The International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development 2022: we need it more than ever
"There is nothing basic in basic sciences". This was one of the most compelling take-home messages from HRH Princess Sumaya bint El Hassan's speech at the session on "Basic Sciences Infrastructures for Ethical and Responsible Collaborative Development" that Michel Spiro, author of this article, and myself convened at the World Science Forum 2019 (WSF2019) in Budapest, Hungary. That event represented a milestone towards the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development (IYBSSD 2022), as it was during that session that the initiative was first announced to the public. Immediate support was granted and explicitly stated in the resolution "Science, Ethics and Responsibility" adopted by the WSF2019.
I recall it was back in February 2018, when I was a panellist at the UNESCO-Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) roundtable in Paris, France, that Michel Spiro launched his idea for such an international year. The time was indeed right to build on the successes of recent International Years that had celebrated basic sciences [e.g. Chemistry 2011; Crystallography 2014 (IYCr2014); Light 2015; Periodic Table of Chemical Elements 2019]. A strong message to invest more in education and basic science, particularly in small or developing countries, would be sent. The IUCr has supported Michel Spiro's idea since its conception, and I have been honoured to put the expertise I gained from coordinating IYCr2014 at the disposal of his team. We have a new opportunity to celebrate crystallography and, particularly, our relations with all the basic sciences.Michele Zema, IUCr Executive Outreach Officer, Member (representative for the IUCr) of the Steering Committee for the proclamation of the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development in 2022 (IYBSSD 2022)
For more than a year now, the world has been disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. But how much worse could the situation have been without the progress and results produced for decades, even centuries, by curiosity-driven scientific research?
We deplore the many deaths due to COVID-19, and the future is still very uncertain, especially with the detection of new variants, some of which are spreading more quickly. But, in the first place, how could we have known that the infection was caused by a virus, what this virus looks like and what its genetic sequence and variations are without basic research? Viruses were discovered at the beginning of the 20th century, thanks to the work of Frederick Twort, Félix d'Hérelle and many others. The first electron microscope was built in the 1930s by Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll; and DNA sequencing began in the mid-1970s, notably with research by the groups of Frederick Sanger and Walter Gilbert.
We could continue such a list, with basic research at the root of tests, treatments, vaccines, epidemiological modelling, etc. We even owe high-speed, long-distance communications, which allow us to coordinate the fight against the pandemic and reduce interruptions in education, economic activities and even the practice of science, to the discovery and study of electromagnetic waves and optic fibers during the 19th century. The COVID-19 pandemic is a reminder (so harsh and brutal that we would have preferred to have been spared) of how much we rely on the continuous development of basic sciences for a balanced, sustainable and inclusive development of the planet.
On many other issues, basic sciences have an important contribution to make to progress towards a sustainable world for all, as outlined in Agenda 2030 and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals, adopted in September 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly. They provide the essential means to address major challenges such as universal access to food, energy and sanitation. They enable us to understand the impacts on the climate, and on life on Earth and in aquatic environments of the nearly 8 billion people currently living on the planet, and to act to limit and reduce these impacts.
Indeed, unlike our use of natural resources, the development of the basic sciences is sustainable par excellence. From generation to generation, it builds up a reservoir of knowledge that subsequent generations can use to apply to the problems they will face, which we may not even know about today.
The International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development (IYBSSD) will focus on these links between basic sciences and the Sustainable Development Goals. It is proposed to be organized in 2022 by a consortium of international scientific unions and scientific organizations led by IUPAP (IUCr, IUPAC, IMU, IUBS, IUGG, IMA, IUHPST, IUVSTA, IAU; IRD, IIASA, EPS, JINR, NuPECC, CERN, ICTP, ISC, SKAO, SESAME, IUMRS, Pierre Auger Observatory, Weizmann Institute of Science), with the recommendation of a resolution voted by the UNESCO General Conference during its 40th session in 2019. Over 50 national and international science academies and learned societies and around 30 Nobel Prize laureates and Fields Medalists also support this initiative. The Dominican Republic agreed to propose a resolution for the promulgation of the International Year during the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly, beginning in September 2021.
We very much hope that scientists, and all people interested in basic science, will mobilize around the planet and take this opportunity to convince all stakeholders (the general public, teachers, company managers, policymakers, etc.) that through a basic understanding of nature, inclusive (especially by empowering more women) and collaborative well-informed actions will be more effective for the global common interest. We especially invite all crystallographers and their organizations to create or join national IYBSSD 2022 committees to organize events and activities during this international year.
More information, as well as communication material, can be found at www.iybssd2022.org. This will also be shared through social media accounts (look for @iybssd2022 on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Instagram). You are also invited to subscribe to the Newsletter here.Michel Spiro is President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) and President of the Steering Committee for the proclamation of the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development in 2022 (IYBSSD 2022)
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