|The IUCr is an International Scientific Union. Its objectives are to promote international cooperation in crystallography and to contribute to all aspects of crystallography, to promote international publication of crystallographic research, to facilitate standardization of methods, units, nomenclatures and symbols, and to form a focus for the relations of crystallography to other sciences.|
|Jerome Karle at the 1978 Erice School on Direct Methods.|
We are saddened to report the death, on 6 June 2013, of Jerome Karle. Jerome was a former President of the IUCr (1981-1984) and the American Crystallographic Association (1972), and a co-recipient, with Herbert Hauptman, of the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures. Among the many additional honours he received for his work, he was elected to the US National Academy of Sciences in 1976 and the American Philosophical Society in 1990.
A full obituary will be published in IUCr Journals in due course.
The IUCr has initiated a major project to extend and expand the scope of its journals to meet the needs and serve the interests of researchers in the crystallographic and wider scientific communities who obtain and utilize structural information for addressing their scientific questions. The Editor-in-Chief, Samar Hasnain, appointed in August 2012, in consultation with appropriate committees and commissions of the IUCr, as well as with the wider structural science community, has developed an ambitious plan for IUCr journals. Its aim is to make the journals the natural home for many of the high-quality scientific publications that are currently published in journals such as Nature Structure and Molecular Biology, Structure, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Angewandte Chemie, Chemical Communications, etc., where structural data underpin these publications. The overall development plan was approved by the IUCr Executive Committee in December 2012.
Chemists, biologists, physicists and material scientists will be actively encouraged to report the best of their structural studies in IUCr journals. Significant changes are being implemented in journal organization and management to coincide with the celebration of the International Year of Crystallography (IYCr2014). Major scientific advances require multidisciplinary research and very often these breakthrough papers report results covering a wide range of methods and technologies. The wide-ranging expertise that exists on our editorial boards is being further strengthened by appointing additional research leaders in chemistry, crystal engineering, biological sciences, materials science, free electron laser science and technology, and a broader range of structural methods so that our journals continue to lead in all aspects of structural science and methods. Subtitles of the journals in the Acta Crystallographica series are being changed to make it clear that we are open to publishing a wider range of science in these journals. The first issue of Acta Crystallographica B under its new subtitle Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials appeared on 1 February 2013, with other sections of Acta expected to follow soon.
Since crystallographic studies are critical to understanding the structural basis for chemistry, physics, biology and materials science, the IUCr will launch a new journal as part of the celebrations of IYCr2014. The new journal will be simply called IUCrJ. It will be fully open access, striving to reach the high impact and influence appropriate for the best of our structural sciences. Our aim is to capture high-profile papers on all aspects of the sciences, technologies and methods supported by the IUCr via its commissions, including emerging fields such as 3D structures from 'single molecules' using free electron lasers. Many of the exciting structural science results that have been published in other high-profile journals appeared first in presentations at IUCr congresses, and at AsCA, ECM and ACA meetings. The goal for 2014 will be to publish 100 articles in IUCrJ; many of these articles will be solicited from the presentations of cutting-edge research at ACA, ECM, AsCA meetings as well as the IUCr congress and conferences closely linked to IUCr via its Commissions. IUCrJ is thus intended to be a natural home for reporting breakthroughs and 'full' science reports rather than simply reporting structures and how they were determined.
A Management Board has been appointed including the Main Editors of the current journals and representatives of the IUCr Executive and Finance Committees. The board is responsible for: (a) increasing the influence of IUCr journals among the wider scientific communities; (b) serving the interests of all of its Commissions in its journals; (c) broadening the scope of the journals so that high-quality science papers that use crystallography are attracted to the journals; and (d) improving the visibility of IUCr journals at non-crystallographic conferences.
A Business Development Manager will be appointed in early 2013 with a mandate to (a) reach out to the wider science community, (b) encourage closer integration of the journals with the Commissions, (c) develop social media marketing, (d) boost article citations by writing press releases highlighting the most significant papers, (e) prepare market research reports including citation and usage trend analysis, (f) identify subject trends and new journal opportunities, (g) identify target authors and encourage them to submit to the journals, and (h) exploit opportunities arising from IYCr2014. The Business Development Manager will work closely with the editorial staff.
This is to communicate the excellent news that the United Nations has declared that 2014 will be the official International Year of Crystallography.
The initiative had been proposed by the International Union of Crystallography and spearheaded by the Moroccan Crystallographic Association.They have worked closely with the Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Morocco in the United Nations along with helpful support from a number of delegations to the United Nations from other countries. The IUCr thanks the Moroccan authorities for the help and cooperation extended to us in bringing this proposal to fruition.
The declaration of IYCr 2014 provides all of us with a wonderful opportunity to sustain and renew our commitment to this outstanding subject. It has brought us together, whether we consider ourselves as crystallographers, or as physicists, chemists, biologists and materials scientists who work extensively with crystallography and its related techniques.
Ours is a very old subject, which shifted its emphasis from a study of crystals to a study of structures over a hundred years ago. Today, the subject is poised towards a study of dynamics and properties. All healthy scientific endeavour can recreate and reinvent: crystallography is a meaningful example of this.
I would like each and every one of you to use this opportunity to stimulate and ignite an interest in crystallography amongst students, scientists and the general public.
The declaration of IYCr 2014 by the United Nations is the finest endorsement for a subject that has weathered time and tide and continues to thrive. It signifies that crystallography has continuing cultural relevance and, in the end, this is the only justification for carrying out science in this rapidly changing world with its political and social flux and constant economic variables.
I will write about IYCr 2014 in more detail in the IUCr Newsletter but, in the meantime, I would ask all of you to participate in this happy occasion.Gautam R. Desiraju