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International Union of Crystallography

The IUCr is an International Scientific Union. Its objectives are to promote international cooperation in crystallography and to contribute to all aspects of crystallography, to promote international publication of crystallographic research, to facilitate standardization of methods, units, nomenclatures and symbols, and to form a focus for the relations of crystallography to other sciences.

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Professor Sir Tom Blundell awarded the eleventh Ewald Prize

[Tom Blundelll and Ewald Prize Medal]The eleventh Ewald Prize has been awarded to Sir Tom Blundell (Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, UK) for his work as one of the worldwide leaders in crystallographic innovation, especially at the interface with life sciences; starting with his work on determining the structure of insulin with Dorothy Hodgkin, he determined an exceptionally broad array of medically critical human protein structures, championing methods enabling drug design and discovery through structural optimization, crystallographic fragment screening, and computational modelling, and for being a leader in advanced crystallographic education internationally.

The presentation of the Ewald Prize will be made during the Hyderabad Congress Opening Ceremony on 21 August 2017.

For a list of papers by Professor Sir Tom Blundell appearing in IUCr journals click here.

Posted 19 Jan 2017

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IUCr Executive Secretary

[IUCr Offices]

 

The International Union of Crystallography (IUCr) is seeking an Executive Secretary to manage the organization, and to administer its day-to-day operations.

The IUCr is a Scientific Union and publisher. It is governed by a General Assembly that meets every three years; between these meetings the work of the Union is delegated to the Executive Committee. The Executive Secretary reports to the Executive Committee through the General Secretary.

The IUCr has offices in Chester, UK, and employs 25 staff, chiefly in its publishing operations. The successful candidate is expected to direct the financial and administrative affairs of the Union, which has 50 Adhering Bodies and 23 Commissions, as well as having responsibility for the staff.

The successful applicant will have a degree or PhD, ideally with experience within an international or not-for-profit organization, and a good knowledge of English. The ability to handle financial matters such as overseeing the preparation of the annual accounts by external accountants and dealing with taxation and investment matters is required.

Strong attention to detail is a must, and experience of project management will be beneficial. A competitive salary is offered (£50,304 - £61,453; exceptional candidates may be appointed at a higher grade) with excellent benefits. You will be based in Chester and expected to undertake some overseas travel.

To apply for the position, send a CV, names of two referees, and a covering letter to Mike Dacombe (execsec@iucr.org) by 15 February 2017.

Posted 17 Jan 2017 

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UNESCO supports bursaries for African participants to attend the 24 Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography

iucr2017logoIn keeping with the vision of the International Year of Crystallography (IYCr2014), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) is committed to facilitating the participation of scientists and students from the African continent in the 24th Congress of the International Union of Crystallography, that will take place in Hyderabad in August 2017. The Local Organising Committee (LOC) for the 24th IUCr Congress is delighted to announce that UNESCO will support the participation of around 10-20 scientists from Africa (excluding South Africa) with partial financial assistance.

UNESCO and the IUCr have over many years built a strong relationship. As part of this ongoing relationship, IUCr will attend the UNESCO International Basic Sciences Programme board meetingat UNESCO headquarters on January 24. The purpose of the meeting is to inform and discuss current and future activities which will help foster innovation, improve human wellbeing, protect the environment and human health, and build up competitive technology and agriculture.

Since the 2014 International Year of Crystallography, of which UNESCO were co-organisers, the United Nations agency has been instrumental in the success of numerous landmark events such as the first Pan African Conference on Crystallography (PCCr1), held at the University of Dschang in Cameroon in October 2016. They continue to support the IUCr OpenLabs programme. For further information about the availability of the bursaries please contact bursary@iucr2017.org

To apply for a bursary or financial support please follow this link.

Posted 23 Jan 2017 

research news


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X-ray radiation damage to biological macromolecules: further insights

There are eight papers on various aspects of radiation damage in the latest issue of the Journal of Synchrotron Radiation. The studies reported on macromolecular crystallography (MX) and small-angle scattering (SAXS) experiments were presented at the 9th International Workshop on Radiation Damage to Biological Crystalline Samples, held at MAX IV in Lund in March 2016 [Garman & Weik (2017), J. Synchrotron. Rad. 24, 1-6; doi: 10.1107/S160057751602018X].

There have been concerted efforts over the last 15 years to understand the manifestations and origins of radiation damage suffered by protein crystals during MX experiments, and to establish mitigation strategies using various approaches. These have gradually resulted in a deeper understanding of the physical, chemical and structural factors affecting damage rates, and there is a growing literature which seeks to elucidate the pertinent parameters. As the range and scope of the investigations have broadened, so has our appreciation of the complexities of radiation damage phenomena, although a full knowledge of all processes involved has not yet been achieved. The need for this has, however, become more pressing, especially with the advent of X-ray free-electron lasers and new fourth-generation synchrotron sources such as MAX IV in Lund and NSLS II at Brookhaven now coming on-line with even higher flux densities than hitherto utilised. The high rate of damage inflicted by these X-ray beams has brought the issue of radiation damage during structural biology experiments into even sharper focus. Thus, an awareness of the effects of radiation damage both on diffraction and SAXS data, and on the macromolecular structures derived from them, will become increasingly important.

The papers in the special issue include: a re-examination of structural damage to tyrosine residues; two papers on finding the optimum MX data collection strategy for phasing of structures, one using sulfur SAD data in the presence of damage and the other on anomalous phasing with mercury by serial synchrotron data collection; a comparison of helical and standard rotation methods from a radiation damage standpoint; two papers examining damage rates in SAXS experiments and scavengers that could be used to reduce these rates as well as presenting some new visualisation tools; an analysis of the conformational heterogeneity of side chains as a function of dose in room-temperature and cryo-crystallography, and, finally, an imaging study on the effects of X-ray irradiation on microcrystals.

Posted 17 Jan 2017 

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SESAME light source circulates first beam

SESAME main ringA beam circulated for the first time in the pioneering SESAME synchrotron at 18:12(UTC+3) on 11 January 2017. The next step will be to store the beam.

This is an important milestone on the way to research getting underway at the first light-source laboratory in the Middle East. SESAME was established under the auspices of UNESCO before becoming a fully independent intergovernmental organisation in its own right in 2004. SESAME’s Members are Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Pakistan, the Palestinian Authority and Turkey. Its mission is to provide a world-class research facility for the region, while fostering international scientific cooperation. The first call for proposals to carry out research at SESAME was recently issued.

Talking to reporters, Professor Khaled Toukan, SESAME Director said, “SESAME is now opening for business.”

SESAME, which stands for Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East, is a light-source; a particle accelerator-based facility that uses electromagnetic radiation emitted by circulating electron beams to study a range of properties of matter. Experiments at SESAME will enable research in fields ranging from medicine and biology, through materials science, physics and chemistry to healthcare, the environment, agriculture and archaeology.

“This is a great day for SESAME”, said Professor Sir Chris Llewellyn-Smith, President of the SESAME Council. “It’s a tribute to the skill and devotion of the scientists and decision-makers from the region who have worked tirelessly to make scientific collaboration between countries in the Middle East and neighbouring regions a reality.”

The first circulating beam is an important step on the way to first light, which marks the start of the research programme at any new synchrotron light-source facility, but there is much to be done before the experiments can get underway. Beams have to be accelerated to SESAME’s operating energy of 2.5 GeV. Then the light emitted as the beams circulate has to be channelled along SESAME’s two day-one beamlines and optimised for the experiments that will take place there. This process is likely to take around six months, leading to first experiments in the summer of 2017.

This is a short excerpt taken from a press release published by SESAME
Posted 13 Jan 2017 

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Acta Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry appoints two new Section Editors

Falvello and WhiteActa Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry is pleased to announce the appointment of two new Section Editors, Professors Larry Falvello and Jonathan White.

Since 1991, Falvello has been Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Zaragoza, where he is also a member of the Aragón Materials Science Institute. Falvello's research programme in the physical properties and transformations of molecular solids combines the synthesis of new coordination compounds of transition metals and lanthanoids, using ligands rich in functional groups, with their structural characterization and studies of their physical properties and possible transformations.

Falvello has been Co-Editor at Acta Crystallographica Section C since 2002 and served as Deputy Section Editor in 2013-2014. He was Associate Editor of Comments on Inorganic Chemistry from 2002 to 2014. Having been trained near the end of the "old times" of crystallography and having lived the advances of the past four decades, he sees Acta Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry as being uniquely positioned to maintain rigorous standards in the publication and conservation of structural results, while at the same time providing its readers with the extended chemical context that motivated a particular study and, more importantly, with the advances in chemical understanding that resulted from that study.

White was appointed to the University of Melbourne School of Chemistry in 1991, and has been Professor of Chemistry there since 2014.

White’s wide research programme includes structural organic chemistry, where he has applied the Structure Correlation Principle to a number of organic chemical reactions and rearrangements. He is also particularly interested in the use of accurate low-temperature X-ray determinations of model organic compounds to investigate donor-acceptor interactions between a variety of functional groups in both organic and organometallic compounds.

White has been Co-Editor at Acta Crystallographica Section C since 2011. He has been the Associate Editor for crystallography for the Australian Journal of Chemistry from 2010 and is a consultant crystallographer to the ACS journal Organic Letters.

Both see Acta Crystallographica Section C as a journal of chemical crystallography where significant structures are presented in the context of the underlying chemistry. They see the journal being of interest to a wide audience from materials scientists and structural chemists to researchers using amongst other techniques, magnetic resonance, electronic spectroscopy, and those involved in computational modelling and the knowledge-based exploration of chemical structures.

You can see a list of IUCr papers published by Professor J.M. White here, and IUCr papers published by Professor Larry Falvello here.
Posted 10 Jan 2017