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Commission Activities

XXIV IUCr Congress Hyderabad

The Commission played a very active role at the 2017 IUCr Congress in Hyderabad, with participation in several Microsymposia in both the Main and Special Activities parts of the programme. The importance and general interest of the subject were recognised in the Plenary Lecture, Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage, given by Giacomo Chiari, and a Keynote Lecture, Indian geometric patterns, compared to Persian and Moroccan styles, by Jean Marc Castera.

 Thanks to the initiative of the CrysAC Commission the programme of the 24th Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography in Hyderabad also contained four microsymposia:

  • MS-047: Crystalline materials characterization with combined techniques, chaired by Koen Janssen & Alejandro Ayala, 24.08.2017
  • [MS-047][MS-047][MS-047]
  • MS-071: Crystallographic patterns in art and cultural heritage, chaired by Louise De Las Penas and Rima Ajlouni, 25.08.2017
  • MS-104: Synchrotron measurement in conservation and cultural heritage, session prepared by Eric Dooryhée, chaired by Alison Edwards and Gilberto Artioli, 27.08.2017
  • MS-114: Crystallography and cultural heritage: From microsampling to noninvasive techniques, chaired by Manfred Schreiner and Serge Cohen
  • [MS-114]

The CrysAC Commission in co-operation with Professor Bernardo Cesare (UNIPD) was also involved in the preparation of an exhibition Beauty hidden in Rocks, which accompanied the Congress.

[Exhibition] [Exhibition] [Exhibition] [Exhibition]

The IUCr also prepared some beautiful postcards, which were distributed during the Congress, representing in small format the exhibited macrophotographs.

[Postcard] [Postcard]

Old and new members and consultants of the Commission met during the Congress to discuss future activities.

[Meeting] [Meeting]

2nd CrysAC Workshop 2017

On May 31, the CrysAC Commission organized the second CrysAC workshop entitled Applied crystallography in the study of pigment degradation, which was held in Brno, Czech Republic. The programme of the workshop is available at: https://www.alma-lab.cz/eng/conference-programme--invited-speakers

Alma 2017

The Commission was also a co-organizer of the 6th Interdisciplinary ALMA Conference in Brno, Czech Republic, 1-3 May. More at:https://www.alma-lab.cz/eng/alma-conference-2017

 

Emil Makovicky gave a 45 minute lecture, Introduction to symmetry in art (with nice examples), during the 6th interdisciplinary ALMA Conference and 2nd CrysAC Workshop in Brno, Czech Republic, 31 May - 3 June 2017.


Prepared by: Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha & Gilberto Artioli
Photo credits: 24th IUCr Congress; Radomir Kuzel; Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha

2016

XXIV IUCr Congress, Hyderabad

  • The CrysAC Commission actively participated in the organization of the 24th Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography to be held in 2017 in Hyderabad.

Gilberto Artioli and Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha, as the members of the International Programme Committee (IPC) of this Congress, were involved in the organization of plenary and keynote lectures as well as a number of microsymposia connected with the investigations of the objects of cultural heritage. They took part in the meeting of the International Programme Committee in Hyderabad in spring 2016.

[Members of the IPC]

 

1st CrysAC Workshop 2016

[1st CrysAC workshop] [1st CrysAC workshop]

 

X-ray and other techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage

The CrysAC Commission was also a co-organiser of the scientific international conference 6th Meeting on X-ray and other techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage which was held in Krakow (Poland), 19-21 May 2016 (A. Rafalska-Lasocha, G. Artioli and P. Bezdička). More at: http://www.biurokarier.chemia.uj.edu.pl/conf/x-ray16

 

 

ECM-30, Basel

Organization of Microsymposium MS 48 Crystallography in art and cultural heritage at ECM-30 Basel, Switzerland (chair: A. Rafalska-Lasocha, H. Stoeckli-Evans)

  1. A. Zürn (Artist Researcher based in Biel, Switzerland), MAKING GOLD: Recent Developments and New Perspectives
  2. K. Janssens (University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, Belgium), Micro-XRPD, XRPD tomography and MA-XRPD: three related methods to better understand structural alterations in cultural heritage materials
  3. M. Emami (Department of conservation and archaeology, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran), Crystallographic interpretation of mineral decompositions via Rietveld refi nement strategy for clustering ancient ceramics*
  4. P. Bezdicka (Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of the CAS, Husinec-Rez, Czech Republic), Provenancing of clay-based pigments in paints using quantitative X-ray micro-diffraction analysis

 

* Owing to the absence of Prof. Emani, Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha gave a talk Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage.·

  • The Commission is also a co-organizer of the 6th Interdisciplinary ALMA Conference to be held in Brno, Czech Republic in 2017 (Petr Bezdicka - chair of the organizing Committee, G. Artioli, A. Rafalska-Lasocha - members of the IPC). More at: https://www.alma-lab.cz/eng/alma-conference-2017

Publications

In 2016 the members and consultants of CryAC published the following results of their work in the area of cultural heritage:

Books:

  • E. Makovicky, Symmetry: Through the Eyes of Old Masters, Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co., 2016

Papers:

Special Journal Issues

  • Alan L. Mackay and Generalized Crystallography. Edited by I. Hargittai, Struct. Chem. Special Issue, February 2017 (Vol. 28, No. 1)
  • Earth Sciences for Cultural Heritage. Edited by G. Artioli G. and S. Quartieri S., Elements Vol. 12, No. 1, 2016.

Other projects

Gilberto Artioli, Powder diffraction in art and archaeology, International Tables for Crystallography, volume H (in preparation for publication).

Celerino Abad-Zapatero continued collaboration with Mr Painton Cowen to incorporate scientific content into the 'rosewindow' site (http://therosewindow.com/TheRoseWindow2/Rose-numbers.htm)

The CrysAC Website

A new CrysAC website was prepared. Now it is available at: https://www.iucr.org/resources/commissions/crysac

Prepared by: Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha & Gilberto Artioli

Photo credits: 24th IUCr Congress; ECM30 website; Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha

2015

The Commission continued to pursue the mission of spreading crystallographic knowledge related to artworks and ancient materials. During the first half of 2015 some IYCr2014 actions were continued through the effort of Commission members:

  • Exhibition “IN THE UNUSUAL WORLD OF CRYSTALS”, organized by Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha, was shown in:
  • January - in the Institute of Physical Chemistry PAS, Warsaw
  • February - in the Institute of Physics PAS, Warsaw
  • March-July - at Warsaw University of Technology (shown in several places)


Conferences, sessions, lectures

1. Organization of Microsymposium Cultural and historical aspects of crystallography at  ECM-29, Rovinj, Croatia - chair: Petr Bezdička http://ecm29.ecanews.org/programme/microsymposia/#ms50

2. Symmetry, light, materials: the crystallography of cultural heritage - invited lecture during the Microsymposium Cultural and historical aspects of crystallography at  ECM-29, Rovinij, Croatia: Gilberto Artioli

3. Tilings and Tessellations at Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran - invited lecturers JeanMarc Castera, Emil Makovicky,
http://isfahan.sciencesconf.org/

4. The Commission introduced and started to organize the CrysAC workshops: one-day thematic workshops which are planned to be organised each year in different places. The first CrysAC workshop, Cultural heritage authentication and forensic science, will be organised in Krakow (Poland) on 18 May 2016 - Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha, Gilberto Artioli, Petr Bezdička

5. Organisation of the scientific international conference 6th Meeting X-ray and other techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage which will be held in Krakow (Poland), 19-21 May 2016 - A. Rafalska-Lasocha, G. Artioli and P. Bezdička lectured). More at: http://www.biurokarier.chemia.uj.edu.pl/conf/x-ray16

6.Lectures on Crystallography and International Year of Crystallography delivered in Warsaw and Paris (Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha)


Publications

1. Powder diffraction in art and archaeology, International Tables, volume H, , (will be released in 2016), - Gilberto Artioli

2. Persian Variations published by Springer in Nexus Network Journal Architecture and Mathematics", January 2016, http://www.springer.com/-/3/AVIb2MkW2brxj7RSmPyA - - Jean-Marc Castera

3. Science of Crystal Structures: Highlights in Crystallography, Springer 2015, - Istvan Hargittai and Balazs Hargittai, Eds.

4. Culture of Chemistry, Springer 2015, Balazs Hargittai and Istvan Hargittai, Eds.

5. The use of XRPD for the investigation of historic pigments and painting materials in works by Henryk Siemiradzki (2015) J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 30(3) s. 751-758 - Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha


Continuing project

Celerino Abad-Zapatero continued collaboration with Mr. Painton Cowen to incorporate scientific content into 'rosewindow' site (http://therosewindow.com/TheRoseWindow2/Rose-numbers.htm)


In 2015 members of the CrysAC Commission (Gilberto Artioli, Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha) were invited to join the International Programme Committee of the XXIV Congress and General Assembly of the IUCr, to be held in Hyderabad in 2017.

2014

The International Year of Crystallography 2014

The International Year of Crystallography 2014 was coordinated jointly by UNESCO and the International Union of Crystallography. It was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 2012.

The year 2014 marked the centennial of the birth of X-ray crystallography, thanks to the work of W. H. and W. L. Bragg, and M. von Laue who was awarded the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals.


In the International Year of Crystallography the following actions were completed through the effort of the Commission members:

A. Preparation of calendars for the International Year of Crystallography IYCr2014. The official calendar printed by the IUCr and distributed during the Opening Ceremony of IYCr2014 was an initiative of the Commission (CrysAC) (Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha, Bernardo Cesare). This calendar as well as other calendars prepared by the Commission can be downloaded from http://crysac.visual-chemistry.net/downloads.html

B. Several public exhibitions were organized:

1. October 2013 – March 2014: Padova, Italy – Exhibition CRISTALLI (organized by Gilberto Artioli). More at http://147.162.183.151/cristalli/welcome.html , http://www.iycr2014.org/photos/italy/cristalli . The panels, the text and the iconographic part of the exhibition traveled through Italy as part of other events: http://www.iycr2014.it/eventi .

2. May 2014 – May 2015: Krakow, Poland – Exhibition In The Unusual World of Crystals (organized by Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha in cooperation with the Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University) was shown 14 times in various places in Poland. More at http://www2.chemia.uj.edu.pl/krysztaly_wystawa/ .

3. Juan Manuel Garciía-Ruiz & Fermín Otálora, from the Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalográficos (IACT, CSIC/UGr) developed the exhibition CRISTALES to increase the awareness of students and the general public about crystallography. All materials are available at the web site http://cristales2014.org

C. Special conferences, sessions, lectures:

1. During the Opening Ceremony of IYCr2014 (Paris, France, 20–21 January 2014), two members of CrysAC delivered lectures:

  • Abdelmalek Thalal – Symmetry in Art and Architecture of the Western Islamic Golden Age;
  • Emil Makovicky – Highlights of Eastern Islamic Ornamental Art As Seen Through Crystallographers' Eyes.

2. Organization of the international scientific conference: 5th Meeting X-ray and Other Techniques in Investigations of the Objects of Cultural Heritage. Celebrating the International Year of Crystallography and the 650th Anniversary of Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland, 14–17 May 2014 (organized by A. Rafalska-Lasocha; G. Artioli and P. Bezdicka lectured). More at http://www.chemia.uj.edu.pl/nauka-i-badania/konferencje/X-ray .

3. Organization of the scientific session Role of Crystallography in Science, Art and Everyday Life in cooperation with the Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland, 14 May 2014 (A. Rafalska-Lasocha).

4. 5th ALMA interdisciplinary conference 2014: Interpretation of the Fine Art Analysis in Various Contexts, Dominican Monastery of St Giles, Prague, Czech Republic, 20–21 November 2014 (Petr Bezdicka, David and Janka Hradil, ALMA Laboratory).

5. 294th edition of the one-day Rozhovory seminar: Discussions on Problems of X-ray and Neutron Structure Analysis, 23 April 2014. See http://www.xray.cz/xray/csca/r294_en.htm (Petr Bezdicka, Radek Kuzel, Silvie Svarcova).

6. Colloquium Struktura 2014 of the Czech and Slovak Crystallographic Association and Regional Committee of the IUCr, Kutna Hora, Czech Republic, 9–12 June 2014 (Petr Bezdicka).

7. Presentation at Montreal Congress: Crystallography on Stage: Presenting the Concepts and History Dramatically (Celerino Abad-Zapatero).

8. Lecture Diagnostics in Art and Archaeology: Concepts and Case Studies, GABEC-GNM International School on Innovative Methodologies for Characterization, Diagnosis and Conservation of the Cultural Heritage, Catania-Siracusa, Italy, 1–4 July 2014 (Gilberto Artioli).

9. Lectures on Crystallography and the International Year of Crystallography delivered in Krakow, Madrid, Warsaw etc. (Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha).

10. IYCr2014 OpenLab Ghana, University of Ghana, Accra, 9–12 June 2014 (G. Artioli, PANalytical).

11. IYCr2014 OpenLab Turkey, Bilkent University, Ankara, 19–22 January 2015 (G. Artioli, PANalytical), contained a full day on cultural heritage.

D. Crystallography contest:

1. The Commission, in cooperation with the Faculty of Chemistry of Jagiellonian University, organized a contest entitled The Role of Crystals in Human Life for secondary-school, high-school and University students in Poland (Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha). More about the contest and most of the contributions (in Polish) can be found at http://www2.chemia.uj.edu.pl/konkurs_krysztaly/ . A photo gallery is available at http://www2.chemia.uj.edu.pl/konkurs_krysztaly/?page_id=525 .

Participants in the contest were asked to prepare a poster, a presentation or a video clip. Prepared contributions were sent to the organizers by e-mail. The deadline was 28 February 2014. We received 99 contributions: (61 from secondary-school students, 33 from high-school students, and 5 from University students). The judging was carried out in two stages: online voting and after that experts' evaluation. In online voting, 8819 votes were received.

E. Continuing project. Celerino Abad-Zapatero continued collaboration with Mr Painton Cowen to incorporate scientific content into the Rose Window web site (http://therosewindow.com/TheRoseWindow2/Rose-numbers.htm ). 


Opening Ceremony, Paris, 20-21 January 2014

The International Year of Crystallography was launched at the Paris headquarters of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on 20-21 January 2014. More detailed information about the opening ceremony is available at: http://www.iycr2014.org/opening-ceremony.

More than 800 people attended the opening ceremony. Among the participants were government representatives, scientists and journalists. UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova and IUCr President Gautam R. Desiraju presided over the opening session of this two-day event.

Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage was widely represented in the programme:
Philippe Walter - Director of the Laboratory of Molecular and Structural Archaeology (CNRS/UPMC) in Paris, this year also the chair in technological innovation at the Collège de France, delivered a lecture on Crystallography in the studies of art and historical artefacts. In Session 4 - Crystallography, symmetry and art two members of CrysAC Commission gave interesting lectures. Professor Abdelmalek Thalal from the Deparment of Physics at Cadi Ayyad University in Marrakech (Morocco) told about Symmetry in art and architecture of the western Islamic Golden Age and professor Emil Makovicky from University of Copenhagen (Denmark) delivered a lecture entitled Highlights of eastern Islamic ornamental art as seen through crystallographers' eyes. One more lecture - Modern math in medieval Islamic architecture was given in this session by Peter J. Lu from Harvard University.

The participants of the opening ceremony have also an opportunity to visit an exhibition on Journey into the Crystal prepared by French scientist Jean-Louis.Hodeau.

Special calendars for the International Year of Crystallography were designed on the initiative of the IUCr Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage. > Calendar downloads

Alicja Rafalska-Łasocha, Jagiellonian University in Krakow



Photographic Impressions of the Opening in Paris

     

YCr2014

 

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IUCr President Gautam R. Desiraju presided over the opening session.
     
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 Exhibition: Journey into the Crystal, prepared by Jean-Louis.Hodeau.
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UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova.
     
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Philippe Walter - Director of the Laboratory of Molecular and Structural Archaeology (CNRS/UPMC), Paris, on Crystallography in the studies of art and historical artefacts.
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Abdelmalek Thalal from the Deparment of Physics at Cadi Ayyad University in Marrakech (Morocco) told about Symmetry in art and architecture of the western Islamic Golden Age.
     
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Emil Makovicky from University of Copenhagen (Denmark) on Highlights of eastern Islamic ornamental art as seen through crystallographers' eyes.
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Peter J. Lu from Harvard University on modern math in medieval Islamic architecture.
     

2013

The web site http://www.crystaledges.org was inaugurated in Fall 2013, and demonstrates connections between crystallography and, in particular, symmetry aspects and the arts as manifested in the Gothic Windows of the Medieval Cathedrals of Europe.

There was collaboration with Painton Cowen to extend and expand his web site (http://www.therosewindow.com), which contained over 500 Gothic Roses windows, to a larger number (over 1500 currently) and to include a rigorous description of the symmetry elements (and plane symmetry groups) contained in them.

E. Doorhyhée

2012

 

4th Meeting X-ray techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage.
Celebrating the 100th anniversary of crystal powder diffraction

17 May 2012 -19 May 2012
Collegium Maius Jagiellonian University Museum, Krakow, Poland

> conference website

> book of abstracts (pdf)

> visual impressions

krakow7
 

When science meets art...

The international meeting X-ray techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage. Celebrating the 100th anniversary of crystal X-ray diffraction was organised in Krakow (Poland) by the Faculty of Chemistry Jagiellonian University, the Jagiellonian University Museum, the Jerzy Haber Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Conservation and Restoration Department of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków. The meeting was fourth conference which since 2008 is organized as an activity of the Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage Commission of the International Union of Crystallography.
 
Preservation and conservation of our cultural heritage is a significant, contemporary world-wide concern in which since a few years crystallographic community is also involved. Advanced scientific methods and techniques are essential for the identification of materials and processes which take place in historic objects. These methods can also help in a deeper understanding of the technology and craftsmanship of the old masters. Nowadays, material science deals with many problems from the area of cultural heritage. On 17-19 May 2012 the Collegium Maius of the Jagiellonian University housed over 90 scientists and museum professionals discussing scientific achievements in art and archaeology.
 
In 2012 scientists all over the world are celebrating the 100th anniversary of Max Laue's discovery of the diffraction of X-rays on crystals. The meeting in Kraków was also especially devoted to the diffraction phenomenon. Today X-ray diffractometry is a commonly used technique for revealing information about the structure of various materials. Similarly to the previous conferences, the Kraków meeting in 2012 was focused on investigations of historic materials like pigments, metal alloys and other substances, and on corrosion and deterioration processes of ancient objects by X-ray techniques and related methods.
 
Since 2010 the meetings X-ray techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage have taken place at the heart of the City – Collegium Maius, the oldest university edifice in Poland. Its history goes back to the fifteen century. The appearance of Collegium Maius has not changed much since the second half of nineteenth century and the University Museum is still a home for ancient university collections, including the collection of old scientific instruments.
The opening lecture delivered by the former president of the International Union of Crystallography Professor Henk Schenk (Amsterdam University, the Netherlands) entitled From Röntgen and Laue to modern crystallography dealt with the history and modern achievements reached in the field of crystallography thanks to Laue’s discovery. The lecture was a wonderful journey through a century of X-ray diffraction. For 50 years this area of investigation has been fruitfully examined by Professor Henk Schenk.
 
The next lecture given by Professor Gilberto Artioli (Dipartimento di Geoscienze, Universita di Padova, Italy) Science for the cultural heritage: the contribution of X-ray and neutron diffraction introduced the participants into the wide range of applications of diffraction methods in different areas of cultural heritage studies. The book of Professor Artioli Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage: An introduction to the application of materials science to archaeometry and conservation science, recently published by Oxford University Press, aroused great interest among the participants.
 
During the conference sessions scientists, art historians and conserva¬tors got to know the latest results obtained in the best conservation workshops and scientific laboratories. In the lectures given by Ina Reiche (Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France), Thomas Wróblewski (Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor (HASYLAB) at Deutsches elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg, Germany) Matthias Alfeld (Universiteit Antwerpen, Department of Chemistry, Center for Micro- and Trace Analysis, Belgium), Eberhard H. Lehmann (Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen PSI, Switzerland), Manfred Schreiner (Institute of Science and Technology in Arts, Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna, Austria), David Strivay (Institut de Physique Nucléaire, Atomique et de Spectroscopie & Centre Européen d’Archéométrie, University of Liege, Belgium) and Anabelle Križnar (University of Seville, Centro Nacional de Aceleradores, Spain) the results of application of modern X-ray techniques were fully described and discussed.
 
The specialists from the Polish museums and restoration departments also shared their knowledge and experiences with the conference participants. The second session began with the lecture of Janusz Czop, the Chief Conservator of the National Museum in Kraków, who told about the application of X-rays techniques in the conservation studios of Krakow’s museums. His talk was followed by the lectures delivered by the conservators from the National Museum in Kraków, Collegium Maius Jagiellonian University Museum and scientists and conservators from Conservation and Restoration Department of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, the Center for Diagnosis Prevention and Telemedicine of the John Paul II Hospital in Kraków, the Faculty of Fine Arts, the Mikołaj Kopernik University in Toruń, the Jerzy Haber Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Henryk Niewodniczański Institute of Nuclear Physics, the Polish Academy of Sciences, and the Faculty of Chemistry of the Jagiellonian University.
 
The first conference day ended with a poster session and visit to the Collegium Maius collections. The treasures of the Jagiellonian University were admired by scientists, curators and conservators – the conference participants from Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and all over Poland. All participants had the chance to take part in the Night of Museums and could experience Kraków by night.
 
Our guests spent the final day at the Wawel Castle Museum, which among other treasures houses temporarily the famous painting Lady with the ermine by Leonardo da Vinci.

The whole program of the conference is available at web page:
http://heritagescience.pl/workshop2012/

Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha
krakow


Impressions of the meeting in Krakow

 
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2011

CrysAC activities at the 22nd IUCr Congress, Madrid, Spain, 22-30 August 2011

     
  1. IUCr Microsymposium MS 46:
    "Powder Diffraction Methods in Archaeometry"
    Chairs: Gilberto Artioli, Petr Bezdicka
    Friday, August 26, 2011 , 10.15-12.50h
     
  2. KN 20, Emil Makovicky
    "From Plane Groups to Quasilattices: Hispano-Islamic Ornamental Art of the Alhambra, Cordoba and Sevilla"
    Chair: Stephen Hyde
    Friday, August 26, 2011 17:40 - 18:30

  3. IUCr Microsymposium MS 91:
    "X-Ray Absorption, Diffraction and Imaging in Forensic Science and Ancient Materials"
    Chairs: Simona Quartieri, Jean Susini
    Monday, August 29, 2011 , 10.15-12.50h

  4. Satellite Meeting
    "Crystallography of Hispano-Islamic Ornamental Art:
    Visit to the Alhambra in Granada
    "
    August 30 - September 1, 2011
    Granada, Spain
    Lead person : Emil Makovicky
    > Alhambra Excursion Program (pdf)
    > Alhambra Registration
    > some more information below
      
  5. Crystallography Between Art and Science
       
  6. Open Meetings of the CrysAC commission
    Wednesday and Thursday,
    24 and 25 August, 13:00-14:50
    ROOM: Roma
    You are welcome!
 

Crystallography Between Art and Science

An increasing number of researchers – artists and scientists equally – are exploring the intriguing space between science and art. On the one hand, natural science researchers are commonly confronted with visual research methods and results that involve design, visual perception, and aesthetics. On the other hand, artists often use scientific methods and instruments, and engage themselves in methodological questions and science-related topics.

At the XXII Congress of the International Union of Crystallography in Madrid, Spain, 22-30 August 2011, the IUCr together with the Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage (CrysAC) provided a platform to illustrate the important place of crystallography and the multiple aspects of its research at the interface between the arts and the sciences.

This call addressed all artists and crystallographers whose work and interest pertain to both the arts and the sciences. Each contributor was invited to submit up to 10 visuals (images as well as short animations and movies). A selection of these visuals related to crystallography was presented as a continuous looping slide show during the IUCr Congress 2011 in Madrid.

Further Information:

Dr. Anke Zürn
Biel, Switzerland
zuern@visual-chemistry.net

(1) Powder Diffraction Methods in Archaeometry

IUCr Microsymposium MS 46
Friday August 26, 2011 , 10.15-12.50h

Chairs:
Petr Bezdicka, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Gilberto Artioli, Dipartimento di Geoscienze Università di Padova, Italy

Invited talks:

Carolina Cardell Fernandez
Dpto. Mineralogia y Petrologia, Universidad de Granada, Av/ Fuentenueva s/n 18002 Granada, Spain
"X-ray diffraction methods as a complementary tool for analyses of historical objects"

Pauline Martinetto
Neel Institute, CNRS-UJF, Grenoble, France
"Structure and microstructure of ancient pigments by powder diffraction: the case of lead compounds and hybrid pigments"

(2) X-ray Absorption, Diffraction and Imaging in Forensic Science and Ancient Materials

IUCr Microsymposium MS 91
Sunday August 8, 2011, 10.15-12.50h

Chairs:
Jean Susini, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble, France
Simona Quartieri, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Messina, Italy

Invited talks:

Maria Pia Morigi
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Bologna
"X-ray Computed Tomography: a powerful diagnostic technique for Art and Cultural Heritage"

Koen Janssens
Department of Chemistry University of Antwerp
"Cultural heritage materials characterization by means of synchrotron radiation: spectroscopy-enhanced imaging to better understand alteration phenomena"

(4) Crystallography of Hispano-Islamic Ornamental Art:
Visit to the Alhambra in Granada

CrysAC Satellite Meeting:
August 30 - September 1, 2011
Granada, Spain

This event is proposed by the CrysAC “Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage” IUCr commission; the lead person for its contents is Prof. Emil Makovicky, University of Copenhagen.

The palace complex of the Alhambra in Granada (Andalusia) is the most comprehensive collection of Hispano-Islamic ornamental art at its peak development and offers examples spanning a wide range from plane groups of symmetry to quasilattices. The two-day excursion from Madrid will present and analyze ornamental patterns based on simple plane groups, dichroic plane groups, analysis of Islamic approach to polychromatic patterns, the use of layer groups and 1-D groups, the conscious combinations of different symmetry principles in one pattern and, finally, two-dimensional decagonal and octagonal quasicrystalline patterns. An afternoon session with presentations and discussion will precede the in situ study of the ornaments the following day.

For more information and formalize registration see www.iucr2011madrid.es or contact directly with Emil Makovicky, Emilm@geo.ku.dk

Related Key Note Lecture:

KN 20 Emil Makovicky
From Plane Groups to Quasilattices: Hispano-Islamic Ornamental Art of the Alhambra, Cordoba and Sevilla
Chair: Stephen Hyde
Friday August 26, 2011 17:40 - 18:30

Links to Alhambra:

> Alhambra @ wikipedia
> Patronato de la Alhambra y Generalife (official web site)

2010

26th European Crystallography Meeting



Jean-Marc Castera and his interactive poster on islamic tilings at the Darmstadt meeting.

ECM-26 Darmstadt , August 26 to September 2, 2010

MS 47: Crystallography in art and archaeology
Chairs: Eric Doryhee (Brookhaven, NY/US), Abdelmalek Thalal (Marrakech/MA)

MS47-T01
The symmetries of things
Chaim Goodman-Strauss (Fayetteville, AR/US)

MS47-T02
Arabesques for Abu Dhabi - an octagonal system
Jean-Marc Castera (Paris/FR)

MS47-T03
Quasiperiodic symmetry in a baroque Church in the Czech Republic
Jan Fábry (Prague/CZ)

MS47-T04
Classification of the Moroccan ornamental patterns constructed by the "Hasba" method
Youssef Aboufadil (Marrakech/MA)

MS47-T05
"Bossenstein" - unique ornamentation of "Weser-Renaissance"
Annegret Haake (Kronberg/DE)


 





Chiesa di S. Carlo, Erice
Built between 1612-1617, and partially reconstructed in the middle of the 18th century.

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL HUBERT CURIEN STRUCTURAL AND MOLECULAR ARCHAEOLOGY
NON-INVASIVE ANALYSIS OF PAINTING MATERIALS

ERICE - SICILY: 14-21 JUNE 2010

Directors of the course:

  • Philippe WALTER, Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France
  • David STRIVAY, Centre Européen d’Archéométrie, University of Liège

Director of the School:

  • Georges TSOUCARIS, Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France

> link to conference website
> program (pdf)
> book of abstracts (pdf)

Alicja Rafalska and Anke Zürn gave a double presentation, presenting CrysAC and its topics.

Lecturers

  • C. AMATORE, Ecole Normale Supérieure, FR
  • P. BAGLIONI, University of Florence, IT
  • B. BRUNETTI, University Perugia, IT
  • N. BROERS, ESA St-Luc, BE
  • F. CASADIO, Art Institute of Chicago, US
  • M. COTTE, ESRF, FR
  • J. DIK, Technical University of Delft, NE
  • M. EVENO, C2RMF, FR
  • C. FOTAKIS, University of Crete, GR
  • R. GARCIA MORENO, University of Liège, BE
  • M. HARTWIG, Georgia State University, US
  • K. JANSSENS, University of Antwerp, BE
  • M. MENU, C2RMF, FR
  • C. MILIANI, University Perugia, IT
  • A. RAFALSKA-LASOCHA, Jagiellonian University, PL
  • A. ROUVERET, University of Paris X, FR
  • J. SANYOVA, KIK-IRPA, BE
  • D. STRIVAY, University of Liège, BE
  • J. SUSINI, ESRF, FR
  • P. VANDENABEELE, University of Gent, BE
  • L. VINCZE, University of Gent, BE
  • P. WALTER, C2RMF, FR
  • A. ZURN, ETH Zurich, CH

X-ray techniques in investigations of the objects of cultural heritage.
Around Rembrandt and his workshop

Scientific Achievements in Art

3rd meeting, Krakow, Poland, 13-16 May 2010
Collegium Maius of Jagiellonian University

http://www.heritagescience.pl/workshop
> book of abstracts (pdf)

see detailed report here

Organizers

Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University,
Jagiellonian University Museum,
Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences.

In co-operation with International Union of Crystallography, Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage.

International Scientific Committee

Professor Henk Schenk,
Amsterdam University, the Netherlands,
Dr Eric Dooryhee,
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France,
Dr Thomas Wroblewski,
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Germany.

Local Committee

Prof. Grażyna Stochel
Prof. Stanisław Waltoś
Prof. Małgorzata Witko
Prof. Wieslaw Lasocha
Prof. Roman Kozłowski
Alicja Rafalska-Łasocha
Anna Jasińska
Jolanta Pollesch

2009

ECM-25 Istanbul

The XXV European Crystallographic Meeting was held from 9 to 14 August 2009 in Istanbul, Turkey.
     

Symmetry and Crystallography in Turkish Art and Culture

Satellite Conference of the ECM-25 Istanbul, Turkey, 14-16 August 2009

The IUCr MaThCryst commission in cooperation with the CrysAC commission organizes a Satellite conference on Art and Crystallography devoted to the analysis of the crystallographic aspects of Art and Culture in Turkey and neighbouring countries an regions like Middle Asia, Caucasus, Iran, Anatolia, Middle East, including carpet ornaments and kilim frames (wiki). The Satellite conference will be completed by a workshop do it yourself and a short excursion.

For more details see the MathCryst satellite website

Abstracts and didactic material (links to MathCryst website)

Contact: Mathcryst.Commission@crm2.uhp-nancy.fr

 

Sokollu Mehmet Pahsa Camii

16 August 2009: Visit to the The Blue Mosque = Sultanahmet Camii, Turkish & Islamic Arts Museum and The Sokollu Mehmet Pahsa Camii

2008

IUCr 2008 - XXI Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography

23-31 August 2008

> IUCr 2008 Osaka meeting web site
> Abstracts online

Crystallography in art and archaeology

Evening Session Art and Crystallography
Grand Cube Osaka / Osaka International Convention Center, Japan
Massimo Nespolo (Chair)
Kazumasa Ohsumi (Co-chair)

Abstracts (pdf)

The special session is newly scheduled in the evening on August 26, 2008, the 3rd day of the scientific program of the Congress. The intrinsic beauty of the crystal and its symmetry inspires artists, while the crystallographic understanding of the beauty of art has been achieved after great effort. Interesting topics were presented in an enjoyable evening atmosphere.

Crysac members in Osaka

The members of the CrysAC Commission at the IUCr 2008 Osaka meeting, during the first Open Meeting of the newly formed commission (courtesy of Prof. R. Gould, University of Edinburgh). From left to right: Abdelmalek Thalal, Alicja Rafalska-Lasocha, Simona Quartieri, Eric Dooryhée, Cele Abad-Zapatero, Anke Zürn, E. Makovicky (Gautam Desiraju is absent).

Approved by action of the IUCr Assembly, 28 August 2008:

The Commission on Crystallography in Art and Cultural Heritage was formed at the Osaka Congress in 2008 and is concerned with two main issues:

  • Crystallography and symmetry in art;
  • Crystallographic analysis (e.g. diffraction-based) of artworks and ancient materials.

X-ray techniques in investigation of the objects of cultural heritage

EPDIC-11 Workshop, Krakow, Poland, 18-19 September 2008

The aim of the Workshop is to promote the development and use of X-ray techniques in order to extract information from the objects of cultural heritage and to have scientists and conservators present the advanced methods of investigation in this area.

 
 

taiyaki
taiyaki
taiyaki
taiyaki
Taiyaki making in Osaka.
Photographs taken during the IUCr meeting 2008 in Osaka.

Web editor's personal opinion: One of the most delicious symmetry operations and wonderful cultural heritage!

 

 

2007

ECM 24 in Marrakech

European Crystallography Conference 24
Marrakech, Morocco, 2007

THE ENCHANTING CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF MOROCCAN ORNAMENTS

ECM-24 Satellite Conference on Mathematical and Theoretical Crystallography
The CrysAC commision was still not in existence, but most of the members participated the wonderful satellite workshop organized by the MathCryst Commission.

Didactic material

Didactic material from the lectures is available for download (25.1 Mb) from the MathCryst website.

 

  
Images from a trip to the Kasbah of Telouet
     

 

ECM24