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Provence and property rights

I believe it is now important for CIFs to be able to carry provenance and 
rights as a formal part of the information. We have already discussed that 
comments are sometimes used for this but these are fragile as they are non 
standard and are not formally part of the CIF. This is a complex issue and 
what follows is a starting point for discussion rather than a precise proposal.

There are at least two separate issues

recording of the copyright. This can be multi-author so must at least be 
loop_able. Perhaps
_copyright_date _copyright_author
2002 'W.Plinge'
2003 'J.Doe'
2004 'American Chemical Society'

The order of copyright statements would be determined by date, not order

re-use rights. There is now a very large movement to make scientific data 
freely available and re-usable. The IUCr has supported this (e.g. in the 
Inter-Union-Bioinformatics Group - 
http://md.chem.rug.nl/%7Eberends/IUBG-FinalReport.html). The problem is 
that most CIFs do not originally carry re-use rights or the authors 
(implicitly or explicitly) sign them over to journals or data aggregators 
who then restrict the re-use. I believe that it is important to give the 
author the opportunity to state formally how they wish the CIF to be re-used.

This is a complex issue with much passion and I suggest that this list 
restricts itself to identifying the types of policies that funders, 
authors, publishers and aggregators may wish to impose, and provide both 
specific and general tools for doing this. I include some real current 
examples and possible fields could be:

_rights_funder 'NIH'
Access to research results.--The Committee is very concerned that there is 
insufficient public access to reports and data resulting from NIH-funded 
research. This situation, which has been exacerbated by the dramatic rise 
in scientific journal subscription prices, is contrary to the best 
interests of the U.S. taxpayers who paid for this research. The Committee 
is aware of a proposal to make the complete text of articles and 
supplemental materials generated by NIH-funded research available on PubMed 
Central (PMC), the digital library maintained by the National Library of 
Medicine (NLM). The Committee supports this proposal and recommends that 
NIH develop a policy, to apply from FY 2005 forward, requiring that a 
complete electronic copy of any manuscript reporting work supported by NIH 
grants or contracts be provided to PMC upon acceptance of the manuscript 
for publication in any scientific journal listed in the NLM's PubMed 
directory. Under this proposal, NLM would commence making these reports, 
together with supplemental materials, freely and continuously available six 
months after publication, or immediately in cases in which some or all of 
the publication costs are paid with NIH grant funds. For this purpose, 
`publication costs' would include fees charged by a publisher, such as 
color and page charges, or fees for digital distribution. NIH is instructed 
to submit a report to the Committee by December 1, 2004 about how it 
intends to implement this policy, including how it will ensure the 
reservation of rights by the NIH grantee, if required, to permit placement 
of the article in PMC and to allow appropriate public uses of this literature.

_rights_author 'BOAI'
_rights_author_url 'http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml'
By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the 
public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, 
print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for 
indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful 
purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those 
inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint 
on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this 
domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work 
and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.

_rights_publisher 'ACS'
Electronic Supporting Information files are available without a 
subscription to ACS Web Editions. All files are copyrighted by the American 
Chemical Society. Files may be downloaded for personal use; users are not 
permitted to reproduce, republish, redistribute, or resell any Supporting 
Information, either in whole or in part, in either machine-readable form or 
any other form. For permission to reproduce this material, contact the ACS 
Copyright Office by e-mail at copyright@acs.org or by fax at 202-776-8112.

_rights_aggregator 'CCDC'
Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre
This CIF contains data from an original supplementary publication
deposited with the CCDC, and may include chemical, crystal,
experimental, refinement, atomic coordinates,
anisotropic displacement parameters and molecular geometry data,
as required by the journal to which it was submitted.
This CIF is provided on the understanding that it is used for bona
fide research purposes only. It may contain copyright material
of the CCDC or of third parties, and may not be copied or further
disseminated in any form, whether machine-readable or not,
except for the purpose of generating routine backup copies
on your local computer system.

For further information on the CCDC, data deposition and
data retrieval see:

It may be useful to have a semi-controlled vocabulary of abbreviations 
(e.g. NIH and BOAI (Budapest Open Access Initiative)) and perhaps other 
common data licenses such as LGPL and CreativeCommons


Peter Murray-Rust
Unilever Centre for Molecular Informatics
Chemistry Department, Cambridge University
Lensfield Road, CAMBRIDGE, CB2 1EW, UK
Tel: +44-1223-763069

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