Building Science Capacity in Africa via Crystallography

An IUCr-ICSU initiative

Aims and Objectives


icsu"Building Science Capacity in Africa via Crystallography" is an initiative of the IUCr funded by the International Council for Science (ICSU) through the ICSU Grants Programme 2015. The project was prepared as a follow-up to the IYCr Pan African Summit meeting (Bloemfontein, October 2014) and the proposal submitted by the IUCr (as an ICSU member) on behalf of Andreas Roodt, President of ECA and chair of the Summit meeting, and Michele Zema, IYCr Project Manager and IUCr representative for the proposal.

The IUCr project is supported by:

  • ECA
  • UNESCO
  • ICSU Regional Office for Africa
  • INDABA Series of meetings
  • SAASTA (South African Agency for Science and Technology Advancement) Public Engagement with Nanotechnology

The project aims at further cementing the African Crystallographic Association (AfCA), whose Steering Committee has been established at the Summit meeting in Bloemfontein in October 2014. The programme will be conducted as part of the IUCr Crystallography in Africa initiative.

The main actions will be: 

  1. Bring African scientists to the INDABA series of conferences in South Africa to expose them to high level International interdisciplinary science.;
  2. A follow-up meeting to the IYCr Summit in Northern Africa, to further work towards the formal formation of AfCA;
  3. A Workshop in Central Africa to offer local scientists the opportunity to interact, liaise, and strengthen basic knowledge of crystallography.

Moreover, the project includes many additional actions, which will be unertaken pending on availability of funds, infra structure and human resources.

Work plan

As indicated, this proposal deals with three principal thrusts. It involves primarily organising of three events during the period 2015-2016 by the AfCA Steering Committee. Additional actions will be undertaken but are not formally in place, pending on availability of funds, infra structure and human resources. Examples of these include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • pro-actively continue with programmes to ensure that the legacy of the International Year of Crystallography and particularly the promotion of science is preserved;
  • over time provide basic diffraction equipment for crystallographers in all countries in the region to allow research activity in Crystallography and balanced partnership collaboration across Africa and beyond;
  • facilitate the establishment of National Committees of Crystallography in African Countries and support the activities of the existing ones;
  • introduce a scientific visa to ensure mobility of researchers between African nations. Such a visa would allow for the exchange and collaboration between African countries and the sharing of scientific resources and expertise, to address common developmental targets, for the benefit of all. This scientific visa should be free of charge, be valid for at least a year, and should be issued quickly once certified by appropriate higher education and research bodies;
  • support training workshops;
  • encourage the mobility of researchers within the region; promote joint research projects;
  • leverage national bodies, institutions and international funding agencies for financial support;
  • facilitate regional conferences on the subject of Crystallography and its applications in Africa;
  • assist in the promotion of Crystallography and science in education programmes;
  • provide the very poor countries with minimal infra structure and materials for research such as powerful computers for data analyses and servers;
  • assist in creating a database, listing African crystallographers;
  • establish a public awareness and engagement programme that will create fact-based understanding of Crystallography through awareness, dialogue and education in the region.

Expected results

Significant expansion of science in Africa, and ultimately, the establishment of an African Crystallographic Association (AfCA).

afcasteeringUnder auspices of the Steering Committee which will cement the formation of AfCA, crystallography will be expanded to eventually become a full regional affiliate of the International Union of Crystallography [i.e., similar to ACA, LaCA, ECA and AsCA; the American Crystallographic Association, the Latin American Crystallographic Association, the European Crystallographic Association and the Asian-Australasian Crystallographic Association].

Eighteen countries have already joined the Steering Committee with aim to formally establish AfCA (see figure).

In particular, it is foreseen that an African IYCr Cooperation Fund is established. The community thus commits to engage with other local academies, funding agencies and/ or governments to provide annual contributions commensurate with each country's economic status.

The overarching drive and funds will assist to support actions such as:

  • increasing collaboration and cooperation among scientists in Africa;
  • providing seed money for up to two projects per annum initially, involving a minimum of 2 countries in the region, of which at least one should be well established in Crystallography; this will be done in collaboration with the overarching fund, foreseen to be established as per Declaration. [3]
  • funding for short term visits of up to 3 months for early career researchers; supporting training workshops at established centres of Crystallography or at emerging centres in the region;
  • enabling the sharing of facilities within the region.
Scientific Schools and workshops similar to BloemCrystSchool and the European Crystallographic School are also eventually anticipated to flow from this proposal.

It works!

The 2nd North African Crystallographic Conference (NACC2) was intended as a follow-up of the IYCr2014 PAN African Summit meeting and the IYCr Legacy conference, which nurtured a growing interest in developing crystallography in the African region. NACC2, as part of the IUCr-ICSU initiative "Building Science Capacity in Africa via Crystallography", was aimed at analyzing the state-of-the-art of crystallography in North Africa and revitalizing it by involving European countries from the Mediterranean area with a strong and established tradition in crystallography. NACC2 also aimed at reinforcing the collaborations among the North African countries and at continuing the process towards the foundation of the African Crystallographic Association (AfCA) by establishing the role of North African countries to facilitate this initiative, together with representatives from all parts of Africa.

Unfortunately, despite the many efforts made and various solutions offered, it proved impossible to find an agreement with the local crystallographic community about the organization of this event, which has therefore been cancelled.

Habib Boughzala and Michele Zema
the event has been cancelled

the event has been cancelled 

Registration fees


Before 15 July After 15 July

North Africa Other countries North Africa Other countries
Academic student 400 DT 400 € 450 DT 450 €
Academic senior 450 DT 450 € 500 DT 500 €
Non academic 600 DT 600 € 700 DT 700 €
Accompanying person 250 DT 250 € 300 DT 300 €
Conference dinner 30 DT 30 € 30 DT 30 €
Registration fees include: participation in the scientific sessions (not for accompanying persons); delegate bag; welcome reception; coffee breaks; 4-night accommodation at the Khayem Garden Resort ****Hotel.

Payments can be made by bank transfer. Details will be provided soon. 

We thank all sponsors and supporting institutions and we apologize for cancelling the event, due to circumstances beyond our control.
HB and MZ 

Sponsors

 

IUCr IUCr_Journal_logo_2lines STOE_logo AntonPaar_logo Xenocs_logo CrystalImpact_logo ICDD_logo
 

With the auspices of

 

Université de Tunis el Manar Faculté de Sciences de Tunis LMC_logo LPCM_logo


 

Invitation 

Please feel free to contact the organizers at Habib.Boughzala@ipein.rnu.tn if you are interested in taking part in this conference as a sponsor.

Opportunities will include: 

  • a 10-minute slot in the programme for an oral contribution;
  • exhibition space for the duration of the conference (size and furniture to be communicated soon);
  • your company logo on all materials related to the conference;
  • distribution of promotional material and giveaways in the delegate bags or common stands;
  • welcome reception refreshments, lunches, conference dinner (with signage).
Looking forward to welcoming you in Nabeul.
Nabeul is 70 km south of the capital Tunis and 12 km from the seaside resort touristic city of Hammamet. Nabeul can be reached by bus, train or private location car. Once in Nabeul, the NACC2 conference hotel is reachable by 5-min taxi drive (~2€). 
To know more about the idea behind the proposed NACC2, please contact:

Prof. Habib Boughzala
Laboratory of Materials and Crystallochemistry
Faculté des Sciences, Université de Tunis El Manar
E-mail: Habib.Boughzala@ipein.rnu.tn

Dr Michele Zema
IUCr Outreach Officer
International Union of Crystallography
E-mail: mz@iucr.org
The Cameroon Crystallography Association and the University of Dschang, invite you to participate in the First Pan African Conference on Crystallography (PCCr1) from 6th to 10th October 2016 in the city of Dschang, Cameroon. The conference is organized under the auspices of the Ministry of Higher Education of Cameroon and the subject is “Crystallography for Sustainable development in Africa”. About 300 people from around the world are expected.

A cutting-edge program of this great conference involves:
  • Two plenary sessions of Profs. Gautam R. Desiraju (India) and Ron Lifshitz (Israel)
  • Keynotes of eminent crystallographers
  • Lectures and posters sessions
  • Two round tables devoted to “Crystallography as vehicle to promote Science in Africa and beyond” and to “Equipments for African crystallography laboratories”
The topics of the conference are organized around seven microsymposia:
  • Inorganic Materials and Mining Industry,
  • Inorganic Materials and Industry Minerals,
  • Crystal engineering and structural chemistry: function through design (2 sessions),
  • Crystallography data bases,
  • Crystallography for life sciences,
  • Large Facilities for emerging countries.
The program also includes exhibitions, workshop on the CCDC software and two social activities in the western region of Cameroon.

The conference aims at bringing together African crystallographers, mineralogists, solid state and structural scientists to increase the awareness for crystallography and improve the educational opportunities for African researchers and students of all levels. The variety of activities will provide opportunities to engage with (i) the scientific community, from expert crystallographers to young researchers and students of all ages, (ii) government representatives and policy-maker from most African countries.

The city of Dschang is a safe city located in the Western region of Cameroon. As well as the whole region, this city contains many valleys through which fine rivers flows are interrupted by waterfalls. It offers up a rise of round-topped mountains and a unique temperate climate in Africa with average annual temperature of 25 °C. The beauty of the area is completed by the richness of its craftsmanship: clay pipes, earthenware, utensils, figurines, copper masks, stools decorated with beads and the Bamileke dancers in their picturesque costumes.

Warm welcome to all!

Ignas Tonlé K. 

Opening Plenary Lecture
6 October 2016; 7.00 - 8.00 PM

grd

Gautam R. Desiraju (IUCr Immediate Past President, IISc Bangalore, India)

From molecule to crystal

Abstract

How do molecules aggregate in solution, and how do these aggregates consolidate themselves in crystals? What is the relationship between the structure of a molecule and the structure of the crystal it forms? Why do some molecules give more than one crystal structure? Why do some crystal structures contain solvent? How does one design a crystal structure with a specified topology of molecules, or a specified coordination of molecules and/or ions, or even with a specified property? What are the relationships between crystal structures and properties, for molecular crystals? These are some of the questions that are being addressed today by the crystal engineering community, which is drawn from the larger communities of organic, inorganic and physical chemists, and, of crystallographers and solid state scientists. This talk will give a brief historical introduction to crystal engineering itself, and an assessment of the importance and utility of the supramolecular synthon which is one of the most important concepts in the practical use and application of the subject. It is also hoped to provide a look to the future, and indicate some directions in which the subject of crystal engineering might be moving, also in the context of crystallographic endeavors in the African continent.

G. R. Desiraju, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 46, 8342, 2007
G. R. Desiraju, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 135, 9952, 2013
G. R. Desiraju, Science, 343, 1057, 2014

Closing Plenary Lecture
10 October 2016; 11.00 - 12.00 AM

grd

Ron Lifshitz (Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics & Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Israel)

What is a crystal? - New answers to an old question

Abstract

In 1982 Dan Shechtman discovered a new kind of crystal that seemed to contradict the laws of nature. His discovery for which he was awarded the 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry ignited a scientific revolution that demonstrated that, in science, what may seem impossible today might turn out to be real tomorrow. We shall review this scientific revolution and the many effects it had on crystallography, science in general, and even beyond. 

Alessia Bacchi, President of the European Crystallography Association (ECA), University of Parma, Italy
Robert Mokaya, University of Nottingham, UK
Alejandro Buschiatto, Institut Pasteur, Montevideo, Uruguay
Colin Groom, Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre, UK
Gilberto Artioli, University of Padua, Italy
Ashwini Nangia, University of Hyderabad, India

Crystal engineering and structural chemistry: function through design 1
7 October 2016, 8.30 - 13.00

Chairs: Susan Bourne (South Africa) & Hocine Merazig (Algeria)
Invited LecturersClement Tella (University of Ilorin, Nigeria), Delia Haynes (Stellenbosch University, South Africa), Jules Abodou Tenon (University Houphoet Boigny, Cote d'Ivoire), Kamel Boukhedadden (Universite de Versailles Saint Quentin, France)
Contributed talks: tbd

Inorganic Materials and Industry Minerals
7 October 2016, 15.00 - 19.30

Chairs: Wulf Depmeier (Germany) & Lahcen El Ammari (Morocco)
Invited LecturersMichele Zema (University of Pavia, Italy and IUCr, UK), Lahcen El Ammari (University of Rabat, Morocco), Brahim Elouadi (University of la Rochelle, France), Herbert Poellmann (University of Halle, Germany), Márcia Carvalho de Abreu Fantini (University of Sao Paolo, Brazil, President of the Latin American Crystallography Association)
Contributed talks: tbd

Crystallography for Life sciences
8 October 2016, 8.30 - 13.00

Chairs: Alejandro Buschiatto (Uruguay) & Mino Caira (South Africa)
Invited LecturersHeinrich Dirr (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg), Mino Caira (Cape Town University, South Africa), Bryan Trevor Sewell (University of Cape Town, South Africa), Richard Garratt ( University of Sào Paulo, Brazil), Nourredine Benali Cherif (Polytechnic University of Constantine, Algeria, member of the Algerian Academy of Sciences)
Contributed talks: tbd

Crystallography databases
8 October 2016, 15.00 - 19.30

Chairs: Colin Groom (CCDC) & Oliver Smart (PDB)
Invited LecturersZéphirin Yav (University of Kinshasa, Congo DR), Patrice Tsobnang Kenfack (University of Dschang, Cameroon), Matteo Leoni (University of Trento, Italy, Chair of the Boards of Directors of ICDD), Oliver Smart (PDB)
Contributed talks: tbd

Inorganic Materials and Mining Industry
9 October 2016, 8.30 - 13.00

Chairs: Gilberto Artioli (Italy) & Robert Kinsford Adaboh (Ghana)
Invited LecturersShimelis Admassie (Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia), Robert Kingsford-Adaboh (University of Ghana, Legon), Leslie Felicia Petrik (University of Wersterm Cape, South Africa), Nelie Mutemeri (University of Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Contributed talks: tbd

Crystal engineering and structural chemistry: function through design 2
9 October 2016, 15.00 - 19.30

Chairs: Ashwini Nangia (India) & Magatte Camarra (Senegal)
Invited LecturersAliou Haadi Barry (University of Nouakchott, Mauritania), Mamoudou Diallo (University of Ziguinchor, Senegal), Aleksandar Visnjevac (Ruđer Bošković Institute, Croatia), Emmanuel Aubert (University of Lorraine, France)
Contributed talks: tbd

Large Facilities for Emerging Countries
10 October 2016, 8.30 - 11.00

Chair: Giorgio Paolucci (Sesame Scientific Director, Jordan)
Invited LecturersFlorence Porcher (LLB, France)
Contributed talks: tbd

ROUNDTABLE 1: Crystallography as vehicle to promote Science in Africa and beyond
7 October 2016, 21.00 - 23.00

Chair: Andreas Roodt (University of Bloemfontein, South Africa)

ROUNDTABLE 2: Equipment for African laboratories and the African Light Source, AfLS
8 October 2016, 21.00 - 23.00

Chairs: Seraphin Kati Coulibali (Ministry of Research, Cote d’Ivoire) & Gerard Fauvet (France)

Advisory Committee

Gautam DESIRAJU, Immediate Past-Président of the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (India)

Jean P. NGOME ABIAGA, UNESCO-Paris (France)

Daniel NYANGANYURA, ROA-ICSU, ICSU (South Africa)

Romain MURENZI, TWAS Director, TWAS (Italy)

Pinak P. CHAKRABARTI, Chair of the Asian Crystallographic Asscociation (AsCa), Indian Institute of Technology (India)

Christopher CAHILL, Chair of the American Crystallographic Association (ACA), George Washington University (USA)

Márcia Carvalho DE ABREU FANTINI, Chair of the Latino-America Crystallographic Association (LACA), Instituto de Física da USP (Brasil)

Alessia BACCHI, Chair of the European Crystallographic Association (ECA), Università degli Studi di Parma (Italia)

Dominik SCHANIEL, Director of the Laboratory of Cristallographie, Résonance magnétique et Modélisation (CRM2), Université de Lorraine (France)

Michele ZEMA, IUCr Outreach Officer, University of Pavia (Italia)

Prince Jay ORITSEJOLONE OGHIFO, IUPAC, Chemical Society of Nigeria (Nigeria)

Masaki TAKATA, Chair of the Spring 8, Spring 8 (Japan)

Organizing Committee

Roger TSAFACK N., University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Anaclet FOMETHE, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Celestin CHAMENI, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Emmanuel NGAMENI, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Ignas TONLE K., University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Jean NGOUNE, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Claude LECOMTE, University of Lorraine (France)

Justin NENWA, University of Yaounde 1 (Cameroon)

David NKOUTHIO, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Martin TCHOFFO, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Aleksandar VIŠNJEVAC, Ruđer Bošković Institute (Croatia)

Charles BANENZOUE, University of Douala (Cameroon)

Alexandre DJIMELI, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Delphine TUME, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Yves MBIANGUE, University of Maroua (Cameroon)

John LAMBI N., ENS Yaoundé (Cameroon)

Felicité MAJOUMO, University of Buea (Cameroon)

Junior M MATEMB, University of Bamenda (Cameroon)

Martin TCHAMBA, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Armand WOUATONG, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Emmanuel SOPBUE, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Paul TEMATIO, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Patrice KENFACK, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Scientific Committee

Claude LECOMTE, Université de Lorraine (France)

Gilberto ARTIOLI, University of Padova (Italia)

Andreas ROODT, University of Free State (South Africa)

Susan BOURNE, University of Cape Town (South Africa)

Abdelmalek THALAL, l'Université Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech (Morocco)

Fai CORNELIUS, University of Dschang (Cameroon)

Hocine MERAZIG, Université Constantine (Algérie)

Magatte CAMARRA, Université de Zichinchor (Sénégal)

Aliou H. BARRY, Université de Nouakchott (Mauritanie)

Jules A. TENON, Univ. Houphouet (Cote d’Ivoire)

Mohamed OUMEZZINE, Fac. des Sciences de Monastir (Tunisia)

Eric HOVESTREYDT, BRUKER, Karlsruhe (Germany) 

The 1st Pan African Conference on Crystallography is part of the activities for the "Building Science Capacity in Africa via Crystallography" initiative of the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr), funded by the International Council for Science (ICSU) through the ICSU Grants Programme 2015

The IUCr has further sponsored the event through its "IUCr Sponsorship and Support of Meeting" and "Visiting Professorship" schemes. 

Partners

International Union Of Crystallography (IUCr)
International Council for Science (ICSU)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
European Crystallography Association (ECA)
Association Française de Cristallographie (AFC)
Cameroonian Crystallographic Association (CCrA)
Ministry of Higher Education of Cameroon (MINESUP)
Ministry of Scientific Research of Cameroon (MINERESI)
University of Dschang (UDs)

Companies and Institutions

Bruker AXS GmbH & Incoatec GmbH (main contributor)
Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) (main contributor)
Dectris Ltd.
imXPAD
Laboratoire Léon Brillouin
Synchrotron Soleil
PANalytical B.V
Protein Data Bank in Europe – PDBe
Oxford CryoSystems Ltd
Huber Diffraction & AXO Dresden
STOE & Cie GmbH
De Gruyter
For any queries about registration, abstract submission, etc. please contact Dr Patrice Kenfack at the following address: pancocrys1@gmail.com