We are delighted to report that the IUPAP-IUCr project “Utilisation of Light Source and Crystallographic Sciences to Facilitate the Enhancement of Knowledge and Improve the Economic and Social Conditions in Targeted Regions of the World” has been approved and funded under the 2016-2019 ICSU Grants Programme.
An IUPAP-IUCr project approved and funded under the 2016-2019 ICSU Grants Programme
The ICSU Grants Programme is a competitive, peer-reviewed programme that supports innovative collaborative scientific initiatives of relevance to science and society. The programme seeks to facilitate active collaboration between Scientific Unions and other members of the ICSU community (for example ICSU Regional Offices, Interdisciplinary Bodies, Joint Initiatives, Networks etc) by addressing long-standing priorities for ICSU members in developing science education, outreach and public engagement activities, and to mobilise resources for international scientific collaboration.
Through this project, entitled in full Utilisation of Light Source and Crystallographic Sciences to Facilitate the Enhancement of Knowledge and Improve the Economic and Social Conditions in Targeted Regions of the World, ICSU will partner with IUPAP and IUCr to enhance Advanced Light Sources (AdLS) and crystallographic sciences in Africa, the Middle East, Mexico and Caribbean.
By enhancing AdLS and crystallographic sciences, the regions' peoples will benefit from the research that will tackle such devastating viruses as Zika, Ebola and HIV. Moreover, considerable progress will be achieved towards sustainable sources of clean energy. Finally, the regions contain important archeological and paleontological treasures to be explored by the beams from AdLSs. Thus, a major outcome of this project will be a buy-in by governmental officials that AdLSs and crystallography will bring major advances in their countries' socio-economic development.
This project is an initiative to enhance AdLS and crystallographic sciences in Africa, the Middle East, Mexico and the Caribbean. The SESAME AdLS will start commissioning in Allan, Jordan toward the end of 2016. Interested parties have launched an initiative in Mexico to construct an AdLS there. The ESRF hosted the 1st African Light Source (AfLS) Conference and Workshop during November 16-20, 2015. At that meeting, participants adopted a set of resolutions, dubbed The Grenoble Resolutions, which enumerated the reasons for an AfLS and a roadmap to chart a path forward, and elected a Steering Committee to drive the roadmap. Cuba in March 2016 hosted a conference in Havana on high brightness beams, where there was a roundtable discussion on the idea of a Caribbean Light Source. Each region can look to AdLS science in Brazil as a model. It designed its first AdLS in 1983 and launched it in 1997. Initially, it was difficult to convince key parties of an AdLS’s benefits. At its opening, researchers submitted only a few proposals, but the number of proposals grew quickly by orders of magnitude. Brazil is now internationally recognized for the quality of its research, particularly in structural biology, and currently, it is constructing a fourth generation AdLS called Sirius. Brazil and similar experiences in Korea and Taiwan are examples of how excellent scientific research centres can improve local scientific and private enterprise opportunities.
AdLSs have revolutionized research in many science and technology disciplines, leading to a proliferation of facilities worldwide. The website lightsources.org has links to some 47 facilities in 23 countries in various stages of operation, construction or planning. Unfortunately, no AdLS facility operates in Africa, Mexico or the Caribbean. To start the process of growing and enhancing AdLS and crystallographic sciences in those regions, the LAAMP project will undertake the following tasks:
Develop a Strategic Plan for each region to grow and enhance its AdLS and crystallography user communities.
Strategic Plan development for each region will begin in year 1 with the appointment by the Executive Committee (EC) of Regional AdLS Usage & Strategic Plan Committees (USPC) to develop a database of AdLS and crystallography users, and facilities used. The Chair of each will oversee data collection and processing. The USPC will also have responsibility to develop each region’s Strategic Plan. Each USPC Chair will communicate closely with the EC and ICSU Regional Offices. In year 3, the EC will appoint lead persons to communicate with the various governments to acquaint them with the Strategic Plans and seek buy-ins.
Establish a Colloquium Programme for each region to recruit new AdLS and crystallography users.
The ICTP, with assistance from the ICSU Regional Offices, will manage the programme, while maintaining close communication with the EC to ensure that the most appropriate researchers are served. SESAME will manage the Middle East programme. Each speaker will spend 3 days at the host institution engaging in discussions and visiting government officials and schools.
Publish an Information Brochure that describes AdLSs, crystallography, and the many fields that they impact.
The Information Brochure will be developed by a Brochure Committee. The EC will appoint the Chair. The Committee will engage those who have undertaken similar initiatives and develop a professional quality color brochure (hard copy and online) containing information on the various AdLS components, disciplines impacted by AdLSs and crystallography, and experimental beamline techniques. The EC will monitor this activity.
Facilitate researchers' visits to AdLS and crystallography facilities.
The EC will ensure that researchers and students across the four regions are informed of the various opportunities for accelerator, beamline, crystallography, and instrumentation studies at international schools and visits to appropriate facilities for training. Implementation and utilisation of IUCr-UNESCO OpenLabs in the four regions will enhance this task. The EC will appoint a Communications Officer to advertise opportunities. ICTP, with assistance from the ICSU Regional Offices, will manage the travel of those chosen. SESAME will manage the travel of those from the Middle East.
Convene a meeting at UNESCO to present the regions' Strategic Plans and define the charge for more detailed Business Plans that include feasibility studies of constructing AdLSs in regions where they do not yet exist.
The EC will appoint an Organizing Committee led by UNESCO. The Organising Committee will invite each region's Ministers of Science, Technology, Health, Education, Energy and Natural Resources to this meeting. Representatives from each region's research community, and other international stakeholders and interested parties, will be invited.
Venue: Hyderabad International Convention Centre, HICC (Room: MR G.01-G.06)
Chairs: Sandro Scandolo (IUPAP) and Michele Zema (IUCr)
Speakers: Andrea Lausi (ELETTRA), others to be announced
Programme to be announced
Venue: Sao Paulo, Brazil
Chair: Sandro Scandolo (IUPAP)
Programme to be announced
DEADLINE: 21 April 2017
Who is Eligible?
Faculty: Employed as a full-time faculty member at an accredited Ph.D. granting university that is located in Africa, the Caribbean, Mexico or the Middle East. Accompanied by one’s Ph.D. student research advisee. Interested in using AdLSs to further one’s research and training endeavors. Previous experience with using AdLSs is limited to a year or less. Ablitity to spend two (2) months during June-December 2017 as a full-time visitor in residence at an AdLS that is a LAAMP collaborative partner.
Student: Registered as full-time Ph.D. student at an accredited university that is located in Africa, the Caribbean, Mexico or the Middle East. Accompanied by one’s faculty research advisor. Interested in using AdLSs in one’s dissertation research. Ablitity to spend two (2) months during Summer 2017 as a full-time visitor in residence at an AdLS that is a LAAMP collaborative partner.
Amount of Financial Support
LAAMP will provide 2,000 Euros per person to cover transportation costs. Any excess ill be applied to accommodation and subsistence. The remainder of accommodation and subsistence should be negotiated with the host AdLS and other sources of support.
At the conclusion of the visit to the host AdLS, the Faculty-Student Team should provide the following:
1. Maximum 10-page description of the research conducted, including any publications that result. All publications should acknowledge the support provided by IUPAP-IUCr LAAMP within the ICSU Grants Programme 2016-2019.
2. Maximum 3-page report that evaluates the non-scientific aspects of the visit, including positive experiences as well as ways that the visit could be enhanced in the future.
Note: Final funding is dependent upon suitable arrangements being made with a LAAMP AdLS Collaborative Partner.
ICTP Trieste, Italy
Chair of the IUPAP C13 Commission for Development
University of Pavia, Italy
IUCr Outreach officer
TriSEED Consultants, LLC, Hillsborough, NC, USA
IUPAP C13 Commission for Development
Maitri Bobba, IUPAP Chef d’IUPAP Secrétariat
Romain Murenzi (Chair), UNESCO, Division of Science Policy & Capacity Building
Chair: Ernie Malamud, Fermilab (Retired)
Communications Director: Andrea Lausi, ELETTRA and Lightsources.org
Budget Manager: Brian Masara, South African Institute of Physics
List of Representatives from Users in the Regions
List of Representatives from Operating Light Sources