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ICSTI: information from circulars

  • To: Multiple recipients of list <epc-l@iucr.org>
  • Subject: ICSTI: information from circulars
  • From: Pete Strickland <ps@iucr.org>
  • Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2003 15:58:53 GMT
Subject: Fwd: Comunicacion cientifica a la comunidad de Internet y de la
         Sociedad de la Informacion

Subject: Fwd: Comunicacion cientifica a la comunidad de Internet y de la
         Sociedad de la Informacion

This message is about a new Project designed to open up discussion on the
Information Society in Latin America. 

Bye, Barry
> ________________________________________________________________
> Scientific message to the Internet Community and to the Information
> Society Community.
> The Digital Society - www.sociedaddigital.org /
> www.asociedadedigital.org
> This message has the objective of informing the Internet Community
> and the Information Society Community the latest news about The
> Digital Society Project.
> The Digital Society is a project open mainly to the Internet
> Community and the Information Society Community in Latin American,
> however without restrictions to any other countries or regions in
> the world. It is about the creation of the first forum to portuguese
> and spanish speaking specialists, under the structure of an internet
> gate (www.sociedaddigital.org / www.asociedadedigital.org).
> The structure of this space is divided, in its first level, into
> areas considered of extreme importance to the development of the
> Information Society, such as language, (brechas digitais),
> e-Government, special studies, legislation and country information.
> On a second level, there are interactive elements such as news,
> special projects and information centres designed to promote
> interchanges and synergy between regional specialists, always
> searching for new models, applications and research results,
> benefiting all users and paving the road between the Information
> Society and the Knowledge Society.
> Therefore, we invite everyone to visit the Internet site, integrate
> yourself in the community, contribute with your knowledge and use
> all free available resources.
> Our address : (www.sociedaddigital.org / www.asociedadedigital.org).
> Please send any queries and comments to info@sociedaddigital.org.
> All comments, queries and contributions are welcome.
> Cordially,
> President of the Digital Society Board of Directors
> Ricardo Petrissans de Aguilar, MSc, PhD.
> ricardo@sociedaddigital.org
> This message will only be sent once, since it is intended to be
> directed to the members of the Latin America Scientific Community.
> If it is not of your interest, please delete it. Thank you for your
> time and attention.
Subject: The OA Meeting in Paris, Stevan Harnad's summary....

Slightly selective....

Date:    Fri, 31 Jan 2003 12:48:22 +0000
From:    Stevan Harnad <harnad@ecs.soton.ac.uk>
Subject: Re: Paris Open Access Seminar Announcement

This is just a brief (and partial) summary of the conference sponsored
by the French Ministry of Research on "Open Access to Scientific and
Technical Information: State of the Art and Future Trends" in Paris
23-24 January 2003 http://www.inist.fr/openaccess/en/programme.php
The powerpoints of the presentations should be available on the above
site soon. Other participants' summaries are invited (for completeness,
and impartiality!).

The meeting was quite international, although the most heavily represented
country was the host, France. A first pass at summarizing the trends
came in a position paper written by Jack Franklin prior to the conference
http://www.inist.fr/openaccess/en/etat_art.php but this was substantially
updated, extended (and corrected) by the participants during the course
of the conference itself.

The Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) was given a masterly
presentation by Jean-Claude Guedon. Both of its components -- BOAI-1
(self-archiving) and BOAI-2 (open-access journals -- were also presented
(by me and by BioMed Central's Jan Velterop, respectively). In addition,
there were reports by a number of recent successful specific BOAI-1
and BOAI-2 implementations (i.e., OA Archives and OA journals), both in
France and worldwide.

There was a very large session devoted to the access and impact problems
of researchers in developing countries, including some talks (by Barbara
Kirsop, Secretary, Electronic Publishing Trust For Development and Barbara
Aronson, WHO) touching on points that have been raised in this Forum:
    "Access-Denial, Impact-Denial and the Developing and Developed World"
Journal subsidies for the developing world (by publishers as well as
Foundations such as the BOAI's parent organization, George Soros's Open
Society Institute) were described.

There was (blessedly) little acrimony with publishers (represented,
among other's, by Elsevier's Pieter Bolman) as the open access movement
matures and comes to a realization that the solution to the problem of
open access will not come from blaming publishers -- indeed the
solution is not even in publishers' hands, but in the hands of
researchers, their institutions, and their research funders.

There was also the usual sample of misunderstandings and
misprepresentations of what open access is about, but I will pass
over those in silence. Fortunately, their number is shrinking, as
understanding of the open access movement, its ends and its means,
spreads. In particular, in France it seems at last to be spreading to the
heads of the distributed national research institutes (which are unique
to France, and perhaps more important in all this than the universities
themselves). The Directors General of CNRS as well as of INSERM gave
closing talks that illustrated that they have been listening to their
researchers on the problem of open access, and that substantive movement
may well be underway now in France.

Stevan Harnad

Subject: Preservation Handbook

>From Neil Beagrie, for information.

The print edition of Preservation Management of Digital Materials: A Handbook
 published by the British Library in November 2001 is now out of print having
sold out of its first print run of 1200 copies. However an electronic edition
in html is available through the Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) and can
be accessed online at

The online edition of 'Preservation Management of Digital Materials - A
Handbook, will be regularly maintained and updated by the DPC.

Subject: European Conference on Digital Libraries, 2003

ECDL 2003 - Trondheim, Norway 17-22 August 2003

Submissions are now being accepted for ECDL 2003, the 7th conference in the
series of European Digital Library conferences.  Paper, workshop, panel and
tutorial submissions are open until 10 March 2003.  Demonstration and
poster submissions accepted until 19 May 2003.

Subject: Re: The proposed EU Directive on Public Sector information

I am grateful to Marie Wallin of KTHB for these two URLs  which provide basic
informaiton on the progress of this draft directive.

If anybody has any other references, especially to discussion on the content 
of the
draft and its implications please share them via this list.

Thanks, Barry


Contains details about the directive and its progress through the EU system, 
links to the variuous documents.


Contains details of the discussions in the European Parliament and includes 
parliaments discussion documents and their proposed amendments to the draft.


Subject: D Space or E Space??

>From the September-98 Forum list....

Date:    Tue, 11 Feb 2003 12:42:25 +0000
From:    Stevan Harnad <harnad@ecs.soton.ac.uk>
Subject: EPrints, DSpace or ESpace?

It is rather ironic that a choice between two free self-archiving softwares 
lately be holding up self-archiving!

"Should I use http://www.eprints.org/ or http://www.dspace.org/     as my
Institutional Self-Archiving Software?

The short answer is: It doesn't matter! Use either one!

EPrints and DSpace are both free, both open-source, both OAI-compliant, both
interoperable, both equivalent in the functionality relevant to 
self-archiving, and
even both written initially by the same programmer (Southampton's Rob 


Subject: The meaning of "Open....."

Apropos of our meeting in Paris last month, here is a comment by Lorcan
Dempsey of OCLC on the word 'open' in the context of OA and OAI and the role
of librarians in identifying and preserving.

> > DS > How much do either [EPrints or DSpace -- or http://cdsware.cern.ch/]
> > DS > conform to the OAIS reference model?
> >
> > SH> How much do they *need* to (and why?), in order to provide many years
> > SH> of enhanced access and impact to otherwise unaffordable research,
> Quite. OAIS http://ssdoo.gsfc.nasa.gov/nost/isoas/overview.html
> is an unfortunate acronym in that the "O" (open) and the "A"
> (archive) clash quite rudely with the same letters in OAI
> http://www.openarchives.org and BOAI http://www.soros.org/openaccess/.
> The "Open" in OAIS comes from the fact that the standard is open (the
> archives may be closed), whereas OAI and BOAI assume open distribution
> of metadata and open access to texts (respectively). The emphasis on
> "Archive" in OAIS is a safe place to keep your data; in OAI and BOAI a
> place to distribute your data/metadata from is of paramount
> importance.

This is misleading. The "open" in OAI is explained in the OAI FAQ on the OAI
website as follows:

What do you mean by "Open"?
Our intention is "open" from the architectural perspective - defining and
promoting machine interfaces that facilitate the availability of content
from a variety of providers. Openness does not mean "free" or "unlimited"
access to the information repositories that conform to the OAI-PMH.  Such
terms are often used too casually and ignore the fact that monetary cost is
not the only type of restriction on use of information - any advocate of
"free" information recognize that it is eminently reasonable to restrict
denial of service attacks or defamatory misuse of information.

This is available from http://www.openarchives.org/documents/FAQ.html

The protocol is agnostic about the business or service environment in which
it is used. The RDN www.rdn.ac.uk for example uses OAI to gather metadata
from its contributing partners in a closed way.

> It is worth noting that the scenarios given in OAIS are without exception
> data archives - enormous collections of database records comprising
> government forms or scientific measurements. In contrast, scholarly
> papers are documents, not data; their purpose is communication rather
> than processing. It is perhaps unsurprising that the users of these
> documents require something different from their archives, accounting
> for Stevan's emphasis on immediacy and access.

This is again misleading. If you look at the following tutorial on the OAIS
website by Don Sawyer and Lou Reich (dated October 2002)
you will see several examples of document-related scenarios. In fact this
tuturial notes that the OAIS model "adopted terminology that crosses various
disciplines" and enumerates these as "traditional archivists", "scientific
data centers", and "digital libraries".

> Perhaps there is an unavoidable tension here - for a librarian, an article
> about Cognitive Science can only be an object to be curated, whereas for a
> Cognitive Scientist it is a message to be interpreted and used.

Well ... I would argue that this is also again misleading. Curation and use
are intimately connected: libraries engage in curatorial practices to
support use. A librarian wants to make sure that what was written yesterday
is available for you to use today. A librarian wants to make sure that an
article you write today is available for somebody else to read tomorrow. I
doubt whether you really only want to read today's articles, or to have your
own work unavailable to somebody else tomorrow.

And finally, this is a response to the specifics of Les's note; it does not
comment on the wider discussion of which it is a part.

Lorcan Dempsey, VP, Research, OCLC

Subject: EU Directive on Public Sector Information - first vote

A summary of the results of the first vote at the European Parliament on Feb 
12 is
at this URL:



Best wishes

Peter Strickland
Managing Editor
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