XXIV IUCr Congress Hyderabad
The Commission played a very active role at the 2017 IUCr Congress in Hyderabad, with participation in several Microsymposia in both the Main and Special Activities parts of the programme. The importance and general interest of the subject were recognised in the Plenary Lecture, Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage, given by Giacomo Chiari, and a Keynote Lecture, Indian geometric patterns, compared to Persian and Moroccan styles, by Jean Marc Castera.
Thanks to the initiative of the CrysAC Commission the programme of the 24th Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography in Hyderabad also contained four microsymposia:
- MS-047: Crystalline materials characterization with combined techniques, chaired by Koen Janssen & Alejandro Ayala, 24.08.2017
- MS-071: Crystallographic patterns in art and cultural heritage, chaired by Louise De Las Penas and Rima Ajlouni, 25.08.2017
- MS-104: Synchrotron measurement in conservation and cultural heritage, session prepared by Eric Dooryhée, chaired by Alison Edwards and Gilberto Artioli, 27.08.2017
- MS-114: Crystallography and cultural heritage: From microsampling to noninvasive techniques, chaired by Manfred Schreiner and Serge Cohen
The CrysAC Commission in co-operation with Professor Bernardo Cesare (UNIPD) was also involved in the preparation of an exhibition Beauty hidden in Rocks, which accompanied the Congress.
The IUCr also prepared some beautiful postcards, which were distributed during the Congress, representing in small format the exhibited macrophotographs.
Old and new members and consultants of the Commission met during the Congress to discuss future activities.
2nd CrysAC Workshop 2017
On May 31, the CrysAC Commission organized the second CrysAC workshop entitled Applied crystallography in the study of pigment degradation, which was held in Brno, Czech Republic. The programme of the workshop is available at: https://www.alma-lab.cz/eng/conference-programme--invited-speakers
The Commission was also a co-organizer of the 6th Interdisciplinary ALMA Conference in Brno, Czech Republic, 1-3 May. More at:https://www.alma-lab.cz/eng/alma-conference-2017
Emil Makovicky gave a 45 minute lecture, Introduction to symmetry in art (with nice examples), during the 6th interdisciplinary ALMA Conference and 2nd CrysAC Workshop in Brno, Czech Republic, 31 May - 3 June 2017.
Prepared by: Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha & Gilberto Artioli Photo credits: 24th IUCr Congress; Radomir Kuzel; Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha
XXIV IUCr Congress, Hyderabad
- The CrysAC Commission actively participated in the organization of the 24th Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography to be held in 2017 in Hyderabad.
Gilberto Artioli and Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha, as the members of the International Programme Committee (IPC) of this Congress, were involved in the organization of plenary and keynote lectures as well as a number of microsymposia connected with the investigations of the objects of cultural heritage. They took part in the meeting of the International Programme Committee in Hyderabad in spring 2016.
1st CrysAC Workshop 2016
- The commission started to organize CrysAC workshops. The first CrysAC workshop, Cultural heritage authentication and forensic science, was organised in Krakow (Poland) on 18 May 2016. The programme for the first workshop is available at: http://www.biurokarier.chemia.uj.edu.pl/conf/x-ray16/programme
X-ray and other techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage
The CrysAC Commission was also a co-organiser of the scientific international conference 6th Meeting on X-ray and other techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage which was held in Krakow (Poland), 19-21 May 2016 (A. Rafalska-Lasocha, G. Artioli and P. Bezdička). More at: http://www.biurokarier.chemia.uj.edu.pl/conf/x-ray16
Organization of Microsymposium MS 48 Crystallography in art and cultural heritage at ECM-30 Basel, Switzerland (chair: A. Rafalska-Lasocha, H. Stoeckli-Evans)
- A. Zürn (Artist Researcher based in Biel, Switzerland), MAKING GOLD: Recent Developments and New Perspectives
- K. Janssens (University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, Belgium), Micro-XRPD, XRPD tomography and MA-XRPD: three related methods to better understand structural alterations in cultural heritage materials
- M. Emami (Department of conservation and archaeology, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran), Crystallographic interpretation of mineral decompositions via Rietveld refi nement strategy for clustering ancient ceramics*
- P. Bezdicka (Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of the CAS, Husinec-Rez, Czech Republic), Provenancing of clay-based pigments in paints using quantitative X-ray micro-diffraction analysis
* Owing to the absence of Prof. Emani, Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha gave a talk Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage.·
- The Commission is also a co-organizer of the 6th Interdisciplinary ALMA Conference to be held in Brno, Czech Republic in 2017 (Petr Bezdicka - chair of the organizing Committee, G. Artioli, A. Rafalska-Lasocha - members of the IPC). More at: https://www.alma-lab.cz/eng/alma-conference-2017
In 2016 the members and consultants of CryAC published the following results of their work in the area of cultural heritage:
- E. Makovicky, Symmetry: Through the Eyes of Old Masters, Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co., 2016
- Jean-Marc Castera (2016), Persian Variations. Nexus Netw. J. 18, 223-274. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00004-015-0281-5
- Emil Makovicky (2017), On the Kond style of Islamic tiling: a study in practical Islamic geometry. Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei, 28, 35-51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12210-016-0571-1
- Emil Makovicky and Nicolette Makovicky (2017), Nonperiodic Octagonal Patterns from a Jali Screen in the Mausoleum of Muhammad Ghaus in Gwalior and Their Periodic Relatives. Nexus Netw. J. 19, 101-120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00004-016-0316-6
- Istvan Hargittai (2016), James D. Watson 88 - the discovery of the double helix was an iconic event in structural chemistry. Struct. Chem. 27, 419–428 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11224-015-0688-3
- Istvan Hargittai (2016), Michael Polanyi - pupils and crossroads - on the 125th anniversary of his birth. Struct. Chem. 27, 1327–1344. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11224-016-0816-8
- Istvan Hargittai (2016), Ambiguity of Symmetry. Isr. J. Chem. 56, 907–924. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijch.201600063
- Istvan Hargittai (2017), Generalizing crystallography: a tribute to Alan A. Mackay at 90. Struct. Chem. 28, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11224-016-0766-1
- Artioli G. and Quartieri S. (2016), The contribution of geoscience to cultural heritage studies. Elements 12, 13-18. https://doi.org/0.2113/gselements.12.1.13
- Artioli G.: XRD - X-Ray Diffraction. In: Allan S. Gilbert (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology. Springer, Heidelberg-Berlin. Pp. 1019-1025, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-4020-4409-0
Special Journal Issues
- Alan L. Mackay and Generalized Crystallography. Edited by I. Hargittai, Struct. Chem. Special Issue, February 2017 (Vol. 28, No. 1)
- Earth Sciences for Cultural Heritage. Edited by G. Artioli G. and S. Quartieri S., Elements Vol. 12, No. 1, 2016.
Gilberto Artioli, Powder diffraction in art and archaeology, International Tables for Crystallography, volume H (in preparation for publication).
Celerino Abad-Zapatero continued collaboration with Mr Painton Cowen to incorporate scientific content into the 'rosewindow' site (http://therosewindow.com/TheRoseWindow2/Rose-numbers.htm)
The CrysAC Website
A new CrysAC website was prepared. Now it is available at: https://www.iucr.org/resources/commissions/crysacPrepared by: Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha & Gilberto Artioli
Photo credits: 24th IUCr Congress; ECM30 website; Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha
The Commission continued to pursue the mission of spreading crystallographic knowledge related to artworks and ancient materials. During the first half of 2015 some IYCr2014 actions were continued through the effort of Commission members:
Exhibition “IN THE UNUSUAL WORLD OF CRYSTALS”, organized by Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha, was shown in: January - in the Institute of Physical Chemistry PAS, Warsaw February - in the Institute of Physics PAS, Warsaw
- March-July - at Warsaw University of Technology (shown in several places)
Conferences, sessions, lectures
6.Lectures on Crystallography and International Year of Crystallography delivered in Warsaw and Paris (Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha)
1. Powder diffraction in art and archaeology, International Tables, volume H, , (will be released in 2016), - Gilberto Artioli
2. Persian Variations published by Springer in Nexus Network Journal Architecture and Mathematics", January 2016, http://www.springer.com/-/3/AVIb2MkW2brxj7RSmPyA - - Jean-Marc Castera
3. Science of Crystal Structures: Highlights in Crystallography, Springer 2015, - Istvan Hargittai and Balazs Hargittai, Eds.
4. Culture of Chemistry, Springer 2015, Balazs Hargittai and Istvan Hargittai, Eds.
5. The use of XRPD for the investigation of historic pigments and painting materials in works by Henryk Siemiradzki (2015) J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 30(3) s. 751-758 - Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha
Celerino Abad-Zapatero continued collaboration with Mr. Painton Cowen to incorporate scientific content into 'rosewindow' site (http://therosewindow.com/TheRoseWindow2/Rose-numbers.htm)
The International Year of Crystallography 2014
The International Year of Crystallography 2014 was coordinated jointly by UNESCO and the International Union of Crystallography. It was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 2012.
The year 2014 marked the centennial of the birth of X-ray crystallography, thanks to the work of W. H. and W. L. Bragg, and M. von Laue who was awarded the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals.
In the International Year of Crystallography the following actions were completed through the effort of the Commission members:
- Abdelmalek Thalal – Symmetry in Art and Architecture of the Western Islamic Golden Age;
- Emil Makovicky – Highlights of Eastern Islamic Ornamental Art As Seen Through Crystallographers' Eyes.
3. Organization of the scientific session Role of Crystallography in Science, Art and Everyday Life in cooperation with the Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland, 14 May 2014 (A. Rafalska-Lasocha).
4. 5th ALMA interdisciplinary conference 2014: Interpretation of the Fine Art Analysis in Various Contexts, Dominican Monastery of St Giles, Prague, Czech Republic, 20–21 November 2014 (Petr Bezdicka, David and Janka Hradil, ALMA Laboratory).
5. 294th edition of the one-day Rozhovory seminar: Discussions on Problems of X-ray and Neutron Structure Analysis, 23 April 2014. See http://www.xray.cz/xray/csca/r294_en.htm (Petr Bezdicka, Radek Kuzel, Silvie Svarcova).
6. Colloquium Struktura 2014 of the Czech and Slovak Crystallographic Association and Regional Committee of the IUCr, Kutna Hora, Czech Republic, 9–12 June 2014 (Petr Bezdicka).
7. Presentation at Montreal Congress: Crystallography on Stage: Presenting the Concepts and History Dramatically (Celerino Abad-Zapatero).
8. Lecture Diagnostics in Art and Archaeology: Concepts and Case Studies, GABEC-GNM International School on Innovative Methodologies for Characterization, Diagnosis and Conservation of the Cultural Heritage, Catania-Siracusa, Italy, 1–4 July 2014 (Gilberto Artioli).
9. Lectures on Crystallography and the International Year of Crystallography delivered in Krakow, Madrid, Warsaw etc. (Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha).
10. IYCr2014 OpenLab Ghana, University of Ghana, Accra, 9–12 June 2014 (G. Artioli, PANalytical).
11. IYCr2014 OpenLab Turkey, Bilkent University, Ankara, 19–22 January 2015 (G. Artioli, PANalytical), contained a full day on cultural heritage.
D. Crystallography contest:
1. The Commission, in cooperation with the Faculty of Chemistry of Jagiellonian University, organized a contest entitled The Role of Crystals in Human Life for secondary-school, high-school and University students in Poland (Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha). More about the contest and most of the contributions (in Polish) can be found at http://www2.chemia.uj.edu.pl/konkurs_krysztaly/ . A photo gallery is available at http://www2.chemia.uj.edu.pl/konkurs_krysztaly/?page_id=525 .
Participants in the contest were asked to prepare a poster, a presentation or a video clip. Prepared contributions were sent to the organizers by e-mail. The deadline was 28 February 2014. We received 99 contributions: (61 from secondary-school students, 33 from high-school students, and 5 from University students). The judging was carried out in two stages: online voting and after that experts' evaluation. In online voting, 8819 votes were received.
E. Continuing project. Celerino Abad-Zapatero continued collaboration with Mr Painton Cowen to incorporate scientific content into the Rose Window web site (http://therosewindow.com/TheRoseWindow2/Rose-numbers.htm ).
Opening Ceremony, Paris, 20-21 January 2014
The International Year of Crystallography was launched at the Paris headquarters of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on 20-21 January 2014. More detailed information about the opening ceremony is available at: http://www.iycr2014.org/opening-ceremony.
More than 800 people attended the opening ceremony. Among the participants were government representatives, scientists and journalists. UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova and IUCr President Gautam R. Desiraju presided over the opening session of this two-day event.
Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage was widely represented in the programme:
The participants of the opening ceremony have also an opportunity to visit an exhibition on Journey into the Crystal prepared by French scientist Jean-Louis.Hodeau.
Special calendars for the International Year of Crystallography were designed on the initiative of the IUCr Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage. > Calendar downloads
Alicja Rafalska-Łasocha, Jagiellonian University in Krakow
IUCr President Gautam R. Desiraju presided over the opening session.
Exhibition: Journey into the Crystal, prepared by Jean-Louis.Hodeau.
UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova.
Philippe Walter - Director of the Laboratory of Molecular and Structural Archaeology (CNRS/UPMC), Paris, on Crystallography in the studies of art and historical artefacts.
Abdelmalek Thalal from the Deparment of Physics at Cadi Ayyad University in Marrakech (Morocco) told about Symmetry in art and architecture of the western Islamic Golden Age.
Emil Makovicky from University of Copenhagen (Denmark) on Highlights of eastern Islamic ornamental art as seen through crystallographers' eyes.
Peter J. Lu from Harvard University on modern math in medieval Islamic architecture.
The web site http://www.crystaledges.org was inaugurated in Fall 2013, and demonstrates connections between crystallography and, in particular, symmetry aspects and the arts as manifested in the Gothic Windows of the Medieval Cathedrals of Europe.
There was collaboration with Painton Cowen to extend and expand his web site (http://www.therosewindow.com), which contained over 500 Gothic Roses windows, to a larger number (over 1500 currently) and to include a rigorous description of the symmetry elements (and plane symmetry groups) contained in them.
4th Meeting X-ray techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage.
When science meets art...
The international meeting X-ray techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage. Celebrating the 100th anniversary of crystal X-ray diffraction was organised in Krakow (Poland) by the Faculty of Chemistry Jagiellonian University, the Jagiellonian University Museum, the Jerzy Haber Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Conservation and Restoration Department of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków. The meeting was fourth conference which since 2008 is organized as an activity of the Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage Commission of the International Union of Crystallography.
The whole program of the conference is available at web page:
Impressions of the meeting in Krakow
CrysAC activities at the 22nd IUCr Congress, Madrid, Spain, 22-30 August 2011
Crystallography Between Art and Science
An increasing number of researchers – artists and scientists equally – are exploring the intriguing space between science and art. On the one hand, natural science researchers are commonly confronted with visual research methods and results that involve design, visual perception, and aesthetics. On the other hand, artists often use scientific methods and instruments, and engage themselves in methodological questions and science-related topics.
At the XXII Congress of the International Union of Crystallography in Madrid, Spain, 22-30 August 2011, the IUCr together with the Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage (CrysAC) provided a platform to illustrate the important place of crystallography and the multiple aspects of its research at the interface between the arts and the sciences.
This call addressed all artists and crystallographers whose work and interest pertain to both the arts and the sciences. Each contributor was invited to submit up to 10 visuals (images as well as short animations and movies). A selection of these visuals related to crystallography was presented as a continuous looping slide show during the IUCr Congress 2011 in Madrid.
Further Information:Dr. Anke Zürn
(1) Powder Diffraction Methods in Archaeometry
IUCr Microsymposium MS 46
Carolina Cardell Fernandez
(2) X-ray Absorption, Diffraction and Imaging in Forensic Science and Ancient Materials
IUCr Microsymposium MS 91
Maria Pia Morigi
(4) Crystallography of Hispano-Islamic Ornamental Art:
26th European Crystallography Meeting
Jean-Marc Castera and his interactive poster on islamic tilings at the Darmstadt meeting.
ECM-26 Darmstadt , August 26 to September 2, 2010
MS 47: Crystallography in art and archaeology
Chairs: Eric Doryhee (Brookhaven, NY/US), Abdelmalek Thalal (Marrakech/MA)
The symmetries of things
Chaim Goodman-Strauss (Fayetteville, AR/US)
Arabesques for Abu Dhabi - an octagonal system
Jean-Marc Castera (Paris/FR)
Quasiperiodic symmetry in a baroque Church in the Czech Republic
Jan Fábry (Prague/CZ)
Classification of the Moroccan ornamental patterns constructed by the "Hasba" method
Youssef Aboufadil (Marrakech/MA)
"Bossenstein" - unique ornamentation of "Weser-Renaissance"
Annegret Haake (Kronberg/DE)
Chiesa di S. Carlo, Erice
Built between 1612-1617, and partially reconstructed in the middle of the 18th century.
INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL HUBERT CURIEN STRUCTURAL AND MOLECULAR ARCHAEOLOGY
NON-INVASIVE ANALYSIS OF PAINTING MATERIALS
ERICE - SICILY: 14-21 JUNE 2010
Directors of the course:
- Philippe WALTER, Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France
- David STRIVAY, Centre Européen d’Archéométrie, University of Liège
Director of the School:
- Georges TSOUCARIS, Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France
Alicja Rafalska and Anke Zürn gave a double presentation, presenting CrysAC and its topics.
- C. AMATORE, Ecole Normale Supérieure, FR
- P. BAGLIONI, University of Florence, IT
- B. BRUNETTI, University Perugia, IT
- N. BROERS, ESA St-Luc, BE
- F. CASADIO, Art Institute of Chicago, US
- M. COTTE, ESRF, FR
- J. DIK, Technical University of Delft, NE
- M. EVENO, C2RMF, FR
- C. FOTAKIS, University of Crete, GR
- R. GARCIA MORENO, University of Liège, BE
- M. HARTWIG, Georgia State University, US
- K. JANSSENS, University of Antwerp, BE
- M. MENU, C2RMF, FR
- C. MILIANI, University Perugia, IT
- A. RAFALSKA-LASOCHA, Jagiellonian University, PL
- A. ROUVERET, University of Paris X, FR
- J. SANYOVA, KIK-IRPA, BE
- D. STRIVAY, University of Liège, BE
- J. SUSINI, ESRF, FR
- P. VANDENABEELE, University of Gent, BE
- L. VINCZE, University of Gent, BE
- P. WALTER, C2RMF, FR
- A. ZURN, ETH Zurich, CH
X-ray techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage.
Around Rembrandt and his workshop
Scientific Achievements in Art
Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University,
Jagiellonian University Museum,
Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences.
In co-operation with International Union of Crystallography, Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage.
International Scientific Committee
Professor Henk Schenk,
Amsterdam University, the Netherlands,
Dr Eric Dooryhee,
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France,
Dr Thomas Wroblewski,
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Germany.
Prof. Grażyna Stochel
Prof. Stanisław Waltoś
Prof. Małgorzata Witko
Prof. Wieslaw Lasocha
Prof. Roman Kozłowski
|XXV European Crystallographic Meeting was held from 9 to 14 August 2009 in Istanbul, Turkey.|
Symmetry and Crystallography in Turkish Art and Culture
Satellite Conference of the ECM-25 Istanbul, Turkey, 14-16 August 2009
The IUCr MaThCryst commission in cooperation with the CrysAC commission organizes a Satellite conference on Art and Crystallography devoted to the analysis of the crystallographic aspects of Art and Culture in Turkey and neighbouring countries an regions like Middle Asia, Caucasus, Iran, Anatolia, Middle East, including carpet ornaments and kilim frames (wiki). The Satellite conference will be completed by a workshop do it yourself and a short excursion.
For more details see the MathCryst satellite websiteAbstracts and didactic material (links to MathCryst website)
IUCr 2008 - XXI Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography
23-31 August 2008
Crystallography in art and archaeology
Evening Session Art and Crystallography
The special session is newly scheduled in the evening on August 26, 2008, the 3rd day of the scientific program of the Congress. The intrinsic beauty of the crystal and its symmetry inspires artists, while the crystallographic understanding of the beauty of art has been achieved after great effort. Interesting topics were presented in an enjoyable evening atmosphere.
Approved by action of the IUCr Assembly, 28 August 2008:
The Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage was formed at the Osaka Congress in 2008 and is concerned with two main issues:
X-ray techniques in investigation of the objects of cultural heritage
EPDIC-11 Workshop, Krakow, Poland, 18-19 September 2008
The aim of the Workshop is to promote the development and use of X-ray techniques in order to extract information from the objects of cultural heritage and to have scientists and conservators present the advanced methods of investigation in this area.
ECM 24 in MarrakechEuropean Crystallography Conference 24
Marrakech, Morocco, 2007
THE ENCHANTING CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF MOROCCAN ORNAMENTS
ECM-24 Satellite Conference on Mathematical and Theoretical Crystallography
The CrysAC commision was still not in existence, but most of the members participated the wonderful satellite workshop organized by the MathCryst Commission.
|Images from a trip to the Kasbah of Telouet|
These pages are maintained by the Commission Last updated: 05 Jan 2017