Prakas research fellow. Applied Science (Chemistry), ITM University, -, Chattisgarh, -, Raipur, India.
  • Ram, Dr Thaimattam postdoctoral fellow. Molecular Modeling and Drug Design, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd, Bollaram Road, Hyderabad, 500 049, Miyapur, India.
  • Ram, Mr Venkatesh B. Student. Nanoscience and Technology, Anna University Tiruchirappalli, BIT Campus, Tamil Nadu, 620024, Trichy, India.
  • Ramachandraiah, Dr Gosu Group Leader. Jubilant Biosys Ltd, -, -, Bengaluru, India.
  • Ramachandran, Dr Ravishankar Associate Professor (AcSIR) & Principal Scientist. Molecular and Structural Biology Division, Central Drug Research Institute, P.O box 173, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Uttar Pradesh, 226001, Lucknow, India.
  • Ramadoss, Ms Radhika Doctoral student. Physics, Crystal growth center, Anna university, Sarder Patel Road, Tamilnadu, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • Ramakrishnan, Professor Chandrasekharan professor emeritus. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.
  • Ramakumar, Professor Suryanarayana Rao Professor, retired. Physics Dept and Convenor, Bioinformatics Distributed Information Centre, Indian Institute of Science, -, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Raman, Dr R. Ganapathi Assistant Professor. Physics, Annamalai University, -, Tamil Nadu, 608002, Chidamabram, India.
  • Ramanadham, Dr Muthyala Outstanding Scientist (Retired). Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, -, 400085, Bombay, India.
  • Ramanan, Dr Arunachalam Professor. Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology New Delhi, Hauz Khas, Delhi, 110016, New Delhi, India.
  • Ramaswamy, Professor S. Senior Professor. TAS, Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, NCBS Campus, GKVK POST, -, 560065, Bangalore, India.
  • Ramkumar, Mr Venkatachalam Technical officer. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, IIT Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600036, Chennai, India.
  • Ranganath, Professor Gobbalipur Shamanna Professor, retired from RRI 2006. visiting professor, Centre for Soft Matter Research, -, -, Bangalore, India.
  • Ranganathan, Mr Sathishkumar scientific officer. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, C V Raman Avenue, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Rao, Professor Palle Rama director. Defence Metallurgical Res.Lab., -, Hyderabad, India.
  • Rashmi, Dr Scientist. Dr.Rashmi, Scientist, Crystal Growth and Crystallography, National Physical Laboratory, Dr.K.S.Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110 012, India.
  • Rastogi, Ms Nilisha PhD student. Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari nagar, Delhi, 110029, New Delhi, India.
  • Rathore, Professor Dr Ravindranath Singh Professor and Dean. School of Earth, Biological and Environmental Sciences, Central University of South Bihar, Gaya, BIT Campus, Bihar, 800014, Patna, India.
  • Raut, Mr Manish D. Research Scholar. Organic Chemistry, National Chemical Laboratory, Pashan Road, 411008, Pune, India.
  • Rautaray, Dr Debabrata Senior Scientist. Advance Materials & Green Chemistry Division, Tata Chemicals Limited, -, -, Pune, India.
  • Raval, Ms Pooja Y. Research Scholar. Physics, Saurashtra University, 363005, 363005, Rajkot, India.
  • Ravat, Mr Prince S. Junior Research fellow. Organic Chemistry, National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. homo Bhabha road, Maharashtra, 391310, Pune, India.
  • Ravichandran, Dr Sankaranarayanan Assistant Director. Structural Biology, Jubilant Biosys, -, -, Bangalore, India.
  • Ravikumar, Dr Krishnan Scientist. Laboratory of X-ray Crystallography (Room No.150), Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Uppal Road, Andhra Pradesh, 500 007, Hyderabad, India.
  • Ravishankar, Dr Ramachandran Group leader ( Scientist E- II ). Division of Molecular and Structural Biology, Xray Lab, Central Drug Research Institute, BS-10/1, Sector-10 Jankipuram Extension, -, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • RaviShankar, Professor Serumadar Assistant Professor. Physics, AVVM Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Tamil Nadu, 613001, Thanjavur, India.
  • Ray, Dr Debes PhD Student. Solid State Physics Division (SSPD), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Room No. 44, CIRUS, Maharashtra, 400085, Trombay, Mumbai, India.
  • Ray, Professor Siddhartha Professor (retd.). Prof. Siddhartha Ray, Dept. of S.S.P, IACS, Jadavpur, Kolkata-32.
  • Reddy, Dr Chilla Malla Associate Professor. Department of Chemical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata, BCKV Campus, Mohanpur, West Bengal, 741246, Nadia District, India.
  • Reddy, Mr G. Laxmi Narasimha Scientist. National Centre for Compositional Characterization of Materials, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, -, 500062, Hyderabad, India.
  • Reddy, Mr Ganta Madhusudan chemist. Research & Development, Dr Reddys Laboratories, jinnaram, Andhra Pradesh, 502325, Hyderabad, India.
  • Rehman, Dr Asma Senior Scientist. previously, AIIMS, -, New Delhi, 110029, Ansari Nagar, India.
  • Robert, Mr Swinton Darious Research Scholar. Chemistry, Bharathidasan University, -, Tamil Nadu, 620024, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Rout, Miss Annapurna Scientific Officer. Chemistry, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), -, Tamil Nadu, 603102, Kalpakkam, India.
  • Roy, Mr Sanjit Kumar Geologist. ONGC, -, -, Tripura, India.
  • Roy, Dr Siddhartha Senior Scientist. Structural Biology & Bio-Informatics Division, CSIR Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, West Bengal, 700 032, Kolkata, India.
  • Roychoudhury, Dr Angshuman Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali, Sector 81, S. A. S. Nagar. Manauli PO, Mohali, Punjab, 140306, Mohali, India.
  • Roychowdhury, Dr Priyobroto Professor, retired. Physics Dept, Calcutta Univ., Calcutta 700009, India.
  • Runthala, Mr Ashish Lecturer. BITS Pilani, 333031, Rajasthan, 333031, Pilani, India.
  • Sadale, Mr Shivaji Babaso JRF. Physics, Shivaji Univeristy,Kolhapur, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, 416004, Kolhapur, India.
  • Sagdeo, Dr Pankaj Professor. Dr. P.R. Sagdeo, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, IET Campus Khandwa Road, Indore-452017.
  • Saha, Dr Binoy Krishna Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Puducherry, 605 014, Puducherry, India.
  • Saha, Mr Sabyasachi Govt Servant, Govt of India. Electron Microscopy Group, DMRL, DRDO, Kanchanbagh, Telangana, 500058, Hyderabad, India.
  • Saha, Dr Surajit Assistant Professor. IISER Bhopal, Bhopal Bypass Road, Bhauri, Madhya Pradesh, 462 066, Bhopal, India.
  • Sahoo, Miss Aditi Research Scholar. Nano-Structured Materials Division, CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute, 194, Raja S.C.Mullick Street, West Bengal, 700032, Jadavpur, India.
  • Sahoo, Ms Shradhanjali Junior Research Scholar. Materials Science Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, -, 603102, Chennai, India.
  • Sahu, Mr Rakesh Kumar Research Scholar. School of Physics, Jyoti Vihar, Odisha, 768019, Burla, Sambalpur, India.
  • Sahu, Dr Ram Gopal University Professor (retd.). Dept of Physics, GALC, -, 822102, Daltonganj, India.
  • Sahu, Miss Truptimayee Research scholar. School of Physics, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Odisha, 768019, Sambalpur, India.
  • Saikia, Dr Binoy Kumar Quality Control Officer. Quality Control Laboratory, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., Haldia Refinery, Haldia, West Bengal, 721606, Purba-Medinipur, India.
  • Salunke, Professor Dinakar M. Executive Director. Regional Centre for Biotechnology, 180 Udyog Vihar Phase I, 122 016, Gurgaon, NCR Delhi, India.
  • Samanta, Chitra res. scholar. Antaranga Apartment, First Floor, Flat -2, 106(12/1) Purbachal Main Road, 700078, Kolkata, India.
  • Samshuddin, Dr S. Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Manglore University, Mangalagangothri, Karnataka, 574199, Mangalore, India.
  • Samudrala, Dr Gourinath Assistant Professor. School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Baba Ganga Nath Marg, India, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Samuel, Dr Ebenezer Post Doctoral Fellow. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, 203, MBU, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Samuel, Dr Israel Assistant Professor in Physics. Physics, The American College, Goripalyam, Tamil Nadu, 625 002, Madurai, India.
  • Samuel, Professor Valsamma M. Teacher and Researcher. Physics, Catholicate College, Basil Hills, Makkankunnu PO, Kerala, 689645, Pathanamthitta, India.
  • Sangvikar, Mr Yogesh Senior Manager. Mylan Laboratories Limited, -, --, -, Hyderabad, India.
  • Sanjayan, Dr J. Scientist. Division of Organic Synthesis, National Chemical Laboratory, Pashan Road, Maharashtra, 411 008, Pune, India.
  • Sanjeeviraja, Professor C. Professor & Head. Physics, Alagappa University, -, 630003, Karaikudi, India.
  • Sankar, Mr T. Research Scholar. CAS in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Sankaranarayanan, Dr Rajan Group leader, Structural Biology Laboratory. Structural Biology, Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Telangana, 500 007, Hyderabad, India.
  • Sankaranarayanan, Dr Ramasamy Research Associate. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, -, Karnataka, 560 012, Bangalore, India.
  • Sanotra, Mr Sumit A. Research associate. Chemistry, University of Jammu, -, India, 80006, Jammu, India.
  • Sanphui, Dr Palash Postdoc student. Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, C/O Prof. Gautam R. Desiraju, Indian Institute of Science, Karnataka, India, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Sanyal, Professor Dr Milan Kumar Senior Professor and former Director, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics. Surface Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF BidhanNagar (SaltLake), West Bengal, 700064, Kolkata, India.
  • Saraswat, Dr Vibhav Kumar Teaching & Resaerch. Physics, Banasthali University, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan, 304022, Newai, Tonk, India.
  • Saravanan, Mr Rajamanikam R. Asst. Professor. Humanities and Science, Gojan School of Business & Technology, Edapalayam, Redhills, 601 052, Chennai, India.
  • Saravanan, Dr Ramachandran Associate Professor & Head. Research Centre & PG Department of Physics, The Madura College, TPK Road, Tamil Nadu, 625 011, Madurai, India.
  • Sarkar, Mr Apu Scientific Officer. Mechanical Metallurgy Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, ---, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Sarkar, Mr Koushik Senior Research Fellow. Department of Organic Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, 2A & 2B RSC Mullick Road, West Bengal, 700032, Kolkata, India.
  • Sarkar, Mr Sounak Integrated Ph.D Student. Solid State And Structural Chemistry Unit, S.S.C.U, CV Raman Rd, Mathikere, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Sarkarai, Mr Venkadesh Research Scholar. CAS in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • Sarma, Dr Jagarlapudi A. R. P. Head, Drug Discovery, Informatics, bioCampus. bioCampus, gvk bioSciences Inc., #210, 'My Home Tycoon', 6-3-1192, Begumpet, Andhra Pradesh, 500 016, Hyderabad, India.
  • Sarma, Dr Sidananda Service. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Guwhati, IIT Guwahati, Assam, 781039, Guwahati, India.
  • Sarode, Professor Prabhakar R. retired. Physics, Goa University, GMC Nio Road, Goa, 403 206, Taleigao Plateau, India.
  • Sasmal, Mr Abhishek Ph.D Student. Sensor and Actuator Division, CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, West Bengal, 700032, Kolkata, India.
  • Sastry, Professor G. V. S. Professor. Metallurgical Engineering, Banaras Hindu University, -, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Sastry, Dr Pulaya Umamaheshwara scientific officer. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, -, 400085, Bombay, India.
  • Savarimuthu, Dr Franklin Teaching. PG & Research Department of Physics, Bishop Heber College (Autonomous), Vayalur Road, Tamilnadu, 620017, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Sawant, Mrs Ulka Scientific Assistant. Varma Lab, Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Sector 22, Kharghar, District- Raigad, Maharashtra, 410210, Kharghar, Navi mumbai, India.
  • Seal, Dr Alpana Associate Professor of Biophysics. Biochemistry & Biophysics, University of Kalyani, -, West Bengal, -, Kalyani, India.
  • Seal, Professor Arun Kumar Principal, retired. Bengal Engineering College, -, 711103, Howrah, India.
  • Sekar, Dr Kanagaraj Principal Research Scientist. Bioinformatics Centre, Supercomputer Education & Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, -, Karnataka, 560 012, Bangalore, India.
  • Selladurai, Dr Subramanian Assistant Professor. Solid State Ionics Lab., Physics, MIT Campus, Anna University, Chrompet, Tamil Nadu, 600 044, Chennai-44, India.
  • Selvakumar, Dr Paulraj Mosae Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry, Karunya University, -, Tamil Nadu, 627415, Coimbatore, India.
  • Selvanayagam, Dr S. Senior Lecturer. Department of Physics, Kalasalingam University, Anand Nagar, Tamil Nadu, 626 126, Krishnan Koil, India.
  • Selvaraj, Dr Kaliaperumal Senior scientist. Catalysis Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Maharashtra, 411 008, Pune, India.
  • Sen, Mr Arijit CSIR(NET) Senior Research Fellow. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Maharashtra, 400085, Mumbai, India.
  • Sen, Dr Suchitra Scientist EII; Head, SEM-ESCA Section; Quality Manager for Testing of Calibration Activities of the Institute. Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Calcutta, 700032, India.
  • Sen, Professor Udayaditya Research. Crystallography and Molecular Biology Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, West bengal, 700064, Calcutta, India.
  • Senthil, Mr Senthilkumar Chandran Research Scholar. Physics, Sri Sivasubramaniya Nadar College of Engineering (SSN), Kalavakkam, Tamil Nadu, 603110, Chennai, India.
  • Sequeira, Dr Anisbert S. Head (retired). Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, 400085, Bombay, India.
  • Sethuram, Dr Mylswami Assistant professor. Chemistry, VSB Engineering College, NH67, Kovai Road, Karudayaam palayam, Tamil Nadu/India, 639111, Karur, India.
  • Sethusankar, Dr Krishnan Reader. Physics Department, RKM Vivekananda College, Mylapore, Tamil nadu, 600 004, Chennai, India.
  • Shah, Dr Deepak Kumar Assistant Professor (ad hoc). Pure and Applied Physics, GG Vishwavidyalaya, -, -, Bilaspur, India.
  • Shahee, Mr Aga Ph.D. Research Scholar. UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research-Indore, Govt, Bhawar Kuwa Road, Madhya Pradesh, 452001, Indore, India.
  • Shaikh, Dr Akhtar Mehboob Scientific Officer. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Maharashtra, 400 085, Mumbai, India.
  • Shaikh, Professor Mobin Research and Teaching. Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Indore, M Block, DAVV-IET Campus, Khandwa Road, Madhya Pradesh, 452017, Indore, India.
  • Shamim, Mr Md Kashif PhD Student. Physics, c/o Dr Seema Sharma, Materials Research, A.N College, Boring Road, Bihar, 800013, Patna, India.
  • Shanbhag, Mrs Vijaya V. Assistant Professor. Physics, G.F.G.C Vijayanagara, Netravati Road, Karnataka, 560072, Bangalore, India.
  • Sharma, Dr Amit Scientist. International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Aruna Asaf Ali Road, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Sharma, Mr Deepak Student. Physics, National Institute Of Technology Silchar (NIT Silchar), Cachar, P.O.NIT Silchar, Assam, 788010, Silchar, India.
  • Sharma, Mr Himanshu Research Scholar. Biotechnology, IIT Guwahati, -, Assam, 781039, Guwahati, India.
  • Sharma, Mr Kedar Research Scholar. Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahti, North Guwahati, Assam, 781039, Guwahti, India.
  • Sharma, Dr Mukesh K. Senior Scientific Officer. Physics Division, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Nehru Nagar, Rajasthan, 302016, Jaipur, India.
  • Sharma, Dr Ramnik Scientist. Chemical Research, Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd, Polt No. 20, Sec 18, Udyog Vihar, Haryana, 122001, Gurgaon, India.
  • Sharma, Mr Saurabh Kumar Research Scholar. Materials Science, Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asafali Road, Delhi, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Sharma, Dr Shiv Teaching. Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Amity University Haryana, Panchgaon, 122413, Manesar, India.
  • Sharma, Mr Sivakumar N. Research Scholar. Department of Physics, Presidency College, -, Tamil Nadu, 600 005, chennai, India.
  • Sharma, Professor Sujata Professor. Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, 110029, New Delhi, India.
  • Sharma, Ms Vaishali PhD Student. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, CV Raman Road, Karnataka, 560012, Bengaluru, India.
  • Shaz, Dr Mohammad Abu Associate Professor. Physics, Banaras Hindu University, BHU, U.P., 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Sheikh, Professor Haq Nawaz Professor in University of Jammu. Chemistry, University of Jammu, Baba Sahib Ambedkar Road, Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir, 181152, Jammu, India.
  • Shetty, Dr Kartika Research. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, C.V. Raman Avenue, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Shetty, Mr T. Chandra Shekhara Head of the Department (St Aloysius College). Physics, St Aloysius College Mangalore, PO No.720, Karnataka, 575003, Mangalore, India.
  • Shinde, Mrs Neelam Lecturer. Physics, D.B.J. College, Chiplun, -, Maharashtra, 415605, Chiplun, India.
  • Shivakumara, Dr Chikkadasappa Principal Research Scientist. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Instutute of Science, Malleswaram, Karnataka, -, Bangalore, India.
  • Shivaprakash, Dr N. C. Scientist. Department of Instrumentation, Indian Institute of Science, Malleswaram, Karnataka, 560 012, Bangalore, India.
  • Siddiqi, Professor Zafar Ahmad Professor. Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Anoopshahar Road, Uttar Pradesh, 202002, Aligarh, India.
  • Siddique, Mr Kibriya Research Scholar. Instrumentation & USIC, Gauhati University, Gopinath Bordoloi Nagar, Assam, 781014, Guwahati, India.
  • Siddiqui, Dr Kafeel Ahmad Assistant Professor. Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Raipur, G.E. Road, Chhatisgarh, 492010, Raipur, India.
  • Siddiqui, Mr Mohd Quadir Student. Varma Lab, Tata Memorial Centre-ACTREC, Sector 22 Kharghar Distt Raigad, Maharashtra, 410210, Navi-mumbai, India.
  • Sikka, Dr Satinder Kumar DAE-Homi-Bhabha Chair Professor, retired. Previously at:, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, -, 400085, Bombay, India.
  • Singh, Dr Anil Kumar Professor emeritus. Materials Sci. Div., National Aeronautical Laboratory, -, 560017, Bangalore, India.
  • Singh, Mr Appu Kumar Student. Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, 650 West, New York 10032, 169th street, NY, 10032, New York, India.
  • Singh, Dr Bhanu Pratap scient., retired. High-Pressure Techn. Div., Nat. Physical Lab., -, 110012, New Delhi, India.
  • Singh, Mr Budhendra Kumar Senior Research Fellow. Department of Physics & Astrophysic, University of Delhi, Crystal Lab, Room No. 26, Delhi, 110007, Delhi, India.
  • Singh, Dr Devinder Assistant Professor (INSPIRE Faculty). Physics, Panjab University, Sector-14, 160014, Chandigarh, India.
  • Singh, Dr Dharam Pal retired. DA-474 SFS, Sheesh Mahal Apartment, (Near Max Hospital), Shalimar Bagh, 110 088, Delhi, India.
  • Singh, Dr Gurvinderjit Scientific Officer. Laser Materials Development & Devices Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, P.O. CAT, Madhya Pradesh, 452 013, Indore, India.
  • Singh, Mr Inderjeet Ph,D.student. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, Kharagpur, India.
  • Singh, Mr Manoj Kumar scientist. LMD, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, -, MP, 452013, Indore, India.
  • Singh, Dr Nagendra Assistant Professor. School of Biotechnology, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, India, 201308, Greater Noida, India.
  • Singh, Mr Satya Veer Student. Material Science and Technology, IIT Banaras Hindu University, -, Utter Pradesh, 221005, Varansi, India.
  • Singh, Dr Surendra Researcher. Solid State Physics Division, Bhbha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, 400 085, Mumbai - 400085, India.
  • Singh, Professor TP Distinguished Biotechnology Research Professor. Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, 110029, New Delhi, India.
  • Sivakolunthu, Mr Senthan Assistant Professor. Chemistry, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, 608 002, Chidambaram, India.
  • Sivakumar, Dr Kandasamy Professor. Department of Physics, Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Tamil Nadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Sivaraman, Dr Jagadeesan Postdoctoral researcher. Chemistry, Srimad Andavan Arts and Science College (affil. Bharathidasan University), Palkalaiperur, Tamil Nadu, 620 024, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Sivavishnu, Mr D. Researcher scholar. Physics, Government Arts College, Chengam Road, Tamil Nadu, 606603, Tiruvannamalai, India.
  • S Kumar, Professor Dr Gobburu Professor of Physics. Physics, Osmania University, Osmania University, AP, 500007, Hyderabad, India.
  • Solanki, Mr Vipul Research fellow. GNR Protein center, IMTECH, Sector 39a, India, 160036, Chandigarh, India.
  • Somashekar, Professor Dr Rudappa Professor, retired 2015. Physics, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Karnataka, 570 006, Mysore, India.
  • Soni, Dr Ajay Senior Research Fellow. School of Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Academic Block, 2nd floor, Himachal Pradesh, 175001, Mandi, India.
  • Sornadurai, Dr Dharmadoss Scientific Officer. Materials Science Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India, 603 102, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Sribala, Mrs Rajendran Assistant Professor. Physics, Thiagarajar College, 139-140 Kamarajar Salai, Tamilnadu, 625009, Madurai, India.
  • Sridhar, Professor Dr Mandayam Anandalwar Teaching. Dept. of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Karnataka, 570006, Mysore, India.
  • Srinivas, Dr Venu Student. Chemistry (Prof. K. C. Kumara Swamy lab), University of Hyderabad, C. R. Rao Road, Andhra Pradesh, 500046, Hyderabad, India.
  • Srinivasa Kannan, Dr Lakshmi Reader. Physics, SDNB Vaishnav College for Women, College Road, Tamil Nadu, 600044, Chromepet, India.
  • Srinivasan, Dr Lakshmi Teacher. DOS in Physics, Univ. of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Karnataka, 570009, Mysore, India.
  • Srinivasan, Professor Narayanaswamy Research. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Science, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Srinivasan, Dr Navaneethakrishnan Lecturer in Physics. Physics, Thiagarajar College, 117 Kamaraj Salai, Tamil Nadu, 625 009, Madurai, India.
  • Srinivasan, Dr Sampath scientific officer (retired). Jains Ashraya,Bl-1(TA), Vembuliamman Koil Street, Chennai, 600078, K.K.Nagar(West), India.
  • Srirengan, Miss Sakthy Priya Research Scholar. Physics, Periyar EVR College, Khajamalai Colony, Tamil Nadu, 620023, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Srivastava, Dr Krishna Teaching & Research. Dr.(Mrs.)Krishna Srivastava, Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad0-211 002(U.P.), India.
  • Subadra, Ms Rajeswari Assistant Professor. Chemistry, SRM University, -, Tamil Nadu, -, Chennai, India.
  • Subbiah Pandi, Dr Arunachala Thevar Professor. Physics, Presidency College, Kamarajar salai, Tamilnadu, 600 005, Chennai, India.
  • Subramanian, Dr Karthikeyan Scientist. Department of Protein Science and Engineering, Institute of Microbial Technology, Sector 39-A, UT-Chandigarh, 160036, Chandigarh, India.
  • Subramanian, Dr Kulandavelu Professor. Physics, Anna University, Tamil Nadu, 600 025, Chennai, India.
  • Sudha, Dr Lakshmanan Assistant Professor. Physics, SRM University, Bharati Salai, Tamil Nadu, 600 089, Chennai, India.
  • Sugadev, Mr Ragumani Research scholar. Bioinformatics, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, 110054, New Delhi, India.
  • Suguna, Professor K. senior scientific officer. MBU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.
  • Suja, Elizabeth Chief Research Scientist. Physics, IIS Bangalore, -, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Sundar, Dr Jeyaperumal Kalyana Assistant Professor. Physics, Periyar University, -, Tamil Nadu, 636 011, Salem, India.
  • Sundaram, Dr Nalini G. Scientist. Material Science, Poorna Prajna Institute of Scientific Research, No.4 16th Cross,Sadashivnagar, Karnataka, 560080, Bangalore, India.
  • Sundarrajan, Mr Balachandar Student. PG and Research Department of Chemistry, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts and Science, Periyanaickenpalayam Post, Tamil Nadu, 641020, Coimbatore, India.
  • Sunder, Mr Avinash PhD student. Biochemical Sciences, National Chemical Laboratory, Pashan road, 411008, Pune, India.
  • Sunil, Dr Seetha Lekshmi Researcher. Material Science and Technology Division, CSIR-National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, -, 695 019, Trivandrum, India.
  • Suresh, Dr C. G. scientist. Dr. C. G. Suresh, Division of Biochemical Sciences, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune - 411008, Maharashtra State, India.
  • Suresh, Dr Eringathodi Principal Scientist. Discipline of Analtyical Sciences and Instruments Facility, Central Salt and marine Chemicals Research Institute, G.B.Marg, Gujarat, India, 364 002, Bahvnagar, India.
  • Suresh, Dr J. Lecturer. 34, 4th Main Road, Ponmeni Jai Nagar, Bye-pass Road, Madurai - 625 010. T.N. India.
  • Suresh, Dr Janakiraman Associate Professor. Physics, The Madura College (Automous), Vidya Nagar, T.P.K. Road, Tamil Nadu, 625011, Madurai, India.
  • Suresh, Professor Kattera Appanna Retired Prof at RRI, now Scientist of Eminence at the Centre for Soft Matter Research, Bangalore. Liquid Crystals Lab., Raman Res. Inst., -, 560006, Bangalore, India.
  • Suresh, Dr Shalini Professor. Department of Chemistry, SSMRV Degree College, 4th T Block,Jayanagar, Karnataka, 560041, Bangalore, India.
  • Suri, Mr D. K. scient.. X-ray Section, Material Characterization Div., Nat. Physical Lab., New Delhi 110012, India.
  • Swain, Mr Pravat Kumar Research Associate. Pravat K Swain, C/o-Prof. L.M.Das, Room No.410, CES, IIT Delhi, Hauz Khas, NeW Delhi-110 016, India.
  • Swaminathan, Dr Murugavel Assistant Professor. Physics, Thanthai Periyar Government Institute of Technology, Bagayam, -, 632002, Vellore, India.
  • Swamy, Ms Rajni Asst. Professor of Physics. Physics, Thiagarajar College, 139-140, Kamarajar Salai, Tamilnadu, India, 625 009, Madurai, India.
  • Tadisetti, Mr Durga Rao Research scholar. Physics, IIT Hyderabad, 502205, Telangana, 502205, Hyderabad, India.
  • Taneja, Dr Bhupesh Scientist. Structural Biology Unit, Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR), Mall Road, Delhi, 110007, Delhi, India.
  • Tank, Mr Tejas Research Scholar. Physics, ECMP Laboratory, Barkatullah University, -, Madhya Pradesh, 462026, Bhopal, India.
  • Taterao, Mr Murthy scientist. Bioinformatics (D-210, NHC), IISc, CV Raman Avenue, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Tewari, Dr Ashish K. Teaching. Chemistry, Banaras Hindu UNiversity, Institute of Science, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Thakral, Miss Vaishali Research Scholar. Chemistry (c/o Dr. S. Uma), Delhi University, 110007, Delhi, 110007, New Delhi, India.
  • Thakur, Dr Krishan Scientist. Structural Biology Lab, G.N. Ramachandran Protein Centre, CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology, Sector 39A, 160036, Chandigarh, India.
  • Thakur, Dr Tejender Singh Scientist. Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, B.S. 10/1, Sector-10, Jankipuram Extension, Sitapur Road, India, 226031, Lucknow, India.
  • Thamotharan, Dr S. (Subbiah) Assistant Professor. School Of Chemical And Biotechnology, SASTRA University, -, Tamil Nadu, 613 401, THANJAVUR, India.
  • Thangavelu, Mr Karthik Research Scholar. Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, IIT Hyderabad, ODF Campus, Telangana, 502205, Hyderabad, India.
  • Theivasanthi, Mrs Thirugnanasambandan Physics Lecturer. Physics, PACR Polytechnic College, PSK Nagar, Tamilnadu, 626108, Rajapalayam, India.
  • Thipparaboina, Dr Rajesh Scientist. Centre For Excellence in Polymorphism and Particle Engineering, Dr. Reddys Laboratories, Survey No 42, 45, 46 & 54, Bachupally, Telangana, 500090, Qutubullapur, India.
  • Thirugnanasambandam, Mr Arunachalam Research scholar. Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Thirumoorthi, Dr Ramalingam Assistant Professor. thirumoorthi@curaj.ac.in.
  • Thirupathi, Mr Kishore Kumar Research Scholar. Physics, Presidency College, Kamaraj road, Tamil Nadu, 600005, Chennai, India.
  • Thiruvalluvar, Professor Dr Aravazhi Amalan Principal. Kunthavai Naacchiyaar Government Arts College for Women (Autonomous), N. S. C. Bose Nagar, Arulananda Nagar West Extension, Tamil Nadu, 613 007, Thanjavur, India.
  • Thottoli, Mr Abdul Kareem Researcher. Department of physics, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, GN Mills po, 641029, coimbatore, India.
  • Tittal, Dr Ram Kumar Assistant Professor. Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra, NIT Campus, Haryana, 136119, Kurukshetra, India.
  • Tiwari, Miss Priyanka Student. School of Materials Science & Tech., IIT(BHU), Lanka, U.P., 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Tiwari, Professor Dr Rajendra Kumar Service. Dept. of Physics, Jiwaji University, Vidya Vihar, Madhya Pradesh, 474011, Gwalior, India.
  • Tiwari, Dr Vidya Sagar Assistant Professor. Laser Materials Division, Centre for Advanced Technology, P.O. CAT, Madhya Pradesh, 452 013, Indore, India.
  • Trivedi, Dr Darshak R. Assistant Professor. Department Of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Karnataka NITK, Surathkal, Karnataka, 575025, Mangalore, India.
  • Tyagi, Dr Rajiv Senior Scientist. Structural Biology, Jubilant Biosys Limited, #96, Industrial Suburb, II Stage, Karnataka, 560022, Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore, India.
  • Usha, Dr Govindasamy Assistant Professor. Physics, Queen Mary's College(A), Saidapet/600015, Tamil Nadu, 600015, Chennai-4, India.
  • Vaddepally, Mr Ajay Kumar Lecturer. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies-Basar, Basar, Mudhole, Telangana, 504107, Adilabad, India.
  • Valiyaparambil, Mr Abhilash Joseph Research scholar. Biotechnology and Microbiology, Kannur University, Thalassery campus, Palayad P.O, Kerala, 670661, Kannur, India.
  • Varadarajan, Dr Raghavan Principal Inverstigator. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, MBU, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Varghese, Dr George Teaching/Research. Physics, Calicut University, -, Kerala, 673635, Tagore Nikethan, India.
  • Varikuti, Mr Purna Chandra Rao research scholar. Chemistry, Research institute, Chavidimukku, Kerala, 695016, Thiruvananthapuram, India.
  • Varma, Dr Ashok K. Scientist. Tata Memorial Centre, Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Sector-22, MH, 410210, Kharghar, Navi-Mumbai, India.
  • Varughese, Dr Sunil Scientist. Chemical Science and Technology Division, National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (CSIR-NIIST), Industrial Estate, Pappanamcode, Kerala, 695 019, Trivandrum, India.
  • Vashisht, Mr Sharad Phd student. Structural Biology Unit, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, Delhi, 110067, New Delhi, India.
  • Vasu, Professor Sriranga lecturer. physics, Vivekananda degree college, bhadrappa estate kamakshipalya Bangalore-560079, India, 560079, Bangalore-560079, India.
  • Vasudevan, Dr Dileep Faculty Scientist. Laboratory of Macromolecular Crystallography, Institute of Life Sciences, Chandrasekharpur, Orissa, 751 023, Bhubaneswar, India.
  • Velmurugan, Dr Devadasan Professor and Head of Biophysics. Department of Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, 600025, Madras, India.
  • Vembu, Dr Nagarajan Reader. Chemistry, Urumu Dhanalakshmi College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, 620019, Tiruchirappalli, India.
  • Venkatachalam, Dr Rajakannan V. Assistant Professor. Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Venkataraman, Dr Ravichandran Professor. Materials Science Center, Dept of Nuclear Physics, Guindy Campus, University of Madras, Chennai 600 025, India.
  • Venkatesan, Dr Kailash/Kailasam INSA - senior scientist. Dept of Organic Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.
  • Vennila, Mrs Jasmine P. Lecturer. Physics, Panimalar Institute of Technology, I Cross Pillaiyar Koil Street, Tamil Nadu, 600089, Ramapuram, Chennai, India.
  • Venudhar, Professor Yarram Chetty Principal / Director. Princeton College of Engineering & Technology, Ghatkesar Manadl Ranga Reddy, Telangana, 501301, Ankushapur, India.
  • Verma, Mr Ajay Senior Research Fellow. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Bhopal, Bhauri, India, 462066, Bhopal, India.
  • Verma, Mr Narendra Student. School of Materials Science and Technology (SMST), IIT Banaras Hindu University, -, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Verma, Mr Vishwnath Student. Physics, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Sayajigunj, Gujarat, 390002, Vadodara, India.
  • Vijayakumar, Mr Balakrishnan Research Scholar. CAS in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy campus, Tamil Nadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Vijayakumar, Dr Viswanathan Scientist, retired. HPPD, BARC, B-111, Saivihar, Sector 15, Maharastra, 400614, NAVI-Mumbai, India.
  • Vijayan, Dr Kalyani Emeritus scientist. Materials Science Division, National Aeronautical Laboratories, -, 560017, Bangalore, India.
  • Vijayan, Professor Mamannamana professor. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.
  • Vijayan, Dr Narayanasamy Senior Scientist. Crystal Growth and X-Ray Analysis Section, National Physical Laboratory, KS Krishnan Road, India, 110012, New Delhi, India.
  • Viswanathan, Dr Mahalingam V. Lecturer. Chemistry, SVS College of Engineering, Pollachi Road, India, 642 109, Coimbatore, India.
  • Viswanathan, Mr T.V.N. Phd student. Manufacturing, School of Mechnical Engineering, VIT University, Katpadi-Tiruvalam Road, 632014, Vellore, India.
  • Viswanathan, Dr Thiruselvam Postdoctoral Associate. CAS in Crystallography & Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamil Nadu, 600025, Chennai, India.
  • Visweswariah, Professor Dr Sandhya Professor. Molecular Reproduction, Development and Genetics, Indian Institute of Science, Biology Building GA09, Karnataka, 560012, Bangalore, India.
  • Voguri, Mr Raja Sekhar Associate Professor. school of chemistry, Holy Mary Institute of Technology and Science, 500010, R. R Dist, B15 2TT, Keesara, India.
  • Vyas, Dr K. Scientific Research. Analytical Research, Discovery Research, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, 7-1-27, Ameerpet, Andhra Pradesh, 500 016, Hyderabad - 500 016, India.
  • Vyas, Dr Vimal Teaching and Research. Physics, AIM & ACT, Banasthali University, 304022, Rajasthan, 304022, Banasthali Vidyapith, India.
  • Wadhawan, Dr Vinod Kumar Head, retired. Atomic Energy, Centre for Advanced Technology, Laser Materials Division, Madhya Pradesh, 452013, Indore, India.
  • Warshi, Mr Mohammed Kamal Student. Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Simrol, Madhya Pradesh, 453552, Indore, India.
  • Yadav, Professor Dr Asheshwar university professor of physics. Vidya Vihar Institute of Technology, ---, -, Purnea, India.
  • Yadav, Mr Pramod Kumar student. School of Material Science and Technology, IIT(BHU), BHU, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, Varanasi, India.
  • Yadav, Dr Thakur Prasad Scientist. Physics, Banaras Hindu University, BHU, U.P., 221 005, Varanasi, India.
  • Yadava, Dr Umesh Assistant Professor. Physics, DDU Gorakhpur University, DDu Gorakhpur University, Uttar Pradesh, 273009, Gorakhpur, India.
  • Yamini, Ms Shavait Pursuing Ph.D.. Biophysics, All India Institute Of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, Delhi, 110029, New Delhi, India.
  • Yathirajan, Professor Dr Hemmige Teaching and Research. Prof. H.S.Yathirajan, DOS in Chemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore-570006, India.
  • Yatoo, Mr Rizwan Student. Chemistry, IIT Bombay, 400076, Maharashtra, 4000076, Mumbai, India.
  • Yerol, Dr Narayana Reader. Physics, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri, Karnataka, 574199, Mangalore, India.
  • Yogavel, Dr Manickam Postdoctoral research. Molecular Medicine - Structural Parasitology, ICGEB, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, Delhi, 110067, New Delhi, India.

India

This is a list of forthcoming meetings in India that are recorded in the IUCr Calendar of Events. Please let us know of any that are missing by completing this form or sending an email to forthcoming.meetings@iucr.org.

ICMPC2018. 8th International Conference on Materials Processing and Characterization India 16th Mar 2018 - 18th Mar 2018
EMBO Practical course Cryo Electron Microscopy and 3 Dimensional Image Processing (CEM3DIP 2018): of Macromolecular assemblies and Cellular tomography India 18th Mar 2018 - 29th Mar 2018
NSC46. 46th National Seminar on Crystallography India 27th Jun 2018 - 29th Jun 2018

Reports of past activities in India

2005 Gauhati University India seminar
2003 Mysore ISCGTIEM
2001 Hyderabad Indo-French workshop
2001 New Delhi Crystals and films in India

All events

This is a concise listing of all events in this country that are associated with the International Year of Crystallography 2014 and its follow-up initiatives.

1st Jan 2014 Crystallography for schoolchildren National Institute of Technology, Calicut
6th Jan 2014 Public Lecture to commemorate 25 years of NCCS and kick-off IYCr celebrations in Pune Pune
20th Jan 2014 IYCr2014 awareness and outreach program Hyderabad
1st Feb 2014 Crystallography Outreach programme at Kurnool Kurnool -Andhra Pradesh
11th Feb 2014 Crystallography Outreach programme at Bethamcherla Bethamcherla Andhra Pradesh
15th Feb 2014 National Science Day: Year of Crystallography Lecture. Puducherry
3rd Mar 2014 CSIR-CDRI symposium on Crystallography in Physics, Chemistry and Biology Lucknow
4th Mar 2014 An experiment on crystallography Mudaliarpet, Pondicherry
15th Mar 2014 X-ray diffraction: Key to Crystallographic Studies Hyderabad
28th Mar 2014 National Seminar on Crystallography (43A) IISER Mohali
1st Jul 2014 "X-ray Crystallography" Structure, Function & beyond Bangalore
6th Jul 2014 Chai and Why? (Science Cafe) : As clear as crystal Mumbai, Prithvi Theatre, Juhu
1st Aug 2014 X-Ray Diffraction and its application in Materials Engineering Raipur (Chhattisgarh)
3rd Aug 2014 Chai and Why? (Science Cafe): Quasicrystals: From impossibility to Nobel prize Prithvi Theatre, Mumbai
7th Aug 2014 National Seminar On Recent Trends in Crystal Growth & Nano Materials Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu
17th Aug 2014 Chai and Why? (Science Cafe): The colour of gemstones: beauty in imperfections Mumbai, Ruparel College, Matunga
20th Aug 2014 Crystals for Life Govt. Middle School-Ramgarh (Nawapind)
23rd Aug 2014 Molecular Model Building and its Biotechnology Applications B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology, Hubli
1st Sep 2014 National Seminar on Crystallography and National Workshop on CADD Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand
19th Sep 2014 Elemental, compound and phase analysis by powder X-ray diffraction Tiruchirappalli
17th Oct 2014 Extension Lecture series on X-ray Crystallography Sirsa (Haryana) India
14th Nov 2014 Designer Molecular Crystals: Mechanical and Functional Properties Bangalore
19th Nov 2014 A seminar on crystallography DIRECTORATE OF SCHOOL EDUCATION PUDUCHERRY - CONFERENCE HALL THIRD FLOOR
21st Nov 2014 Celebration of International year of Crystallography 2014 Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu state
21st Nov 2014 Special Seminar on Crystallography & its Applications (IYCr2014) Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu
22nd Nov 2014 A poster exhibition about the timeline and uses of crystallography ARTCHOUNA SOUPRAYA NAIKAR GOVERNMENT MIDDLE SCHOOL MUDALIARPET,PUDUCHERRY, INDIA
22nd Nov 2014 Stamp show MUDALIARPET,PONDICHERRY
27th Nov 2014 Demonstrations of crystals, rocks and minerals MUDALIARPET,PONDICHERRY,INDIA
28th Nov 2014 National Workshop on recent trends in X-ray Diffraction Techniques(RTX-2014) Chennai
28th Nov 2014 International Conference on Crystal Growth and Biomolecular Crystallography (ICCGBC - 2014) Thanjavur
8th Dec 2014 3rd China-India-Singapore meeting in Crystal Engineering Bangalore
22nd Dec 2014 Meet The Scientist programme Nagpur
18th Sep 2015 India-Bangladesh Structural Chemistry Conference Kolkata
Reward Trust training sessions Kalpakkam/Anupuram
Replica Finder VNSGU,Gujarat,India Students and teachers of M.Sc. Physics were sent to the University campus in order to roam and collect or capture things which are replica of crystalline nature or phenomena. The images were analysed by the panel and asked for the purpose of the image to the group which has clicked it.
Dr. B. S. Mohite's World of Crystals Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

A new technique of Crystal Fusion and Crystal Implant has been developed by me. Crystals in all seven colors have been prepared. A number of them are the largest laboratory-made crystals in the World.

India Post stamp issue India Post issued a stamp on lYCr2014 on 30 January to propagate the achievements of crystallographers across the globe and stimulate the importance of this field to young scientrsts and the general public.
Crystallography meets philately Bangalore A short brochure covering 100 years of X-ray crystallography through postage stamps.

This Special Report was published in the IUCr Newsletter, Vol. 15, No. 4 (2007).

Crystallography in India



[Map of India] The background for the map is from a magnificent crystalline specimen (> 100 cm2) of mica intergrown with haematite from the collection of C.V. Raman (courtesy Raman Research Inst., Bangalore).
India has had an ancient tradition in science that spans many centuries. In the modern context, India entered the international scientific mainstream in the early 1900s and early activity was also connected with the freedom struggle-the setting up of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS) in Calcutta in 1905 was a purely indigenous move intended to indicate to the British authorities that original scientific research aiming at Western standards could be carried out in a colonial territory. Understandably, this was not entirely to the liking of the government. Serious research began in universities in the 1920s and 1930s (Allahabad, Dhaka, Punjab, Delhi, Mysore, Andhra, Banaras) pursuing the idea of teaching-cum-research institutions, in contrast to the purely teaching universities of Madras, Bombay and Calcutta set up by the British. The setting up of the national laboratory system (now called Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, CSIR), a few years before independence in 1947, was a major initiative. Important investments in science education and research were made by the government in the 1960s (Indian Institutes of Technology, IIT) and more recently, after 2000. Modern, that is post-diffraction, crystallography is therefore as young as the modern research tradition in India and it is interesting to trace the course of the subject in this vast country (see map), to see how we have developed and strengthened research in physical, chemical and biological crystallography. Attempting to do world class research, in a country that was geographically far removed from the major international scientific centres, a country which was grappling with tremendous problems as it made the transition from an older order into the modern world, was not easy. Today, time and distance scales have shrunk in all ways; globalization and the emergence of India as a major economic power have meant that Indian scientists have had to quickly readjust themselves, at least those who would like to project into a future in which India would provide international scientific leadership. The reader should note the equivalences of new and older place names in the text, such as Chennai (Madras), Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta), New Delhi (Delhi) and Pune (Poona). Abbreviations are commonly used in India, for places and people, and they are invariably used here for institution names after the first appearance.

Summary of activities between 1930 and 1980


The earliest crystallographic activity in India was the determination of the crystal structures of naphthalene and anthracene by K. Banerjee at IACS (Nature, 125, 456, 1930). IACS was the nucleus of crystallographic activity through the work of C.V. Raman, M.N. Saha, K.S. Krishnan, and S. Bhagavantam. These pioneers were physicists, and for decades, crystallography in India reflected a physics bias in the schools developed by G.N. Ramachandran in the U. of Madras, by A.R. Verma in Banaras Hindu U., (BHU), National Physical Lab. (NPL) and Delhi U., by S. Ramaseshan in National Aeronautical Lab., Bangalore and by R. Chidambaram in Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, (BARC).

[Ramachandran and collagen model] G.N. Ramachandran’s original model of collagen triple helix.
G.N. Ramachandran, a student of C.V. Raman, and arguably the most distinguished scientist of independent India, worked on fibrous proteins and is recognized for the well known triple helical model for the structure of collagen (1954) and the now ubiquitous Ramachandran Plot for validation of protein structures (1963). Contact distances of non-bonded atom pairs obtained from the crystal structures of small organic molecules were used to delineate the conformational space that a polypeptide chain can occupy, leading in turn to the use of a plot of phi and psi conformational angles in a protein structure as a diagnostic tool in the evaluation of protein structures. The collagen structure was a very important ingredient in the development of the subject of structural biology. Influential books by him and his associates (R. Srinivasan, S. Parthasarathy) in 1970 and 1976 on methods of solving the phase problem and crystallographic statistics, are also noteworthy. Ramachandran was honored with the Ewald Prize, the highest recognition of the IUCr, in 1999. Anomalous dispersion as a structure solution tool was proposed by S. Ramaseshan and K.Venkatesan in Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore in 1957 and by S. Raman in Madras. The potential of this tool was, however, realised outside India only after the advent of synchrotron radiation and ultrafast computers, in the form of the well known MAD and SAD techniques in macromolecular crystallography.

[SiC and letter from Pauling] Growth spiral on SiC surface (A.R. Verma) and extract of letter from L. Pauling.
A.R. Verma and his students P. Krishna, K. Lal, O.N. Srivastava, G. Singh and G.C. Trigunayat initiated research in the area of crystal growth and imperfections in solids, using techniques of X-ray diffraction and optical as well as electron microscopy. He was the first to use multiple beam interferometry to directly observe a dislocation. His group studied the surfaces of single crystals using phase contrast microscopy and measured the observed step-heights using multiple-beam-interferometry. They took photographs of growth spirals on the surface of SiC and CdI2 polytype crystals and determined their crystal structure using X-ray diffraction techniques. Many new polytype structures of SiC, CdI2 and ZnS were identified. Several anomalous structures were observed whose growth could not be understood in terms of traditional models of spiral growth around screw dislocations. They therefore proposed an alternative faulted matrix model which gave a good agreement between theoretically predicted and observed structures. A well known monograph (Verma and Krishna, 1966) on polymorphism and polytypism continues to be well cited, and is relevant today given the current importance of polymorphs in pharmaceuticals.

G.B. Mitra (Indian Inst. of Technology, IIT, Kharagpur) studied thermal expansion of crystals and the relationships between lattice defects and particle sizes. He established methods for classifying coal, estimating mineral contents and particle sizes of coal minerals using X-ray diffraction. He also developed a microwave analogue for the calculation of structure factors. R. Chidambaram began a program of neutron diffraction in BARC, Mumbai and carried out original studies on amino acids and hydrogen bonding. Nucleic acid crystallography was introduced by M.A. Viswamitra in IISc. The first oligonucleotide dp(AT)2 structure solved by him, in collaboration with O. Kennard in Cambridge, gave the first view of a DNA duplex in atomic detail. Small molecule structure determinations were always being carried out in several groups, but the lack of proper instrumentation and computation was a definite handicap. Still, the early contributions of L. M. Pant (National Chemical Lab., NCL, Poona) on charge densities, H. Manohar (IISc) on topotactic reactions and natural products (Z. Krist., 1962, 117, 273), M.A. Viswamitra on nucleotides, and K. Venkatesan (IISc) on photochemical reactions in organic solids (Chem. Rev., 1987, 87, 433) are noteworthy.

Scientific communication with the international community was limited in those early years to leading personalities. Meetings conducted in Madras by G.N. Ramachandran in the 1960s attracted luminaries like W.L. Bragg, L. Pauling, D.C. Hodgkin, J.D. Bernal, J. M. Bijvoet, N.V. Belov, W. Cochran and A.I. Kitaigorodskii, while K. Lonsdale, F.C. Frank, P.L. Kapitza and F. Bertaut visited the laboratories of A.R. Verma in Delhi. Visits of Indians to foreign countries were even more limited. A.R. Verma and T.R. Anantharaman were trained abroad, but most others were homespun products, at the most spending a few years of post-doctoral studies abroad, mostly in the U.K.

Macromolecular crystallography and drug design


Early attempts towards establishing macromolecular crystallographic studies in India were initiated at IISc (M. Vijayan) and BARC (K.K. Kannan), in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Crystallography of peanut lectin (J. Mol. Biol., 1982, 154, 177; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 1994, 91, 227) at IISc marked the beginning of a very productive and scientifically rich protein crystallography program. The early focus of the BARC group was mainly on the crystallography of carbonic anhydrases (J. Mol. Biol., 1986, 190, 129; J. Mol. Biol., 1994, 241, 226). These two groups were working in geographical isolation, and special efforts were required for building necessary infrastructure and indigenous skills. Major infrastructural support provided by the Dept. of Science and Technology (DST) in 1983 to the Bangalore centre proved crucial in spurring subsequent growth and expansion of macromolecular crystallography in India. Macromolecular crystallography has now spread across the country, and more than 30 research groups in 15 institutions are now actively engaged in these efforts. Notable is the active participation of many groups in the international structural genomics initiatives (Curr. Sci., 2003, 85, 878). A large number of important protein structures from diverse organisms have been determined as a part of these efforts. Protein crystallography activities are marked by close collaborations between crystallographers, biochemists and molecular biologists.

[Physallis mottle virus] Subunit assembly of physallis mottle virus (M.R.N. Murthy)
The IISc has many independent groups active in the area. M. Vijayan (IISc) and his group has focussed on the crystallography of lectins and in addition to determining many novel structures and recognizing new folds, assemblies and quaternary structures, his group has established a rich protein architectural database that may be correlated with the carbohydrate binding patterns (Nat. Struct. Biol., 1996, 3, 596; Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol., 1999, 9, 707). His group has also carried out innovative studies addressing protein hydration and associated phase transitions (J. Biol. Chem., 1990, 265, 16126). Also investigated are comparative crystal structure analyses of RecA and RuvA from M tuberculosis (M TB) and other bacteria providing elegant mechanistic insights regarding recombination (J. Mol. Biol., 2007, 367, 1130; Tuberculosis (Edinb), 2005, 85, 357). Other protein structures that have been determined from M TB include the promoter recognition domain of the sigma factor from M TB by B. Gopal (J. Biol. Chem., 2007, 282, 4711). K. Suguna has determined structures from P falciparum including a complex of triose-phosphate isomerase-2-phosphoglycerate (J. Biol. Chem., 2003, 278, 52461) and FabZ (Acta Cryst., 2007, D63, 458). M.R.N. Murthy has examined two viruses, sesbania mosaic virus and physalis mottle virus providing structural architectures and also mechanistic details of virus assembly (Structure, 1995, 3, 1021; Virology, 2006, 346, 440). S. Ramakumar has determined the structure of a thermostable xylanase from T aurantiacus at very high resolution (J. Mol. Biol., 1999, 288, 999).

[Antibody antigens] Differentially juxtaposed independent antigens on a germline antibody 36-65 to show a mechanism of generating diverse specificities (D.M. Salunke).
D.M. Salunke (National Inst. of Immunology, NII, New Delhi) has addressed contemporary issues in immune mechanisms and elegant crystallographic experiments have been carried out by his group to discover novel mechanisms of antibody diversity with implications to affinity maturation, and analysis as to how the immune system reacts when encountered with antigens of changing shape (Immunity, 2006, 24, 429; J. Immunol., 2002, 168, 2371). His group has also explored molecular mimicry in the physiological context, towards delineating the associated structural rules and possible molecular mechanism of a disease condition (Biochemistry, 2005, 44, 5588; J. Biol. Chem., 2001, 276, 39277).

In Hyderabad, S.C. Mande (Center of DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, CDFD) has actively pursued structural genomics of M TB and has determined the crystal structures of chaperonins, and chorismate mutase (J. Bacteriol., 2004, 186, 8105; Biochemistry, 2006, 45, 6997). The latter structure has provided valuable insights regarding the role of this enzyme in host-pathogen interactions. Also in Hyderabad, R. Sankaranarayanan (Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology, CCMB) has contributed to the structural genomics of M TB and has determined the mycobacterial type III polyketide synthase structure, providing a structural basis for generating diverse metabolites (Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 2004, 11, 894). After determining the structure of threonyl-tRNA synthetase from archaea, his group deciphered an interesting D-amino acid editing module coupled to the translational apparatus (Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 2005, 12, 556).

The group at the International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, ICGEB, in New Delhi (A. Sharma) is pursuing the structural basis of host cell receptor recognition by malarial parasite (Nature, 2006, 439, 741). The structure of a gametocyte protein essential for sexual development in P falciparum has also been determined (Nat. Struct. Biol., 2003, 10, 197). S. Gourinath at the Jawaharlal Nehru U. (New Delhi) has determined the structure of a calcium binding protein from E histolytica (Proteins, 2007, 68, 990).

J. K. Dattagupta in Saha Inst. of Nuclear Physics (Kolkata) carried out structural work on proteases and protease inhibitors (Proteins, 2003, 51, 489; Acta Cryst., 1996, D52, 521). This group has evolved into a centre for structural genomics. Recently, the structure of a DNA binding protein lambda CII was determined at Bose Inst., Kolkata (P. Parrack) providing insights into the recognition of direct-repeat DNA by an unusual tetrameric organization (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2005, 102, 11242). A.K. Das (IIT, Kharagpur) has initiated structural genomics studies and determined the crystal structure of a low-molecular-weight protein tyrosine phosphatase from M TB (J. Bacteriol., 2005, 187, 217581).

M.V. Hosur (BARC) is exploring structural biology of protease-inhibitor complexes towards rational design of HIV/AIDS drugs (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2006, 103, 18464) while V. Kumar has addressed structural enzymology of acid phosphatases (Biochemistry, 2007, 46, 2079). C.G. Suresh (NCL) has determined the structures of penicillin V acylase and a conjugated bile salt hydrolase and has elucidated the evolutionary relationship between them (Nat. Struct. Biol., 1999, 6, 414; J. Biol. Chem., 2006, 281, 32516).

An active autolysate form of porcine alpha-trypsin was the first high resolution protein structure (1.8 Å) determined in Chennai by V. Pattabhi (Acta Cryst., 1997, D53, 311). The Madras U. centre has also provided valuable insights with regard to sequence dependent features of DNA structure (N. Gautham) based on a series of designed oligonucleotide crystal structures (Nucleic Acids Res., 2004, 32, 5945). D. Velmurugan has contributed to the modern approaches of macromolecular structure determination (J. Synchrotron Rad., 2004, 11, 358).

[Tyrosine complex] Crystal structure of protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B complex with an inhibitor (Aurigene).
Crystal structures of therapeutically important proteins in complexes with compounds that modulate their function are fundamental to the development of structure based strategies for new drug design. Significant experimental and computational activity in these areas is seen in the recently burgeoning corporate R&D sector. Notable among these are the groups in Aurigene Technologies, Bangalore (www.aurigene.com) and Jubilant Biosys Ltd, Bangalore (www.jubilantbiosys.com). Jubilant and Aurigene are drug discovery service organizations specializing in structural biology and structure based drug design. Hundreds of crystal structures of several therapeutically important classes of proteins incorporating many designed compounds have been determined at these organizations.

[Mammary gland proteins] Structures of proteins secreted during different phases of mammary gland function (T. P. Singh).
T. P. Singh (All India Inst. of Medical Sciences, New Delhi) has contributed to the crystallography of mammary gland proteins, such as lactoferrins (J. Mol. Biol., 2001, 309, 751; J. Biol. Chem., 2003, 278, 14451). His group has been working on targets implicated in various disease areas including inflammation, cancer and infectious diseases. Several crystal structures of Phospholipase A2, in complex with anti-inflammatory agents have provided valuable information towards design of therapeutically potent molecules (Curr. Top. Med. Chem., 2007, 7, 757).

Central Drug Research Inst., Lucknow established a strong group dedicated to drug discovery utilizing rational structure based methods led by H. Subramanya and subsequently by R. Ramachandran. Novel inhibitors have been designed to target a DNA ligase and Lysine e-aminotransferase from M. TB (J. Biol. Chem., 2005, 280, 30273; J. Mol. Biol., 2006, 362, 877; Med. Chem. Res. 2007, 15, 181) using the structural information as well as virtual screening techniques. This group successfully deciphered the function of a protein based on its crystal structure and showed that it is a SAM-dependent methyl transferase (J. Mol. Biol., 2001, 312, 381).

Other groups, in Madurai Kamaraj U. (S. Krishnaswamy), IITs in Roorkee (P. Kumar & A.K. Sharma), Chennai (N. Manoj) and Kanpur (B. Prakash) and Inst. of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh (S. Karthikeyan) are also actively pursuing structural biology programmes by multi-dimensional approaches that dominantly include crystallography. Other institutions such as National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore, Inst. of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi, Panjab U. (Chandigarh) and Tata Memorial Centre (ACTREC), Navi Mumbai have recently initiated crystallography-based modern biology research activities. The protein folding problem has also been addressed through the design of structural motifs in oligopeptides (N. Shamala, S. Ramakumar, IISc; V. Pattabhi, Chennai). While macromolecular crystallography seems to have acquired the critical mass required for continued progress, keeping pace with future international developments in this field could be considerably limited due to lack of easy access to synchrotron radiation sources.

Professor M. Vijayan


[M. Vijayan] M. Vijayan
M. Vijayan is Honorary Professor at the Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore. He has played a major role in the establishment of macromolecular crystallography research in India. He obtained his Ph.D. from IISc in 1967 and did post-doctoral work with Dorothy Hodgkin on the structure determination of insulin. After returning to India, he established a very active school of macromolecular crystallography in IISc. Many of the over 50 students and post-doctoral fellows who trained with him during the past 35 years have now established frontline structural biology programs all over India. In his research contributions in lectin biology, he identified many novel folds and quaternary structural organizations. He analysed a large number of structures from peanut, winged bean, jackfruit, garlic, banana and snake gourd lectin. His analysis of the roles of water-bridges, post-translational modification, oligomerisation and variation in loop length led to strategies for generating carbohydrate specificity. He orchestrated a national programme on the structural genomics of microbial pathogens even while making his own contributions to the structural genomics of M tuberculosis. He provided fundamental insights into the relationship between hydration, molecular mobility and enzyme action using a novel approach involving water-mediated crystal transformations. He has been closely associated with the IUCr, AsCA and the ICA. He is the immediate past-president of AsCA. He founded the ICA in 2001 and was its president until 2004. He has been honored with Fellowships of the three most important science academies in India (INSA, IASc, NASc) and of TWAS (Academy of Science for the Developing World), with the Bhatnagar Prize in 1985 and with the Distinguished Biotechnologist Award for 2004. The President of India conferred the Padma Shri civilian award upon him in 2004. He has been recently elected as president of INSA which is the corresponding body in India for IUCr.

Crystal engineering and structural chemistry


Till around 2000, chemical crystallographers in the country were struggling to get even the unit cell of a crystal and an ORTEP diagram because the scientific funding bodies of the government did not favour the general acquisition of state-of-the-art single crystal X-ray diffractometers. A change in this attitude resulted in a vastly improved situation for chemical crystallographers, indeed one wherein the Indian contribution to this global activity is represented by the deposit of over 2000 crystal structures in the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) during the past seven years. Of these, about a third originate from the U. of Hyderabad where early work by G.R. Desiraju laid the foundations of the subject of crystal engineering worldwide (See box). The additional routine availability of low temperature equipment, powder diffractometers, automated structure solution software and inexpensive high performance computers is a further advantageous factor. Luckily, the hectic pace of research in small molecule crystallography in India also comes at a time when the subject of crystal engineering is growing rapidly, and the Indian contribution in the high impact journals Crystal Growth & Design (IF 4.37) and CrystEngComm (IF 3.71) is truly impressive. Several aspects of crystal engineering such as intermolecular interactions, crystal synthesis, crystal growth, polymorphism, and at a fundamental level, understanding the mechanism of crystallization, is being actively pursued by around 10 to 15 independent groups. One may confidently state that these groups are at the forefront of this innovative and outward-looking branch of the chemical sciences, which goes beyond traditional divisions of organic, inorganic and physical chemistry.

[Bending of a pyrazinamide crystal] Bending of α-pyrazinamide crystal along the (100) crystal face (G.R. Desiraju).
Two papers are selected here from the 300 publications of Gautam Desiraju. In an interesting connection between intermolecular interactions, crystal packing and mechanical properties, it was shown that organic crystals where interactions along different directions are of different strengths are susceptible to anisotropic bending and shearing (Chem. Eur. J., 2006, 12, 2222), thereby affording a very dramatic way of comparing weak interactions. In another recent study, the hydration/dehydration behaviour of sodium saccharin was studied crystallographically, and a heavily hydrated large volume unit cell structure (15000 Å3) was described as a model for a supramolecular transition state during crystallization (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2005, 44, 2515). This result could have important implications in elucidating the mechanism of crystallization.

The ongoing activities within the Indian crystal engineering community and in related areas are now summarized for the IITs, the single largest category of institutions in this section, followed by the universities, and finally the Government laboratories of CSIR. The reader should note that there is also a great deal of crystal structure analysis of small molecule structures in other chemical and biological projects wherein crystal structure systematics was not the main aim, and in service crystallography groups, and that the number of 2000 structures in the CSD quoted above pertains largely to the activity in the crystal engineering field.

A. Ramanan at IIT, Delhi is developing chimie douce (soft chemistry) techniques such as hydrothermal, sol-gel and molten flux methods to isolate new hybrid materials with multi-dimensional structural features including nanomaterials. His objective is to establish reliable connections between molecular and supramolecular structures on the basis of intermolecular interactions, especially hydrogen bonding. A systematic investigation of crystal growth and influence of the solvent medium and reaction conditions (pH, temperature and hydrothermal/solvothermal) have enabled his group to recognize the building of molecular and hybrid solids in terms of supramolecular assembly of molecular species. The templating role of organic ligands and counter ions in helical structures, interpenetrating networks and pillared frameworks are demonstrated in vanadates, molybdates, MOFs, calcium phosphates and crystal hydrates. A theme paper elucidating the chemical events from molecular recognition and supramolecular assembly to metal-organic frameworks appeared as a Perspective in Crystal Growth & Design (2006, 6, 2419). The synthesis of mononuclear, binuclear, trinuclear and polynuclear metal carboxylate complexes interests J.B. Baruah at IIT, Guwahati. Origins of polymorphism in aqua-bridged 2-nitrobenzoato cobalt(II) complexes have been ascribed to differences in the orientation of aromatic-ring substituent. Co-crystals of neutral transition metal complexes and crystal structures of phthalimide and 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives are systems of interest, the latter for their optical properties. M. Ray is assembling chiral molecules into cages and organized networks using metal complexes of amino acid derivatives. The metal provides the stability while the organic ligand directs the hydrogen bonding. His group synthesized and characterized a supramolecular capsule of L-histidine-Cu(II) and discovered an elegant way to reversibly disassemble the capsule via a molecular trigger. Helical channels of histidine ligand with Fe(III) can be emptied and refilled with iodine (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2003, 42, 1940).

[Mesitoic acid] Weak interactions direct the uncommon helical catemer of carboxyl groups in halogenated mesitoic acids (J.N. Moorthy).
R. Mukherjee’s research at IIT, Kanpur covers coordination chemistry, biomimetic inorganic chemistry and inorganic crystal engineering (Dalton Trans., 2006, 1611). He is working on the synthesis, characterization, properties and interactions of (i) coordination compounds of varying nuclearity with novel electronic, magnetic and redox properties; (ii) bio-inspired coordination compounds, e.g. low-molecular-weight representations of metallo-biomolecules using tailor-made organic ligands of Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu and Zn-containing non-heme proteins; (iii) radical-coordinated transition metal complexes and half-sandwich organometallic complexes of pyridyl/ pyrazole/ imidazole/ aliphatic amine/ phenol-containing bidentate/tridentate chelating ligands, the latter to investigate nucleophilic addition reactions with Ru(II)-coordinated benzene; (iv) coordination polymers including homochiral metal-organic frameworks; (v) water oxidation relevant to photosystem II, aromatic ring hydroxylation for tyrosinase-like activity, fixation of atmospheric carbon dioxide to carbonate; (vi) study of noncovalent interactions, such as, C-H···Cl, N-H···Cl, O-H···Cl, π···π, C-H···π etc. J. N. Moorthy in the same department is using intermolecular interactions to control molecular reactivity in the solid state, and to develop crystalline materials that exhibit unique properties. Based on crystal structures of aromatic carboxylic acids and amides, he argues that “the presence of weakly interacting groups can decisively modify the molecular association of strongly interacting functional groups” (J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002, 124, 6530). Weak C-H···O/X interactions direct the conformation and photoreactivity in the solid state of o-alkylaldehydes.

[Sulfanilate network] Honeycomb network of pyridinium and sulfonate synthons in sulfanilate.4,4’-bipyridinium.2H2O (K. Biradha).
Several of the above themes are reflected in the research program of K. Biradha at IIT, Kharagpur. His group has built MOF’s (metal-organic frameworks) of exotic topologies, such as one-dimensional chains with cavities, two-dimensional open and interpenetrated (4,4)-networks, and three-dimensional networks of 658 and quartz topologies (Chem. Comm., 2005, 2229). Porosity, guest/ ion exchange, network transformations give an idea of the stability and robustness of these frameworks assembled via metal-ligand and amide-amide bonds. What is the effect of a particular functional group when it is present in the presence of several others? He examines “structural interference” between supramolecular synthons to correlate molecular crystal structure. In crystal structures of diamides containing the pyridine group, interference from pyridyl N is minimal in the formation of N-H···O bonded β-sheet and 2D-layers (Cryst. Growth Des., 2007, 7, 1318). The synthesis of co-crystals via heterosynthons is another project in his group. Co-crystals of 4,4'-bipyridine with chiral or racemic bis-β-naphthols include guest molecules. Extending these ideas, aryl sulfonates make synthons similar to carboxylic acids with pyridine partners.

P. Mathur’s research in IIT Mumbai is on the synthesis of organometallic and mixed-metal clusters and of metal ion complexes of carbohydrates and calixarenes. He works on the designed construction of metal cluster compounds by using lone pairs of single atom ligands for addition to coordinatively unsaturated metal carbonyl fragments. He studies nonlinear optical activity of novel mixed-metal and mixed-chalcogen clusters. This methodology is extended to the incorporation of organic fragments in chalcogen-bridged metal carbonyl clusters for reactivity modulation. Biomimetic chemistry of essential metal ions provides means to design systems for ion and molecular recognition in C.P. Rao’s group, in this institute. Understanding the binding of small molecules to proteins, e.g. lectins, and their inhibitory role towards glycosidases is one of their goals.

[Nanotube host-guest] 2-Butanone guest in the carbon-walled nanotube of lattice inclusion host (A. Nangia).
At the U. of Hyderabad, A. Nangia is pursuing studies in crystal engineering and polymorphism. Inter-halogen interactions and the Piedfort Unit trigonal symmetry are matched to construct tubular and cage architecture for guest inclusion (Cryst. Growth Des., 2007, 7, 393). Guest-free forms of host materials, which infrequently yield single crystals for X-ray diffraction, were crystallized by solvent-free melt and sublimation procedures. Extending the utility of crystallization at high temperature his group discovered a novel, stable polymorph of venlafaxine hydrochloride (Effexor, Wyeth), a top-selling anti-depressant drug, by solid-to-solid phase transition at ca. 180°C. To understand the origin of high Z’ in crystal structures, Nangia’s group analyzed O-H···O and C-H···O hydrogen bond geometry in polymorphic crystals of variable Z’ and found that there is a 70% correlation between high Z’ and stronger H bonds (CrystEngComm 2007, 9, 980-983). Apart from the acid-pyridine synthon mentioned earlier, co-crystals of amide type drugs with pyridine-N-oxide partners were shown to form reproducibly.

In IISc, T. N. Guru Row has established a program for mapping of electron densities in crystals to obtain insights into the nature of chemical bonding. This development has been possible only because of the increasing number and availability of CCD detectors and low temperature facilities. The significance of charge density results have been analysed to obtain insights into the nature of intermolecular contacts such as C-H···O, C-H···π, π···π, C-H···S and S···S (Cryst. Rev., 2005, 11, 199; Acta Cryst. B., 2006, 62, 118). The appearance of a “region of overlap” to segregate hydrogen bonds from van der Waals interactions has been identified.

In the CSIR labs, P. Dastidar, formerly at the Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Inst., Bhavnagar (now at IACS) has been working on the crystal engineering of organic and inorganic materials. The goal is to understand the structural basis of gelation by studying supramolecular synthons in crystals. Organic gelators have potential application in containing oil spills. They demonstrate supramolecular and structural diversities in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as a function of the ligating topology and the hydrogen bonding backbone and its use in anion control and recognition. In a remarkable discovery last year, near-spherical crystals of common salt, NaCl, were grown by an ingenious method of recycling glycine, a crystal habit modifier. Their research paper in Cryst. Growth Des. 2007, 7, 205 was listed in the section “Year in Ideas - 2006” by The New York Times.

In NCL, Pune, M.M. Bhadbhade is studying hydrogen bonding, crystal packing and polymorphism in inositols. Diastereomers of 2,4(6)-di-O-benzoyl-6(4)-O-[(1S)-10-camphorsulfonyl]-myo-inositol 1,3,5-orthoformate associate via C-H···O interactions and do not leave voids for guest inclusion whereas association via S=O···C=O bridges produced pseudopolymorphs. A guest-free form I (P21) and solvated forms II and III (P21 and C2) were crystallized and characterized by X-ray diffraction. Selective inclusion in channels is of potential application in separation science (Cryst. Growth Des., 2005, 5, 833; see also Aitipamula and Nangia, Chem. Eur. J., 2005, 11, 6727). S=O···C=O dipolar short contacts, a persistent interaction in these structures, is relevant to the binding of sulfonyl drugs to the C=O moiety of receptor proteins. Continuing in the same series, myo-inositol hexabenzoate of meso configuration gave a resolved polymorph (Form I, P61) when crystallized rapidly but yielded a centrosymmetric polymorph (Form II, P-1) by slow crystallization (Chem. Commun., 2004, 2530). Additionally, Bhadbhade has begun analysis of halogen bonding by charge density. Using a patented technology developed by V. Puranik, Asomex-2.5, the first chirally pure anti-hypertensive drug was launched in the Indian market by Emcure Pharmaceuticals.

Apart from the groups mentioned above, M.S. Hundal at Guru Nanak Dev U., Amritsar is studying hydrogen bonding between metal-organic frameworks and anions in helical chains, staircase coordination polymers, and self-assembled supramolecular structures. Additionally, structural chemistry is being pursued at U. and Panjab U., Chandigarh. It is believed that the quantity and quality of work in crystal engineering from India will increase greatly in the coming years.

Professor G.R. Desiraju


[Desiraju's major works]
Gautam R. Desiraju is Professor of Chemistry at the U. of Hyderabad. He received his B.Sc. at the U. of Bombay and was awarded a Ph.D. from the U. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1976. He has published 300 research papers in the areas of crystal engineering, solid-state supramolecular chemistry, organometallic crystal structures, database analysis, hydrogen bonding with special reference to weak hydrogen bonds, ligand–protein interactions, crystal structure prediction, polymorphism and pseudopolymorphism. The topic of crystal engineering would have remained a specialized chapter in structural chemistry dealing with solid-state topochemical reactions but for his single author monograph entitled, Crystal Engineering: The Design of Organic Solids in 1989. His broad definition of the term crystal engineering as “the understanding of intermolecular interactions in the context of crystal packing and the utilisation of such understanding in the design of new solids with desired physical and chemical properties” is now widely accepted in chemistry and materials science. Crystal engineering has grown very rapidly during the last decade. Following his keynote talk in the Seattle IUCr Congress in 1996, it became a microsymposium topic in these congresses. Two new journals were launched in the late 1990s—CrystEngComm in 1999 and Crystal Growth & Design in 2000—he being associated with both from their inception. Gautam Desiraju established the role of weak intermolecular interactions in crystals, such as C–H···O, C–H···N, N–H···π, halogen···halogen, in a series of reviews (Acc. Chem. Res., 2002, 35, 565; Acc. Chem. Res., 1996, 29, 441; Acc. Chem. Res. 1991, 24, 290; Acc. Chem. Res. 1986, 19, 222). He showed that what is often more significant for structure design and prediction are not the individual interactions but rather patterns composed of two or more interactions, often as cyclic motifs. Supramolecular synthons are structural units within supermolecules that can be formed or assembled by known or conceivable intermolecular interactions (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1995, 34, 2311). His innovative ideas and research over the last three decades (see selected highlights), often establishing connections between independent disciplines (Chem. Commun., 2005, 2995), has opened new streams of thought and he has academically inspired a generation of young scientists. He has been honored with Fellowships of the three most important science academies in India. He is a fellow of the Academy of Science for the Developing World (TWAS) and the Royal Society of Chemistry. He is currently co-editor of Acta Crystallographica and a member of the Executive Committee of the IUCr. He is a recipient of the Humboldt Research Award, the TWAS Award for chemistry and the Michael Visiting Professorship of the Weizmann Inst. of Science. He is an honorary member of the Hungarian Chemical Society and was recognized as a Thomson Scientific Citation Laureate in 2006.

Bioinformatics, database development and drug discovery


A natural inclination of the Indian mind is to try to find common threads linking diverse facets of life, and from the earliest days of the Ramachandran plot this inclination has led to India being a fertile ground for attempts to decipher patterns hidden in the vast amounts of data generated by crystallography. The concept of weak hydrogen bonding, exemplified by interactions such as C-H∙∙∙O and X-H∙∙∙π, was greatly extended by G.R. Desiraju (U. of Hyderabad; Chem. Comm., 1989, 179) using the CSD, and is now being applied to understand the stability of protein folds and their interactions with ligands (V. Pattabhi, Chennai, Acta Cryst., 1997, D53, 316; P. Chakrabarti, Bose Inst., Kolkata, J. Mol. Biol., 1998, 284, 867; S. Ramakumar, IISc, Acta Cryst., 1990, A46, 455). Likewise, the concept of aromatic···aromatic interactions has been invoked to understand the relative orientations between planar side chains in proteins. With the increasing availability of high resolution structures in the Protein Data Bank there are many groups pursuing structural bioinformatics to understand the structure and function of macromolecules at the molecular level. The topics include analysis of side chain rotamers (V. Sasisekharan, M. Vijayan, IISc), local structures in proteins (C. Ramakrishnan, IISc), side chain influence on main chain conformation (P. Chakrabarti, Prog. Biophys. Mol. Biol., 2001, 76, 1), clustering of residues and its implication in protein thermostability (S. Vishveshwara, IISc). The stereochemical modeling of disulfide bridges (C. Ramakrishnan, P. Balaram, Protein Eng., 1993, 6, 873) is now an important component of strategies to enhance protein stability. In addition, other databases like PALI, SUPFAM (IISc), DDBase, SMoS (NCBS), porins and prophages (S. Krishnaswamy, MKU), lectins (IISc), conformational angles (IISc), and secondary structural motifs (Bose Inst., NII, CCMB) facilitate efficient analysis. New algorithms and machine learning approaches have been explored in a variety of situations: application of mutually orthogonal Latin square sampling in protein structure prediction (N. Gautham, Chennai) and graph theoretical approaches for understanding and classifying protein structure networks (IISc and IIT, Mumbai).

At the DNA level, the variations in oligonucleotide crystals (M. Bansal, IISc), and the location of water molecules and their implication for DNA function (B. Jayaram, IIT, Delhi) have been rationalized. A. S. Kolaskar in U. of Poona has designed selective inhibitors for P. Falciparum aspartic proteases through in silico approaches (Frontiers Biophys., 2005, 168). In Hyderabad, modelling tools such as virtual screening, pharmacophore generation, molecular dynamics and QSAR have been used to understand the binding of drugs to macromolecules by G.R. Desiraju, U. of Hyderabad, J.A.R.P. Sarma, GVKBio, and B. Gopalakrishnan, Tata Consultancy Services, TCS, (J. Chem. Inf. Model., 2005, 45, 725). A software package has been developed to analyze weak hydrogen bonds in biological structures (Proteins, 2007, 67, 128). A recent exercise sponsored by the CSIR involved TCS (M. Vidyasagar, S. Mande) with more than 20 academic partners, and resulted in an entire software platform (Bio-suite) which is now being successfully marketed by TCS (Curr. Sci., 2007, 29). Bio-suite provides tools for predicting biological activities, and for studying binding energy patterns among functionalities. There are now specialized webservers and databases dealing with protein domain superfamilies and spatially interacting motifs, (R. Sowdhamini, NCBS, N. Srinivasan, IISc).

[GVKBio building] Research building of GVKBio in Hyderabad. Inset: Medicinal chemistry laboratory.
Crystallography introduced the Indian scientific community to the “database culture”. During the last decade, India has witnessed a rapid growth in the pharmaceutical sector because of off-shoring from abroad. Besides helping organizations like Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS) and Beilstein in creating and managing their databases, many smaller players in India have started developing their own databases. GVK Biosciences in Hyderabad (J.A.R.P. Sarma, www.gvkbio.com) is notable in this regard and has captured much information, which exists in a more or less disorganized fashion in the public domain, converting them into value added databases for the international pharmaceutical industry (MediChem, kinases, toxicity, clinical candidates, metabolism toxicities, natural products). Multiple advantages may be envisaged from these databases. In particular, they may be used in virtual screening in drug discovery. Strategic and committed collaborations from companies abroad (DuPont, Wyeth, Novartis) ensure that these early initiatives will succeed and much further progress is expected.

Powder diffraction and industrial crystallography


Applications of X-ray diffraction in the Indian pharmaceutical industry began in the early 1990s. With the current extreme interest in solid forms of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), especially with the application of crystal engineering methods to polymorphs, pseudopolymorphs, multi-component crystals (“co-crystals”), mixed phases and amorphous forms, it is no wonder that several academic and industrial groups are seriously engaged in development and application of the powder diffraction techniques (PXRD). Different polymorphs exhibit different physical and/or chemical properties such as solubility, bioactivity, bioavailability, physicochemical, formulation and processing parameters as well as the shelf life of the drug substance and formulated product. Therefore, understanding and controlling the solid-state properties of APIs, both as pure drug substances and in formulated products, is an important aspect of the drug development process. The enforcement of TRIPS (trade related aspects of intellectual property rights) agreements since 2005 has caused a paradigm shift in India’s bulk and formulation oriented pharmaceutical industry. Indian generic companies will now need to compete with the multinationals by focusing on drug development and produce their own patented products. It is realized that intellectual property issues can only be addressed by careful screening of drugs for the absence of forms patented by other companies. Another important aspect in this area is the determination of crystal structures from PXRD data because growing single crystals has been difficult for some APIs. For example, T. N. Guru Row (IISc) and A. Mukherjee (Jadavpur) are collaborating with Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories (K. Vyas; Hyderabad) to develop methodologies for ab initio structure solution packages from PXRD data. A. Nangia (in collaboration with G. Kruger in South Africa) has made interesting contributions pertaining to discovery of new drug polymorphs and co-crystals using variable temperature PXRD (Chem. Asian. J., 2007, 2, 505). Other Indian pharmaceutical companies such as Alembic (Vadodara), Orchid, Shasun (Chennai), Sun (Vadodara), Torrent (Ahmedabad), Ranbaxy (Delhi), Lupin (Pune), Cadila (Bangalore) and Aurobindo, Suven, Matrix, Hetero (Hyderabad) are actively involved in these efforts. A measure of the success of the Indian pharmaceutical industry in this area may be seen in the increasing number of Para IV filings that are being concluded successfully in the U.S. law courts.

Crystal growth and diffraction physics


A centre for crystal growth was established in NPL (K. Lal) in the 1970s and continues to make several contributions. Many whisker crystals were grown and investigated with a high resolution X-ray Laue technique. X-ray diffraction topography was used to confirm the absence of screw dislocations in ZnS whiskers. Also studied were Al2O3, garnet and semiconductors. Also developed was a new high-resolution technique and a three-crystal X-ray diffractometer to investigate diffuse X-ray scattering from nearly perfect single crystals very close to reciprocal lattice points. With this set up it was possible for the first time, to make diffuse X-ray scattering (DXS) measurements on Si single crystals very close to the diffraction peaks having a half width of only ~ 5 arc sec. This DXS technique is now a powerful non-destructive tool to characterize point defects and their clusters in nearly perfect crystals. High resolution methods were also used to study thin diamond crystals having varying degrees of perfection. It was shown that point defect clusters are obtained with sizes in the range 40-190 nm. Techniques of defect measurement are closely related to crystal growth methods, and naturally these methodologies have developed in parallel in the NPL group. Crystal growth facilities have also been established in Mysore (K. Byrappa) where there is a focus on hydrothermal methods and in BARC (J.S. Yakhmi) where large alkali halide crystals have been grown for applications in nuclear radiation detection.

T.R. Anantharaman (BHU), with his students P. Rama Rao and S. Lele, established an active school in the field of X-ray line profile analysis in the 1960s. This technique may be used to study the diffuse streaking which is observed in the X-ray diffraction of materials which have random distributions of stacking faults (J. Appl. Cryst., 1987, 20, 84). The presence of such faults leads to characteristic peak broadening and/or peak shifts of powder diffraction profiles (G.B. Mitra, IIT Kharagpur; S.P. Sen Gupta, IACS). Indian contributions to the theoretical aspects of this field (S. Lele, D. Pandey, BHU), especially the introduction of the concept of non-random faulting when stacking faults bring about phase transformation from one layer stacking to another, are noteworthy. Other contributions by D. Pandey are the use of X-ray diffraction in the field of doped quantum paraelectrics, morphotropic phase transitions and ferroelectric transitions.

Dr. K. Lal


[Frank, Verma and Lal] F. C. Frank in the laboratory of K. Lal. In the background is A. R. Verma.
Dr. Krishan Lal (National Physical Lab, Delhi), is one of the leaders of physical crystallography in India, and he has established a very active laboratory for growth of well characterized high quality single crystals and investigations of real structure of single crystals, thin films, interfaces and devices. He has contributed significantly to the design of new instrumentation for high resolution work, studies of electric field induced microstructural changes in crystals and accurate measurements of crystal surfaces and interiors. He obtained his early training with A. R. Verma and went on to establish his independent research in NPL. Among the highlights of his work is the crystal growth of nearly perfect crystals using the Czochralski technique. He developed very accurate techniques for measurement of dielectric constants and dielectric loss of single crystals. By using these, effect of impurities and defects on dielectric constants of sapphire and gadolinium gallium garnet crystals could be experimentally demonstrated. Under Dr. Lal’s leadership a co-ordinated project with 30 national laboratories has successfully planned, prepared and distributed Indian Certified Reference Materials. Already, 25 CRMs have been prepared in this strategically important initiative. Dr. Lal has been deeply involved at the national and the international levels in activities related to high quality data for science and technology. He is presently President of CODATA the Committee for Data in Science and Technology of ICSU for 2006-2010. He served as President of the Indian Crystallographic Assn (2004-07) and as an editor of Z. Krist. between 1997-2003.

Quasicrystals


The advent of quasicrystals as an ordered but aperiodic arrangement of atoms in the solid state saw several innovative research results originating from India. K. Chattopadhyay and S. Ranganathan (IISc) discovered a new type of quasicrystalline phase known as the decagonal phase (Acta Metall., 1987, 35, 727). Together with S. Lele (BHU) they analyzed vacancy ordered phases as an example of one dimensional quasicrystals. P Ramachandra Rao and G.V. S. Sastry (BHU) blazed a new path in the synthesis of quasicrystals by rapid solidification of Mg-Zn-Al alloy. C. Suryanarayana (BHU) discovered polytypism in quasicrystals. S. Lele and R.K. Mandal (BHU) were the first to postulate the existence of pentagonal quasicrystals. Using Pettifor maps, Ranganathan also provided new insight by demonstrating that all quasicrystals are either binary or pseudobinary. Other notable contributions came from J.A. Sekhar and T. Rajasekharan (Defence Metallurgical Research Lab., Hyderabad), and from S. Banerjee, G.K. Dey, U.D. Kulkarni and R. Chidambaram in BARC.

However, India missed some opportunities in this area. Early work of T.R. Anantharaman on Mn-Ga alloys and G. V.S. Sastry and C. Suryanarayana (BHU) on Al-Pd alloys came tantalizingly close to the discovery of quasicrystals.

Liquid crystals


S. Chandrasekhar (RRI, Bangalore) made a seminal discovery in 1977 on a new type of liquid crystal made of stacked disc-like molecules (Pramana, 1977, 9, 471). These columnar or discotic liquid crystals have since become an important branch of research, and 2D lattices with hexagonal, and different types of rectangular arrangements have been found. X-ray scattering studies have been useful in identifying these phases and also other smectic and nematic phases. Studies by N. Madhusudana and R. Pratibha in RRI (Curr. Sci., 1997, 73, 761) and by C. Manohar in BARC have delineated the transformations between these phases. A very unusual skew-cybotactic (smecticC-like) arrangement which exhibits fibre-like patterns of molecules tilted with respect to the local layer-normal have been discovered in some special compounds (U. Deniz, BARC). If the molecules are chiral, the liquid crystalline compound often exhibits a superstructure at the micrometer scale. Many mesogenic rod-like and disk-like compounds can also be crystallised from solution and V.A. Raghunathan (RRI) has found new types of molecular organisation based on such systematic X-ray studies.

Neutron scattering facilities


A national facility for neutron beam research, designed and developed indigenously is operated in BARC, Mumbai (R. Mukhopadhyay; S.L. Chaplot). The facility has been built around the research reactor Dhruva that uses natural uranium as fuel and heavy water as both moderator and coolant. At present, a four-circle single-crystal diffractometer, three powder diffractometers, a high-Q diffractometer, a polarization analysis spectrometer, a triple-axis spectrometer, a filter detector spectrometer, and a quasi-elastic scattering spectrometer are located inside the reactor hall on various beam ports. Two neutron guide tubes, G1 and G2 with characteristic wavelengths 3.0 Å and 2.2 Å respectively, transport neutron beams into the Guide-Tube Lab. from the reactor hall. The average flux at the breaks, provided on the guides to accommodate various instruments, is ~107 neutrons/cm2/s. Two small-angle neutron scattering instruments and a polarized neutron reflectometer are operational at G2 one after another. A spin-echo cum polarised neutron small-angle instrument has also been commissioned recently at G1.

Synchrotron facilities


Two synchrotron sources, Indus-1 (450MeV) and Indus-2 (2.5 GeV), were planned and designed by the Atomic Energy Commission Govt of India as national facilities at Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology at Indore. Of these, Indus-1 with a critical wavelength of 61 Å has been commissioned and is routinely operated at the design current of 100 mA. The beam lifetime achieved at 100 mA is 75 minutes. This vacuum ultraviolet/ soft X-ray source is used by various research groups in the country. Indus-2 with a critical wavelength of ~2 Å is in the process of being made operational. The Indian effort to acquire indigenous synchrotron capabilities has been long and arduous, even as it has been well-meaning. With rapid changes in the international scientific scenario, there is a real sense of urgency in having ready access to state-of-the-art synchrotron facilities by macromolecular, small molecule and industrial crystallographers. Reference has already been made to the fact that a whole generation of Indian crystallographers were enfeebled in the past because of the general absence of single crystal diffractometers between 1975 and 1995. It is sincerely hoped that the same scenario will not be repeated in another context.

National Committee for Crystallography


ICSU activities in India were brought under the banner of the Indian National Science Academy, INSA (then known as National Inst. of Science India) in 1968. The first and second National Committees appointed by INSA were chaired by G.N. Ramachandran. Subsequent chairs were A.R. Verma, S. Ramaseshan, N.N. Saha, R. Chidambaram, M.A. Viswamitra, S.P. Sen Gupta, K.K. Kannan, K. Lal, O.N. Srivastava and S.K. Sikka. In 2004, the National Committees of IUCr and IUPAB were merged on an experimental basis with M. Vijayan as chair. This committee will be demerged in 2008, and a new National Committee for Crystallography with P. Chakrabarti as chair (members K. Byrappa, S. K. Halder, A. Nangia, C. G. Suresh) will assume responsibility in January 2008. The National Committee has consistently played a major role in the collective activities of the crystallographic community in India and in its liaison with the IUCr.

Recognition by IUCr to the Indian crystallographic community has come in the form of the Ewald Prize to G.N. Ramachandran, the elections of S. Ramaseshan and R. Chidambaram as vice-presidents, and of G.R. Desiraju as a member of the current executive committee. P. Krishna, has been a former Chairman of the Commission on Crystallographic Teaching. M. Vijayan, a former Chairman of the Commission on Biological Macromolecules is president of the Asian Crystallographic Association (AsCA) till the end of 2007. G.R. Desiraju, M.R.N. Murthy, D. Pandey and M. Vijayan have served as past or present co-editors of Acta Cryst.

Indian Crystallographic Association


[ICA council members]ICA Council members and special invitees at a meeting in INSA, New Delhi on August 9, 2007. From left: N. Goswami (Joint Secretary), J.K. Dattagupta (President), Rajnikant, K. Lal, M. Vijayan, T.N. Guru Row (Vice-President), D.M. Salunke, K. Sekar (Treasurer), N. Gautham (Secretary), G.R. Desiraju, M.V. Hosur, B. Das, A. Nangia (Editor).
The Indian Crystallographic Association (ICA) was established in 2000-2001, fulfilling a long-felt need in the Indian crystallographic community for a professional association. One of its first activities was to organise the AsCA meeting in Bangalore in 2001. The ICA (iris.physics.iisc.ernet.in/ica/) currently comprises more than 350 members, whose research interests cover the entire gamut of crystallography-related disciplines. These include materials science, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics. Geographically, the ICA membership covers the entire country. Historically, and in the absence of a crystallographic association, the National Committee of Crystallography was responsible for all collective activity. Increasingly now, the ICA is co-ordinating academic and scientific activities, while the national committee, in its capacity as the accredited body of INSA, is liaising with the IUCr. Accordingly, the national meetings, which evolved from the Madras meetings, are now the responsibility of the ICA rather than of the national committee. The ICA council of 15 members (see photograph) is elected by the general body for a three-year term.

Comings and goings


[Editors of special issue] Pleased editors of the special issue at the end of their assignment in Hyderabad. From left: A. Nangia, G.R. Desiraju and V. Pattabhi. The fourth editor D.M. Salunke was not present on this occasion.
The past 60 years have seen several interesting trends with respect to students and scientists moving between India and foreign countries, notably the USA and the UK. These events also convey much information with respect to the Indian presence, or the lack of it, in the international context. Crystallographers settled in India have obtained their doctoral degrees both in India and abroad, but the former group predominates numerically. Large numbers of Indian students emigrate to the USA either before or just after their Ph.D.; a few have made a distinct mark in their country of adoption: G. Kartha (Roswell Park), J. Kuriyan (U.C. Berkeley), V. Ramakrishnan (MRC Cambridge). In an interesting aside, S.N. Rao (U. of Central Oklahoma) is widely acknowledged as one of the most successful treasurers of the American Crystallographic Association. More in the context of times to come, a number of youngsters from foreign countries have pursued doctoral and post-doctoral studies in India. Stefka Peneva, from Sofia, Bulgaria received her Ph.D. in 1970 from U. of Delhi, working with K. Lal, while Michael Kirchner from Essen, Germany, who was the recipient of the prestigious Lynen fellowship of the Alexander von Humboldt foundation, carried out post-doctoral work with G.R. Desiraju in Hyderabad in 2003-04. The growing academic significance of Indian laboratories, coupled with the rapid improvements in the economic conditions in India, ensure that the number of foreign scholars in India will increase significantly. Already, there are initiatives through government sponsored projects and organisations like the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS) and Human Frontiers of Science Program (HFSP) to aid in the movement of young crystallographers from anywhere in the world to India.
K. Biradha, P. Chakrabarti, N. Chandra, J. K. Datta Gupta, N. Gautham, T.N. Guru Row, K.V.R. Kishan, P. Krishna, K. Lal, S.C. Mande, N. Madhusudana, D. Pandey, S. Ranganathan, S.N. Rao, J.A.R.P. Sarma, M. Vijayan, K. Vyas and V.K. Wadhawan, Edited by: A. Nangia, D.M. Salunke, V. Pattabhi and G.R. Desiraju.

Photographic record of crystallographic activities in India

The complete IUCr photographic archive includes thousands of photographs. Here we include a collection illustrating activities in this country. This image is selected randomly from the galleries listed below (AsCA Meeting, 2001).
Henk Schenk, Chris Howard.